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Flowers

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Flowers

  1. 1. FLOWERS
  2. 2. FLOWER “Bloom” or “Blossom” It is the part of the plant from which the fruit or seed is developed.
  3. 3. FUNCTION OF FLOWERSEffect ReproductionBrightening decorationsWorshipping godsHerbal tea, medicinesTokens for love and esteem
  4. 4. FLOWER ANATOMY
  5. 5. REPRODUCTIVE ORGANS PISTIL – female reproductive organ of the flower which includes the:  Stigma  Style  Ovary STAMEN – male reproductive organ  Anther  Filament
  6. 6. CLASSIFICATION OF FLOWERSAccdg. to PARTS: COMPLETE FLOWER A flower having all four floral parts: sepals, petals, stamens, and carpels. INCOMPLETE FLOWER A flower lacking either sepals, petals, stamens, or pistils
  7. 7. CLASSIFICATION OF FLOWERSAccdg. to SYMMETRY: REGULAR FLOWER – a radially symmetric flower. Examples: WATER LILY DAISY
  8. 8. CLASSIFICATION OF FLOWERS IRREGULAR FLOWER – a flower in which one or more members of a whorl differ in form from other members  Example: Pea flower
  9. 9. CLASSIFICATION OF FLOWERSAccdg. to SEXES: PERFECT – flower showing both carpels and stamens IMPERFECT – flower with only one reproductive organ, either female or male
  10. 10. CLASSIFICATION OF FLOWERSAccdg. to COMPOSITION: SIMPLE – a flower head made up of few flowers  Example: Gumamela COMPOUND - a flower head made up of many small flowers appearing as a single bloom.  Example: marigold
  11. 11. INFLORESCENCES It is the mode of development and arrangement of flowers on an axis.
  12. 12. TYPES OF INFLORESCENCE
  13. 13. EXAMPLES UNIPAROUS UMBELRACEME CYME
  14. 14. EXAMPLESCAPITULUM SPIKE BIPAROUS CYME
  15. 15. EXAMPLESCORYMB SPADIX
  16. 16. POLLINATION The transfer of pollen from the anthers of a flower to the stigma of the same flower or of another flower.
  17. 17. TYPES OF POLLINATION Cross-pollination - occurs when pollen is delivered to a flower from a different plant Self-pollination - occurs when pollen from one flower pollinates the same flower or other flowers of the same individual
  18. 18. AGENTS OF POLLINATION Wind Water Insects Mammals Birds

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