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Global Nutrient Management Toolbox

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This webinar takes a closer look at the global nutrient challenge and the work of the Global Partnership on Nutrient Management (GPNM) to promote better science and policy solutions to overcome this challenge.

Learn more at https://www.wri.org/events/2019/03/webinar-global-nutrient-management-toolbox

Published in: Environment
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Global Nutrient Management Toolbox

  1. 1. PRESENTED BY THE WORLD RESOURCES INSTITUTE AND THE GLOBAL PARTNERSHIP ON NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT (GPNM) GLOBAL NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT TOOLBOX Meet Local and Global Nutrient Goals & Reduce Harm to the Environment MARCH 7, 2019
  2. 2. WEBINAR OUTLINE • Opening remarks…………………….. • Introduction to the global nutrient challenge……………………………… • Local examples………………………. • Addressing the nutrient challenge….. • Toolbox demonstration………………. • Questions & answers • Closing remarks……………………… Dr. Christopher Cox, UN Environment Prof. N. Raghuram, Int’l Nitrogen Initiative Chair Dr. Sasha Koo-Oshima, UN FAO Dr. Christopher Cox, UN Environment Sara Walker, WRI Dr. Christopher Cox, UN Environment Moderated by Lis Bernhardt, UN Environment
  3. 3. WELCOME FROM THE GLOBAL PARTNERSHIP ON NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT Dr. Christopher Cox UN Environment GPNM Secretariat
  4. 4. Addressing the Global Nutrient Challenge The Global Partnership on Nutrient Management
  5. 5. The Nutrient Challenge • The Nutrient Challenge is mostly about… • The balance between food production and environmental considerations • Around the efficient use of NUTRIENTS! • Issue of…. • too much nutrients going into the environment or • too little nutrients in maintaining healthy productive ecosystems • Sustainable management of…. • Reactive forms of Nitrogen and Phosphorus • Main components of fertilizers and wastewater
  6. 6. Global Partnership on Nutrient Management (GPNM) • Multi-sectoral international partnership • Established under UNEP Global Programme of Action (GPA) in 2009 • Key roles: • Catalyze strategic advocacy and co-operation at the global and regional levels • As a knowledge platform to support science policy interaction and translating science for policy makers
  7. 7. Global Partnership on Nutrient Management (GPNM) • Key roles cont’d: • To provide information and enhance capacities to address the growing problem of nutrient over-enrichment and eutrophication • To position nutrient issues as part of the international sustainable development agenda • advance Sustainable Development Goals, in particular under Goal 14 on conservation of the oceans and Goal 2 on sustainable agriculture
  8. 8. Partners
  9. 9. THE GLOBAL NUTRIENT CHALLENGE Prof. N. Raghuram International Nitrogen Initiative Chair
  10. 10. The global concern Nitrogen and phosphorus inputs to the biosphere and oceans “Planetary boundaries” (Johan Rockström et al., 2009) define safe operating space for humanity with respect to the Earth system; associated with the planet's biophysical subsystems or processes Boundary for N is greatly exceeded; Boundary for P is being approached
  11. 11. Too much nutrients…. Sources Fertilizer excess runoff Livestock waste runoff Untreated wastewater Air pollution
  12. 12. Too much nutrients…. Impacts >500 eutrophic/hypoxic coastal systems >245,000 km2 of water area worldwide Global loss of ecosystem services =USD 200 billion/year
  13. 13. Too little nutrients… Poor nourishment, social conflict Land degradation Harvest more than is replaced by nutrients - nutrient mining, reduced crop yield and failure
  14. 14. And on top of all that…. Climate change Bleached corals…further weakened due to nutrient pollution Releases of nitrous oxid Deoxygenation of marine waters
  15. 15. Setting Goals! Core SDG targets related to sustainable nutrient management: • Target 2.4 – sustainable food production • Target 6.3 – good ambient water quality • Target 14.1 – reduced nutrient pollution in the marine environment
  16. 16. The business of nutrients …can we sell this? •Taking the science talk to money talk! •The Green/Blue Economy • Fertilizer saving – increased efficiency: US$23 bn/yr • Environmental and human health benefits: US$160 bn/yr • Implementation investment costs: US$12 bn/yr •Net Benefit: US$170 bn/yr Source: Our Nutrient World (2013)
  17. 17. ADDRESSING THE NUTRIENT CHALLENGE Dr. Christopher Cox UN Environment
  18. 18. Countries stepping up! • Countries are committing to the “nikking the nutrient nuisance” • UN Environment Assembly (UNEA3) resolutions - addressing nutrient pollution - air, soil, water, oceans • Emerging UNEA4 resolution on Sustainable Nitrogen Management • Global coordinated action • Regional and national N assessments • Europe and India
  19. 19. Countries stepping up! • Support from the Global Environment Facility - UNEP global projects • Global Nutrient Cycle (GNC) • Building knowledge foundations; strengthen GPNM • Toward an International Nitrogen Management System (INMS) • Global/Regional N assessments; policy options
  20. 20. For more information visit us at http://web.unep.org/gpa/what-we-do/global-partnership-nutrient-management http://www.nutrientchallenge.org/ Join the GPNM http://nutrientchallenge.org/application-form
  21. 21. DEMONSTRATION OF THE GLOBAL NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT TOOLBOX Sara Walker World Resources Institute
  22. 22. INTRODUCTION TO THE TOOLBOX The purpose of the toolbox is to demonstrate policy and technological options, which offer potential solutions for managing nutrients to decision makers and practitioners alike. http://nutrientchallenge.org/gpnm-toolbox
  23. 23. ELEMENTS OF THE TOOLBOX http://nutrientchallenge.org/bmp-database
  24. 24. BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES DATABASE Agriculture • Conservation buffers • Erosion control • Drainage control • Irrigation management • Grazing management • Wetland creation • Etc. Urban • Detention • Filtration • Infiltration • Septic management • Urban erosion control • Urban stream restoration • Etc. Practices searchable by: sector Practices searchable by: category
  25. 25. BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES DATABASE Arid Semiarid Tropical Temperate Practices searchable by: climatic zone Practices searchable by: land use/agriculture type Animal confinement Fodder Palm oil Pasture Rice Row crop Small grains Practices searchable by: scalability to small farms Only show practices scalable to small farms?
  26. 26. BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES DATABASE
  27. 27. BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES DATABASE
  28. 28. ELEMENTS OF THE TOOLBOX http://nutrientchallenge.org/nutrient-management-policy-framework
  29. 29. http://nutrientchallenge.org/gpnm-toolbox NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT POLICY FRAMEWORK
  30. 30. ELEMENTS OF THE TOOLBOX http://nutrientchallenge.org/policy-database
  31. 31. POLICY DATABASE • Environmental outreach & education • Regulatory approaches • Price-based instruments • Market-based instruments • Ecosystem restoration and protection • Institutions & capacity • Research, monitoring, & evaluation Policies searchable by: category
  32. 32. POLICY DATABASE • Environmental outreach & education • Regulatory approaches • Price-based instruments • Market-based instruments • Ecosystem restoration and protection • Institutions & capacity • Research, monitoring, & evaluation Policies searchable by: type -environmental bans and restrictions -environmental standards -environmental caps & limits -regulatory frameworks -ecosystem restoration -protected areas -land purchases -covenants & easements -stewardship agreements
  33. 33. POLICY DATABASE Asia Europe Middle East North America Oceana South America Practices searchable by: region Practices searchable by: sector Agriculture Aquaculture Fisheries Mixed Transport Urban Wastewater
  34. 34. POLICY DATABASE
  35. 35. POLICY DATABASE
  36. 36. ELEMENTS OF THE TOOLBOX nutrientchallenge.org/toolbox/gpnm-toolbox
  37. 37. TOOLBOX CALCULATOR User defines area of interest: Continent Ocean Sea Basin Step 1
  38. 38. TOOLBOX CALCULATOR
  39. 39. TOOLBOX CALCULATOR • Based on geographic selection, tool provides editable data on: – Land area – Population – Gross domestic product – Agricultural activities – Wastewater Step 2
  40. 40. TOOLBOX CALCULATOR
  41. 41. TOOLBOX CALCULATOR User selects measures to run scenarios: • Measures via sliders - increase/decrease agricultural inputs, sewage treatment, etc. OR • Measures via BMPs - increase/decrease BMP implementation Step 3
  42. 42. TOOLBOX CALCULATOR Select measures via sliders
  43. 43. TOOLBOX CALCULATOR Select measures via BMPs
  44. 44. TOOLBOX CALCULATOR View results Evaluate progress toward SDG 14.1 using the Index of Coastal Eutrophication Potential
  45. 45. ELEMENTS OF THE TOOLBOX nutrientchallenge.org/toolbox/gpnm-toolbox
  46. 46. CASE STUDIES
  47. 47. CASE STUDIES
  48. 48. ELEMENTS OF THE TOOLBOX nutrientchallenge.org/toolbox/gpnm-toolbox
  49. 49. SYNTHESIS REPORT
  50. 50. SUMMARY • Toolbox serves as a resource for information about nutrient reduction strategies from farm scale to national scale • Farmers and extension agents can use the practice database to learn about conservation practice options • Decision makers can use the policy database and case studies to learn about programs and policies working in other areas
  51. 51. Access the Toolbox at: nutrientchallenge.org/gpnm-toolbox Questions? Want to contribute to the content? Interested in adapting it in your region? Contact us: christopher.cox@un.org sara.walker@wri.org THANK YOU!

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