Classical liberalism is political ideology, which promotes the value for freedom of individuals. It also promotes Laissez-Faire economy (essentially meaning little government involvement). It first emerged in the 19th century in Europe and in the United States. However it http://activerain.com/blogsview/2506833/are-you-a- basic ideals were already classic-liberal-and-don-t-know-it- created in the 18th century.
Laissez-Faire Capitalism Laissez-Faire Capitalism is a economic environment in which there is little government involvement; but contains government policies to protect property rights. It allows individuals to be in http://redstateeclectic.typepad.com/redstate_commentary/2011/02/wh at-is-classical-liberalism.html control of what they wish to buy and sell which is a free market. Laissez- Faire is a French word This relates with classical literally meaning “let liberalism in the way that for them do as they will”. classical liberalism to work a free market economy had to be formed. This allowed the division of the social class system.
Laissez-Faire CapitalismPt.2 Adam smith was one of the “founding fathers” of Laissez-Faire Capitalism with his book “The Wealth of Nations”. This talked about the “invisible hand”, which regulated the market. Basically what it meant was that it allowed individuals to work for personal gain while unintentionally working towards the public good.
Industrialization Before urbanization the vast majority of the population lived in rural regions and were based around agricultural communities. There were advancements in technology which allowed the nobles to be able to farm their own land forcing the farmers out of work. Farmers then moved to https://www.mtholyoke.edu/courses/rschwart/ind_rev/imag es/indust.html.htm cities in search of work causing an industrial population explosion.
Industrialization Pt.2 With the massive population boom the job demand was at its highest allowing factory owners to have terrible working conditions. Capitalist thinkers took advantage of this employing children, paying unfair wages, and establishing poor working conditions therefore maximizing their profits. All of these points help establish the individual allowing to make a large http://www.sagennext.com/2009/10/28/making- private profit for personal gain money/ something that could not of been accomplished a mere 100 years ago. Before industrialization everyone was working for the king, but now they were working for themselves.
Class System Before classical liberalism an individual was born into their social class and migration to a higher class was seldom to never. Classical liberalism established a new hierarchy based upon wealth and no longer bloodline. This made it possible for people http://wccshoeing.wordpress.com/category/8b-feudal- system/ to move from their social classes, but this still was no easy task.
Part 2: Utopian Socialism Utopia: an ideally perfect place: morally, politically, and socially.http://urbantimes.co/2011/01/spacefaring-nations-cosmic-citizenship/blue-planet-earth/
Who:Robert Owen “Eight hours daily labour is enough for any [adult] human being, and under proper arrangements sufficient to afford an ample supply of food, raiment and shelter, or the necessaries and comforts of life, and for the remainder of his time, every person is entitled to education, recreation and sleep.” -Robert OwenWhat: Utopian Socialism is a term used to define a system based on the idea that if capital voluntarily surrendered its ownership of the means of production to the state or the workers, unemployment and poverty would be eliminated
When: Founded in 1776 by “Mother” Ann Lee, an English immigrant, the Shakers believed that the millennium was at hand and that the time had come for people to renounce sin. Robert Owen (1771-1858)’s experimental community at New Harmony, Indiana, which reflected the influence of Enlightenment ideas. He believed that people are shaped by their environment, and wrote about his ideas in his book “A New View of Society, which was published in 1813. Although Owen contribute to idea that human being have the free will to organize themselves into any kind of society they wished, the community lasted just three years, from 1825 to 1828.Where: Robert Owen was part owner of the largest cotton-spinning mill in the world. New Lanark made Owens reputation as a philanthropist. The village remained much as Dale had made it although more living space was created and higher standards of hygiene were enforced. The primary contribution of Owen at new Lanark was in public buildings which emphasized his concern for the welfare of his workers, specifically, the New Institution for the Formation of Character (1816), the Infant School (1817) and the Store.
Why:Utopian socialism is the idea that collective ownership eliminates greedand promotes personal growth, cultural enrichment, and democracy.People would work for the common good in jobs of their choice. Prices wouldbe superfluous, because there would be as much joy from giving as fromreceiving; supplying and demanding would be equally satisfying.