Cargo Container


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An educational presentation about cargo container

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Cargo Container

  1. 1. Business EnglishLogistics & Transportation Engineering Seminar : Container Cargo By Youssef Serroukh 03/01/2012 Y.Serroukh – Anglais Commercial 1
  2. 2. Contents What is TEU1.1 The man who invented containers2.1 Types of Container Units3.1 Dangerous Goods Shipments3.2 DG Cargo3.3 Classification Of DG Y.Serroukh – Anglais Commercial 2
  3. 3. What is TEUThe twenty-foot equivalent unit (often TEU) is an inexact unit of cargocapacity often used to describe the capacity of container ships andcontainer terminals. It is based on the volume of a 20-foot-long (6.1 m)intermodal container, a standard-sized metal box which can be easilytransferred between different modes of transportation, such as ships,trains and trucks Y.Serroukh – Anglais Commercial 3
  4. 4. 1.1 The man who invented containersSea Containers were invented in the mid 1950s by Malcolm McLean, a NorthCarolina trucking owner who grew tired of wasting his trucking company’s timewith trucks standing idle in line as ships were unloaded bit by bit by dockworkers. Y.Serroukh – Anglais Commercial 4
  5. 5. McLean developed sealed truck trailers and the concept of loading and unloading the trailer interiorsonly at the points of origin and destination.The first ship modified to accept these “containers” on deck, sailed with 58 of them from New York toHouston in April 1956. This was the start of McLean’s company, the Sea-Land Corporation.The Matson Line (Hawaii) put the first fully containerized ship into service in 1960.The International Standards Organization (ISO) first established container standards in 1961. The ISOstandard is not prescriptive and instead simply stipulates tests that the containers must pass.Modern container ships have only one problem – when the ship arrives in port, the object is to unloadthe containers quickly to get them on to their final destination and to get the container ships back outto sea fully loaded heading for the next port.To accomplish this, container ships are equipped with steel skeletons called “cell guides”.A special lifting fixture is used with remote actuators, which engage the corner blocks on the top ofthe container.A recent survey indicates that port crane operators can execute full crane cycles to remove andposition containers at rates of between 30 and 60 boxes per hour.Containers come in two basic sizes – 20 Footer and 40 Footer and are commonly known as TEU(Twenty Equivalent Units) and FEU (Forty Equivalent Units).The external body of the container is made of corrugated sheet metal and is not capable of taking anyload. The four corners have shoes and are strengthened to take in load. Y.Serroukh – Anglais Commercial 5
  6. 6. 2.1 Types of Container Units. As such, depending on the type of products to be shipped or the special services needed from them, container units may vary in dimension, structure, materials, construction etc. various types of shipping containers are being used today to meet requirements of all kinds of cargo shipping. Some of the most common types of shipping containers in use today are mentioned below. Y.Serroukh – Anglais Commercial 6
  7. 7. 1.2.1 Dry storage container The most commonly used shipping containers; they come in various dimensions standardized by ISO. They are used for shipping of dry materials and come in size of 20ft, 40 ft and 10ft. Y.Serroukh – Anglais Commercial 7
  8. 8. 1.2.2 Flat rack container With collapsible sides, these are like simple storage shipping containers where the sides can be folded so as to make a flat rack for shipping of wide variety of goods. Y.Serroukh – Anglais Commercial 8
  9. 9. 1.2.3 Open top container With a convertible top that can be completely removed to make an open top so that materials of any height can be shipped easily. Y.Serroukh – Anglais Commercial 9
  10. 10. 1.2.4 Tunnel container Container storage units provided with doors on both ends of the container, they are extremely helpful in quick loading and unloading of materials. Y.Serroukh – Anglais Commercial 10
  11. 11. 1.2.5 Open side storage container These storage units are provided with doors that can change into completely open sides providing a much wider room for loading of materials. Y.Serroukh – Anglais Commercial 11
  12. 12. 1.2.6 Double door container They are kind of storage units that are provided with double doors, making a wider room for loading and unloading of materials. Construction materials include steel, iron etc in standardized sizes of 20ft and 40ft. Y.Serroukh – Anglais Commercial 12
  13. 13. 1.2.7 Refrigerated ISO containers These are temperature regulated shipping containers that always have a carefully controlled low temperature. They are exclusively used for shipment of perishable substances like fruits and vegetables over long distances. Y.Serroukh – Anglais Commercial 13
  14. 14. 1.2.8 Insulated or thermal containers These are the shipping storage containers that come with a regulated temperature control allowing them to maintain a higher temperature. The choice of material is so done to allow them long life without being damaged by constant exposure to high temperature. They are most suitable for long distance transportation of products. Y.Serroukh – Anglais Commercial 14
  15. 15. 1.2.9 Tanks Container storage units used mostly for transportation of liquid materials, they are used by a huge proportion of entire shipping industry. They are mostly made of strong steel or other anti corrosive materials providing them with long life and protection to the materials. Y.Serroukh – Anglais Commercial 15
  16. 16. 1.2.10 Cargo storage roll container A foldable container, this is one of the specialized container units made for purpose of transporting sets or stacks of materials. They are made of thick and strong wire mesh along with rollers that allows their easy movement. Availability in a range of colored wire meshes make these shipping container units a little more cheerful. Y.Serroukh – Anglais Commercial 16
  17. 17. 1.2.11 Half height containers Another kind of shipping containers includes half height containers. Made mostly of steel, these containers are half the height of full sized containers. Used especially for good like coal, stones etc which need easy loading and unloading. Y.Serroukh – Anglais Commercial 17
  18. 18. 1.2.12 Car carriers Car carriers are container storage units made especially for shipment of cars over long distances. They come with collapsible sides that help a car fit snugly inside the containers without the risk of being damaged or moving from the spot. Y.Serroukh – Anglais Commercial 18
  19. 19. 1.2.13 Intermediate bulk shift containers These are specialized storage shipping containers made solely for the purpose of intermediate shipping of goods. They are designed to handle large amounts of materials and made for purpose of shipping materials to a destination where they can be further packed and sent off to final spot. Y.Serroukh – Anglais Commercial 19
  20. 20. 1.2.14 Drums As the name suggests, circular shipping containers, made from a choice of materials like steel, light weight metals, fiber, hard plastic etc. they are most suitable for bulk transport of liquid materials. They are smaller in size but due to their shape, may need extra space. Y.Serroukh – Anglais Commercial 20
  21. 21. 1.2.15 Special purpose containers Not the ordinary containers, these are the container units, custom made for specialized purposes. Mostly, they are used for high profile services like shipment of weapons and arson. As such, their construction and material composition depends on the special purpose they need to cater to. But in most cases, security remains the top priority. Y.Serroukh – Anglais Commercial 21
  22. 22. 1.2.16 Swap bodies They are a special kind of containers used mostly in Europe. Not made according to the ISO standards, they are not standardized shipping container units but extremely useful all the same. They are provided with a strong bottom and a convertible top making them suitable for shipping of many types of products Y.Serroukh – Anglais Commercial 22
  23. 23. 3.1 Dangerous Goods Shipments Dangerous Goods, also referred to as “Hazardous Articles” are materials or substances capable of posing a significant risk to health, safety or property when transported. Y.Serroukh – Anglais Commercial 23
  24. 24. 3.2 DG CargoDangerous Goods or Hazardous Materials arechemicals in Solid , Liquid or Gas form which canharm people , other living organisms , property orthe environment .One of the sensitive issuesfaced by the transportation industry today is thesafe transportation of the Dangerous Goods.Considering the risk associated with DG, safetyprecautions are to be applied during its storage,usage, transportation and disposal. Laws andregulations on the use and handling of hazardousmaterials may differ depending on the activityand status of the material. Y.Serroukh – Anglais Commercial 24
  25. 25. 3.3 Classification Of DGDG are classified according to their specificproperties ( explosives, corrosive, flammable ,radioactive, oxidizing, toxic etc.) and hazards itmay cause. Nine (9) classes have beenestablished internationally by a UN committeeto ensure that all modes of transport (road,rail,air and sea) classify DG in the same way. Y.Serroukh – Anglais Commercial 25
  26. 26.  Class 1 Explosives Class 2 Gases Class 3 Flammable liquids Class 4 Flammable solids Class 5 Oxidizing substances and organic peroxides Class 6 Toxic and infectious substances Class 7 Radioactive material Class 8 Corrosive substances Class 9 Miscellaneous dangerous substances and articles Y.Serroukh – Anglais Commercial 26
  27. 27. Thank you for your attention Y.Serroukh – Anglais Commercial 27