GFI: Indonesia Forest Governance (Attachment 2)

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  • Obstacles and opportunities
  • GFI: Indonesia Forest Governance (Attachment 2)

    1. 1. IndonesianForestGovernance
    2. 2. • Governance basically is about Transparency, Inclusivity, and Accountability.• The forestry act (No.41/1999) actually had an openness, social justice and inclusive spirit• In 2008, government enacted the Freedom of Information Act (No.14/2008). This act mandated that every public body (including NGO) should have an information system• In 2011, the ministry of forestry issue ministerial decree (No. 7/2011) regarding the information system in the ministry of forestry.• Prior to that the Government of Indonesia (GoI) becoming the first developing country that commit to reduce emission for 41%, and the emission reduction will come from LULUCF.Forest Governance in Indonesia &REDD+
    3. 3. • After that commitment, many developed country start to giving several aid to Indonesia, for preparing the REDD+ in Indonesia. (eg: Australia, Japan, UNDP, Europe, UK, etc)• The most phenomenal aid is between Indonesia and Norway (The Letter of Intent-LoI), Why? The Indonesian government commit for two year suspension on all new concessions for conversion of peat and natural forest. Creating a new institution for REDD+ (REDD+ agencies) Improving forest governance and law enforcementForest Governance in Indonesia &REDD+
    4. 4. • For some of the government, the hot issue is REDD+, but for many of other Indonesian the Issue is “restructuring forestry sector”• With the commitment to cut emission that Indonesia gave to the international societies, emission reduction from forest sector is becoming the most hot issue in Indonesia.• But within the spirit to cut the emission from forest sector lies several hurdle that need to be tackle, especially in the context of forest governance. Deforestation is still “under siege” by expansive palm oil plantation and mining National Development Growth Targets vs Emission Reduction Commitment Tenure conflict in many forest area in Indonesia Unfinished planning that lead to deforestation by the unplanned utilization of forest.The Hot Issue
    5. 5. • Those issue is the primary requirement for realization of emission cut, and also to implement REDD+. Without improving the governance, REDD+ is impossible REDD+ should be Reducing Deforestation/Degradation to Reduce Emission, so it couldn’t be just bussines as usual.• The steps that had been taken by the government are: Establishing the REDD+ Task Force Developing the National Strategy on REDD+ (Draft) Developing a multi stakeholders technical team that will be helping the task force to perform their job. And….Issuing the Presidential Decree on License Suspension on Natural Primary Forest & Peatland for 2 Years (No.10/2011).The Hot Issue
    6. 6. • Politic is always a “headline”, absorbing too much energy of civil society movements without any significant results. Policy change in the forestry context change fast without any predictions.• Big gap capacities between central and local for both government and civil societies regarding the forest governance.• The spirit of openness is already understood by many government official, but not lies within the system.• Same understanding for underlying forest problem, but using a different perspective/approach to answering the problem.Main Obstacles
    7. 7. • Commitments to “fix” the problew both within the NGO and the governement• Many effort to enforce the law• New law that promote good governance (FoIA & Env Management Act)• International support for Indonesia to have a clear strategies in demonstrating a way of good governance• REDD+ as an opportunities to promoting the needs of good forest governanceMajor Opportunities

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