Web 2.0 in Science


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  • Web 2.0 in Science

    1. 1. Web 2.0 in Science Wouter Gerrtisma, Marianne Renkema & Hugo Besemer Wageningen UR Library
    2. 2. Time table <ul><li>9:00 Web 2.0 for Science : Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>9:30 Social Bookmarking </li></ul><ul><li>10:30 Working at documents with a group </li></ul><ul><li>11:15 Keeping-up-to date with RSS </li></ul><ul><li>11:45 Personal start pages </li></ul>
    3. 3. 2.0
    4. 4. The Web was made for Scientist <ul><li>Tim Berners-Lee proposed the WWW in 1989 as a collaborative workspace for scientists </li></ul><ul><li>Tim O’Reilly and company coined the term Web 2.0 in 2004. Essentially the social web for scientist as envisaged by TBL </li></ul>
    5. 5. Source: Markus Angermeier
    6. 6. Source: T. O’Reilly, 2005 Tagging (folksonomy) => Directories Syndication => Stickiness Wiki => CMS Participation => Publishing Web Services => Screen Scraping Costs Per Click => Page Views Search Engine Optimization => Domain Name Speculation Blogging => Personal Websites Wikipedia => Brintannica Online Napster => mp3.com BitTorent => Akamai Flickr => Ofoto Google AdSense => DoubleClick Web 2.0 Web 1.0
    7. 7. Adapted from Butler (2006) Tagging (folksonomy) => Directories Distributed annotation systems => Genbank Wiki => CMS Participation => Publishing Web Services => Screen Scraping Boinc => Cluster computing Social Bookmarking => Reference managers Wiki/scholarpedia => Science encyclopedias Wikis/shared protocols => Individual Protocols Postgenomic/Digg => Faculty 1000 Blogs => Listservs Web events => Conferences Participative communities => Journals Science 2.0 Science 1.0
    8. 8. 6 Pillars of Web 2.0 <ul><li>User generated content </li></ul><ul><li>Wisdom of crowds </li></ul><ul><li>Data, data everywhere </li></ul><ul><li>Architecture of participation </li></ul><ul><li>Network effects </li></ul><ul><li>Openness </li></ul><ul><li>Adapted after: Anderson 2007 . </li></ul>
    9. 9. Examples of Web 2.0 in action
    10. 10. Blogs <ul><li>Blogs from Wageningen UR </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Confessions of a closet environmentalist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>chem-bla-ics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Voir Wageningen </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Blog aggregation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chemical Blogspace </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Postgenomic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scienceblogs </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Why should (PhD-)Students blog? <ul><li>Practice your writing skills </li></ul><ul><li>Sharpen your analytical capabilities </li></ul><ul><li>Build a network </li></ul><ul><li>Market yourself </li></ul>
    12. 12. Wikis <ul><li>Wikipedia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scholarpedia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Citizendium </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Scientific wikis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chempedia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OpenWetWare </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FluWiki </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Social bookmarking <ul><li>General social bookmarking sited </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Del.icio.us, furl, diigo etc . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Scientific bookmarking sites </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Connotea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2Collab </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Citulike </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Zotero </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bibsonomy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scholar.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>H20 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Penntags </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unalog </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mtagger </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Other applications <ul><li>RSS (feeds) </li></ul><ul><li>Podcasts/Vodcasts </li></ul><ul><li>Social networking </li></ul><ul><li>Rating/ recommendations </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative office applications </li></ul><ul><li>Open source, data, science </li></ul>
    15. 15. Time table <ul><li>9:00 Web 2.0 for Science : Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>9:30 Social Bookmarking </li></ul><ul><li>10:30 Working at documents with a group </li></ul><ul><li>11:15 Keeping-up-to date with RSS </li></ul><ul><li>11:45 Personal start pages </li></ul>
    16. 16. Social bookmarking
    17. 17. What you can do with social bookmarking tools: <ul><li>Save and acces your bookmarks from any computer </li></ul><ul><li>Share your bookmarks and access other people’s bookmarks </li></ul><ul><li>Search the website and find other people who are interested in the same topic and check out their research </li></ul>
    18. 18. Tagging <ul><li>Words to describe the content of the bookmark (e.g. social_bookmarking, howto) </li></ul><ul><li>Codes (e.g. UGUL08) </li></ul><ul><li>Qualifier (e.g. *****) </li></ul>
    19. 19. Collaboration <ul><li>Use a shared account (e.g. web2academia ) </li></ul><ul><li>Use a special tag </li></ul><ul><li>Create a network or group </li></ul><ul><li>Sending links to other users </li></ul>
    20. 20. List of social bookmarking products: <ul><li>Blue Dot </li></ul><ul><li>BookmarkSync </li></ul><ul><li>del.icio.us </li></ul><ul><li>CiteULike </li></ul><ul><li>Connotea </li></ul><ul><li>Digg </li></ul><ul><li>Diigo </li></ul><ul><li>Furl </li></ul><ul><li>GiveALink.org </li></ul><ul><li>Linkwad </li></ul><ul><li>Ma.gnolia </li></ul><ul><li>My Web </li></ul><ul><li>Mixx </li></ul><ul><li>Newsvine </li></ul><ul><li>Propeller.com </li></ul><ul><li>Reddit </li></ul><ul><li>Simpy </li></ul><ul><li>SiteBar </li></ul><ul><li>StumbleUpon </li></ul><ul><li>2Collab </li></ul>Most popular one Aimed at scientists Aimed at scientists
    21. 21. <ul><li>Demo on Del.icio.us </li></ul><ul><li>Exercises with Del.icio.us and Connotea </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(http://web2academia.pbwiki.com/Social+Bookmarking) </li></ul></ul>
    22. 22. Keeping up to date with RSS
    23. 23. Working with a group at documents <ul><li>Wiki’s </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><li>Easy to let a web based document grow organically </li></ul><ul><li>Version control: easy to see who created a page and who changed it </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><li>Not easy to create an offline document (but it is geting better) </li></ul><ul><li>Shared tables are a challenge </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Alternative </li></ul><ul><li>Online office applications like Zoho or Google Docs </li></ul>
    24. 24. Keeping up to date with RSS <ul><li>RSS has different versions (0.91, 1.0, 2.0, Atom) and meanings (RDF Site Summary, Rich Site Summary, Realy Simple Syndication) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Pull” rather than “push” </li></ul><ul><li>A site can feature one or more Newsfeeds </li></ul><ul><li>A “reader” is required </li></ul>
    25. 25. RSS is XML
    26. 26. Offline reader (for example Sage)
    27. 27. Online reader: Bloglines How to find scientific feeds? See wiki