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World History I SkillsStandards
WH I 2aPaleolithic Era to AgriculturalRevolution
• Homo sapiens emerged in Africa between_____ & _____ years ago– 100,000 & 400,000• Homo sapiens migrated from Africa to__...
WH I 2b
Hunter-Gatherer societies during thePaleolithic Era• Nomadic• Invented the first _____– tools• Learned how to make _______...
WH I 2c
Neolithic Era (New Stone Age)Societies• Developed ___________– agriculture• __________ animals– Domesticated• Used _______...
WH I 2d
• _________ study past cultures by analyzinghuman remains, _______, & ________.– Archeologists, fossils & artifacts• Arche...
WH I 3aAncient civilizations
River Valley Civilizations• ______ civilization- _____ river valley (Africa)– Egyptian, Nile• _______ civilization- ______...
Other early civilizations• ______ settled between the ______ sea &the _____ river valley. (Fertile Crescent)–Hebrews, Medi...
WH I 3b
Social patterns of early civilizations• _______ rulers– Hereditary• Rigid _____ system, where slavery wasaccepted– class
Political patterns of earlycivilizations• World’s first _______– States• Centralized ________– government• Written law cod...
Economic patterns of earlycivilizations• _______ tools & weapons (bronze, iron)– Metal• Increasing ___________ surplus– ag...
WH I 3c
Development of religious traditions• ___________ was practiced by most earlycivilizations– Polytheism• _________ was pract...
WH I 3d
Origins of Judaism• A– Abraham• M– Moses• J– Jerusalem
WH I 3e
Language and writing• ___________ (earliest written symbols)– Pictograms• ____________ ( Egypt)– Hieroglyphics• __________...
WH I 4aPersia, India, & China
Persians as rulers• _________ of conquered people– Tolerance• Development of imperial bureaucracy• __________ as a religio...
WH I 4b
India• Physical barriers such as the _________,the _______ ______, and the IndianOcean made invasion more difficult.– Hima...
Aryans• _______ system influenced all socialinteractions– Rigid caste system
Gupta Empire (dynasty)• _______ Age of classical Indian culture– Golden• Contributions- __________, ________, &___________...
WH I 4c
Hinduism• ______ system in religious law based on occupations• Caste• Belief in many forms of one major ______– Diety• ___...
WH I 4d
Buddhism• Siddhartha Gautama _____________– Founder (Buddha)• _______ Noble Truths– Four• __________ path to enlightenment...
WH I 4e
__________ was built for China’sprotectionGreat Wall
Contributions of classical China• ______ _____ system– Civil Service• P– Paper• P– Porcelain• S– Silk
Confucianism’s contributions toChina• Belief that humans are ______, not _____– Good, bad• Respect for elders• Code of ___...
Taoism’s contributions to China• H– Humility• Simple life and inner peace• __________ with nature– Harmony
WH I 5aGreece
Location & place (Greece)• A________ sea– Aegean• _________ peninsula– Greek• M__________ sea– Mediterranean• B_______ sea...
WH I 5b
Greek Mythology• Based on _____________ religion– Polytheistic• Explanations of natural p_________,human qualities, & life...
Greek Gods & Goddesses• Z______– Zeus• H_____– Hera• Ap_______– Apollo• Ar_________– Artemis• Athena• Aphrodite
WH I 5c
Social structure & citizenship in theGreek polis• Free adult males were ________– Citizens• _______ & ______ had no politi...
Stages of Athenian democracy• M_________– Monarchy• A_________– Aristocracy• T__________– Tyranny• D__________– Democracy
Athens• ________ & _______ were tyrants whoworked for reform– Draco & Solon• Origin of democratic principles: directdemocr...
Sparta• ___________ rule by a small group– Oligarchy• Rigid ________ structure– Social• M_________ & aggressive society– M...
WH I 5d
Persian Wars 499-449 B.C.• United __________ & __________against the Persian Empire– Athens & Sparta• Athenian victories a...
Peloponnesian War 431-404 B.C.• Caused by competition for the Greekworld• Athens/_______ ______ v.– Delian League• Sparta/...
WH I 5e/f
Golden Age of Pericles• Occurred between the Persian andPeloponnesian War• _________ extended democracy– Pericles• _______...
Greek contribution handout
WH I 5g
Phillip II King of Macedon• Conquered most of __________– Greece
Alexander the Great• Established an empire from _______ to______ and the margins of India– Greece, Egypt
Hellenistic Age• Blend of ________ & ________ elements– Greek & Oriental• Culture was spread through trade
WH I 6aRome
Location & place• Rome• _________ peninsula– Italian• Alps- protection• ____________ sea– Mediterranean
WH I 6b
Roman Mythology• Based on Greek ___________ religion– polytheistic• Explanation of natural phenomena, humanqualities, & li...
Roman Gods & Goddesses• J__________– Jupiter• J__________– Juno• A__________– Apollo• D__________– Diana• Minerva• V______...
WH I 6c
Social structure in the RomanRepublic• _________ powerful nobility (few in #)– Patricians• _________ majority of the popul...
Citizenship• __________ & _______ men– Patrician & Plebian• Selected foreigners• Responsibilities- taxes and military serv...
Features of Democracy• __________ democracy– Representative• Assemblies• The S________– Senate• Consuls• Laws of Rome codi...
WH I 6d
Punic Wars 264-146 B.C.• R____ v. C_______– Rome v. Carthage• Over competition for ________– Trade• _________ invaded the ...
WH I 6e/f
Causes for decline of Rome• Spread of ________ in the agricultural system– slavery• Migration of small farmers into ______...
WH I 6g
Pax Romana• Two centuries of p________ &p___________– Peace & Prosperity
Economic impact of Pax Romana• Uniform system of _________– Money• Safe t_________ & t_________ onRoman roads– Travel & Tr...
Social Impact of Pax Romana• Stable social classes• Increased emphasis on _________– family
Political impact of Pax Romana• Created a C________ S________– Civil Service• Developed a uniform rule of law
WH I 6h
Origins of Christianity• Rooted in _________– Judaism• Led by _________ of Nazareth– Jesus• Conflicted with the polytheist...
Beliefs of Christianity• M_________– Monotheism• Jesus is son of God• Life after ________– Death• New Testament
Spread of Christianity• Carried by Apostles (_________)– Paul• Slowed by persecution from Romans• Legalized by Emperor ___...
Impact of the Church of Rome inthe late Roman Empire• Church became an example of ______authority– moral• Church loyalty b...
Roman Contributions handout
Causes for decline of the WesternRoman Empire• Economy• Military• Moral Decay• Political Problems• Invasions
Division of Roman Empire• Emperor _________ moves the capital(Rome) to Byzantium renaming it__________________– Constantin...
World History I Fill In Blanks Review 2-6
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World History I Fill In Blanks Review 2-6

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World History I Fill In Blanks Review 2-6

  1. 1. World History I SkillsStandards
  2. 2. WH I 2aPaleolithic Era to AgriculturalRevolution
  3. 3. • Homo sapiens emerged in Africa between_____ & _____ years ago– 100,000 & 400,000• Homo sapiens migrated from Africa to_____, _______, & the _________.– Eurasia, Australia & Americas• Early humans were ______ & _______whose survival depended on plants andanimals.– Hunters & gatherers
  4. 4. WH I 2b
  5. 5. Hunter-Gatherer societies during thePaleolithic Era• Nomadic• Invented the first _____– tools• Learned how to make ________– fire• Lived in _______– Clans• Developed ______ language– oral• Created “______ _____”– Cave art
  6. 6. WH I 2c
  7. 7. Neolithic Era (New Stone Age)Societies• Developed ___________– agriculture• __________ animals– Domesticated• Used _________ tools– advanced• Made _________– pottery• Developed ___________ skills– weaving
  8. 8. WH I 2d
  9. 9. • _________ study past cultures by analyzinghuman remains, _______, & ________.– Archeologists, fossils & artifacts• Archeologists use scientific test such as carbondating to analyze ________ & _______.– Fossils & artifacts• _________ is an example of an archaeologicalsite in England.– Stonehenge
  10. 10. WH I 3aAncient civilizations
  11. 11. River Valley Civilizations• ______ civilization- _____ river valley (Africa)– Egyptian, Nile• _______ civilization- ________ & _______Valleys (Southwest Asia)– Mesopotamian, Tigris & Euphrates• _______ civilization- ______ river valley (SouthAsia)– Indian, Indus• ________ civilization- _____ ___ valley (EastAsia)– Chinese, Huang He
  12. 12. Other early civilizations• ______ settled between the ______ sea &the _____ river valley. (Fertile Crescent)–Hebrews, Mediterranean & Jordan• ________ settled along the Mediterraneancoast (Fertile Crescent)– Phoenicians• _______ was located on the upper ____river (Africa)– Kush, Nile
  13. 13. WH I 3b
  14. 14. Social patterns of early civilizations• _______ rulers– Hereditary• Rigid _____ system, where slavery wasaccepted– class
  15. 15. Political patterns of earlycivilizations• World’s first _______– States• Centralized ________– government• Written law codes _______ _______ &____ ___ __________– Ten Commandmens, Code of Hammurabi
  16. 16. Economic patterns of earlycivilizations• _______ tools & weapons (bronze, iron)– Metal• Increasing ___________ surplus– agricultural• Increased ________– trade• __________ of labor– specialization
  17. 17. WH I 3c
  18. 18. Development of religious traditions• ___________ was practiced by most earlycivilizations– Polytheism• _________ was practiced by the Hebrews– Montheism
  19. 19. WH I 3d
  20. 20. Origins of Judaism• A– Abraham• M– Moses• J– Jerusalem
  21. 21. WH I 3e
  22. 22. Language and writing• ___________ (earliest written symbols)– Pictograms• ____________ ( Egypt)– Hieroglyphics• ___________ (Sumer)– Cuneiform• _____________ (Phoenicians)– Alphabet
  23. 23. WH I 4aPersia, India, & China
  24. 24. Persians as rulers• _________ of conquered people– Tolerance• Development of imperial bureaucracy• __________ as a religion– Zoroastrianism• _________ system– Road
  25. 25. WH I 4b
  26. 26. India• Physical barriers such as the _________,the _______ ______, and the IndianOcean made invasion more difficult.– Himalays, Hindu Kush• _______ & _______ were important rivers– Indus & Ganges
  27. 27. Aryans• _______ system influenced all socialinteractions– Rigid caste system
  28. 28. Gupta Empire (dynasty)• _______ Age of classical Indian culture– Golden• Contributions- __________, ________, &___________– Mathematics, new textiles & literature
  29. 29. WH I 4c
  30. 30. Hinduism• ______ system in religious law based on occupations• Caste• Belief in many forms of one major ______– Diety• ___________ - cycles of rebirth– Reincarnation• ___________ future reincarnation based on presentbehavior– Karma• _______ & _______ Sacred writings– Vedas & Upanishads
  31. 31. WH I 4d
  32. 32. Buddhism• Siddhartha Gautama _____________– Founder (Buddha)• _______ Noble Truths– Four• __________ path to enlightenment– Eightfold
  33. 33. WH I 4e
  34. 34. __________ was built for China’sprotectionGreat Wall
  35. 35. Contributions of classical China• ______ _____ system– Civil Service• P– Paper• P– Porcelain• S– Silk
  36. 36. Confucianism’s contributions toChina• Belief that humans are ______, not _____– Good, bad• Respect for elders• Code of ___________, still used inChinese society today– politeness• Emphasis on ___________– education• Ancestor worship
  37. 37. Taoism’s contributions to China• H– Humility• Simple life and inner peace• __________ with nature– Harmony
  38. 38. WH I 5aGreece
  39. 39. Location & place (Greece)• A________ sea– Aegean• _________ peninsula– Greek• M__________ sea– Mediterranean• B_______ sea– Black• A_____– Athens• S_____– Sparta• T_____– Troy• Macedonia
  40. 40. WH I 5b
  41. 41. Greek Mythology• Based on _____________ religion– Polytheistic• Explanations of natural p_________,human qualities, & life events– Phenomena
  42. 42. Greek Gods & Goddesses• Z______– Zeus• H_____– Hera• Ap_______– Apollo• Ar_________– Artemis• Athena• Aphrodite
  43. 43. WH I 5c
  44. 44. Social structure & citizenship in theGreek polis• Free adult males were ________– Citizens• _______ & ______ had no political rights– Women & Foreigners• Slaves had no _________ rights– Political
  45. 45. Stages of Athenian democracy• M_________– Monarchy• A_________– Aristocracy• T__________– Tyranny• D__________– Democracy
  46. 46. Athens• ________ & _______ were tyrants whoworked for reform– Draco & Solon• Origin of democratic principles: directdemocracy, public debate, & duties of acitizen
  47. 47. Sparta• ___________ rule by a small group– Oligarchy• Rigid ________ structure– Social• M_________ & aggressive society– Militaristic
  48. 48. WH I 5d
  49. 49. Persian Wars 499-449 B.C.• United __________ & __________against the Persian Empire– Athens & Sparta• Athenian victories at M_________ &S_________– Marathon & Salamis
  50. 50. Peloponnesian War 431-404 B.C.• Caused by competition for the Greekworld• Athens/_______ ______ v.– Delian League• Sparta/________ _________– Peloponnesian League
  51. 51. WH I 5e/f
  52. 52. Golden Age of Pericles• Occurred between the Persian andPeloponnesian War• _________ extended democracy– Pericles• _________ had Athens rebuilt– Pericles• ___________ is an example of thisrebuilding– Parthenon
  53. 53. Greek contribution handout
  54. 54. WH I 5g
  55. 55. Phillip II King of Macedon• Conquered most of __________– Greece
  56. 56. Alexander the Great• Established an empire from _______ to______ and the margins of India– Greece, Egypt
  57. 57. Hellenistic Age• Blend of ________ & ________ elements– Greek & Oriental• Culture was spread through trade
  58. 58. WH I 6aRome
  59. 59. Location & place• Rome• _________ peninsula– Italian• Alps- protection• ____________ sea– Mediterranean
  60. 60. WH I 6b
  61. 61. Roman Mythology• Based on Greek ___________ religion– polytheistic• Explanation of natural phenomena, humanqualities, & life events
  62. 62. Roman Gods & Goddesses• J__________– Jupiter• J__________– Juno• A__________– Apollo• D__________– Diana• Minerva• V__________– Venus
  63. 63. WH I 6c
  64. 64. Social structure in the RomanRepublic• _________ powerful nobility (few in #)– Patricians• _________ majority of the population– Plebians• Slaves- not based on race
  65. 65. Citizenship• __________ & _______ men– Patrician & Plebian• Selected foreigners• Responsibilities- taxes and military service
  66. 66. Features of Democracy• __________ democracy– Representative• Assemblies• The S________– Senate• Consuls• Laws of Rome codified as ___________________– Twelve Tables
  67. 67. WH I 6d
  68. 68. Punic Wars 264-146 B.C.• R____ v. C_______– Rome v. Carthage• Over competition for ________– Trade• _________ invaded the Italian peninsula– Hannibal• 3 Wars = _________ victory– Roman
  69. 69. WH I 6e/f
  70. 70. Causes for decline of Rome• Spread of ________ in the agricultural system– slavery• Migration of small farmers into ______ &unemployment– cities• ______ War over the power of Julius Caesar– Civil• Inflation• __________ of Roman currency– Devaluation
  71. 71. WH I 6g
  72. 72. Pax Romana• Two centuries of p________ &p___________– Peace & Prosperity
  73. 73. Economic impact of Pax Romana• Uniform system of _________– Money• Safe t_________ & t_________ onRoman roads– Travel & Trade
  74. 74. Social Impact of Pax Romana• Stable social classes• Increased emphasis on _________– family
  75. 75. Political impact of Pax Romana• Created a C________ S________– Civil Service• Developed a uniform rule of law
  76. 76. WH I 6h
  77. 77. Origins of Christianity• Rooted in _________– Judaism• Led by _________ of Nazareth– Jesus• Conflicted with the polytheistic beliefs ofthe Roman empire
  78. 78. Beliefs of Christianity• M_________– Monotheism• Jesus is son of God• Life after ________– Death• New Testament
  79. 79. Spread of Christianity• Carried by Apostles (_________)– Paul• Slowed by persecution from Romans• Legalized by Emperor ___________– Constantine
  80. 80. Impact of the Church of Rome inthe late Roman Empire• Church became an example of ______authority– moral• Church loyalty became more importantthan loyalty to the ___________– Emperor• Church became the unifying force inWestern Europe
  81. 81. Roman Contributions handout
  82. 82. Causes for decline of the WesternRoman Empire• Economy• Military• Moral Decay• Political Problems• Invasions
  83. 83. Division of Roman Empire• Emperor _________ moves the capital(Rome) to Byzantium renaming it__________________– Constantine, Constantinople• Western Roman empire falls in 476 A.D.• Eastern Roman Empire (ByzantineEmpire)

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