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gcse history medicine through time people

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basic points on the people studied for gcse history medicine through time based on the ocr exam board

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gcse history medicine through time people

  1. 1. Hippocrates (460 - 370 BC) • Greek Doctor • 4 humours • Hippocratic Oath • Observation • Natural treatments • Books • Regimen (lifestyle)
  2. 2. Claudius Galen (129 - 216? AD) • Roman (Arrogant) • Gladiator Doctor • Live Dissections • Pigs + Apes • Mistakes • Books • Opposites Theory
  3. 3. Ambroise Paré (1510 - 1590) • French • Barber-Surgeon • Cauterisation • Ligatures • Ointment (e,r,t) • Book – ‘Works about surgery’
  4. 4. Andreas Vesalius (1514 - 1564) • Belgian Anatomist • Human Dissection • Stole bodies • Proved Galen wrong • (Only one Jaw Bone) • Book – ‘The fabric of the human body’
  5. 5. William Harvey (1578 - 1657) • English Physician • Royal Doctor • Heart Circulation • Proved Galen wrong • A Book (complicated name) • Live Cold-Blooded Animal Dissection
  6. 6. Edward Jenner (1749 - 1823) • English Doctor • Smallpox/Cowpox • Vaccination • 1853 - Compulsory • 8 Year Old Boy • Religion Against • Rich Friends
  7. 7. Edwin Chadwick (1800 - 1890) • English Campaigner • Believed in Miasma • 1842 - his Report • Encouraged - • Better Diet • Clean Water • Disposal of Sewage
  8. 8. Mary Seacole (1805 - 1881) • Jamaican ‘Nurse’ • Crimean War • Volunteer • Herbal Remedies • Nightingale Refused • The British Hotel • Racism
  9. 9. Florence Nightingale (1820 - 1910) • English Nurse • Upper Classed • Crimean War • Believed in Miasma • Invented Pie Chart • A Book - ‘Notes for Nursing’
  10. 10. James Simpson (1811 - 1870) • Scottish Obstetrician (Doctor of Childbirth) • Discovered Chloroform (Accidently) • Tried it on Daughter • Queen Victoria used it • Religion Against
  11. 11. John Snow (1813 - 1858) • English Physician • Methodical • Doubted Miasma • Chloroform Inhaler (made chloroform safe) • Discovered that Cholera is Waterborne
  12. 12. Ignaz Semmelweis (1818 - 1865) • Hungarian Physician • Washing Hands • in Chloride + Lime • Child Bed Fever • Dissected Mothers • Reduced Deaths From 10% to 3%
  13. 13. Louis Pasteur (1822 - 1895) • French • Chemistry Professor • Germ Theory - 1861 • Pasteurisation - Heat Kills Germs • Investigated Beer • Animal Vaccines
  14. 14. Joseph Lister (1827 - 1912) • Scottish Surgeon • Antiseptic - • Carbolic Acid (Irritated Skin) • Aseptic - • Clean Equipment • Clean Wounds
  15. 15. Robert Koch (1843 - 1910) • German Physician + Microbiologist • Found Types of Germs • Developed Ways of Sterilising Things • Won the Nobel Prize • Developed a Dye to Help Identify Bacteria
  16. 16. Paul Ehrlich (1854 - 1915) • German Physician On • Koch's Research Team (Helped to make Koch’s dye) • Invented Chemotherapy • Won Nobel Prize • Made First Magic Bullet (Which was Injected) - • Called Salvarsan 606
  17. 17. Alexander Fleming (1881 - 1955) • Scottish Bacteriologist • Discovered Penicillin • By Chance • Disorganised • Gave up (couldn’t mass produce it) • Won Nobel Prize (with Florey + Chain)
  18. 18. Gerhard Domagk (1895 - 1964) • German Bacteriologist • Discovered Prontosil (kills blood poisoning germ) • First Commercial Antibiotic • Won Nobel Prize • Tested on Mice • Cured Presidents Son
  19. 19. Howard Florey + Ernst Chain • Won Nobel Prize • Found New Strain of Penicillin • Worked out how to mass produce it • Persuaded drug companies in US • Tested on a man who died (didn’t make enough)
  20. 20. William Beveridge (1879 - 1963) • British Campaigner • 1942 - Report about a Welfare State (NHS) • the 5 Evils - Want, Disease, Ignorance, Squalor + Idleness • NHS set up 1948 when Labour won
  21. 21. Aneurin Bevan (1897 - 1960) • Welsh • Labour Politian + • Minister of Health in 1948 (NHS set up) • Supported and Campaigned for NHS • Persuaded doctors to sign up with the NHS

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