Yale - Tulane ESF-8 MOC Special Report - Tropical Cyclone Phailin


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In light of Tropical Cyclone Phailin, the Yale-Tulane ESF #8 Planning and Response Program has produced a special report. The Yale-Tulane ESF #8 Program is a multi-disciplinary, multi-center, graduate-level, program designed to produce ESF #8 planners and responders with standardized skill sets that are consistent with evolving public policy, technologies, and best practices. The group that produced this summary and analysis of the current situation are graduate students from Yale and Tulane Universities.

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Yale - Tulane ESF-8 MOC Special Report - Tropical Cyclone Phailin

  1. 1. YALE/TULANE ESF-8 PLANNING AND RESPONSE PROGRAM SPECIAL REPORT CYCLONE PHAILIN BACKGROUND AFFECTED AREA SITUATION WEATHER OUTLOOK NATIONAL RESPONSE IFRC NGO CONTACTS AND LINKS 15 OCTOBER 2013 LINKS INDIA Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) National Disaster Management National Institute of Disaster Management (NIDM) National Disaster Management Authority National Disaster Response Force and Civil Defense India Meteorological Department India Weather Odisha State Disaster Management Authority INTERNATIONAL/REGIONAL RELIEFWEB UNISDR FAO WHO EUROPEAN Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection UNITED STATES US Consulate - Hyderabad The Department of State CIA World Fact Book HEALTH INFORMATION Flood Flood Recovery Food Water and Hygiene Workers Safety WHO - Flooding and Communicable Diseases Non Government Organizations Save the Children PORTALS AND RESOURCES ASEAN Coordinating Center for Humanitarian Assistance on Disaster Management GDDAC Google Crisis Resources CIA Factbook – India Prevention Web – India Pacific Disaster Center Thomas Reuters Foundation NEWS AND MEDIA The Times of India Hindu Times NDTV FirstPost
  2. 2. BACKGROUND WHERE: Odisha, India WHEN: Cyclone made land fall 12 October 2013. Response and is on going SITUATION: CYCLONE PHAILIN Cyclone Phailin struck the Odisha coast, of India, off Gopalpur around 9.15 pm on Saturday , 12 October 2013, with winds raging at 200km an hour whipping up a storm surge of a over 3 meters and inundating areas up to half a kilometer inland. Immediate needs: Potable water, provision for sufficient food, sanitation and hygiene, shelter. Rebuilding and rehabilitation, seeds and tools for replanting as well as a program to re-establish livestock are required for recovery. Officials in Orissa said 873,000 people moved before the cyclone made landfall, while at least another 100,000 were evacuated further south in the state of Andhra Pradesh. Residents were also evacuated from coastal regions of West Bengal state. Odisha and Andhra Pradesh are the two most affected states with many districts severely affected. Twelve districts are without power, water levels are rising dangerously in some areas. As emergency teams began assessing damage from the country's biggest cyclone in 14 years, a massive relief effort went into full swing to distribute food to an estimated one million evacuees, clear roads and help the injured. Some 600,000 people were left homeless after the storm swept through 14,000 villages mainly in coastal districts. DEAD: Confirmed dead – 27 NOTE: Early warnings were issued five days before the cyclone’s arrival, emergency response teams, equipment, and food supplies were pre-positioned, and nearly one million people in the storm’s path were evacuated, which ultimately spared countless lives PHOTO: NASA
  3. 3. AFFECTED AREA IFRC and RC 14 OCY 2013
  4. 4. CURRENT SITUATION IMPACT • The cyclone hit an area that is relatively high in vulnerability, including rural areas where “thatched” houses, mainly made of straw and mud, are common shelters. The scale of damage to houses and belongings, as well as future livelihoods, damaged field crops, plantations, loss of stored food and agricultural inputs, could be huge. Yet its full impact is still to be assessed. FLOODING: • Waters level in rivers Vamsadhara and Nagavalli are expected to rise above the danger level. • TRAVEL: Travelling to the affected area has been constrained by the halt of all air-flight and trains due to the cyclone, and many highways along coastline were affected and closed. Nearly 700,000 people in Odisha and Andhra Prahesh state have been evacuated by the government with active support from the local Red Cross branches. The government set up evacuation centers in cyclone shelters, schools and other public buildings. • Initial reports from Indian Red Cross Society show that roughly 8 million people are affected, with about 200,000 rural houses partially or fully damaged due to the cyclone and its accompanying rainfall and flooding. • • Heavy rain in the aftermath of Cyclone Phailin triggered floods in Odisha on Monday with over 250,000 people being marooned in Balasore -- one of the two worst hit districts along with Mayurbanj-- and several rivers were in spate. COMMUNICATIONS: Mobile communication has been seriously disrupted in the affected area due to the storms. This has complicated the emergency response. In other areas like Srikakulam district, it is indicated that with the increase in tide level, sea water has entered the villages of Vadapalem, Kotturu, Baruva, Edduvaripalem, Kotta, Kalin gapatnam, Gabshiguda and Mogadalapadu, affecting at least 2,300 people so far. POWER: Power black outs continue from Ichchapuram to IFRC -14 OCT 2013 Palasa. People stand in the overflowing waters of the Swarnrekha River in Ghaghra, India, on October 14.
  5. 5. WEATHER Gopalpur, India Chance of Precipitation 40% Wednesday, 16 Chance of Precipitation 20% Thursday, 17 Chance of Precipitation 40% Friday18 Chance of Precipitation 20% Saturday, 19 Chance of Precipitation 50% Sunday, 20 90 90 88 88 88 | 77 °F Chance of T-storms | 77°F Chance of T-storms | 77°F Chance of T-storms The remains of Cyclone Phailin curved northwards after moving inland across Orissa and across Bihar to Nepal. During today (Monday) there have been torrential downpours over Nepal and heavy snowfalls over the higher Himalayas with 100 to 150mm or more of precipitation in 24hrs. Eventually the heavy precipitation will drain southwards in the rivers flowing south, such as the Ganges, and may bring flooding to areas seeing little of the heavy rain. The weather over Orissa is now settled with just a few light showers near the coast. Warning for Jharkhand, Bihar, Sub-Himalayan West Bengal & Sikkim Heavy rainfall: Rainfall at most places with isolated heavy to very heavy falls would occur over Bihar including Kosi and Gandak river catchments during next 24 hour and over Sub-Himalayan West Bengal & Sikkim including Teesta river catchment during next 48 hours. Rainfall at many places would occur with isolated heavy falls over north Jharkhand during next 12 hours Bulletin No.: BOB 04/2013/42 Dated 14 OCT 13 Underground 14 October 2013 | 77 °F Chance of T-storms | 77 °F Chance of T-storms Chance of Precipitation 40% Monday, 21 Chance of Precipitation 40% Tuesday, 22 88 88 | 77 °F Chance of T-storms | 77 °F Chance of T-storms
  6. 6. NATIONAL RESPONSE • • Indian government actions through the Navy, Air Force, and National Disaster Response Forces (NDRF), are ready for a relief and rescue operation as soon as the cyclone hits the coast. More than 1,600 personnel of the NDRF have been dispatched to Odisha and Andhra Pradesh. Local authorities are also assisting the evacuation of 64,000 people (approximately 12,800 families) from low-lying areas in north coastal Andhra districts. A total of 5,000 families are being evacuated in Puri, with another 30,000 families scheduled for evacuation. ANDHRA PRADESH • NDRF has saved 1000 people marooned at village Dongur, ichhapuram Mandal in district Srikakulam and brought them to safer places in NDRf boats. • 40 persons from Srikakulam area and 16 peoples were rescued from Kalingapatanam. • NDRF teams are continuing rescue and relief operation at Srikakulam, Vijay nagram, East Godavari and west Godavari. Teams have cleared 180 km roads by removing 1500 trees. IFRC – INFO Bulletin #1 12 OCT 2013 IFRC -14 OCT 2013 ODISHA • National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) teams are continuing rescue and relief operations. NDRF teams have cleared 910 kms of road by removing 937 fallen trees. Apart from around 45 electric poles were also cleared. • Most of the important roads opened and made motorable by NDRF. SEARCH AND RESCUE • Total 83 persons were rescued by NDRF teams from Kavitri mandal, Ganjam and Jagatsinghpur. • Total 950 persons were rescued by NDRF team from district Balasore, Odosha. • Total 150 persons evacuated and shifted to safer place from villPaikopara, district- Baripada. • Total 49 persons evacuated and shifted to safer places from villAlipur & patharagara, district Ganjam BIHAR AND JHARKHAND • 3 NDRF teams are prepositioned at Supaul, Sitamarhi and Darbhanga. • 2 NDRF teams are prepositioned at Ranchi and Dhanbad. • 2 Teams of NDRF are being sent to Patna from Ghaziabad Unit.
  7. 7. RED CROSS AND RED CRESCENT ACTION NATIONAL LEVEL • An Emergency Control Room is set up at the Indian Red Cross National Headquarters as the operations center. • Joint IRCS/IFRC assessment team will be dispatched to Odisha state, which is worst hit, by 14 October 2013. • About 11,000 tarpaulins and one NOMAD water treatment unit are being dispatched from the IRCS national warehouse to the affected areas for immediately relief to the people evacuated. • Some more tarpaulins will be mobilized from regional warehouses ODISHA STATE • Two SETA water treatment units have been prepositioned in the capital of Odisha state - Bhubaneswar. These units will be managed by IRCS National Disaster Water and Sanitation Response Team (NDWRT). • A preparedness meeting was held on 11 October 2013 at the Odisha State Red Cross branch level. Response teams’ members including State Disaster Response Team (SDRT), District Disaster Response Team (DDRT), and First Medical Responders (FMR) - are positioned in areas with higher risks. • The IRCS Odisha state branch control room is opened and maintaining a 24-hour monitoring. • 75 Red Cross community cyclone shelters along coastal areas are opened. These centers served as important bases for local villagers as the government has called for evacuation along coastal areas to minimize casualties. ANDHRA PRADESH STATE • The IRCS Andhra Pradesh state Red Cross branch’s response teams, including SDRT, DDRT, and FMR, are all on alert. • A total of 62 First Medical Responders have been deployed to the districts of Vijayanagaram and Srikakulam. • Five teams comprising 39 trained Red Cross volunteers SDRT/DDRT/CFMR/search and rescue & first aid teams) have been deployed in Srikakulam district. The trained Red Cross volunteer teams have been assisting the district administration in evacuation and relief operations. • 200 tarpaulins and 200 bed sheets prepositioned in Srikakulam district, which is close to the community in higher risks has been mobilized and distributed in government evacuation center. • As per orders issued by the Srikakulam district collector, 4 shelters have been allotted for the deployed Red Cross volunteers in Itchapuram, Kalingapatnam, Gara and Mogadalapadu villages • In Vijayanagaram district, two teams comprising of 20 trained Red Cross volunteers (SDRT/DDRT/search and rescue & first aid teams) have been deployed to Makkam village located very close to sea to assist the district administration in two relief camps. IFRC – INFO Bulletin #1 12 OCT 2013 IFRC -14 OCT 2013
  8. 8. NGO Save the Children emergency response teams are working with the government and local partners to quickly assess the needs of children as Cyclone Phailin continues to hit Odishia and other parts of eastern India. OXFAM • Oxfam India’s staff will assess the situation as soon as possible. Oxfam India has contingency stock on standby for deployment to address vital water and sanitation needs and emergency shelter needs for over 30,000 people during the initial stage of the crisis. • Oxfam India will provide water, sanitation and shelter to initially 60,000 people affected by Cyclone Phailin. • Oxfam has a stock of water and sanitation (WASH) materials on standby and ready for deployment. • In Odisha, Oxfam has WASH stocks for 2500 households and are moving another 2000 hygiene and tarpaulin sets to the region. Chlorine tablets and water purifiers are also being dispatched. The biggest concern is the immediate future is the availability of potable water. The Indian government is looking at improving laboratory testing near water bodies to ensure additional outbreaks of vector-borne diseases can be controlled. CARE India pre-positioned items like water, water purification tablets, hygiene and survival kits, floor mats and solar lamps to respond to the emergency. “ CARE has teams in Odisha and Andhra Pradesh who are assessing the needs of affected people. Direct Relief Emergency Response Team is activated and is in communications with Indian partner organizations and has extended offers of medical assistance. Staff already travelling to India for other ongoing assistance activities with local partners and will adjust plans accordingly to respond to this event. ADRA has set up procurement channels with a number of local suppliers in the state to facilitate rapid procurement of essential humanitarian supplies, including water purification tablets, hygiene kits, tarpaulins and food supply. Suppliers are on standby to deliver humanitarian supplies as access to affected areas becomes possible and as needs and gaps emerge. ADRA is working with other agencies - among them ActionAid, Save the Children, CARE, Oxfam, and UNICEF - to coordinate at the initial stage in a rapid joint assessment process. Local churches and schools in the region are being used as collection points for humanitarian supplies to prepare for distribution. ADRA is also coordinating with the Odisha State Disaster Management Authority (OSDMA) regarding our presence and response. People hold each others' hands and cross a water logged road as they return to their respective villages near Gopalpur, Orissa state, India, Sunday, Oct. 13, 2013. India began sorting through miles of wreckage on Sunday after Cyclone Phailin roared ashore, flooding towns and villages and destroying tens of thousands of thatch homes, but officials said massive evacuation efforts had spared the east coast from widespread loss of life. (AP Photo/Bikas Das)
  9. 9. POINTS OF CONTRACT National Disaster Management Authority New Delhi control room: +91-11-26701728 Emergency Operation Centers - Odisha Odisha State Disaster Management Authority: +91-6742395398 / +91-674-2395379 Balasore: +91-6782-262674 Bhadrak: +91-6784-251881 Cuttack: +91-6712-507842 Dhenkanal: +91-6762-221376 Gajapati: +91-6815-222943 Ganjam: +91-6811-263978 Jagatsinghpur: +91-6724-220368 Jajpur: +91-6728-222648 Kendrapara: +91-6727-232803 Keonjhar: +91-6766-255437 Khurda: +91-6755-220002 Mayurbhanj: +91-6792-252759 Nayagarh: +91-6753-252978 Puri: +91-6752-223237 http://www.google.org/crisisresponse/2013-phailin.html Emergency Operation Centers - Andhra Pradesh Andhra: +91-40-23456005 / +91-40-23451043 East Godavari:Eluru: +91-8812-230617 Narasapur: +91-8814-276699Kovvur: +91-8813-231488 Jangareddygudem: +91-8821-223660 Guntur:+91-863-223490 Tenali: +91-8644-223800 Narasaraopet: +91-8647-222039 Gurazala: +91-8985920005 Hyderabad:+91-4023-456005+91-4023-451043 Nellore: +91-861-2331477 Nellore: 1800-425-2499 Srikakulam: +91-8942-240557 Srikakulam: +91-96528-38191 Visakhapatnam:+91-891-25629771800-425-00002 Paderu: +91-94928-48502 Vizianagaram:+91-8922-236947 Bhogapuram: +91-9440814722 Pusapatirega: +91-80083-01531