Good practices about ICT basedteacher training service in the UKAble 3rd MeetingEvora, March 2012
History of ITC in Schools• In 1981 – the BBC worked with Acorn Computer to create a micro processor that could be programmed in BASIC• It was placed in schools and formed the corner stone of the “BBC Computer Literacy Project”• Simple games and programs were entered by hand in an effort to tech core programming elements
History of ITC in Schools• As computing moved on, the focus moved to using applications developed by other people and not creating our own.• This included – Desk Top Publishing – Word Processing – Relational Databases – Using Spreadsheets – Very simple coding• Much of this was done using Microsoft product on a Windows environment
Current ICT in Schools“Since the Education Reform Act of 1988, information and communication technology has been compulsory for all pupils from 5 to 16 in maintained schools.…. The use of ICT is considered as both a specialist subject and across the wider school curriculum.”
Current ICT in Schools• The current ICT GCSE (ages 15-16) isnt compulsory and covers the following topics: – ICT systems – Hardware – Software – Networks and communications – Data, information and databases – Measurement and control – Modelling and simulation – The legal framework – Risks and implications of ICT
Current ICT in Schools • Ofsted had said in their reports that overall the quality of ICT in Schools was good – across all the levels of teaching • Initiatives from supermarkets and government have kept the provision of computers in schools in the public eye • There‟s a strong network of computer use clubs – along with computers and broadband availablity across the country
STEM Subjects• In recent years there has also been a lot of interest in STEM Subjects – and how they are taught in schools: – Science – Technology – Engineering – Maths“The government‟s STEM programme aims to increase young people‟s STEM skills in order to provide employers with the skills needed for a 21st century workforce and ensure the UK‟s place as a leader of science-based research and development.”
The Future ICT in SchoolsHowever the topic of ICT in schools has been brought to the fore front in recent monthsA Recent report by The Joint Council for Qualifications:“Numbers of students studying computing are plummeting across the UK, with a fall of 33% in just three years in ICT GCSE students, a fall of 33% in six years in A level ICT and 57% in eight years in A level Computing students in England and similar declines found elsewhere in the UK”
The Future ICT in Schools• In February 2011 a report commissioned by Ian Livingstone, Alex Hope made the case that the UK had lost it‟s cutting edge – high tech knowledge• A report called „NextGen Skills‟ – published by UKIE was a call to arms to change the way computing is taught in schools• Both the Report and the campaign have been picked up by companies like Sony, Facebook and Google – and ultimately by the current government.
The Future ICT in Schools“It‟s time for a restart torecapture that thirst forcomputing which startedin the 1980s and lead tothe UK being a marketleader in computing,before the educationsystem lost its way withoffice-based ICT. ”Michael Gove Secretary of The Raspberry Pi – a $25 dollar microprocessorState for Education, January2012
The Future ICT in SchoolsBoth the NextGen Skills Campaign, and anotherreport by the Royal Society stress one issue - Theabilities of teachers in the field of computing:“…there is a shortage of teachers who are able toteach beyond basic digital literacy”There are steps to retrain teachers in Computing,not just in ICT.These changes will, in part, be in place by the new academic year – September 2012.