Youth4JOB Seminar

“Learning mobility a key factor that expands horizons in education, in
training and employment” (Naples...
Presentation

•
•
•
•
•
•

Introduction / Overview of the sector
Support Services to Youth Jobseekers
Labour Market Mechan...
Introduction / Overview of the sector
Seafaring profession – romantic profession
Introduction
• Seafaring professions has traditionally been considered a
romantic profession among young people, but in to...
Introduction
• At present, the maritime industry has more than 40 thousand
vacancies.

• Latvia is in good situation with ...
5th. Qualification Level

Deck Officers A-II/1+ A- II/2

Latvian Maritime
Academy

Engine Officers A-III/1 +A-III/2
Electr...
Employment by ships type
5%

9%

6%
6%

7%

55%
12%

Tankers

Ro -ro

Offshore vessels

General cargo vessels

Reefer vess...
Support Services to Youth Jobseekers
The best way to find a job after graduating LMA
60%
54%
50%
50%

Students

40%
Non-st...
Support Services to Youth Jobseekers
• The major of the respondents (students, and also nonstudents) believe in obtaining ...
What qualities must possess a person who works in the
maritime field?
Students / potential students
35%
35%
30%
30%
25%
25...
What qualities must possess a person who works in the
maritime field?
• Students and potential students as the most import...
Labour Market Mechanisms
The labour market represents a constitutive part of the market
system. The market system stands a...
Labour Market Mechanisms
Demand determine the labour market
The demand for professionals in the maritime field is very hig...
Students of LMA wearing
uniforms, during their studies
Positive aspects of working in the maritime sector /
student answers
Salary - 35%
Travel opportunities - 28%
Prestige - 8%...
Positive aspects of working in the maritime sector /
student answers

• Students have overwhelmingly stressed the
salary a...
Positive aspects of working in the maritime sector /
non student answers

Too long away from home (homesickness) - 65%
Hea...
Positive aspects of working in the maritime sector /
non student answers
• An overwhelming majority of potential students ...
Gender Issues
LMA started enrolling female
students with a 15% restriction to
Navigating Department in 1994. In
each of th...
The current number of students 2012/2013.
•
Study programm

Women Men

Kopā

Marine transportation –
navigation
Marine tra...
Women's employment activities on board in Latvia

Total number of women
Senior ship managers
The operating level of
vessel...
Conclusions and Recommendations
Conclusions

Recommendations

The motives of choosing profession of
Young people were dete...
Vocational Orientation for Young People in Maritime Sector. Case Study on Career Education in Latvian Maritime Academy
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Vocational Orientation for Young People in Maritime Sector. Case Study on Career Education in Latvian Maritime Academy

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Presentation for EC program PROGRESS project YOUTH4JOB. 2013.

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Vocational Orientation for Young People in Maritime Sector. Case Study on Career Education in Latvian Maritime Academy

  1. 1. Youth4JOB Seminar “Learning mobility a key factor that expands horizons in education, in training and employment” (Naples, Tuesday 25th June 2013)
  2. 2. Presentation • • • • • • Introduction / Overview of the sector Support Services to Youth Jobseekers Labour Market Mechanisms Skills Forecasting & Anticipation Gender Issues Provisional conclusions and recommendations
  3. 3. Introduction / Overview of the sector Seafaring profession – romantic profession
  4. 4. Introduction • Seafaring professions has traditionally been considered a romantic profession among young people, but in today`s labour market has dramatically changed prorities of career choise. People prefer to work in industries that do not require physical fitness. Professions connected with sea going is physically difficult, which involves a high level of knowledge, stress resistance and high responsibility for people and materials. • Considering these and other things, what I will mentioned later, maybe the seafearing professions are not for everybody, but many people find their lives exactely on sea.
  5. 5. Introduction • At present, the maritime industry has more than 40 thousand vacancies. • Latvia is in good situation with other EU countries – Latvia is in the 5th place in Europe, with several institutions of higher education in Maritime sector.
  6. 6. 5th. Qualification Level Deck Officers A-II/1+ A- II/2 Latvian Maritime Academy Engine Officers A-III/1 +A-III/2 Electrical engineers Maritime upgrading programmes 4th Qualification Level Maritime college of Liepaja Deck Officers A-II/1 Engine Officers A-III/1 3rd Qualification level Deck Officers A-II/3 2 Maritime Schools 2nd Qualification level 3 Further vocational education centers Engine Officers < 750 kW Deck ratings Engine ratings
  7. 7. Employment by ships type 5% 9% 6% 6% 7% 55% 12% Tankers Ro -ro Offshore vessels General cargo vessels Reefer vessels Heavy lIfts Other ships types
  8. 8. Support Services to Youth Jobseekers The best way to find a job after graduating LMA 60% 54% 50% 50% Students 40% Non-students 30% 25% 22% 21% 20% 15% 10% 4% 6% 2% 1% 0% Work in practice Search for a job Search for a job with the help of through the acquaintances Internet Apply to the Career Center Jobseeker's CV provide to companies
  9. 9. Support Services to Youth Jobseekers • The major of the respondents (students, and also nonstudents) believe in obtaining the best job opportunities aftercompletion of their studies as a result of an employment relationship ocuuring at the company they have before served as trainees. • The next best option indicated by both groups of respondents – is job search through corporate relationships. • Greater interest in terms of career center services is shown by respondents who have only yet considerred styding ar LMA.
  10. 10. What qualities must possess a person who works in the maritime field? Students / potential students 35% 35% 30% 30% 25% 25% 20% 20% 15% 15% 10% 10% 5% 0% 5% 0%
  11. 11. What qualities must possess a person who works in the maritime field? • Students and potential students as the most important qualities for a maritime employee indicate such characteristics as responsibility and disciplinē. Also aso ne of the most important qualities respondents have pointed out the need to be informed about the regulatory requirements of the maritime industry. • Students, who are already familiar with the nuances of the largest maritime professions, rely on two characteristics: the ability to be accountable for their actions, disciplinē (33%) and the need to know the rules governong the sector (20%). • Potential students who have not yet been involved with any labour relations in the maritime sector, recognize the before mentioned qualities as important by 18% and 12% volume. Potential students place physical fitness and courage significantly higher than the current students. • Unexpected trend found in during the study could be the two groups of respondents estimating the importance of language skills very low.
  12. 12. Labour Market Mechanisms The labour market represents a constitutive part of the market system. The market system stands as a subsystem of economy and society. First of all, the labour market mechanism results from the essential interdependencies between the structural components of such market, between the labour market and the other markets, between the market system and the economic one, as well as between the economic and social system. Secondly, the labour market mechanism arise from its functional relations with the operational, executive, legislative, institutional and organizational structures of the social system from which it belongs, and which functional relations manifest as public preferences towards the functioning of the labour market.
  13. 13. Labour Market Mechanisms Demand determine the labour market The demand for professionals in the maritime field is very high. Shortage of seafarers Source Supply Demand Gap BIMCO/ISF 624 062 636 543 – 12 481 DREWRY 532 400 562 200 – 29 800 BIMCO - a shipping association ISF - International Shipping Federation DREWRY Shipping consultants
  14. 14. Students of LMA wearing uniforms, during their studies
  15. 15. Positive aspects of working in the maritime sector / student answers Salary - 35% Travel opportunities - 28% Prestige - 8% New Experience - 6% Exciting work - 4% Career growth - 4% Language learning - 4% Stable employment - 3% Fitness - 2% Marine Uniforms - 2% Discipline - 2% Long time yourself out of contract - 1% Romance of profession- 1%
  16. 16. Positive aspects of working in the maritime sector / student answers • Students have overwhelmingly stressed the salary as a key motivating argument for working in teh maritime sector. Slightly fewer respondents have identified opportunities to combine work iwth traveling. Criteria, such as romance, job prestige or other mentioned in the graph, are considered to be much less significant in comparison with the possibility to obtain a decent salary for the work.
  17. 17. Positive aspects of working in the maritime sector / non student answers Too long away from home (homesickness) - 65% Health hazard - 15% Hard work - 7% Lack of sexual - 5% Health Problems - 4% Stress and overwork - 3% Working holidays - 1%
  18. 18. Positive aspects of working in the maritime sector / non student answers • An overwhelming majority of potential students as the most negative atribute to the work in the maritime sector have indicated long-term absence during a trip, which denies appropriate contact with relatives. A relatively small proportion indicates the hazards of the profession directly related to potential health problems. • There is no single understanding of what should be considered a positive or negative aspect for emplyment in the maritime professions.
  19. 19. Gender Issues LMA started enrolling female students with a 15% restriction to Navigating Department in 1994. In each of the 20 student classes, the number of feamle students did not exceed 3. However, in 2003 this restriction was lifted.
  20. 20. The current number of students 2012/2013. • Study programm Women Men Kopā Marine transportation – navigation Marine transportation – marine engeneering 48 289 337 1 133 134 Marine transportation – marine electrical automation 1 66 67 Postgraduate 10 20 30 Kopā 60 508 568
  21. 21. Women's employment activities on board in Latvia Total number of women Senior ship managers The operating level of vessels managers Vessel operating personnel Deck rating salors Inland Waters qualification 507 3 20 100 % 0,60 % 3,90 % 469 13 2 92,50 % 2,60 % 0,40 %
  22. 22. Conclusions and Recommendations Conclusions Recommendations The motives of choosing profession of Young people were determined by *) economical: good salary, posibility to maintain family welfare, career possibilities; *) social: wish to acquire education, seafarer`s work is responsable, seafarers are valuated as specialists, seafarer`s profession is one of the most perspective for those who live in seaside reagion; *) psychological: seafarer`s work seemed to be very intreesting, dream to vecome a captain or chief mechanic. Maritime education and training institutions have to explain young people all merits of maritime profession and show possibility for them to find emotional attractiveness and realization of their interests if they choose maritime professions.

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