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How to Feed the World Without Destroying It

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By 2050, nearly 10 billion people will live on the planet. Can we produce enough food sustainably? "World Resources Report: Creating a Sustainable Food Future" shows that it is possible – but there is no silver bullet.

Learn more at: https://www.wri.org/events/2019/07/how-feed-world-without-destroying-it
View full report: https://sustainablefoodfuture.org

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How to Feed the World Without Destroying It

  1. 1. INTERACTIVE FORUM HOW TO FEED THE WORLD WITHOUT DESTROYING IT
  2. 2. SUSTAINABLEFOODFUTURE.ORG ANDREW STEER President and CEO, World Resources Institute
  3. 3. How can the world adequately feed nearly 10 billion people by 2050 in a manner that advances economic development while reducing pressure on climate, water, and ecosystems? THE QUESTION SustainableFoodFuture.org | World Resources Report: Creating a Sustainable Food Future
  4. 4. PARTNERS SustainableFoodFuture.org | World Resources Report: Creating a Sustainable Food Future With technical contributions from
  5. 5. MANY THANKS TO OUR SUPPORTERS The Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs The Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs Royal Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs The Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency United Nations Development Programme United Nations Environment Programme The World Bank The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation SustainableFoodFuture.org | World Resources Report: Creating a Sustainable Food Future
  6. 6. SustainableFoodFuture.org | World Resources Report: Creating a Sustainable Food Future
  7. 7. 1. THE FOOD GAP: 56% MORE FOOD NEEDED BY 2050 SustainableFoodFuture.org | World Resources Report: Creating a Sustainable Food Future
  8. 8. 2. THE LAND GAP: AVOID NEARLY 600 MILLION HECTARES OF AGRICULTURAL EXPANSION SustainableFoodFuture.org | World Resources Report: Creating a Sustainable Food Future
  9. 9. 3. THE GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS GAP SustainableFoodFuture.org | World Resources Report: Creating a Sustainable Food Future
  10. 10. 3. THE GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS GAP SustainableFoodFuture.org | World Resources Report: Creating a Sustainable Food Future
  11. 11. 3. THE GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS GAP SustainableFoodFuture.org | World Resources Report: Creating a Sustainable Food Future
  12. 12. INTERACTIVE FORUM HOW TO FEED THE WORLD WITHOUT DESTROYING IT
  13. 13. SUSTAINABLEFOODFUTURE.ORG LAURA TUCK Vice President for Sustainable Development, World Bank
  14. 14. SUSTAINABLEFOODFUTURE.ORG ACHIM STEINER Administrator, UN Development Programme
  15. 15. INTERACTIVE FORUM HOW TO FEED THE WORLD WITHOUT DESTROYING IT
  16. 16. SUSTAINABLEFOODFUTURE.ORG TIM SEARCHINGER Lead Author, World Resources Report, World Resources Institute Research Scholar, Princeton University
  17. 17. MENU FOR A SUSTAINABLE FOOD FUTURE SustainableFoodFuture.org | World Resources Report: Creating a Sustainable Food Future
  18. 18. SustainableFoodFuture.org | World Resources Report: Creating a Sustainable Food Future
  19. 19. SustainableFoodFuture.org | World Resources Report: Creating a Sustainable Food Future
  20. 20. SustainableFoodFuture.org | World Resources Report: Creating a Sustainable Food Future
  21. 21. SustainableFoodFuture.org | World Resources Report: Creating a Sustainable Food Future
  22. 22. SustainableFoodFuture.org | World Resources Report: Creating a Sustainable Food Future 2.0° C 1.5° C
  23. 23. PRODUCTIVITY: MORE EFFICIENT USE OF LAND, ANIMALS, INPUTS, WATER SustainableFoodFuture.org | World Resources Report: Creating a Sustainable Food Future
  24. 24. SustainableFoodFuture.org | World Resources Report: Creating a Sustainable Food Future GHG EMISSIONS SCENARIOS
  25. 25. Crop breeding Water harvesting SustainableFoodFuture.org | World Resources Report: Creating a Sustainable Food Future
  26. 26. RUMINANTS SustainableFoodFuture.org | World Resources Report: Creating a Sustainable Food Future
  27. 27. BEEF EFFICIENCY SustainableFoodFuture.org | World Resources Report: Creating a Sustainable Food Future
  28. 28. PASTURE
  29. 29. WHY CURB BEEF CONSUMPTION? SustainableFoodFuture.org | World Resources Report: Creating a Sustainable Food Future
  30. 30. SustainableFoodFuture.org | World Resources Report: Creating a Sustainable Food Future U.S. DIET: RUMINANT MEAT IS 3% OF CALORIES BUT NEARLY HALF OF LAND USE AND EMISSIONS
  31. 31. PROPERLY VALUING LAND NOT DOUBLE-COUNTING SustainableFoodFuture.org | World Resources Report: Creating a Sustainable Food Future
  32. 32. SustainableFoodFuture.org | World Resources Report: Creating a Sustainable Food Future 32 “OTHER” LAND (SAVANNAS) ARE NOT FREE
  33. 33. ALL HARVESTED BIOMASS COULD AT MOST PROVIDE 20% OF 2050 ENERGY DEMAND SustainableFoodFuture.org | World Resources Report: Creating a Sustainable Food Future
  34. 34. SustainableFoodFuture.org | World Resources Report: Creating a Sustainable Food Future RENEWABLE DOES NOT EQUAL CARBON FREE 34
  35. 35. SustainableFoodFuture.org | World Resources Report: Creating a Sustainable Food Future ON ¾ OF GLOBAL LAND, SOLAR COULD PROVIDE >100x USABLE ENERGY AS BIOENERGY
  36. 36. SHIFTS IN LOCATION OF AGRICULTURAL LAND – THE NEED TO LINK “PRODUCE” AND “PROTECT” SustainableFoodFuture.org | World Resources Report: Creating a Sustainable Food Future
  37. 37. SustainableFoodFuture.org | World Resources Report: Creating a Sustainable Food Future SHIFTING AGRICULTURE IN LATIN AMERICA (2001-2010) Source: Aide et al. 2012
  38. 38. SustainableFoodFuture.org | World Resources Report: Creating a Sustainable Food Future 38 YIELD GAINS CAN ENCOURAGE LOCAL AGRICULTURAL EXPANSION
  39. 39. SustainableFoodFuture.org | World Resources Report: Creating a Sustainable Food Future 39 WHERE THE CARBON MEETS THE ROAD Source: Laurance et al. 2015
  40. 40. INNOVATION AND FLEXIBLE REGULATION SustainableFoodFuture.org | World Resources Report: Creating a Sustainable Food Future
  41. 41. SustainableFoodFuture.org | World Resources Report: Creating a Sustainable Food Future 41 Apeel Organic Sprays DEMAND-SIDE INNOVATIONS
  42. 42. SustainableFoodFuture.org | World Resources Report: Creating a Sustainable Food Future MORE THAN 700 “DEAD ZONES” EXIST IN THE WORLD’S COASTAL WATERS
  43. 43. $600B IN PUBLIC FUNDING TO SUPPORT FARMS IN 2015 SustainableFoodFuture.org | World Resources Report: Creating a Sustainable Food Future
  44. 44. WHERE CAN WE REALISTICALLY STORE MORE CARBON? SustainableFoodFuture.org | World Resources Report: Creating a Sustainable Food Future
  45. 45. SOIL CARBON SustainableFoodFuture.org | World Resources Report: Creating a Sustainable Food Future
  46. 46. SustainableFoodFuture.org | World Resources Report: Creating a Sustainable Food Future 46 PEATLANDS
  47. 47. EQUITY AND DEVELOPMENT SustainableFoodFuture.org | World Resources Report: Creating a Sustainable Food Future
  48. 48. SustainableFoodFuture.org | World Resources Report: Creating a Sustainable Food Future
  49. 49. Patrice Dumas, CIRAD Craig Hanson, WRI Janet Ranganathan, WRI Richard Waite, WRI SustainableFoodFuture.org | World Resources Report: Creating a Sustainable Food Future
  50. 50. FIND OUT MORE SustainableFoodFuture.org SustainableFoodFuture.org | World Resources Report: Creating a Sustainable Food Future
  51. 51. INTERACTIVE FORUM HOW TO FEED THE WORLD WITHOUT DESTROYING IT
  52. 52. THUNDER ROUND: ADDRESSING DEMAND Geeta Sethi Advisor and Global Lead for Food Systems World Bank Kim Bartley Chief Marketing Officer White Castle Richard Waite Research Associate WRI SustainableFoodFuture.org | World Resources Report: Creating a Sustainable Food Future
  53. 53. INTERACTIVE FORUM HOW TO FEED THE WORLD WITHOUT DESTROYING IT
  54. 54. THUNDER ROUND: PRODUCE + PROTECT Shenggen Fan Director General International Food Policy Research Institute Kevin Rabinovitch Global Vice President of Sustainability Mars, Incorporated Frances Seymour Distinguished Senior Fellow WRI SustainableFoodFuture.org | World Resources Report: Creating a Sustainable Food Future
  55. 55. INTERACTIVE FORUM HOW TO FEED THE WORLD WITHOUT DESTROYING IT
  56. 56. Elizabeth Calvez North America Regional Manager of External Communications DSM Andreas Pacholski Senior Scientist, Global Agronomic Advisory and R&D EuroChem SustainableFoodFuture.org | World Resources Report: Creating a Sustainable Food Future THUNDER ROUND: TECHNOLOGIES FOR A SUSTAINABLE FOOD FUTURE Tim Searchinger Lead Author, World Resources Report WRI
  57. 57. NO3 - soil NH4 + NO3 - surface soil NH4 + fertilizer application N2O Reduce GHG emissions N2O/N2 Reduce Water pollution (NO3 - ) denitrificationleaching Reduce eutrophication, harmful fine particles NH3 Gaseous losses Aqueous losses urea hydrolysis pH increase Increase yields and nutrient use N Challenges and solutions by fertilizer technology N fertilization with Enhanced Efficiency Fertilizers (EEF) WRI Washington – How to feed the world without destroying it? – thunder panel – Pacholski EuroChem EEF Effect of stabilized urea (urease inhibitor) Effect of stabilized ammonium (nitrification inhibitor) Effect of Slow and Controlled Release Fertilizers (with coatings) Effects of EEFs: NH4 + NO3 - urea
  58. 58. Fertilizer Actual inhibitors (DCD, DMPP, etc.) DMPSA* Urea / UAN slurry Anhydrous ammonia (Calcium) ammonium nitrate Compound NPKs Blend NPKs DAP/MAP Only the new nitrification inhibitor DMPSA effective and stable on all base fertilizers The need for progress in nitrification inhibitors Further reduction of GHG emissions by treatment with DMPSA compared to benchmark inhibitor WRI Washington – How to feed the world without destroying it? – thunder panel – Pacholski EuroChem EEF Available; inhibitor stable on fertilizer- Partly available; inhibitors partly stable on fertilizer Non-available; inhibitor not stable on fertilizer- Availability of stable fertilizer products treated with nitrification inhibitors *DMPSA: mixture of 2-(3,4-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)succinic acid and 2-(4,5-dimethyl-1H- pyrazol-1-yl)succinic acid
  59. 59. Nitrogen fertilizer manufacturingOn farm energy use SustainableFoodFuture.org | World Resources Report: Creating a Sustainable Food Future
  60. 60. Enteric methane Rice methane Nitrous oxide manure on pasture Manure management methane & nitrous oxide Nitrogen fertilization SustainableFoodFuture.org | World Resources Report: Creating a Sustainable Food Future
  61. 61. Elizabeth Calvez North America Regional Manager of External Communications DSM Andreas Pacholski Senior Scientist, Global Agronomic Advisory and R&D EuroChem SustainableFoodFuture.org | World Resources Report: Creating a Sustainable Food Future THUNDER ROUND: TECHNOLOGIES FOR A SUSTAINABLE FOOD FUTURE Tim Searchinger Lead Author, World Resources Report WRI
  62. 62. INTERACTIVE FORUM HOW TO FEED THE WORLD WITHOUT DESTROYING IT
  63. 63. SUSTAINABLEFOODFUTURE.ORG

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