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GFI: Indonesia Forest Governance (Attachment 1)


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GFI: Indonesia Forest Governance (Attachment 1)

  1. 1. GFI Partner Day, May 25, 2011
  2. 2.  Governance is:  Transparency  Inclusivity  Accountability Indonesia has been creating laws that reflect these qualities
  3. 3.  Inclusiveness  The forestry act (No.41/1999) actually had openness, social justice and an inclusive spirit Transparency  In 2008, government enacted the Freedom of Information Act (No.14/2008), which mandated that every public body (including NGO) should have an information system Accountability  In 2011, the ministry of forestry issue ministerial decree (No. 7/2011) regarding the information system in the ministry of forestry.
  4. 4.  The Government of Indonesia (GoI) became the first developing country that commit to reduce emission for 41%, and the emission reduction will come from LULUCF. After that commitment, many developed countries start to give aid to Indonesia to prepare for REDD+ in Indonesia.  e.g., Australia, Japan, UNDP, EU, UK, etc. The most ambitious aid is the Letter of Intent (LoI) signed by Indonesia and Norway  The Indonesian government commited to a two year suspension on all new concessions for conversion of peat and natural forest.  A new institution for REDD+ will be created (REDD+ agencies)  Plans to improve forest governance and law enforcement
  5. 5. vs. Restructuring the REDD+ and Carbon Forestry Sector Because of Indonesia’s carbon  Deforestation is still “under cutting commitment, siege” by expansive palm emission reduction is suddenly a big issue oil plantation and mining Tension between National  Tenure conflict in many Development Growth Targets forest area in Indonesia and Emission Reduction Commitment  Unfinished planning that But before emissions can be lead to deforestation by the cut, there are number of unplanned utilization of governance issues to be forest tackled
  6. 6.  Without improving the governance, REDD+ is impossible  REDD+ should be Reducing Deforestation/Degradation to Reduce Emission, so it cannot just be business as usual The steps that have been taken by the government are:  Establishing the REDD+ Task Force  Developing the National Strategy on REDD+ (Draft)  Developing a multi stakeholders technical team that will be helping the task force to perform their job  Issuing the Presidential Decree on License Suspension on Natural Primary Forest & Peatland for 2 Year (No. 10/2011)
  7. 7.  Politics are absorbing too much energy from civil society movements without producing any significant results. Policy change in the forestry context change is happening fast without any warning Big gaps in capacity between central and local for both government and civil societies in relation to forest governance Many government officials embrace a spirit of opennes, but there remain institutional barriers to openness Same understanding for underlying forest problem, but using a different perspective/approach to answering the problem.
  8. 8.  Commitments to “fix” the problem both within the NGOs and the government Increased efforts to enforce the law New laws that promote good governance (FoIA & Env Management Act) International support for Indonesia to have a clear strategies to demonstrate good governance REDD+ as an opportunities to promoting the needs of good forest governance