Women in Modernization:Britain and China  SUN Yingci (09051651)  David CHOW (08037221)  LU Ran (08050066)
In this presentation <ul><li>Waves of Fashion </li></ul><ul><li>Physical Mobility </li></ul>economic capital, cultural cap...
Definition  <ul><li>Physical mobility:  the ability of humans to move  around their environment </li></ul><ul><li>Social m...
From  Victoria era—1910s   To  1920s   <ul><li>Let’s start with the  </li></ul><ul><li>stereotype of ‘beauties ’   </li></...
Those beauties… Victoria Era 1910s 1920s
Time of those beauties in   <ul><li>Victoria era: traditional, man-dominant society  </li></ul><ul><li>1910s: still under ...
Physical Mobility    Victorian era-1910s  <ul><li>women’s duty to make herself beautiful  </li></ul><ul><li>(modesty, natu...
Physical Mobility: beauty aids   <ul><li>M.Trielty's Nose Shaper   </li></ul>Corset
Physical Mobility: beauty aids <ul><li>Evolves from the late 1860s  </li></ul><ul><li>First (1870s) and Second Bustle (188...
Fallpers in the roaring  1920s   <ul><li>In the  1920 s,  a new woman was born.  </li></ul><ul><li>She  smoked, drank, dan...
Physical Mobility: 1920s <ul><li>a new corset which created an S bend to the figure </li></ul><ul><li>The dresses are more...
Physical Mobility: 1920s
Social Mobility: 1920s   Machine. Period Ind. Rev Women compete w/men for jobs  More labor saving devices & birth of consu...
II.  Wom e n in China  from    late Ching (1890s)  to 1920s   <ul><li>Ching Dynasty </li></ul>The Republic of China (1920s...
Physical Change of Woman in China <ul><li>Physical mobility </li></ul><ul><li>Social mobility </li></ul>CHOW (08037221)
1. Shoes VS CHOW (08037221)
1. Shoes <ul><li>Disadvantages: </li></ul><ul><li>The shoes have limited the physical distance that Women are able to walk...
2. Hair Style VS
2. Hair Style <ul><li>Disadvantages:  </li></ul><ul><li>Take a long time to prepare the hair before going out </li></ul><u...
3. Decoration <ul><li>A Westernization as shown in the photo of hat </li></ul><ul><li>Glasses ,Hat and dress from the West...
Social Mobility: 1.  Westernization <ul><li>Women adopt ed  a Western Culture in some big city, like Shanghai, Guangzhou <...
2. Reformed  Old tradition <ul><li>Some old tradition in Chinese Context is preserved </li></ul><ul><li>Simplified cheongs...
3.  End of Feudal rule
3.  End of feudal rule Free Marriage Women Education CHOW (08037221)
III.  Contributors to  Women’s Physical and  Social Mobility  LU (08050066)
Modernization theory <ul><li>Changes produced by modernization:  </li></ul><ul><li>Women’s self-image (Lerner 1958) </li><...
Contributors to female emancipation <ul><li>Industrialization and Employment  </li></ul><ul><li>Education  </li></ul><ul><...
1. Women in the workforce Anti-capitalism Initiated by the state Industrialization  1900s China Britain
2. Education Liang Qichao, “On the Education of Women” (1897) National strength 1954 Constitution Elementary Education Act...
3. Family planning   Abolition of polygamy Marital rights Birth control State feminism  Birth control  Spontaneous movemen...
4. Political rights Shared goal: National salvation Japanese invasion WWI China  Britain
<ul><li>The End  </li></ul>
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Pols 3620 women mobility

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Pols 3620 women mobility

  1. 1. Women in Modernization:Britain and China SUN Yingci (09051651) David CHOW (08037221) LU Ran (08050066)
  2. 2. In this presentation <ul><li>Waves of Fashion </li></ul><ul><li>Physical Mobility </li></ul>economic capital, cultural capital ( education), human capital, etc . Social Mobility Women’s Social Participation SUN (09051651)
  3. 3. Definition <ul><li>Physical mobility: the ability of humans to move around their environment </li></ul><ul><li>Social mobility: the movement of people in a population from one social class or level to another . </li></ul><ul><li>vertical mobility -- from one socio-economic level to another, often by changing jobs or marrying; </li></ul><ul><li>horizontal mobility -- movement from one position to another within the same social level </li></ul>SUN (09051651)
  4. 4. From Victoria era—1910s To 1920s <ul><li>Let’s start with the </li></ul><ul><li>stereotype of ‘beauties ’ </li></ul><ul><li>back in the Britain then. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Those beauties… Victoria Era 1910s 1920s
  6. 6. Time of those beauties in <ul><li>Victoria era: traditional, man-dominant society </li></ul><ul><li>1910s: still under deep influence of Victoria Era but changes were being born </li></ul><ul><li>1920s : Industrialization, ‘feminization’ of some labor-intensive industry </li></ul>SUN (09051651)
  7. 7. Physical Mobility Victorian era-1910s <ul><li>women’s duty to make herself beautiful </li></ul><ul><li>(modesty, natural beauty innocence, elegance) </li></ul><ul><li>They had quite some “beautiful aids” </li></ul>SUN (09051651)
  8. 8. Physical Mobility: beauty aids <ul><li>M.Trielty's Nose Shaper </li></ul>Corset
  9. 9. Physical Mobility: beauty aids <ul><li>Evolves from the late 1860s </li></ul><ul><li>First (1870s) and Second Bustle (1880s) Period </li></ul><ul><li>The bustles is heavier, more complicated decorated in the 2nd period </li></ul>
  10. 10. Fallpers in the roaring 1920s <ul><li>In the 1920 s, a new woman was born. </li></ul><ul><li>She smoked, drank, danced, and voted . </li></ul><ul><li>She cut her hair, wore make-up, and went to </li></ul><ul><li>petting parties. </li></ul><ul><li>She was giddy and took risks. She was a flapper. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Physical Mobility: 1920s <ul><li>a new corset which created an S bend to the figure </li></ul><ul><li>The dresses are more stylish and walker-friendly though still decorated in a complicated manner, so that cage-like bustles are no longer necessary </li></ul><ul><li>More importantly, cosmetics, sports dress, working attire began to emerge in scale. </li></ul>SUN (09051651)
  12. 12. Physical Mobility: 1920s
  13. 13. Social Mobility: 1920s Machine. Period Ind. Rev Women compete w/men for jobs More labor saving devices & birth of consumer society Liberalism---should also apply for women C osmetics ad. More women in ‘female’ jobs as teachers, sectaries Women pursue univ. education Suffrage movement to get vote More sports, social life, less confining fashion WWI: wm more essential Women at home: consumers, social issue involvers SUN (09051651)
  14. 14. II. Wom e n in China from late Ching (1890s) to 1920s <ul><li>Ching Dynasty </li></ul>The Republic of China (1920s) VS CHOW (08037221)
  15. 15. Physical Change of Woman in China <ul><li>Physical mobility </li></ul><ul><li>Social mobility </li></ul>CHOW (08037221)
  16. 16. 1. Shoes VS CHOW (08037221)
  17. 17. 1. Shoes <ul><li>Disadvantages: </li></ul><ul><li>The shoes have limited the physical distance that Women are able to walk </li></ul>CHOW (08037221)
  18. 18. 2. Hair Style VS
  19. 19. 2. Hair Style <ul><li>Disadvantages: </li></ul><ul><li>Take a long time to prepare the hair before going out </li></ul><ul><li>The long hair will take up long time to manage </li></ul>
  20. 20. 3. Decoration <ul><li>A Westernization as shown in the photo of hat </li></ul><ul><li>Glasses ,Hat and dress from the West </li></ul>
  21. 21. Social Mobility: 1. Westernization <ul><li>Women adopt ed a Western Culture in some big city, like Shanghai, Guangzhou </li></ul><ul><li>The actress/ Celebrities/Advertisements set a new style/ model of change to show the meaning of “Modern Woman” </li></ul>
  22. 22. 2. Reformed Old tradition <ul><li>Some old tradition in Chinese Context is preserved </li></ul><ul><li>Simplified cheongsam became a fashion </li></ul><ul><li>Some traditions were abolished </li></ul>CHOW (08037221)
  23. 23. 3. End of Feudal rule
  24. 24. 3. End of feudal rule Free Marriage Women Education CHOW (08037221)
  25. 25. III. Contributors to Women’s Physical and Social Mobility LU (08050066)
  26. 26. Modernization theory <ul><li>Changes produced by modernization: </li></ul><ul><li>Women’s self-image (Lerner 1958) </li></ul><ul><li>How men view women’s roles and status ( Inkeles and Smith 1974) </li></ul>LU (08050066)
  27. 27. Contributors to female emancipation <ul><li>Industrialization and Employment </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Family planning </li></ul><ul><li>Political rights </li></ul>LU (08050066)
  28. 28. 1. Women in the workforce Anti-capitalism Initiated by the state Industrialization 1900s China Britain
  29. 29. 2. Education Liang Qichao, “On the Education of Women” (1897) National strength 1954 Constitution Elementary Education Act (1870) Conservativeness China Britain
  30. 30. 3. Family planning Abolition of polygamy Marital rights Birth control State feminism Birth control Spontaneous movements China Britain
  31. 31. 4. Political rights Shared goal: National salvation Japanese invasion WWI China Britain
  32. 32. <ul><li>The End </li></ul>

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