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Aligning National M&E systems and Global Results Frameworks: Towards Better Assessment of Adaptation Results

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This webinar sets out the diversity of M&E approaches of major climate funds and national frameworks to draw lessons for aligning country systems and fund-level results frameworks in order to assess adaptation success more effectively.

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Aligning National M&E systems and Global Results Frameworks: Towards Better Assessment of Adaptation Results

  1. 1. ALIGNING NATIONAL M&E SYSTEMS AND GLOBAL RESULTS FRAMEWORKS: TOWARDS BETTER ASSESSMENT OF ADAPTATION RESULT November 19, 2019 9:00 am CLIMATE TRACKING AND TRANSPARENCY 2019 WEBINAR SERIES
  2. 2. • Join audio: – Preferred method: through Computer Audio – Back-up: choose Telephone and dial-in using the phone numbers listed in the webinar confirmation email • Attendees remain in listen-only mode • Please select “Q&A” at the bottom of your screen for any questions or comments during the webinar • Today’s presentation will be recorded and made available in 24 hours INTRODUCTION Attendee Participation If you experience technical problems during the webinar, please submit questions in the Q&A section or to Beth Elliott at: Beth.Elliott@wri.org Climate Tracking and Transparency 2019 Webinar Series
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION Tracking and Strengthening Climate Action (TASCA) • TASCA provides governments with tools and resources to track the implementation and effects of their NDCs, and the underlying policies that support them, and strengthen climate action. • The project works in five countries to strengthen systems and capacities to track progress toward tackling climate change: Colombia, Ethiopia, India, Indonesia, and South Africa. • In addition to work in the project countries, TASCA advances global research and organizes convenings to advance critical issues related to transparency and ambition. Climate Tracking and Transparency 2019 Webinar Series
  4. 4. Today’s Panelists (in the order of presentation): • Nisha Krishnan | Climate Finance Associate, Climate Resilience Practice, Governance Center WRI • Barry Smith | Researcher, International Institute for Environment and Development INTRODUCTION Climate Tracking and Transparency 2019 Webinar Series
  5. 5. Global RMFs & National Systems Barry Smith Assessing Adaptation Results – aligning national M&E systems and global results frameworks barry.smith@iied.org
  6. 6. Global RMFs & National Systems Barry Smith Outline • Intro • Why harmonise global RMFs with national M&E systems? • Barriers to alignment • RMF approaches taken by climate funds • National frameworks • Linking up with national systems
  7. 7. Global RMFs & National Systems Barry Smith Why harmonise global RMFs with national M&E systems?
  8. 8. Global RMFs & National Systems Barry Smith Barriers to alignment
  9. 9. Global RMFs & National Systems Barry Smith RMF Approaches – Pilot Programme for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Highlights / Positives Gaps Monitoring and reporting (M&R) framework to track progress towards climate resilient development at national and project level. Sustaining and operationalising M&E beyond PPCR funding is weak Capacity support in M&R guides the implementation of RMFs through trainings and workshops. Has created parallel duplicate systems within countries. In some pilot countries, using national data systems ensures data sustainability and usage in the long run. Simplification and output-focused indicators. Technical assistance for setting up M&E systems beyond project implementation allows countries to develop M&E systems or integrate the PPCR RMF into existing systems. No comprehensive picture of long-term outcomes or impacts
  10. 10. Global RMFs & National Systems Barry SmithRMF Approaches – Green Climate Fund (GCF) Highlights / Positives Gaps Flexible, non-prescriptive and not burdensome. May create perverse incentives to invest in GCF priorities rather than country priorities. Tracking long-term impacts is integrated into the RMF design. Less programmatic. Non-explicit measurements of country or portfolio-level results. Learning-based, evolving framework Disconnect with national M&E systems and country monitoring indicators. Its readiness programme offers support for establishing M&E systems but often depends on national designated authority’s discretion or request. Lacks measurement approaches for assessing long- term impacts even though long-term impact tracking is integral to design. Lack of capacity development for M&E.
  11. 11. Global RMFs & National Systems Barry Smith RMF Approaches – Global Environment Facility (GEF) Highlights / Positives Gaps Programmatic portfolio-level M&R with clear, consistent definitions of methodologies, concepts and definition. Output, not outcome-oriented: few indicators help track long-term impacts Simplified, but not over-simplified framework. Minimal role in evidence-based decision making and learning Uses qualitative and quantitative mixed methods; consistent with other funds.
  12. 12. Global RMFs & National Systems Barry SmithRMF Approaches – UK’s International Climate Fund (ICF) Highlights / Positives Gaps Flexible, context-specific and allows aggregation: key performance indicator (KPI) 4 does not suggest preformulated indicators or prescribe specific aspects of resilience indicators. Complex and resource intensive definitions of improved resilience. Uses climate data alongside resilience outcomes and wellbeing impact indicators. Offers guidance for using climate data, measuring project impacts and linking outcome-level resilience indicators with impact level wellbeing indicators.
  13. 13. Global RMFs & National Systems Barry Smith National MEL is critical -
  14. 14. Global RMFs & National Systems Barry SmithNational plans and strategies: Kenya • Conjoined layers of M&E by integrating: adaptation and mitigation (MRV+) • Data coordination – by obligatory decree, statute and centralised repository • Sub-national to national aggregation
  15. 15. Global RMFs & National Systems Barry Smith Avoiding layers of M&E by integrating: MRV+ in Kenya Adaptation Mitigation Sub national Kenya’s Climate Change Action Plan Addressing data coordination issues
  16. 16. Global RMFs & National Systems Barry Smith Colombia’s National Results-Based Management & Evaluation System Sistema Nacional de Evaluación de Resultados de la Gestión Pública (SINERGIA) Background • Established 1994 • Spans whole of government Framework / Overview • System of indicators (500) via on-line sub-system: Sistema de Programación y Gestión por Objectivos y Resultados (SIGOB) • Agenda of impact evaluations • Formal dissemination channels Institutions • Directorate for Evaluation of Public Policy (DEPP) under National Department of Planning (DNP) • National Council for Economic and Social Policy (CONPES) Evidence of Impacts • Culture of reporting and managing for results • Evaluations inform policymaking Barriers & challenges • High staff turnover • No regular data audits • High cost of evaluations • Reliance on external consultants
  17. 17. Global RMFs & National Systems Barry Smith Colombia’s National Results-Based Management & Evaluation System Sistema Nacional de Evaluación de Resultados de la Gestión Pública (SINERGIA) Good elements • Strong transaparency • Assists policymakers to make evidence-informed decisions • Evaluations are neutral • Used as an oversight mechanism by President • SINERGIA plays key role in embedding SDGs in development Success Factors • Strong policy/legislative foundation • Political buy-in • M&E function operates as part of government • Separate budget for evaluations Lessons • High level political support helps • Political clout of main M&E institution • Neutrality of institution responsible for evaluations • Cross government coordination on evaluation agenda
  18. 18. Global RMFs & National Systems Barry SmithThe Philippines: Results-Based Monitoring & Evaluation Results-Based Monitoring and Evaluation System (RBMES) Good elements • Builds on previous initiatives rather than duplication; data gathered from existing sources • Takes account of longer timeframes for adaptation • Strong links with development M&E inc. SDGs • Strong coordination mechanism for adaptation M&E Success Factors • Well elaborated policy for RBMES • Built around existing M&E systems • Inter-agency cooperation Lessons • Strong starting point through well elaborated policy • Cooperation and coordination across the government • Ample time given for development of M&E system • Early recognition that adaptation and development M&E should align
  19. 19. Global RMFs & National Systems Barry SmithThe Philippines: Results-Based Monitoring & Evaluation Results-Based Monitoring and Evaluation System (RBMES) Good elements • Builds on previous initiatives rather than duplication; data gathered from existing sources • Takes account of longer timeframes for adaptation • Strong links with development M&E inc. SDGs • Strong coordination mechanism for adaptation M&E Success Factors • Well elaborated policy for RBMES • Built around existing M&E systems • Inter-agency cooperation Lessons • Strong starting point through well elaborated policy • Cooperation and coordination across the government • Ample time given for development of M&E system • Early recognition that adaptation and development M&E should align
  20. 20. Global RMFs & National Systems Barry Smith Linking up climate fund RMFs and country-led M&E systems
  21. 21. Global RMFs & National Systems Barry Smith Aligning with established country systems
  22. 22. Global RMFs & National Systems Barry Smith Nurture / develop less established country systems
  23. 23. Global RMFs & National Systems Barry Smith Barry Smith: barry.smith@iied.org Full paper available at: https://pubs.iied.org/10198IIED/ Thank you!
  24. 24. Any Questions? Climate Tracking and Transparency 2019 Webinar Series
  25. 25. THANK YOU! CLIMATE TRACKING AND TRANSPARENCY 2019 WEBINAR SERIES This project is part of the International Climate Initiative (IKI). The German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) supports this initiative on the basis of a decision adopted by the German Bundestag. To view all webinars on demand: https://www.wri.org/climate-tracking-and-transparency- webinars For more on the webinar series, contact: Cynthia Elliott, WRI (celliott@wri.org)
  26. 26. Support Initiatives for Transparency Issues Climate Tracking and Transparency 2019 Webinar Series Level Initiative Activities Global ICAT In-country capacity building (i.e. GHGI support, tracking progress), develop and pilot-test methodologies in countries to access impacts of policies Global CBIT Strengthen national institutions for transparency-related activities, provide tools / trainings, assist improvement of transparency over time Global NDCP Providing countries with tools and support for NDC implementation (technical assistance, financial support, knowledge enhancement) Global CASTT Capacity-building (professional training programme on greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories for national experts from developing countries) Global PATPA Global: Annual Partnership Retreat (APR), Partnership Meeting (SB, COP) Regional: Workshops for capacity building and peer-to-peer exchange Bilateral: Climate Helpdesk incl. Ad hoc Facility for in-country support for the preparation of NCs and BURs Global CGE Regional training workshops on targeted themes covered under the existing MRV arrangements and the ETF, online training materials and guidance documents, Platform for informal exchange of experiences and lessons learned * This does not reflect all existing initiatives; there are several other multilateral, regional and bilateral support
  27. 27. Climate Tracking and Transparency 2019 Webinar Series Support Initiatives for Transparency Issues Level Initiative Activities Global GSP Technical support and capacity-building for the preparation of National Communications (NCs), Biennal Update Reports (BURs) and NDC implementation Global TASCA Technical support and capacity building for national governments to track progress toward meeting their national climate commitments and to strengthen climate action Global LEDS Thematic and regional groups with regular meetings, Community of Practice Activities with peer to peer knowledge sharing and learning Regional AP-PLAT Impact viewer, toolkit and supporting information for example for adaptation planning (multilateral, bilateral) and GCF proposal writing Bilateral PaSTI Promoting the engagement of non-state actors (private sector, local govt), enhancing capacities and institutional structure under the national development strategies, streamlining transparency actions at subnational, national and regional level Sectoral FAO-CBIT Enhance technical + institutional capacity to meet ETF requirements with strengthened a) agriculture + land-use components b) information to track progress Online GHG Management Institute Online trainings on various topics and sectors targeting the public and private sector Online Greenhouse Gas Protocol Standards to measure and manage greenhouse gas emissions and online training courses on the methodologies and standards * This does not reflect all existing initiatives; there are several other multilateral, regional and bilateral support

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