Yale - Tulane ESF-8 MOC Special Report - Bohol Philippines Earthquake -16 OCT 2013


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In light of the earthquake on the island of Bohol, Philippines, the Yale-Tulane ESF #8 Planning and Response Program has produced a special report.
The Yale-Tulane ESF #8 Program is a multi-disciplinary, multi-center, graduate-level, program designed to produce ESF #8 planners and responders with standardized skill sets that are consistent with evolving public policy, technologies, and best practices. The group that produced this summary and analysis of the current situation are graduate students from Yale and Tulane Universities.
It was compiled entirely from open source materials. Please feel free to forward the report to anyone who might be interested.

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Yale - Tulane ESF-8 MOC Special Report - Bohol Philippines Earthquake -16 OCT 2013

  1. 1. YALE/TULANE ESF-8 PLANNING AND RESPONSE PROGRAM SPECIAL REPORT BOHOL, PHILIPPINES - EARTHQUAKE BACKGROUND LINKS SITUATION PHILIPPINES National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS) Department of Social Welfare and Development Department of Health Official Gazette HOSPITALS INTERNATIONAL/REGIONAL RELIEFWEB AFFECTED AREA WEATHER OUTLOOK NATIONAL RESPONSE IFRC INJURED 291* *Situation is still developing DEAD 144* EUROPEAN Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection UNITED STATES The Department of State US Embassy – The Philippines PACOM HEALTH RISKS - EARTHQUAKE CONTACTS AND LINKS 16 OCTOBER 2013 HEALTH INFORMATION CDC - Earthquake WHO- Earthquake PORTALS AND RESOURCES ASEAN Coordinating Center for Humanitarian Assistance on Disaster Management GDDAC Prevention Web – Philippines Pacific Disaster Center Thomas Reuters Foundation Google Alerts Humanitarian Early Warning Service – Seismic Humanity Road Earthquake Report IRIS MCEER EMSC Underground Weather
  2. 2. BACKGROUND WHERE: The central Philippines island of Bohol WHEN: 8am (Local Time) Tuesday, 15 October 2013 SITUATION: 7.2 Magnitude Earthquake 7.2-magnitude earthquake struck the central Philippines island of Bohol early Tuesday morning, a little after 8am local time. The effects of the quake was felt in Cebu city which is about 37 miles (60 kilometers) north of the epicenter. The quake was centered about 629 kilometers south-southeast of Manila, near Carmen in Bohol province, with a depth of 33 kilometers. The earthquake intensity was measured at level '7' which is considered 'destructive'. Carmen has a population of 43,000. Cebu has a population of 866,000. Local authorities are reporting extensive damage. There have been more than 725 aftershocks and residents remain fearful of returning to their homes. Besides residential houses, office buildings, bridges and critical infrastructure, electricity, water and communication lines are also affected. DEAD: 144 (number is expected to increase). INJURED: 291 Injured AFFECTED POPULATION: 3, 017,614 people (593,561 families) DISPLACED POPULATION: 7,430 families/ 37,424 people IFRC Info Bulletin #1 - 15 OCT 2013 OCHA Flash Update Philippines-Earthquake 15 October 2013 SitRep No3 re Effects of Earthquake in Carmen, Bohol USGS
  3. 3. AFFECTED AREA OCHA 15 OCT 2013
  4. 4. CURRENT SITUATION The search and rescue efforts along with damage assessments in the Philippines are underway following a 7.2 magnitude earthquake that struck the central Philippine island of Bohol Due to a religious holiday in the country, the public buildings in danger of collapse were mainly empty when the earthquake occurred. As of 5:00 AM (Local) there have been 725 aftershocks recorded, of which 12 were felt IMPACT • Magnitude 7.2 earthquake east of Camen, Bohol • on 15/10/2013 00:12 UTC • Additional damage and aftershocks are expected REPORTED INTENSITY: • Intensity VII – Tagbilaran, Bohol • Intensity VI – Inigaran, Negros Occidental • Intensity V – Iloilo City, La Carlota • Intensity IV – Masbate City, Roxas City, San Jose, Culasi, Antique, Guihulngan Negros Oriental • Intensity III – Davao City SHELTERS • • Inside evacuation center: 51 (5,992 families /30,359 people) Outside evacuation centers: 1,438 families /7, 065 • Some of the displaced families are staying in open spaces rather than in community facilities for fear of further damage with continuing occurrence of aftershocks. ROADS • The Abatan Bridge that connected Maribojoc to Tagbilaran City collapsed • The highway in Cortes particularly in Lilo-an was rendered impassable due to a landslide. • A part of Cortes’ highway was also damaged. • The Municipal hall in Sagbayan was destroyed while the municipal hall in Clarin was damaged. LANDSLIDE • Boljoon, Cebu highway • Barangay Kawasan, Aloguinsan, Cebu • Barangays Gutland, Canulam, Canbantug, Lapay, and Bulasa in Boljoon, Cebu SCHOOLS: Classes at ALL LEVELS (public & private) are suspended from Oct. 16 to Oct. 18. POWER: Electrical power is disrupted in many of the affected areas: – – – Province of Bohol Barangay Duran, Iloilo City Cadiz City, Negros Occidental SITREP NO.4 RE EFFECTS OF EARTHQUAKE IN CARMEN, BOHOL SITREP NO.3 RE EFFECTS OF EARTHQUAKE IN CARMEN, BOHOL SITREP NO.2 RE EFFECTS OF EARTHQUAKE IN CARMEN, BOHOL SITREP NO.1 RE EFFECTS OF EARTHQUAKE IN CARMEN, BOHOL
  5. 5. CURRENT SITUATION - MEDICAL HOSPITAL DAMAGE Cebu Doctor’s University in Mandaue City Collapsed Roof St Vincent Hospital Cracked Cebu City Medical Center Congressman Castillo Memorial Hospital NOTES All staff and patients evacuated Transported patients to Pahina Center Gym and other hospitals Severely damaged SITREP NO3 RE EFFECTS OF EARTHQUAKE IN CARMEN, BOHOL SITREP NO.2 RE EFFECTS OF EARTHQUAKE IN CARMEN, BOHOL SITREP NO.1 RE EFFECTS OF EARTHQUAKE IN CARMEN, BOHOL • Center for Health Development VII (Central Visayas) raised a “Code Red Alert Status” and conducted a Rapid Health Assessment (RHA) for the region. • 6 Hospitals/health facilities on Bohol have sustained cracks in the building but are still functioning • Two DOH teams from Manila have deployed to Tagbilaran, Bohol, to assist CHD-VII and the hospitals. Some patients are trapped. Rescue operations on going Hospital patients rest after being evacuated to a covered court
  6. 6. WEATHER BOHOL, PHILIPPINES Chance of Precipitation 80% Wednesday, 16 Chance of Precipitation 80% Thursday, 17 Chance of Precipitation 40% Friday18 Chance of Precipitation 50% Saturday, 19 Chance of Precipitation 50% Sunday, 20 90 88 86 88 88 | 79 °F | 77°F Chance of T-storms | 79°F Chance of T-storms | 79 °F Chance of T-storms | 77 °F Chance of Precipitation 70% Monday, 21 Chance of Precipitation 20% Tuesday, 22 88 88 | 77 °F Chance of T-storms | 77 °F Chance of T-storms Chance of T-storms An intertropical convergence zone will induce light to moderate rains in southern Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao, including the areas hit by the 7.2-magnitude earthquake on Tuesday. Cebu and Bohol will have cloudy skies with light to moderate rain showers and thunderstorms tomorrow (October 16) while partly cloudy to cloudy skies with isolated rain showers or thunderstorms on Thursday (October 17). MT Satellite image October 16, 2013, Wednesday, 6:32AM. http://www.pagasa.dost.gov.ph PHILIPPINE ATMOSPHERIC, GEOPHYSICAL AND ASTRONOMICAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION (PAGASA) WEATHER UNDERGROUND
  7. 7. NATIONAL RESPONSE • The President convened a meeting on Tuesday regarding coordination efforts with the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC). The President has ordered all concerned government agencies to provide necessary assistance and will visit the affected areas on 16 October. • The DSWD has a standby fund of 8.7 million pesos (US$201,856) for the central Philippines provinces. Other DSWD regional offices hit by the 7.2 magnitude earthquake have also activated and dispatched Quick Response Teams to coordinate with local governments on needs assessments. Soldiers remove the debris that fell over cars in the city of Cebu (Bullit Marquez / AP) The Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) deployed humanitarian assistance and disaster response (HADR) units following a 7.2 magnitude earthquake that hit the provinces of Cebu and Bohol at 8:20 this morning, October 15. • Two helicopters were deployed to augment the 2nd Special Forces Battalion currently conducting disaster response operations in Tagbilaran, Bohol. • Four M-35 trucks with 50 military personnel were also deployed to Cebu City to assist in debris clearing, particularly in the partially collapsed Basilica Del Sto Niño. • Two more rescue helicopters from the 505th Search and Rescue Group, Philippine Air Force are expected to be deployed tomorrow. • • The Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) is delivering relief materials to Bohol. However, most of the bridges and roads are destroyed or damaged, hampering rescue efforts. • The AFP Central Command in Mactan is closely coordinating with the provincial government executives of Bohol and Cebu; and National and Provincial Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Councils for additional deployments of military personnel and equipment to assist in HADR efforts. OCHA SITREP #1 – 15 OCT 2013 IFRC Info Bulletin #1 - 15 OCT 2013 SITREP NO.2 RE EFFECTS OF EARTHQUAKE IN CARMEN, BOHOL SITREP NO.1 RE EFFECTS OF EARTHQUAKE IN CARMEN, BOHOL
  8. 8. RED CROSS AND RED CRESCENT ACTION • Philippine Red Cross (PRC) volunteers and staff in the Cebu, LapuLapu City, Negros Oriental and Siquijor were mobilized immediately after the earthquake to verify incoming damage reports. • Members of the national headquarters’ emergency response team are standing by to augment the response operations. The team includes trained responders with expertise in collapsed-structure rescue operations. • The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) and Partner National Societies with offices in country are on standby for joint assessments and to support PRC action, if required. • At the moment IFRC has a temporary shelter surge capacity in Manila who could be deployed together with PRC team members to conduct rapid assessments in the quake-affected area if required • PRC is also preparing to send specialized volunteer units to support the Bohol and Cebu chapters in their immediate responses and in conducting rapid assessments. • Operations centers at the national headquarters and respective chapters are continuously monitoring the situation. • PRC is supporting emergency operations by the authorities and local agencies. Earlier today, PRC participated in the NDRRMC meeting. • PRC has made ready its preparedness stocks for at least 15,000 families in Manila including hygiene kits and non-food items (blankets, jerry cans, sleeping mats and mosquito nets). • The National Society Davao City warehouse can also provide food items including cooking oil, sardines, soy sauce and corned beef. These items can be mobilized immediately to the quake-affected areas depending on assessed needs. IFRC INFO BULLETIN #1 - 15 OCT 2013
  9. 9. HEALTH RISKS - EARTHQUAKE IMMEDIATE RISKS Earthquakes cause high mortality resulting from trauma, asphyxia, dust inhalation (acute respiratory distress), or exposure to the environment (e.g., hypothermia). • EARTHQUAKE AND COMMUNICABLE DISEASES Earthquakes may increase the transmission of the following : • Wounds and Injuries will be numerous due to the initial impact of the earthquake and subsequent rescue and clean-up activities. – Crush injury is defined as compression of extremities or other parts of the body that causes muscle swelling and/or neurological disturbances in the affected areas of the body. Typically affected areas of the body include lower extremities (74%), upper extremities (10%), and trunk (9%). – Crush syndrome is localized crush injury with systemic manifestations. These systemic effects are caused by a traumatic rhabdomyolysis (muscle breakdown) and the release of potentially toxic muscle cell components and electrolytes into the circulatory system. Crush syndrome can cause local tissue injury, organ dysfunction, and metabolic abnormalities, including acidosis, hyperkalemia, and hypocalcemia. – Risk of wound infection and tetanus are high due to the difficulties with immediate access to health facilities and delayed presentation of acute injuries. – Gangrene is a complication of wound contamination and prompt wound treatment is critical for its prevention. Gangrenous wounds should be managed aggressively, with surgical removal of gangrenous tissue. There is no risk of transmission of gangrene to unaffected persons. Water/Sanitation/Hygiene-related and Foodborne Diseases – Displaced populations are at high risk from outbreaks of water, sanitation, and hygiene and foodborne-related diseases due to reduced access to safe water and sanitation systems. – • Disruption of usual water sources and contamination of water by damaged sewage infrastructure may result in unsafe drinking water Diseases Associated With Crowding – – Population displacement can result in overcrowding in resettlement areas, raising the risk of transmission of certain communicable diseases that are spread from person to person through respiratory droplets such as measles, diphtheria and pertussis (see section below on vaccinepreventable diseases), and acute respiratory infections or ARI. This risk is increased with inadequate ventilation. Overcrowding can also increase the likelihood of transmission of meningitis, waterborne and vector-borne diseases in the weeks and months following the earthquake. NOTES: previous experience with earthquakes that caused major structural damage has demonstrated that the incidence of crush syndrome is 215% with approximately 50% of those with crush syndrome developing acute renal failure and over 50% needing fasciotomy. Of those with renal failure, 50% need dialysis. SOURCE: CDC| WHO| CDC- CRUSH INJURIES
  10. 10. POINTS OF CONTRACT THE DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL WELFARE AND DEVELOPMENT (DSWD) IN CENTRAL VISAYAS • 24/7 Emergency Hotline (032) 232-9507 Office of Civil Defense Numbers • Region V - (052) 481 1656 or (052) 481 5031 • Region VI - (033) 337 6671 or (033) 509 7971 • Region VII - (032) 416 5025 or (032) 253 8730 Centers for Health Development Center for Health Development (CHD) VII - Central Visayas REGIONAL DIRECTOR: Dr. JAIME S. BARNADAS, Director IV ASST. REGIONAL DIRECTOR: Dr. LAKSHMI LEGASPI, Director III ADDRESS: Sambag II, Cebu City, Philippines CONTACT NO.: (032) 256-2128/253-6355 FAX: 254-0109 WEBSITE: http://chd7.doh.gov.ph/ RED CROSS For further information specifically related to this operation, please contact: • Philippine Red Cross, Manila: Gwendolyn Pang, secretary-general; phone +63 2 525 5654; fax +63 2 527 0857; email: gwendolyn.pang@redcross.org.ph • IFRC Philippine country office, Manila: Bernd Schell, country representative; phone +63 2 309 8622; mobile +63 928 559 7071; email: bernd.schell@ifrc.org • IFRC regional office for Southeast Asia, Bangkok: Anne Leclerc, head of regional office; phone +66 2661 8201; mobile +66 85 661 7464; email: anne.leclerc@ifrc.org • IFRC Asia Pacific zone office, Kuala Lumpur (phone: +60 3 9207 5700, fax +60 3 2161 0670); o Al Panico, head of operations; email: al.panico@ifrc.org o Andreas Weissenberg, operations coordinator, email: andreas.weissenberg@ifrc.org o Patrick Fuller, communications manager, email: patrick.fuller@ifrc.org o Peter Ophoff, head of planning, monitoring, evaluation and reporting (PMER); email: peter.ophoff@ifrc.org