The Open Access Policy and its Benefits For Knowledge Producers


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SEMINAR - Copyright, OA and Publishing ( July 9, 2013)

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The Open Access Policy and its Benefits For Knowledge Producers

  1. 1. The Open Access Policy and its Benefits For Knowledge Producers Jose de Buerba Sr. Publishing Officer, Marketing Manager SEMINAR - Copyright, OA and Publishing World Bank HQ - June 6, 2013 U Building U11-050 – July 9, 2013
  2. 2. Open Access Policy Creative Commons Open Knowledge Repository Open Access Publishing At-a-Glance
  3. 3. Open Access What it is & What it’s not • Term “Open Access” refers to research and knowledge works derived from publicly funded research • Bank’s Open Access Policy ≠ Bank’s Access to Information Policy • Open Access ≠ Public Domain
  4. 4. OA Gaining Momentum … in the US White House Policy Memorandum Expanding Public Access to the Results of Federally Funded Research (February, 2013) US Congress Bill Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR) (February, 2013)
  5. 5. Publishers Initiatives to Comply
  6. 6. Clearinghouse for the Open Research of the United States (CHORUS).
  7. 7. … in the UK Research Councils UK Policy on Open Access (effective April 2013)
  8. 8. … in the EU Horizon 2020 (80 billion Euro research fund) Most likely will mandate OA (TBD end of 2013)
  9. 9. OpenAIRE Open Database of EU-funded work • Total number of publications from FP7 projects: 41472 • Open Access articles: 16204 • Articles in embargo period: 25144
  10. 10. … in Part 2 Countries OA Policies being discussed in several countries (e.g., India, Sri Lanka, Kenya…)
  11. 11. … at IGO’s World Bank OA Policy (July 2012) First major IGO to adopt OA CERN Publication Policy (March 2005) (European Organization for Nuclear Research) UNESCO OA Policy (May 2013)
  12. 12. Many employ an embargo period of delaying public access for 6-18 months after an article’s publication All require sufficient rights be reserved by authors to enable deposit in an open digital repository. Common Policy Elements
  13. 13. More than 9,000 OA Journals
  14. 14. Open Access Policies Worldwide 11 Years of Steady Growth
  15. 15. Open Access Repositories FEDERATION
  16. 16. World Bank OA Policy Scope Applies to manuscripts and data sets that: (a) result from research, analysis, economic and sector work, or development practice; (b) have undergone peer review or have been otherwise vetted and approved for release to the public; and (c) for which approval for release is given on or after July 1, 2012.
  17. 17. For works published by the Bank: − Available immediately in OKR − Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) World Bank OA Policy Requirements (1)
  18. 18. For works by Bank staff published externally (mostly journal articles): ‒ Working paper version available immediately in OKR under CC BY ‒ Final, peer-reviewed manuscript available in OKR under CC BY NC ND… ‒ Internally immediately in OKR ‒ Externally after Publisher's embargo World Bank OA Policy Requirements (2)
  19. 19. Why an Open Access Policy • Provide greater access to Bank knowledge • Encourage innovation allowing use / re-use • To join a growing Open Access community • Align publishing practices with Open Development Agenda
  20. 20. … for more information For more information about the Bank’s Open Access Policy please visit: http://openaccess
  21. 21.
  22. 22. What is the OKR? Open access repository for Bank research outputs and knowledge products Collects, disseminates, and permanently preserves Bank’s intellectual output
  23. 23. Benefits (1) Optimal Discoverability: • Adherence to Open Access standards (built on open software DSpace) • Systematic metadata curation process • Interoperable with other repositories
  24. 24. 1.3 million downloads in 14 months (44% visits to OKR from developing countries) Total Downloads
  25. 25. RePEc / IDEAS
  26. 26. Benefits (2) Intuitive Interface: • Several browse options, advanced search, most viewed content, citation information, author profiles, etc.
  27. 27. Search and Filtering Search text Add filters by selecting “Refine By” entries, or key in manually
  28. 28. Author Profiles Show total usage counts for each of the author’s publications Links to citations (powered by Google Scholar)
  29. 29. Benefits (3) Allows Use, Reuse and Building-on Bank’s Work: • CC BY copyright license for Bank’s published work • All works available as .txt format allowing text mining and low-band width access
  30. 30. Use / Reuse Link to “CC BY” license allows user to quickly see how they can use/reuse the work Clear citation information
  31. 31. Benefits (4) Includes New Content: • Books • ESW • Working Papers • Knowledge Notes • Content published by external Publishers
  32. 32. Content / Collections Definitions for each content collection Eight collections Multilingual content
  33. 33. How to submit content 1. For Bank published work: (a) If you publish with EXTOP – publication automatically uploaded in OKR (b) If you publish in a collection already in the OKR (e.g. ESW, PRWP) – upload into ImageBank & EXTOP will harvest (c) If you publish outside a collection already in the OKR – upload into ImageBank & contact us! 2. For externally published work: (a) Send your final manuscript and a copy of your agreement with the external publisher to
  34. 34. What is Creative Commons “a nonprofit organization that enables the sharing and use of creativity and knowledge through free legal tools” • Provide six free, easy-to-use copyright licenses giving the public permission to share and use creative work • CC licenses are not an alternative to copyright - they work alongside copyright.
  35. 35. Anatomy of Creative Commons Licenses • CC BY is aligned with the spirit of the Bank’s Open Agenda • CC BY allows reuse of content by third parties in creative ways  Machine Readable  Human Readable  Legal Code
  36. 36. Creative Commons IGO License Coming in Fall 2013…
  37. 37. Jose de Buerba, Sr. Publishing Officer The World Bank