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Adaptation Finance Tracking


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Adaptation Finance Tracking ... and answers to all your adaptation finance questions!

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Adaptation Finance Tracking

  1. 1. Adaptation FINANCE Tracking …and answers to all your adaptation finance questions! Pieter Terpstra, WRI Adaptation Summer Brownbag Series, September 9th, 2013
  2. 2. Content • Defining Adaptation Finance – Context Specific – Dynamic – Not about finance • Accountability and Transparency Project – Country Results – Next Steps
  3. 3. What is Adaptation to Climate Change? Adaptation activates can fall along a continuum Addressing Drivers of Vulnerability Building Response Capacity Managing Climate Risk Programs focused on poverty reduction, health, diversification of livelihood strategies, etc. Developing networks, capacity building, research into farming practices, etc. Developing monitoring capacity, collecting climate data, executing risk assessments, etc. Vulnerability Focus Confronting Climate Change Improving flood defenses, reducing the risk of glacial lake outburst floods, etc. Impacts focus
  4. 4. What is Adaptation Finance? • Context Specific - Climate change impacts vary from place to place • Dynamic - what counts as effective adaptation in a specific context today may no longer count as effective adaptation 25 years from now.
  5. 5. What is Adaptation Finance? • It’s not about finance - Adaptation is about going beyond business-as-usual and incorporating the possible effects of climate change into the design of an activity. • But, deciding which part of “beyond businessas-usual” should count towards adaptation finance is difficult to determine. • For an example, see
  6. 6. How much do we need? Organization UNFCCC Project Catalyst World Bank Amount Estimated $28-67 billion per year until 2030 $26-77 billion per year until 2030 $75-100 billion per year until 2050 Commitment in Copenhagen, 2009: ‘Mobilize $100 billion per year by 2020’ for adaptation and mitigation in vulnerable countries
  7. 7. Are we on track? • OECD commitments decreased from USD 8.5 billion in 2010 to USD 7.5 billion in 2011 • MDBs estimate an expenditure of approximately USD 4.5 billion in 2011 • Climate Funds pledges approximately USD 29 billion of which USD 1.5 billion for adaptation • Big question is how much funding was raised by countries through their national budget
  8. 8. The Issue • Local communities in vulnerable countries will feel the biggest impact of climate change • Reaching local communities with support is notoriously difficult How much adaptation funding is reaching vulnerable communities?
  9. 9. Adaptation is Local!
  10. 10. Adaptation Finance Accountability Initiative
  11. 11. AFAI Project Objective Empower coalitions of local civil society organizations to monitor and influence adaptation finance Countries Nepal, Zambia, Uganda and Philippines Partners Oxfam, ODI, WRI, Clean Energy Nepal, Institute for Climate and Sustainable Cities, Uganda Climate Action Network, Zambia Climate Change Network
  12. 12. AFAI Project Phase 1 - Mapping of international flows - Institutional analysis Phase 2 - Deep dive research into selected flows - National and international level advocacy
  13. 13. Unraveling Adaptation Finance Flows: It’s Not Straightforward • start
  14. 14. International to National Adaptation Finance Flows International Financial Streams Bilateral Special Funds Multilateral Natl. sources National Gov. (Min. Finance) Conditional Local Taxes Unconditional Line Ministries / Agencies / others Local Gov. CSOs Beneficiaries NB National institutions can also be beneficiary National Financial Streams
  15. 15. Phase 1 – Methodology • Gather data from public sources • Assess adaptation relevance – Primary focus – Significant focus • Compile data into one database • Analysis of data
  16. 16. Millions Findings – Commitments $180 $160 $140 $120 $100 Primary $80 Significant $60 $40 $20 $2010 2011 Nepal Nepal 2010 2011 2010 PhilippinesPhilippines Uganda 2011 2010 2011 Uganda Zambia Zambia
  17. 17. Main recipients
  18. 18. Main sectors
  19. 19. Main sectors
  20. 20. Five Principles for Good Delivery of Adaptation Finance at the Local Level 1. Transparency 2. Ownership 3. Responsiveness 4. Participation 5. Equity
  21. 21. Transparency? • A recipient of the finance was mentioned in 55% of projects • An actual location was given in the project document 21% of the time
  22. 22. Transparency – Geographic Mapping? • start Projects rarely list geographical location – defaulted to the capital, Lusaka
  23. 23. Ownership? Channel Nepal Philippines Uganda National Organization 41% 62% 42% Donor Organization 23% 29% 39% Multilateral 14% Other 22% Zambia 85% 6% 9% 19% 9%
  24. 24. Responsive? Nepal Philippines Uganda National Priorities Agriculture and Food Security Food Security Forestry Water Resources and energy Climate- induced disasters Forests and biodiversity Public health Water Sufficiency Weather/climate information Water resources Ecological and Environmental stability Human Security Agriculture Climate friendly Wildlife industries and services Urban Settlements Sustainable energy Health and infrastructure Knowledge and capacity development Zambia Land Use (agriculture and forestry) Water Health and social infrastructure Physical infrastructure Transport Energy Mining
  25. 25. The Philippines Philippines Food Security – 11% Water Sufficiency – Not Listed Ecological and Environmental stability – 20% Human Security – 10% Climate friendly industries and services – Not Listed Sustainable energy – Not Listed Knowledge and capacity development – Not Listed
  26. 26. Uganda Uganda Forestry – Not Listed Weather / climate information – 11% Water Resources – Portion of 76% Agriculture – 5% Wildlife – 6% Health – Not Listed
  27. 27. Participation? Country Nepal National Climate Policy Climate Change Council headed by Prime Minister National Coordination Multi-sectoral Climate Change Initiatives Coordination Committee (MCCICC) Role of Local Government Civil Society Engagement Ministry for Local NGOs and academe Development is member of have seats in MCCICC CCC; 3 Local government representatives in MCCICC Philippines Climate Change Commission chaired by President - Advisory Board and technical committee not formalized yet - Cabinet Cluster on Climate Change (CCCC) Uganda Proposed National Climate Change Policy Committee to be chaired by the Prime Minister Proposed National Climate Change Development Committee (NCCDC) Proposed National Climate District Authorities and Change Advisory Ministry of Local Committee (NCCAC) Government have seats in NCCAC Zambia Transitional Climate Change Secretariat under Ministry of Finance; Proposed working groups under the NCCDC Secretary of the Department of Interior and Local Government, and Representatives of each sub-national administration level are part of the Advisory Board NGOs, academia and private sector are part of the advisory board Proposed engagement in the National Climate Change Advisory Committee Local government is NGO climate network described as a constituency proposed as member in the proposed NCCDC of the NCCDC organizational chart
  28. 28. Equity? Country Gender in Represented in National OECD Institutions Gender Analysis in Strategy Nepal Philippines 77% 77% No formal position Chairperson of the National Commission on the role of Filipino Women is a member of the Advisory Board to the CCC Gender Incorporated into Plan No No Recognizes women Some actions and children in rural included areas; Mandates gender sensitive approach Uganda 63% Zambia 57% Insufficient detail in proposed structure Insufficient detail in proposed structure Mandates gender mainstreaming Gender is crosscutting issue No plan available as of yet NCCRS includes specific interventions
  29. 29. Next steps Country Nepal Philippines Uganda Zambia In depth tracking Special climate funds 3 districts 2 domestic funds 2 donor projects 3 districts 3 districts
  30. 30. Contact Info: Pieter Terpstra • Phone: +1 (202) 729-7805 • Email: