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System of governance


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System of governance

  1. 1. SYSTEM OF GOVERNANCE<br />Communism<br /> Socialism<br /> Capitalism<br />
  2. 2. SYSTEM OF GOVERNANCE<br />Best explained by the cows…<br />
  3. 3. SYSTEM OF GOVERNANCE<br />Communism<br />If you have 2 cows, you give them to the government; and the government gives you some milk<br />
  4. 4. SYSTEM OF GOVERNANCE<br />Socialism<br />If you have 2 cows, you give one to your neighbour.<br />
  5. 5. SYSTEM OF GOVERNANCE<br />Capitalism<br />If you have 2 cows, you sell one and buy a bull<br />
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  8. 8. SYSTEM OF GOVERNANCECommunism<br />
  9. 9. SYSTEM OF GOVERNANCECommunism<br />Communist <br />A person who is a member of communist party <br />A pro-communist is a person who supports Communism but need not be a member of the communist party<br />An anti-Communist is a person who is against Communism<br />
  10. 10. SYSTEM OF GOVERNANCECommunism<br />Current Communist States<br />Republic of Cuba (Cuban Revolution in 1959, socialist state declared in 1961)<br />Democratic People's Republic of Korea (since 1948)<br />Lao People's Democratic Republic (since 1975)<br />Socialist Republic of Vietnam (since 1976; Communist Party of Vietnam ruled the Democratic Republic of Vietnam since 1954) <br />
  11. 11. SYSTEM OF GOVERNANCECommunism<br />
  12. 12. SYSTEM OF GOVERNANCECommunism<br />Origins of Communism<br />Ideals of Karl Heinrich Marx (1818 – 1883)<br />German philosopher, political economist, historian, sociologist, humanist, political theorist and revolutionary credited as the founder of communism <br />
  13. 13. SYSTEM OF GOVERNANCECommunism<br /><ul><li>Workers would rise up against the rich and overthrow the government
  14. 14. Wealth of the country should then be shared equally among the people</li></li></ul><li>SYSTEM OF GOVERNANCECommunism<br /><ul><li>Wrote the “The Communist Manifesto” with Friedrich Engels
  15. 15. First published in 1848 in German</li></li></ul><li>SYSTEM OF GOVERNANCECommunism<br />Development of Communism<br />In 1917, Russia became the first Communist country in the world after the Russian Revolution led by Lenin<br />Russia was later re-named USSR<br />China became a Communist country in 1949<br />
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  18. 18. What’s the difference between Socialism &Communism?<br />
  19. 19. Socialism vs. Communism<br />Communism<br /><ul><li>both an economic & political system
  20. 20. seeks to manage both the economy and the society by ensuring that property is owned collectively and that control over the distribution of property is centralized in order to achieve both classlessness and statelessness</li></ul>Socialism<br /><ul><li>mainly an economic system
  21. 21. seeks to manage the economy through deliberate and collective social control</li></li></ul><li>Socialism vs. Communism<br />Communism<br /><ul><li>goods and services produced should be distributed among the populace according to individuals' needs
  22. 22. both capitalism and private ownership of means of production must be done away with as soon as possible in order to make sure a classless society</li></ul>Socialism<br /><ul><li>goods & services produced should be distributed according to the amount of individuals' production efforts
  23. 23. capitalism can be a possible part of the ideal state and be that socialism can exist in a capitalist society</li></li></ul><li>
  24. 24. What’s Capitalism?<br />
  25. 25.
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  27. 27. SYSTEM OF GOVERNANCECapitalism<br />Not a political system, but an economic system<br />Wealth are privately owned/controlled rather than publicly or state-owned<br />Wealth  process of generating $<br /> $ itself<br />Privately owned/controlled  individuals<br /> corporations<br />
  28. 28. SYSTEM OF GOVERNANCECapitalism<br />Investments, income, production, pricing, supply of goods and services, etc are primarily determined by private decision in a market economy largely free of government intervention<br />
  29. 29. Let’s Discuss!<br />
  30. 30. The Communist Threat In Singapore<br />
  31. 31. Communism in Singapore and Malaya<br />Malayan Communist Party (MCP) was formed in 1930<br />Headquarters – Singapore<br />WWII: Communists helped the British to fight the Japanese<br />Earned the respect of the people<br />
  32. 32. Post-WWII Situation<br />Communists were told to surrender the weapons given to them by the British <br />Communists secretly kept some of the weapons<br />MCP wanted to end British rule and replace it with a Communist government<br />Stirred anti-British feelings among the people<br />Promised freedom from foreign rule once and for all, and a better life<br />
  33. 33. Communist Activities, 1945-48<br />Spread of Communism mainly among the Chinese<br />Use of Chinese newspapers to spread its messages<br />Gained support among workers, who blamed the British government for their low pay and poor working conditions<br />Influenced students in Chinese schools, as many teachers were pro-Communist and used textbooks from China<br />
  34. 34. The Emergency 1948 - 1960<br />Communists started adopting a more violent strategy<br />Moved into the jungles of Malaya<br />Attacked rubber plantations and tin mines to destroy the economy<br />State of Emergency in Malaya & Singapore<br />Emergency gave government more power to act against the Communists<br />
  35. 35. MCP Guerilla Warfare<br />
  36. 36. Malayan Police Patrol<br />
  37. 37. Lim Chin Siong<br /><ul><li> Lim Chin Siong was a prominent politician in Singapore who was pro-Communist
  38. 38. Encouraged union members to go on strike
  39. 39. Encouraged students to support striking workers</li></li></ul><li>Hock Lee Bus Riots1955<br />275 strikes took place in 1955<br />One of the most violent was the Hock Lee Bus riots<br />Sparked off by workers demanding better pay and working conditions and supported by students<br />As a results of the riots, 4 people were killed and 31 injured<br />
  40. 40. An important result<br />The Chief Minister, David Marshall, seemed unwilling to take strong action against the Communists<br />Thus, the British felt that Singapore could fall into the hands of the Communists<br />Made the British reluctant to grant independence<br />
  41. 41. Why were the communists often seen as the bad guys ?<br />
  42. 42. What can we learn from these post-war events?<br />
  43. 43. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT<br />Britannica Online<br /><br />“Towards a new socialism” by Cockshott & Cottrell<br />PAP website<br />NUS lecture notes, courtesy of Ms Siti NurJannah<br />