Governance is: Transparency Inclusivity Accountability Indonesia has been creating laws that reflect these qualities
Inclusiveness The forestry act (No.41/1999) actually had openness, social justice and an inclusive spirit Transparency In 2008, government enacted the Freedom of Information Act (No.14/2008), which mandated that every public body (including NGO) should have an information system Accountability In 2011, the ministry of forestry issue ministerial decree (No. 7/2011) regarding the information system in the ministry of forestry.
The Government of Indonesia (GoI) became the first developing country that commit to reduce emission for 41%, and the emission reduction will come from LULUCF. After that commitment, many developed countries start to give aid to Indonesia to prepare for REDD+ in Indonesia. e.g., Australia, Japan, UNDP, EU, UK, etc. The most ambitious aid is the Letter of Intent (LoI) signed by Indonesia and Norway The Indonesian government commited to a two year suspension on all new concessions for conversion of peat and natural forest. A new institution for REDD+ will be created (REDD+ agencies) Plans to improve forest governance and law enforcement
vs. Restructuring the REDD+ and Carbon Forestry Sector Because of Indonesia’s carbon Deforestation is still “under cutting commitment, siege” by expansive palm emission reduction is suddenly a big issue oil plantation and mining Tension between National Tenure conflict in many Development Growth Targets forest area in Indonesia and Emission Reduction Commitment Unfinished planning that But before emissions can be lead to deforestation by the cut, there are number of unplanned utilization of governance issues to be forest tackled
Without improving the governance, REDD+ is impossible REDD+ should be Reducing Deforestation/Degradation to Reduce Emission, so it cannot just be business as usual The steps that have been taken by the government are: Establishing the REDD+ Task Force Developing the National Strategy on REDD+ (Draft) Developing a multi stakeholders technical team that will be helping the task force to perform their job Issuing the Presidential Decree on License Suspension on Natural Primary Forest & Peatland for 2 Year (No. 10/2011)
Politics are absorbing too much energy from civil society movements without producing any significant results. Policy change in the forestry context change is happening fast without any warning Big gaps in capacity between central and local for both government and civil societies in relation to forest governance Many government officials embrace a spirit of opennes, but there remain institutional barriers to openness Same understanding for underlying forest problem, but using a different perspective/approach to answering the problem.
Commitments to “fix” the problem both within the NGOs and the government Increased efforts to enforce the law New laws that promote good governance (FoIA & Env Management Act) International support for Indonesia to have a clear strategies to demonstrate good governance REDD+ as an opportunities to promoting the needs of good forest governance