Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Mapping Social Landscapes

328 views

Published on

WRI’s Global Restoration Initiative hosts a webinar on the Institute’s first guidebook, Mapping Social Landscapes: A Guide to Identifying the Networks, Priorities, and Values of Restoration Actors. Participants explore how mapping your social landscape can help build stronger local environmental movements.

Published in: Environment
  • DOWNLOAD FULL BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • .DOWNLOAD THIS BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .DOWNLOAD PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... .DOWNLOAD EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... .DOWNLOAD doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... .DOWNLOAD PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... .DOWNLOAD EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... .DOWNLOAD doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • Be the first to like this

Mapping Social Landscapes

  1. 1. MAPPING SOCIAL LANDSCAPES Part 1, Introduction Kathleen Buckingham Sabin Ray Bernadette Arakwiye Ana Gabriela Morales Ruchika Singh Dow Maneerattana Satrio Wicaksono Hanny Chrysolite Aaron Minnick Lisa Johnston
  2. 2. SOCIAL LANDSCAPES AGENDA Why Social Landscapes? How to Map Connectivity? How to Map Priorities and Values? How to Visualize Social Landscapes? How to Analyze Social Landscapes? CASE STUDY: India’s Sidhi District A Plan of Action Natasha Ferrari, WRI 1 3 4 5 6 2 7
  3. 3. Aaron Minnick, WRI THREE KEY COMPONENTS TO GOVERNANCE: ACTORS, RULES, AND PRACTICES
  4. 4. WHAT IS SOCIAL NETWORK ANALYSIS? SOCIAL NETWORK ANALYSIS: A methodology to investigate social structures through the use of networks and graph theory. an actor / node a flow / connection
  5. 5. FROM NATIONAL SECURITY… Valdis Krebs. “Mapping Networks of Terrorist Cells.” 2002. CONNECTIONS 24 (3): 43-52. How do we stop the next terrorist attack?
  6. 6. …TO PUBLIC HEALTH. Meyers, Lauren, et al. “Network theory and SARS: Predicting Outbreak Diversity”. January 2005. Journal of Theoretical Biology 232 (1): 71-81. How do we stop the spread of infectious diseases?
  7. 7. HOW TO USE NETWORKS FOR POSITIVE IMPACT? 1 2 3 Encourage Trust and Efficacy Capitalize on Existing Roles Use Social Capital to Scale How can the local restoration movement be more aligned with the priorities and values of its stakeholders? How can existing roles in the network be leveraged to increase impact? What social capital (e.g., central actors) in the network can be mobilized to scale restoration efforts?
  8. 8. GLOBAL EXAMPLES: COLLABORATION Svendsen, Erika et al. 2016. Stewardship Mapping And Assessment Project: A Framework For Understanding Community-Based Environmental Stewardship. Civic-civic Stewardship Networks in New York INSIGHTS • Larger organizations tend to be clustered in the center of the network • Innovation located on the periphery with few ways to access the larger organizations
  9. 9. GLOBAL EXAMPLES: RESILIENCE Ricciardi, V. 2015. “Social Seed Networks: Identifying Central Farmers for Equitable Seed Access.” Agricultural Systems 139: 110–121. INSIGHTS • Shows that a few individuals —men of high wealth—control the seed network • Expanding the network to include women with low wealth can increase resilience Social Seed Network in Northern Ghana
  10. 10. Aaron Minnick, WRI QUICK TIPS: Ensuring Inclusive Engagement  Include diverse identities and viewpoints on the facilitation team.  Ensure confidentiality and practice informed consent.  Triangulate and disaggregate results. Photo: Aaron Minnick, WRI
  11. 11. INSIGHTS FROM BRAZIL Women tended to cite secondary sources of information such as elders, children, the church, and community leaders, whereas men tended to identify organizations that provided direct sources of information.
  12. 12. AARON MINNICK, WRI HOW TO MAP CONNECTIVITY? Part 2
  13. 13. WHAT IS CONNECTIVITY? Kathleen Buckingham, WRI CONNECTIVITY . CONNECTIVITY: the degree to which individuals and organizations are connected to each other
  14. 14. CONNECTIVITY WITH A RESTORATION FOCUS OBJECTIVES OF FIVE FLOWS INFORMATION  To improve communication and information flows of restoration knowledge RESOURCES  To understand strategies for seed access, including who are the main seed sources and the resulting implications for network efficiency and equity FINANCE  To understand what funds are available, and where and who they are channeled through AUTHORITY  To understand who makes land-management decisions and can block or unlock opportunities CONFLICT  To understand conflict dynamics that can affect or be exacerbated by restoration interventions CONNECTIVITY
  15. 15. 2 METHODS TO MAP CONNECTIVITY Aaron Minnick, WRI 1 2Participatory Social Network Analysis Social Network Analysis Questionnaire CONNECTIVITY
  16. 16. Aaron Minnick, WRI CONNECTIVITY PARTICIPATORY SOCIAL NETWORK ANALYSIS
  17. 17. PARTICIPATORY SOCIAL NETWORK ANALYSIS CONNECTIVITY QUICK TIPS: Note Taker Designate a note taker in the group who can be responsible for capturing the insights from discussions.
  18. 18. CONNECTIVITY PARTICIPATORY SOCIAL NETWORK ANALYSIS INFORMATION NET-MAP Who influences restoration information in x region? NET-MAP LITE Who provides information on restoration?
  19. 19. 1. DEFINE THE QUESTION CONNECTIVITY Who influences…? Where? What?
  20. 20. CONNECTIVITY Who influences…? Which actors? NET-MAP LITE skip category coding 2. IDENTIFY ACTORS
  21. 21. 2. IDENTIFY ACTORS CONNECTIVITY  IMPACT: Who is affected by the decisions made by each of the actors listed?  FORMALITY: Are there any informal actors involved who are not listed?  SPECIFICITY: Are there any institutions listed that could be broken down to better represent their different needs and concerns? QUICK TIPS: Identifying Actors
  22. 22. 3. ALLOCATE LINKS CONNECTIVITY formal link informal link Which links?
  23. 23. 4. ASSIGN INTEREST CONNECTIVITY positive interest negative interest neutral NET-MAP LITE skip this step
  24. 24. 5. ASSIGN INFLUENCE CONNECTIVITY significantly influential most influential limited influence NET-MAP LITE modify this step
  25. 25. 6. DISCUSS DATA CONNECTIVITY DOES YOUR MAP LOOK LIKE THIS?
  26. 26. 6. DISCUSS DATA Aaron Minnick, WRI; Ruchika Singh, WRI CONNECTIVITY  SURPRISES: What do you find most surprising about the map?  MISSING ACTORS: Does the map include all actors necessary to ensure restoration in the landscape? Who from the landscape is left out of the map, and why?  CENTRAL ACTORS: Who are the central actors in the map? Are they adequately positioned to lead or participate in the restoration process? Why or why not?  ACTORS ACROSS SCALES: Which actors operate across scales? What are the reasons for these actors to operate within multiple networks and scales? Do they share common attributes?
  27. 27. Aaron Minnick, WRI QUESTIONS ON PARTICIPATORY SOCIAL NETWORK ANALYSIS?
  28. 28. Aaron Minnick, WRI CONNECTIVITY SOCIAL NETWORK ANALYSIS QUESTIONNAIRE
  29. 29. CONNECTIVITY SOCIAL NETWORK ANALYSIS QUESTIONNAIRE 1. INFORMATION FLOW How often do you share information with [partners of a network or other groups of organizations or individuals]?* *Information sharing does not need to be directly related to restoration but could affect restoration or land-use management
  30. 30. CONNECTIVITY SOCIAL NETWORK ANALYSIS QUESTIONNAIRE 2. PARTNERSHIP FLOW Does your organization belong to any coalitions, partnerships or working groups that share information, plan strategy, or coordinate activities?  Yes  No If yes, please list the coalition(s) your organization is involved in.
  31. 31. CONNECTIVITY SOCIAL NETWORK ANALYSIS QUESTIONNAIRE 3. FUNDING FLOW Who funds restoration activities?* *Funding can be of any amount but does not include in-kind activities. [If needed, the question can be phrased to include a scale (for example, over $100,000 a year.]
  32. 32. AARON MINNICK, WRI Part 3 HOW TO MAP PRIORITIES AND VALUES?
  33. 33. PRIORITIES & VALUES QUICK TIPS: Addressing Scale Dynamics Photo: Aaron Minnick, WRI; Figure: Adapted from Mills et al. 2014.
  34. 34. PRIORITIES & VALUES MAPPING PRIORITIES AND VALUES 1 Priorities Questionnaire To identify common goals among stakeholders that can help shape partnerships or funding proposals  Restoration goals  Restoration interventions  Restoration activities 2 Values Questionnaire To improve restoration land-use planning and to understand how the community values its environment  Resource availability and extraction  Preferences for resources, connectivity, and access
  35. 35. PRIORITIES & VALUES MAPPING PRIORITIES AND VALUES 1 Priorities Questionnaire To identify common goals among stakeholders that can help shape partnerships or funding proposals  Restoration goals  Restoration interventions  Restoration activities
  36. 36. PRIORITIES & VALUES PRIORITIES QUESTIONNAIRE 1. RESTORATION GOALS—WHY? Identify priorities for your organization.
  37. 37. PRIORITIES & VALUES PRIORITIES QUESTIONNAIRE 2. RESTORATION INTERVENTION—WHAT? Identify the vegetation intervention priorities for your organization
  38. 38. PRIORITIES & VALUES PRIORITIES QUESTIONNAIRE 3. RESTORATION ACTIVITY FOCUS—HOW? Identify the focus of restoration activities for your organization.
  39. 39. PRIORITIES & VALUES PRIORITIES IN RWANDA: WHY? • Soil conservation, a national mandate of a key governmental organization, was important at all scales. • The district leadership can act as a broker for communicating and acting on the priorities of different scales.
  40. 40. PRIORITIES & VALUES • The municipal government did not share the 1st or 2nd priority in the Carmen municipality’s proposed policy programs. • Opposing visions may lead to potential conflict and impede long-term success. PRIORITIES IN MEXICO: WHAT?
  41. 41. PRIORITIES & VALUES QUICK TIPS: Creating a Survey Test the survey to assure that: 1. the questions and answers are clearly worded; 2. the answers are mutually exclusive; and 3. the answers address the key aim of the study. Photo: Aaron Minnick, WRI
  42. 42. PRIORITIES & VALUES MAPPING PRIORITIES AND VALUES 2 Values Questionnaire To improve restoration land- use planning and to understand how the community values its environment  Resource availability and extraction  Preferences for resources, connectivity, and access
  43. 43. Figure: Adapted from Brown et al. 2015; Pocewicz et al. 2012. PRIORITIES & VALUES VALUES QUESTIONNAIRE
  44. 44. PRIORITIES & VALUES VALUES IN RWANDA
  45. 45. Aaron Minnick, WRI QUESTIONS ON MAPPING PRIORITIES?
  46. 46. Part 4 HOW TO VISUALIZE SOCIAL LANDSCAPES?
  47. 47. VISUALIZATION SOFTWARE VISUALIZATIONS NodeXL Gephi UCINETKumu Datamuse
  48. 48. Notes: a. Based on commonly available software in early 2018. b. All social network analysis figures in the guide are made with Kumu. VISUALIZATION QUICK GUIDE TO THE SOFTWARE
  49. 49. QUICK TERMINOLOGY a node / element a flow / connection VISUALIZATION
  50. 50. SABIN RAY, WRI HOW TO ANALYZE SOCIAL LANDSCAPES?Part 5
  51. 51. ANALYZING SOCIAL LANDSCAPES https://docs.kumu.io/ ANALYSIS
  52. 52. NETWORK CENTRALITY ANALYSIS  The Connectors Degree Centrality  The Spreaders Closeness Centrality  The Gatekeepers Betweenness Centrality  The Change Champions Eigenvector Centrality Who has the most connections? Who spreads information easily? Who are the bridges? Who is the most connected to central actors?
  53. 53. NETWORK SHAPE ANALYSIS  Size  Density  Core  Periphery  Clusters Cliques Is the network large enough to contain all actors but still small enough to allow for cohesion? How many actors are operating in the same space? In what ways are peripheral actors being heard and involved? What spheres of influence do actors have within their network and beyond to drive the agenda? Are core actors effectively using their central position?
  54. 54. NETWORK ATTRIBUTES ANALYSIS  Diversity  Dissemination Is there a diversity of voices driving the agenda? Are current discussions reaching new communities?
  55. 55. NETWORK ATTRIBUTES ANALYSIS
  56. 56. STRATEGY FOR CHANGE ANALYSIS
  57. 57. ANALYSIS DIVERSE: The information network is dense with mixed messages. RELIABLE: NGOs regularly provide quality information to the farmer. ALTERNATIVES: The district would be well positioned to ensure quality information flows even after NGOs projects have ended. TWO STRATEGIC CHANGES: 1. Increase sharing of curated knowledge and measure its uptake 2. Understand the underlying drivers for lack of collaboration INSIGHTS FROM RWANDA The Information Network of a Rwandan Farmer
  58. 58. NATASHA FERRARI, WRI CASE STUDY: SIDHI, MADHYA PRADESH, INDIA Part 6
  59. 59. SIDHI, MADHYA PRADESH, INDIA Sandip Chowdhury (L) and Sumit Anand (R), WRI
  60. 60. PARTICIPATORY WORKSHOPS Karismha Shelar (L), WRI; Girija Godbole (R)
  61. 61. Although the Sidhi district’s network size is large, the network still lacks a diversity of actors. Tapping into peripheral actors may help break the business-as-usual scenario. INSIGHTS FROM SIDHI
  62. 62. At the state level, there is a diversity of actors, especially NGOs. Mapping showed the need to tap networks and champions that interact across scales. INSIGHTS FROM MADHYA PRADESH
  63. 63. DANIEL HUNTER, WRI A PLAN OF ACTION Conclusion
  64. 64. 1. MAKE a commitment to map your social landscapes around a specific goal or activity. 2. ANALYZE the social landscape maps to determine what works and what could be improved. 3. WORK with groups within the social landscape to identify, agree upon, and implement changes. 4. REPEAT, or make a commitment to evaluate changes in the social landscape periodically. A PLAN OF ACTION
  65. 65. Aaron Minnick, WRI BIG THANK YOU TO OUR DONORS!

×