Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Stories to Watch 2014

9,285 views

Published on

What stories will impact people and the planet in 2014? On 8 January 2014, Dr. Andrew Steer, WRI’s President & CEO, offered his perspectives on the major global developments in economics, business, natural resources and sustainability in the coming year. Find out more at http://www.wri.org/stw14

Published in: Education, Technology, Sports
  • Be the first to comment

Stories to Watch 2014

  1. 1. 1 FEATURING Andrew Steer President and CEO, WRI Image: Flickr/NA.dir
  2. 2. 345 consecutive months hotter than the 20th century average Source: IMF, 2013 Image: Flickr/lapstrake; Source: NOAA, 2013
  3. 3. RECESSION OVER 7% 6% 5% GDP GROWTH 4% 3% 2% 1% 0% -1% -2% -3% -4% 2007 Source: IMF, 2013 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
  4. 4. EMERGING ECONOMIES SLOWING BUT ROBUST 16% 14% GDP GROWTH 12% 10% 8% 6% 4% 2% 0% 2007 -2% Source: IMF, 2013 BRAZIL 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
  5. 5. GLOBAL GDP – GETTING BACK ON TRACK Real GDP (2005 dollars) $100tr 2030 $50tr $30tr $15 trillion 1990 1970 Source: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service 2010
  6. 6. EXPLOSION OF THE GLOBAL MIDDLE CLASS 5 Billion 2 Billion 1 Billion 1990 Source: Reuters, OECD 2010 2010 2030
  7. 7. PRESSURE ON PLANET GROWING 2.5 billion Number of Vehicles 1.5 billion 750 million 1990 Image: Wikipedia, Source: Sperling and Gordon 2009 2010 2030
  8. 8. THE BIG QUESTION Can we have economic growth and tackle sustainability at the same time?
  9. 9. THE YEAR OF CITIES: HOW WILL THEY GROW? 1 THE YEAR OF CITIES: HOW WILL THEY GROW? Image: istockphoto
  10. 10. CITIES ARE BOOMING 274,000 people added to cities each day for next 30 years Image: Harvey Barrison; Source: UN-Habitat
  11. 11. CITIES ARE ECONOMIC DRIVERS 65% global GDP growth in major cities Image: istockphoto; Source: McKinsey and Company
  12. 12. BUT, CITIES BRING CHALLENGES • 70% of GHG emissions come from cities • 10% GDP lost to congestion • 1.3 million people die prematurely due to urban air pollution Image: Flickr/PauloFehlauer; Sources: UN-Habitat, UNFCCC, WHO
  13. 13. THIS? Image: Flickr/RodrigoSolon
  14. 14. OR THIS? Image: Flikr/Andreas
  15. 15. CITIES: PROBLEM OR SOLUTION? Per capita emissions of CO2 equivalent (2011) Source: Cai et al. 2013, Hoornweg et al. 2011, Olivier et al. 2012
  16. 16. CITIES IN THE LEAD Image: istockphoto
  17. 17. ALL EYES ON BRAZIL $6.5bn spent on the World Cup Image: Wikipedia; Source: EMBARQ
  18. 18. FIFA 2014 WORLD CUP 3m more visitors in 2014 Source: Fifa.com
  19. 19. ALL EYES ON BRAZIL 85% of Brazilians live in cities Image: istockphoto; Source: World Bank
  20. 20. TAKING IT TO THE STREETS 1m+ people on the streets June 2013 Image: Flickr/Semilla Luz; Source: The Guardian
  21. 21. CREATING BETTER CITIES: URBAN MOBILITY LAW 3,000 Image: Flickr/EMBARQ; Source: EMBARQ cities to create plans by 2015
  22. 22. BETTER CITIES: BUS RAPID TRANSIT 12m passengers per day Image: Flickr/Guilherme Mendes Thomaz; Source: BRTdata.org
  23. 23. WHAT TO WATCH 1. What signals does Brazil send on the future of its cities? 2. Which way will cities grow? Image: Flickr/DylanPassmore
  24. 24. THE YEAR OF CITIES: HOW WILL THEY GROW? RESTORATION: A 2 BILLION HECTARE OPPORTUNITY? 2 1 RESTORATION: A 2 BILLION HECTARE OPPORTUNITY? Image: Flickr/USAID Kenya
  25. 25. FORESTS UNDER PRESSURE 50 Image: WRI; Source: Hansen et al.2013, WRI soccer fields lost each minute
  26. 26. BUT, THERE’S HOPE… 2bn Source: Global Partnership on Forest Landscape Restoration hectares with opportunities for forest landscape restoration
  27. 27. SOUTH KOREA: RESTORATION INTO FORESTS 1960 2000 Image: WRI
  28. 28. NIGER: RESTORATION INTO AGROFORESTRY Pre-1990s Image: WRI Today
  29. 29. THE BONN CHALLENGE 150m hectares under restoration by 2020 Image: Flickr/CIFOR; Source: WRI
  30. 30. BONN CHALLENGE: BENEFITS 150m RESTORED HECTARES • $84 billion in benefits annually • 47 gigatons of CO2e captured • 17% reduction in emissions gap Image: Flickr/CIFOR; ource: IUCN
  31. 31. A GROWING MOVEMENT BRAZIL - PACTO COSTA RICA EL SALVADOR (1m ha) (1m ha) (1m ha) Source: WRI RWANDA (2m ha) USA (15m ha)
  32. 32. WHAT TO WATCH 1. Will more countries make commitments when they meet in June 2014? 2. Will a new global movement for restoration emerge? Image:
  33. 33. THE YEAR OF CITIES: HOW WILL THEY GROW? RESTORATION: A 2 BILLION HECTARE OPPORTUNITY? SUSTAINABLE PALM OIL: A NEW ERA? 3 1 SUSTAINABLE PALM OIL: A NEW ERA? Image: istockphoto
  34. 34. PALM OIL: A MAJOR CROP 400% increase in palm oil production in 20 years Image: Flickr/carsten_tb; Source: FAO
  35. 35. PALM OIL: A MAJOR CROP 50% of grocery store products contain palm oil Source: National Geographic 2013
  36. 36. SEIZING WIN-WINS: REDUCING DEFORESTATION Image: WRI
  37. 37. SEIZING WIN-WINS: REDUCING DEFORESTATION Image: WRI
  38. 38. SEIZING WIN-WINS: REDUCING DEFORESTATION Image: WRI
  39. 39. SEIZING WIN-WINS: REDUCING DEFORESTATION Image: WRI
  40. 40. A NEW APPROACH “There is a strong and rapidly growing demand for traceable, deforestation-free palm oil, and we intend to meet it as a core element of our growth strategy.” –Kuok Khoon Hong, CEO of Wilmar Source: Wilmar Press Release 2013
  41. 41. A NEW APPROACH
  42. 42. A NEW APPROACH 16 Percentage of Total Area 14 12 Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil Certified Production Area 10 8 6 4 2 0 2008 2009 Image: Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil, FAO 2010 2011 2012 2013
  43. 43. SPOTLIGHT ON FORESTS: GLOBAL FOREST WATCH
  44. 44. SPOTLIGHT ON FORESTS: GLOBAL FOREST WATCH
  45. 45. SPOTLIGHT ON FORESTS: GLOBAL FOREST WATCH
  46. 46. SPOTLIGHT ON FORESTS: GLOBAL FOREST WATCH
  47. 47. SPOTLIGHT ON FORESTS: GLOBAL FOREST WATCH
  48. 48. SPOTLIGHT ON FORESTS: GLOBAL FOREST WATCH
  49. 49. SPOTLIGHT ON FORESTS: GLOBAL FOREST WATCH TESSO NILO NATIONAL PARK
  50. 50. SPOTLIGHT ON FORESTS: GLOBAL FOREST WATCH Image: Jufri/ Greenpeace
  51. 51. WHAT TO WATCH 1. Will better information expedite the shift to sustainable palm oil? 2. Will other industries follow? Image: istockphoto
  52. 52. THE YEAR OF CITIES: HOW WILL THEY GROW? RESTORATION: A 2 BILLION HECTARE OPPORTUNITY? SUSTAINABLE PALM OIL: A NEW ERA? CHINA: CLEARING THE AIR? 4 CHINA: CLEARING THE AIR? Image: istockphoto
  53. 53. 2013: A YEAR OF POLLUTION 189 days of high pollution in Beijing in 2013 Image: Flickr/Leniners
  54. 54. POPULAR UNREST 3m mentions of “PM 2.5” on SINA WEIBO, Jan 2013 Image: Flickr/Robert Moposang; Source: The Guardian
  55. 55. A DRIVER OF POLLUTION 50% Image: WRI; source: EIA 2013 global coal consumed by China
  56. 56. CHINA’S PROPOSED POWER PLANTS 363 COAL PLANTS PROPOSED Source: WRI
  57. 57. WATER-ENERGY NEXUS 51% ARE IN AREAS OF HIGH WATER STRESS Source: WRI
  58. 58. CLIMATE CHANGE: A “SERIOUS THREAT” “Climate change is already a serious threat to food, water, ecological and energy security, and to people’s lives and property.” –National Development and Reform Commission, Dec. 9, 2013
  59. 59. TAKING ACTION: AIR $277bn budgeted for anti-pollution measures in the next 5 years Image: WRI; Source: China Daily
  60. 60. TAKING ACTION: CUTTING COAL Ban on New Coal Plants in Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou Image: Flickr/Jonathan Kos-Read; source: ChinaFAQs
  61. 61. TAKING ACTION: ENFORCEMENT 8 cities in China fined by provincial government for air pollution Image: Flickr/Bert Van Djik; Source: Xinhua
  62. 62. TAKING ACTION: MORE RENEWABLES 50% of all new power capacity added in Jan-Oct Image: Flickr/Yuek Hahn ; Source: National Energy Administration (China)
  63. 63. HOW WILL PILOTS PERFORM? 7 emissions trading systems running in 2014 Source: ChinaFAQs
  64. 64. WHAT TO WATCH 1. A tipping point on air pollution? 2. More progress to rein in coal? 3. Will new renewables outpace fossil fuels? Image: WRI
  65. 65. THE YEAR OF CITIES: HOW WILL THEY GROW? RESTORATION: A 2 BILLION HECTARE OPPORTUNITY? SUSTAINABLE PALM OIL: A NEW ERA? 5 1 U.S. POWER: SETTING A NEW STANDARD? Image: WRI CHINA: CLEARING THE AIR? U.S. POWER: SETTING A NEW STANDARD?
  66. 66. AN APPROACHING DEADLINE New Guidelines Issued by EPA by June 1, 2014 Image: Flickr/Mike_tn; Source: EPA
  67. 67. POWER PLANTS ACCOUNT FOR 1/3 OF U.S. EMISSIONS 26% Coal-Fired Power Plants 6% Natural Gas-Fired Power Plants 1% Other Power Plants Source: EPA
  68. 68. U.S. EMISSIONS TARGET 17% Image: Flickr/The White House; Source: White House emissions reduction by 2020
  69. 69. WHAT TO LOOK FOR IN NEW RULE 31% reduction in GHG emissions below 2011 by 2020 Image: Flickr/Alex Lang; Source: WRI 74% reduction in GHG emissions below 2011 by 2035
  70. 70. COAL UNDER PRESSURE 98 Image: Flickr/Jonathan Haeber; Source: EIA plants retired in last two years
  71. 71. “RIPE FOR RETIREMENT” 45% Image: istockphoto; Source: UCS of U.S. coal plants announced or ripe for retirement (UCS)
  72. 72. 2014: IS CCS FINALLY HERE? Kemper Project Image: Wikipedia
  73. 73. WHAT TO WATCH 1. Will EPA rules be ambitious? 2. Will a US medium-term strategy emerge? Image: Flickr/wigwam
  74. 74. THE YEAR OF CITIES: HOW WILL THEY GROW? RESTORATION: A 2 BILLION HECTARE OPPORTUNITY? SUSTAINABLE PALM OIL: A NEW ERA? 6 1 UN SUMMIT: MOMENTUM ON CLIMATE? Image: Wikimedia CHINA: CLEARING THE AIR? U.S. POWER: SETTING A NEW STANDARD? UN SUMMIT: MOMENTUM ON CLIMATE?
  75. 75. NEARLY 100 COUNTRIES WITH GHG GOALS Source: UNFCCC
  76. 76. IMPACTS MOUNTING Image: Flickr/Rembcc
  77. 77. UNBURNABLE CARBON 3000 Coal 65% 2500 Two thirds of reserves “unburnable” Gt CO2 2000 1500 1000 Oil 22% 500 Gas 13% 0 Budget Source: Rystad Energy, Carbon Tracker Proven reserves
  78. 78. SUBSIDIZING THE WRONG THING $2tn Image: Flickr/Berardo62; Source: IMF annual energy subsidies (IMF)
  79. 79. IPCC REPORTS – MARCH & APRIL Image: Flickr/Gavin Golden
  80. 80. “RISKY BUSINESS” – JUNE Images: Wikipedia
  81. 81. NEW CLIMATE ECONOMY – SEPTEMBER Image: WRI
  82. 82. CLIMATE CHANGE SUMMIT – SEPTEMBER Image: Flickr/UNClimateChange
  83. 83. PATHWAY TO PARIS Image: Wikimedia
  84. 84. WHAT TO WATCH 1. Will growing evidence spur public pressure? 2. How will heads of state respond? Image: Flickr/Philip Roeland
  85. 85. THE YEAR OF CITIES: HOW WILL THEY GROW? RESTORATION: A 2 BILLION HECTARE OPPORTUNITY? SUSTAINABLE PALM OIL: A NEW ERA? CHINA: CLEARING THE AIR? U.S. POWER: SETTING A NEW STANDARD? 1 7 A BILLION VOTERS: WHICH DIRECTION WILL THEY CHOOSE? Image: istockphoto UN SUMMIT: MOMENTUM ON CLIMATE? A BILLION VOTERS: WHICH DIRECTION WILL THEY CHOOSE?
  86. 86. A MOMENT OF OPPORTUNITY • 3 of the 4 largest democracies to elect heads of government • 25% of world’s population • 40% of the global poor Image: istockphoto
  87. 87. ELECTIONS: BRAZIL 136m voters in Brazil Image: Flickr/Dilma Rousseff; Source: IDEA
  88. 88. ELECTIONS: INDIA 780m voters in India Image: Flickr/London Summit; Source: IDEA
  89. 89. ELECTIONS: INDONESIA 160m voters in Indonesia Image: Flickr/World Economic Forum; Source: IDEA
  90. 90. ELECTIONS: EUROPEAN UNION Image: Flickr.EEAS
  91. 91. U.S. MIDTERM ELECTIONS Image: istockphoto
  92. 92. ELECTIONS MATTER Image: Wikipedia
  93. 93. WHAT TO WATCH 1. Which way will these elections go? 2. What will the results tell us about economic development and sustainability? Image: Flickr/Al_Jazeera_English
  94. 94. 1 THE YEAR OF CITIES: HOW WILL THEY GROW? 2 RESTORATION: A 2 BILLION HECTARE OPPORTUNITY? 3 SUSTAINABLE PALM OIL: A NEW ERA? 4 CHINA: CLEARING THE AIR? 5 U.S. POWER: SETTING A NEW STANDARD? 6 UN SUMMIT: MOMENTUM ON CLIMATE? 7 A BILLION VOTERS: WHICH DIRECTION WILL THEY CHOOSE?

×