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What is Social Media?Positive Effects/Advantages of Social Media,Negative effects/Disadvantages of Social Media,True research facts,Threats from Social Media,Prevention,Conclusion and Implication
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  2. 2. EFFECT ON SOCIAL MEDIA ON YOUTH Visit : http://www.computercareer.in/
  3. 3. What is Social Media? Social media refers to the means of interactions among people in which they create, share, and/or exchange information and ideas in virtual communities and networks. For example : Facebook,Twitter,Foursquare,Pinterest,Myspace, ask.fm,reverhbnation,orkut,google plus etc many more. Visit : http://www.computercareer.in/
  4. 4. Visit : http://www.computercareer.in/
  5. 5. Positive Effects/AdvantagePositive Effects/Advantages of Social Mediaof Social Media The main advantage of social networking site is that it helps in establishing connection with people,friends and relatives. It helps in sharing one’s view, share pictures and lots of other stuffs. It helps students in interacting with one another and share ideas.  This helps in improving student’s creativity. The social networking websites can be accessed from any part of the globe. This helps the students to establish communication with their teachers and friends through which they can improve their knowledge.
  6. 6. Positive Effects/AdvantagePositive Effects/Advantages of Social Mediaof Social Media Through these sites the students can establish contact with entrepreneurs, corporate people and can gain valuable information from them. Facilitates open communication, leading to enhanced information discovery and delivery. Targets a wide audience, making it a useful and effective recruitment tool. Increase General Knowledge and Awareness of Students. Saves Time and Cost by facilitating faster communication.
  7. 7. NegativeNegative effects/Disadvantageseffects/Disadvantages ofof SocialSocial MediaMedia One of the major disadvantages of using social networking websites are the students get addicted to it.  They used to spend hours in those social networking sites which can obviously degrade the student’s academic performance.  Opens up the possibility for hackers to commit Fraud and launch Spam and virus attacks.  Some students may tend to use to these social networking sites till mid night or even more which can obviously lead to Health related problems.
  8. 8.  Some students may spend time in Facebook through which they lack to spend time with their family members.  This can also be a disadvantage also.  Some students may provide detailed information like phone numbers, address which is very dangerous because they can easily tracked down by strangers.  High exposure on behavior and mental health – Middle schoolers use more media than any other age group (8 hrs approx per day) which results on to Lower Achedemic Acheievements,Lower attachment to school and health related problems. NegativeNegative effects/Disadvantageseffects/Disadvantages ofof SocialSocial MediaMedia
  9. 9.  Cyber-bullying - The immediacy provided by social media is available to predators as well as friends. Kids especially are vulnerable to the practice of cyber-bullying in which the perpetrators, anonymously or even posing as people their victims trust, terrorize individuals in front of their peers. The devastation of these online attacks can leave deep mental scars. In several well-publicized cases, victims have even been driven to suicide. The anonymity afforded online can bring out dark impulses that might otherwise be suppressed. Cyber- bullying has spread widely among youth, with 42% reporting that they have been victims, according to a 2010 CBS News report. NegativeNegative effects/Disadvantageseffects/Disadvantages ofof SocialSocial MediaMedia
  10. 10.  Time spent on social media sites is increasing – Social media sites such as Facebook and Twitter are becoming more popular with youth. In 2009, 15.8 percent of time spent on the Internet was on social networking sites. By 2010, the percentage had risen to 22.7 percent (Nielson, 2011).The ability to access to social media sites through cell phones, iPads and other mobile Internet devices has increased the amount of time youth spend on these sites. For example, nearly 40 percent of social media users access their accounts from a mobile phone, and social networking apps are the third most-used among U.S. smartphone owners (Nielson). Details on Research toDetails on Research to Practise PointsPractise Points Visit : http://www.computercareer.in/
  11. 11. Details on Research toDetails on Research to Practise PointsPractise Points  Causes of Cyberbullying — bullying through social media sites are escalating : - Cyberbullying is the “electronic posting of mean- spirited messages about a person” (Cyberbullying, Merriam-Webster Dictionary). The anonymity of social media sites offers cyberbullies a vehicle. Even cyberbullies who choose not to be anonymous do not have to confront their victim face-to-face, and instead hide behind their computer screens, which is believed to make these attacks easier. A survey conducted by The Pew Internet and American Life Project found that 39 percent of social media users had experienced some form of cyberbullying, as compared to 23 percent of non-social media users (Lenhart, 2007). Visit : http://www.computercareer.in/
  12. 12. Details on Research toDetails on Research to Practise PointsPractise Points  Age limitations on social media sites are inadequate : - Currently, Facebook requires users to be at least 13 years old. However, a study by Boyd found that 31 percent of 10-year-olds, 44 percent of 11- year-olds, and 55 percent of 12-year-olds reported using a social network site (Boyd, 2011). Social media sites cannot verify a user’s age. If the user has a valid email address and indicates that he or she is at least 13 years old, access is available. Other sites, such as Twitter, have no age limit.
  13. 13. Details on Research toDetails on Research to Practise PointsPractise Points  Parental controls on access to social media are lacking; monitoring youth online is becoming more difficult for parents : - Parental controls, especially for younger adolescents, are a necessary evil. Youth may feel that parental controls are an invasion of privacy, while parents feel that they are protecting their children from dangers in an on- line world. Sites such as Facebook and Myspace currently do not have any direct parental controls. Parents can “friend” their children to watch what they are posting; however, new privacy settings allow a young user to block people, including parents, from seeing what is posted. Visit : http://www.computercareer.in/
  14. 14. Threats from Social MediaThreats from Social Media  Social networking worms - Social networking worms include Koobface, which has become, according to researchers, "the largest Web 2.0 botnet." While a multi-faceted threat like Koobface challenges the definition of "worm," it is specifically designed to propagate across social networks (e.g., Facebook, mySpace, Twitter, hi5, Friendster and Bebo), enlist more machines into its botnet, and hijack more accounts to send more spam to enlist more machines. All the while making money with the usual botnet business, including scareware and Russian dating services.   Phishing - It is an act of Creating fake webpages to steal user’s information for illegal purpose.Always look Url before submitting your information.for example : http://www.facebook.com Visit : http://www.computercareer.in/
  15. 15. Threats from Social MediaThreats from Social Media  Trojans : - Social networks have become a great vector for trojans -- "click here" and you get: Zeus -- a potent and popular banking Trojan that has been given new life by social networks. * URL Zone -- is a similar banking Trojan, but even smarter, it can calculate the value of the victim's accounts to help decide the priority for the thief.  Data leaks : - Social networks are all about sharing. Unfortunately, many users share a bit too much about the organization -- projects, products, financials, organizational changes, scandals, or other sensitive information.  Shortened links : - People use URL shortening services (e.g., bit.ly and tinyurl) to fit long URLs into tight spaces. They also do a nice job of obfuscating the link so it isn't immediately apparent to victims that they're clicking on a malware install, not a CNN video.
  16. 16. How to Prevent fromHow to Prevent from Social Media ThreatsSocial Media Threats  Install theft protection software on all of the computers you use to access social media accounts.  Make sure never to click the box to save your password when you are on a public, work or laptop computer.  Use your real name whenever you sign up for social media accounts.  Avoid giving out personal information on social media sites, such as address, phone number or your birth date.  Change your privacy settings on all your social media accounts, so that you have control of all the information that is posted. Visit : http://www.computercareer.in/
  17. 17. How to Prevent fromHow to Prevent from Social Media ThreatsSocial Media Threats  Type in the name of the social media site, or use a bookmark, instead of clicking on email linksType in the name of the social media site, or use a bookmark, instead of clicking on email links.  Create complicated passwords when you sign up for social media accounts.  Never give out your travel plans over social media sites.  Avoid using online applications on social media sites, or the Internet in general, that require access to your personal or profile information.  Use extreme caution when opening links on social media sites. Visit : http://www.computercareer.in/
  18. 18. Conclusion andConclusion and ImplicationImplication  Parents need to work with their children on using safety precautions when on social media sites. Thirty-one percent of youth surveyed by the National School Board Association (2007) reported posting inappropriate pictures and sharing personal information with strangers.  Youth need to be taught of the dangers of putting their personal information online.  Information that is posted online can never be permanently erased.  Parents and their children should establish privacy settings, and the children should learn to check to be sure that their privacy settings have not changed. Visit : http://www.computercareer.in/
  19. 19. Conclusion andConclusion and ImplicationImplication  Parents should also discuss with their children the impact of cyberbullying and the importance of not engaging in this behavior.  We need to motivate this youth in positive manner by giving them a positive futuristic approach.  This can be done by portraying and visualizing such documentaries, talk shows, dramas and T.V. programs which shows them the right and positive view of things and motivate them towards the development of their country.  These shows should spread awareness among youth enabling them to recognize their enemies as well as defend themselves against their traps. Visit : http://www.computercareer.in/
  20. 20. THANK YOU