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Energy for an Ecological Civilization

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Presentation by Manish Bapna, Executive Vice President and Managing Director, World Resources Institute at the June 29, 2013 Energy Sub-forum on “New Energy, New Era” as part of the “Third Global Think Tank Summit” hosted by by Energy Observer magazine in Beijing, China.

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Energy for an Ecological Civilization

  1. 1. 能源与生态文明 ENERGY FOR AN ECOLOGICAL CIVILIZATION 主讲人 Manish Bapna 执行副总裁 兼 常务董事 世界资源研究所 Executive Vice President, WRI
  2. 2. COAL 煤炭 Photo Credit: Flickr/Peter Garnum
  3. 3. (WRI, 2012) COAL | PROPOSED NEW COAL POWER CAPACITY 煤炭 | 计划新增煤电产能
  4. 4. (WRI, 2012) INDIA 印度 COAL | PROPOSED NEW COAL POWER CAPACITY 煤炭 | 计划新增煤电产能
  5. 5. (WRI, 2012) INDIA 印度 CHINA 中国 COAL | PROPOSED NEW COAL POWER CAPACITY 煤炭 | 计划新增煤电产能
  6. 6. COAL | AIR QUALITY IMPACTS 煤炭 | 空气质量影响
  7. 7. COAL | COAL DEVELOPMENT AND WATER RISK 煤炭 | 煤炭发展与水资源危机
  8. 8. COAL | A NEW U.S. APPROACH? 煤炭 | 一个新的美国减排思路? “所以今天,为了我们的孩子和所有美国人的健康和安全着想,我要求 美国国家环境保护局为新建的和现有的电厂制定完整的排放标准,结 束发电厂不受限制的温室气体排放现状。” - 美国总统奥巴马 “So today, for the sake of our children, and the health and safety of all Americans, I‟m directing the Environmental Protection Agency to put an end to the limitless dumping of carbon pollution from our power plants, and complete new pollution standards for both new and existing power plants.” - US President Barack Obama
  9. 9. NATURAL GAS 天然气 Photo Credit: Flickr/Johnny Shaw
  10. 10. NATURAL GAS | SHALE GAS RESERVES 天然气 | 页岩气全球储量 (EIA, 2013
  11. 11. NATURAL GAS | SHALE GAS PUTS DOWNWARD PRESSURE ON NATURAL GAS PRICES 天然气 | 页岩气对天然气价格造成了下行压力 (EIA, 2009-2012) 0 2 4 6 8 10 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 AverageHenryHubspotprice($) 2009
  12. 12. (EIA, 2009-2012) 0 2 4 6 8 10 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 AverageHenryHubspotprice($) 2009 2010 NATURAL GAS | SHALE GAS PUTS DOWNWARD PRESSURE ON NATURAL GAS PRICES 天然气 | 页岩气对天然气价格造成了下行压力
  13. 13. (EIA, 2009-2012) 0 2 4 6 8 10 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 AverageHenryHubspotprice($) 2009 2010 2011 NATURAL GAS | SHALE GAS PUTS DOWNWARD PRESSURE ON NATURAL GAS PRICES 天然气 | 页岩气对天然气价格造成了下行压力
  14. 14. (EIA, 2009-2012) 0 2 4 6 8 10 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 AverageHenryHubspotprice($) 2009 2010 2011 2012 NATURAL GAS | SHALE GAS PUTS DOWNWARD PRESSURE ON NATURAL GAS PRICES 天然气 | 页岩气对天然气价格造成了下行压力
  15. 15. SHALE | SHALE DEPOSITS AND WATER RISK 页岩 | 页岩储藏与水资源危机
  16. 16. SHALE | A „Transition‟ Fuel for U.S. 页岩气 | 一种美国的“过渡性”能源 Photo Credit: Flickr/Oly Pentax “......这是一种过渡燃料,可以在更少的碳排放情况 下推动我们的经济,发展和部署未来更清洁的能源 经济所需的更多技术。” - 美国总统奥巴马 “…It‟s the transition fuel that can power our economy with less carbon pollution even as our businesses work to develop and then deploy more of the technology required for the even cleaner energy economy of the future.” - US President Barack Obama
  17. 17. RENEWABLES 可再生能源 Photo Credit: Flickr/IFC Infrastructure
  18. 18. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Billionsofdollars Quarterly RENEWABLES | WHERE NEXT FOR INVESTMENT? (Bloomberg New Energy Finance, 2013) N.B. Total values include estimates for undisclosed deals. Excludes corporate and government R&D. 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 $268.7BN (2012)
  19. 19. RENEWABLE ENERGY | 2012 GLOBAL INVESTMENT 可再生能源 | 2012年全球投资情况 China 中国 24% Germany 德国 8% India 印度 3% United States 美国 13% Other 其他 51% Source: BNEF Total Invested: $269 Billion 总投资额:2690亿美元
  20. 20. RENEWABLE ENERGY | INSTALLED WIND CAPACITY 可再生能源 | 风电装机容量 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 TotalInstalledWindCapacity(GW) China Germany India United States Source: BP
  21. 21. RENEWABLE ENERGY | INSTALLED SOLAR CAPACITY 可再生能源 | 太阳能发电装机容量 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 TotalInstalledSolarPVCapacity(GW) China Germany India United States neck and neck Source: BP, (purple represents uncertainty in the BP, BNEF and REN21 numbers)
  22. 22. BMU - E I 1 Development of renewable energy sources in Germany in 2012 22
  23. 23. RENEWABLE ENERGY | US TO DOUBLE DOWN 可再生能源 | 翻番 “这意味着工作机会 – 因制造风力涡轮机而创造的工作机会,现在能为近 1500万个家庭提供电力。 我今天宣布的计划将帮助我们再次翻番我们的风电和太阳能发电。” - 美国总统奥巴马 “And that means jobs – jobs manufacturing the wind turbines that now generate enough electricity to power nearly 15 million homes. The plan I‟m announcing today will help us double again our energy from wind and sun” -US President Barack Obama
  24. 24. CHINA‟S ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION IS MASSIVELY COSTLY 0 2 4 6 8 10 Costofenvironmentaldegradationas %ofGDPequivalent 9.2% OF GDP (World Bank reports, 2005-2012)
  25. 25. 谢谢 THANK YOU

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