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Photo: World Resources Institute
JOURNALIST WEBINAR | 27 March 2019
What to Expect from Indonesia’s 2019 Fire
Season
•Introduction
•Scene Setting
•What to Expect This
Year
•GFW Fires Demo
•Q&A
AGENDA
AGENDA
Hidayah Hamzah
Research Analyst
WRI Indonesia
Andika Putraditama
Sustainable Commodities Manager
WRI Indonesia
Thailynn Mu...
Photo: World Resources Institute
INDONESIA’S FIRE
HISTORY
• Outbreaks in 2013 and 2015 due to
El Niño conditions
• 2.6M ha...
EFFECT ON SE ASIA
• Exposure to smog and toxic haze
• Respiratory-related health concerns
• Closing of schools and harming...
HISTORICAL MODIS FIRE ALERTS
Source: Reuters
• Significance
• Indonesia hosts largest tropical
peatlands
• Store carbon 20x more than
mineral soil, largely due to belo...
• Efforts on peat
protection and restoration
• Moratorium on Forest and Peat
• Establish Peatland Restoration
Agency (BRG)...
• BRG targeted ~2.5 million hectares restored by 2020
• Restoration through peatland rewetting, revegetation, and revitali...
POLICY
CONTEXT
PROGRESS &
CHANGES
TRANSPARENCY
CHANGING THE NORM
• In 2013, forest fires were largely
reported, but there was no
information on land owners
...
• Spatial transparency is now
becoming the norm
• Companies share thousands of
data voluntarily, government are
starting t...
REPUBLIK
INDONESIA
18
ONE MAP POLICY IN GENERAL
Regarding the acceleration of implementation of One
Map Policy on 1:50,000...
• Presidential Instruction signed
by Jokowi in Q3 2018
• Moratorium of forest estate
relinquishment for palm oil
• Review ...
Source: Wilmar
Source: IUCN
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
1100
1200
1300
2/1/2009
5/1/2009
8/1/2009
11/1/2009
2/1/2010
5/1/2010
8/1/2010
11/1/2010
2/1/...
GFW Fires is an online platform for
monitoring and responding to forest and
land fires using near-real-time
information.
•...
QUESTION
S?
Katie Fletcher
(Katie.Fletcher@wri.or
g)
Photo: CIFOR
What to Expect from Indonesia’s 2019 Fire Season (for Journalists)
What to Expect from Indonesia’s 2019 Fire Season (for Journalists)
What to Expect from Indonesia’s 2019 Fire Season (for Journalists)
What to Expect from Indonesia’s 2019 Fire Season (for Journalists)
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What to Expect from Indonesia’s 2019 Fire Season (for Journalists)

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Indonesia’s forest fire season is quickly approaching. While fire outbreaks have been an annual environmental and air quality crisis for decades, dry El Nino conditions this year indicate Indonesia’s 2019 fire season could be as severe as 2015. But have government policies curbed illegal burning enough to change the outcome?

Learn more at https://www.wri.org/events/2019/03/webinar-what-expect-indonesias-2019-fire-season

Published in: Environment
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What to Expect from Indonesia’s 2019 Fire Season (for Journalists)

  1. 1. Photo: World Resources Institute JOURNALIST WEBINAR | 27 March 2019 What to Expect from Indonesia’s 2019 Fire Season
  2. 2. •Introduction •Scene Setting •What to Expect This Year •GFW Fires Demo •Q&A AGENDA AGENDA
  3. 3. Hidayah Hamzah Research Analyst WRI Indonesia Andika Putraditama Sustainable Commodities Manager WRI Indonesia Thailynn Munroe Research Analyst Global Forest Watch SPEAKER S SPEAKERS
  4. 4. Photo: World Resources Institute INDONESIA’S FIRE HISTORY • Outbreaks in 2013 and 2015 due to El Niño conditions • 2.6M ha of land burned in 2015, leaving toxic haze and tripling greenhouse gas emissions • Issue: The majority of fires in forests and peatlands are human- caused • Clearing for agriculture and commodity expansion • Use of fire as a weapon in conflict over land
  5. 5. EFFECT ON SE ASIA • Exposure to smog and toxic haze • Respiratory-related health concerns • Closing of schools and harming tourism and other businesses – economic impact • Loss of habitat for wildlife • Increase in Indonesia’s greenhouse gas emissions Photo: World Resources Institute
  6. 6. HISTORICAL MODIS FIRE ALERTS
  7. 7. Source: Reuters
  8. 8. • Significance • Indonesia hosts largest tropical peatlands • Store carbon 20x more than mineral soil, largely due to below ground carbon • Rich in biodiversity • Large area of peatlands are drained and converted into plantations Photo: CIFOR PEATLANDS
  9. 9. • Efforts on peat protection and restoration • Moratorium on Forest and Peat • Establish Peatland Restoration Agency (BRG) to coordinate restoration on degraded peat • MoEF issued regulation better water management in plantation and appoint peat protected area Photo: CIFOR PEATLANDS
  10. 10. • BRG targeted ~2.5 million hectares restored by 2020 • Restoration through peatland rewetting, revegetation, and revitalization of revitalization of communities' livelihood BRG PEATLAND RESTORATION Source: Peat Restoration Agency 2016
  11. 11. POLICY CONTEXT PROGRESS & CHANGES
  12. 12. TRANSPARENCY CHANGING THE NORM • In 2013, forest fires were largely reported, but there was no information on land owners • Companies were adamant to share information, government had no public database to share data 2013
  13. 13. • Spatial transparency is now becoming the norm • Companies share thousands of data voluntarily, government are starting to open up their database albeit slowly TRANSPARENCY CHANGING THE NORM 2019
  14. 14. REPUBLIK INDONESIA 18 ONE MAP POLICY IN GENERAL Regarding the acceleration of implementation of One Map Policy on 1:50,000 scale map accuracy Issued on 4 February 2016 PRESIDENTIA L REGULATION NO. 9 YEAR 2016 1 ONE MAP POLICY GOALS REFERENCE STANDARD DATA BASE GEO-PORTAL  Spatial Data  Spatial Planning  Policy and Decision Making As Reference for Improving the quality of : ONE MAP POLICY UTILITY ONE MAP POLICY MAIN PROGRAM Compiling Integrating Synchronizing 85THEMATIC MAPS 19MINISTRIES/ AGENCIES 34PROVINCES ONE MAP POLICY
  15. 15. • Presidential Instruction signed by Jokowi in Q3 2018 • Moratorium of forest estate relinquishment for palm oil • Review existing license • Alignment with One Map initiative • Yield intensification PALM OIL MORATORIUM
  16. 16. Source: Wilmar
  17. 17. Source: IUCN
  18. 18. 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 2/1/2009 5/1/2009 8/1/2009 11/1/2009 2/1/2010 5/1/2010 8/1/2010 11/1/2010 2/1/2011 5/1/2011 8/1/2011 11/1/2011 2/1/2012 5/1/2012 8/1/2012 11/1/2012 2/1/2013 5/1/2013 8/1/2013 11/1/2013 2/1/2014 5/1/2014 8/1/2014 11/1/2014 2/1/2015 5/1/2015 8/1/2015 11/1/2015 2/1/2016 5/1/2016 8/1/2016 11/1/2016 2/1/2017 5/1/2017 8/1/2017 11/1/2017 2/1/2018 5/1/2018 8/1/2018 11/1/2018 2/1/2019 Source: Index Mundi USDpermetricton CRUDE PALM OIL PRICE
  19. 19. GFW Fires is an online platform for monitoring and responding to forest and land fires using near-real-time information. • Access VIIRS and MODIS daily fire alert data • View NOAA Wind Direction data • Add contextual layers including plantations, primary forests, peatlands and protected areas • Create custom charts and graphics using the “fire report” functionality GFW FIRES
  20. 20. QUESTION S? Katie Fletcher (Katie.Fletcher@wri.or g) Photo: CIFOR

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