Global trends in forest tenure:
    common issues and
         way forward

                    Francesca Romano
         ...
Agenda

• Overview of the main results of FAO forest
  tenure assessment in 4 regions
     • Figures
     • Main common is...
*
Latin America
                                                 Public


                                                 P...
Strictly limited



 Latin America                                   User rights/ Customary
                              ...
Forest tenure reform
can have positive
impact on SFM and
poverty alleviation
(Viet Nam, Tanzania,
Mongolia)
 but...
the fo...
Is tenure an issue?
• Limited diversification and resistance to
  change
• Limited data availability
• Contradicting/ not ...
• little recognition of
  traditional/customary tenure systems
• bad tenure governance
    ineffective legislation
    com...
• Tenure is not yet a priority in Countries’ agenda.
  Necessary a formal endorsement, that recognizes also
  forests
• Ne...
How to develop effective tenure
          systems?
                 • Which specific
                   aspects should be
...
Global Forest Resource assessment
• Principles:
  – is based on country reports, data provided by
    Gov./Ministries
  – ...
Forest tenure assessment table
                                                 Forest area
FRA categories
               ...
Public forest management categories

                           Forest area
FRA categories
                           1990...
Future efforts

• Guidelines for tenure
  diversification
• Voluntary guidelines on
  governance of tenure of
  land and o...
...“Not being able to fully exercise one's rights can be likened to
            owning a vehicle without having a key”...
Additional slides
Public ownership structure in Europe                            Private ownership structure in Europe
           according...
Francesca Romano: Global trends in forest tenure: Emerging findings from four forested regions
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Francesca Romano: Global trends in forest tenure: Emerging findings from four forested regions

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Day 1, Session 2: Tenure reform – Experiences and lessons from other countries

Presentation by Francesca Romano, FAO

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Francesca Romano: Global trends in forest tenure: Emerging findings from four forested regions

  1. 1. Global trends in forest tenure: common issues and way forward Francesca Romano Forest Policy Service, FAO Yaoundé, 25-29 May 2009 http://www.fao.org/forestry/tenure/en/
  2. 2. Agenda • Overview of the main results of FAO forest tenure assessment in 4 regions • Figures • Main common issues • Global Forest Resources Assessment: a tool for forest tenure analysis • Future efforts • FAO plans • Your inputs
  3. 3. *
  4. 4. Latin America Public Private Central Asia Community/Group ow ned South and Southeast Asia Ow ned by indigenous or tribal people Other types of ow nership Africa 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100%
  5. 5. Strictly limited Latin America User rights/ Customary rights/Permits to hunt, gather dead w ood and NWFP Central Asia Communities South and Southeast Asia Privates Africa Other 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100%
  6. 6. Forest tenure reform can have positive impact on SFM and poverty alleviation (Viet Nam, Tanzania, Mongolia) but... the forest sector is still very “static” and there are no guidelines on how to secure and diversify forest tenure
  7. 7. Is tenure an issue? • Limited diversification and resistance to change • Limited data availability • Contradicting/ not harmonized policies and legislations • Limited incentives to invest • marginal resources and benefit sharing systems • insecurity/ fragility of tenure rights • high costs, limited returns
  8. 8. • little recognition of traditional/customary tenure systems • bad tenure governance ineffective legislation complex land policies and procedures lack of capacities to implement reforms weak institutions information flow not adequate
  9. 9. • Tenure is not yet a priority in Countries’ agenda. Necessary a formal endorsement, that recognizes also forests • Need for forest tenure reforms based on globally agreed principles, mechanisms and fundamental requirements The process is important
  10. 10. How to develop effective tenure systems? • Which specific aspects should be addressed? • Which format? • Which complementary tools/mechanisms?
  11. 11. Global Forest Resource assessment • Principles: – is based on country reports, data provided by Gov./Ministries – common terminology and definitions • Strengths: – Country commitment – Forest tenure table is new and improved – Periodical update (5 years) • Weakness: – Only official figures are provided – Informal tenure systems are not included, nor contested lands (with some exceptions, e.g. Peru’)
  12. 12. Forest tenure assessment table Forest area FRA categories 1990 2000 2005 Public ownership Private ownership ...of which owned by individuals ...of which owned by private business entities and institutions ...of which owned by local communities ...of which owned by indigenous / tribal communities Other types of ownership
  13. 13. Public forest management categories Forest area FRA categories 1990 2000 2005 Public Administration Individuals Private corporations and institutions Communities Other
  14. 14. Future efforts • Guidelines for tenure diversification • Voluntary guidelines on governance of tenure of land and other natural resources and other • Capacity building • Country projects in support to tenure reforms and data collection (e.g. Nepal, Argentina, China)
  15. 15. ...“Not being able to fully exercise one's rights can be likened to owning a vehicle without having a key”...
  16. 16. Additional slides
  17. 17. Public ownership structure in Europe Private ownership structure in Europe according to % share in FOWL (11 countries) according to % share in FOWL (11 countries) State ownership 14% Individuals / families 1% 13% 5% Provincial ownership Forest industries 85% Communal Private institutions Ownership 82% Share [%] in area of forest and other wooded land in Europe (23 countries, forest area only for Germany and Lithuania) 0.36% 49.55% Private ow nership Public ow nership 50.09% Other ow nership

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