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Anbumozhi Rural Development wcef2018


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World Circular Economy Forum 2018 Japan
Wcef2018 Anbumozhi Rural Development

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Anbumozhi Rural Development wcef2018

  1. 1. Circular Advantage of Eco- Industrial Clusters in Rural Fringe Areas 2017 Venkatachalam Anbumozhi
  2. 2. Brilliance of Eco-Industrial Clusters Environment Economy Society + + Decrease Waste & Pollution Increase Business Success Generate Equity in Wealth
  3. 3. Bio-resources Agrl. waste Forestry waste Fishery waste Energy crops Eco-value added Rural products Animal waste Composting Organic practices Renewable energy use Industrial sector waste Municipal waste Industrial resources Bio-degradable industrial products Recyclable livelihood Bio-materials Eco-value added consumer products Use of renewable Biomass Refinery complex Renewable Energy Complex Eco-service Complex Urban – Rural Fringe Area
  4. 4. A Comparative Evaluation of Key Elements in Asia Key Factors Countries and Industrial Clusters India Japan Thailand Vietnam Sericulture, Hosur Wood, Maniwa Rice, Chachoengsao Fish, An Giang Small businesses 120 72 60 175 Nature of Market Supply–led, mainly secondary towns Demand–led, domestic Demand–led, regional, passive exports Demand–led, mainly export, limited domestic Key Players Producers & Development Assistance Policy Lead firms & Environmental Policy Large Firms & Social Development Policy Foreign Buyers & Industrial Policy Evidence of Inter-firm Networks Weak bilateral linkages. Extensive multilateral cooperation focussed on supply chain Effective horizontal linkages Extensive subcontracting. Key Benefits Product/market diversification, Employment Zero-emission, Eco-product development Waste management, Income generation Improved water quality, Employment generation Role of Community & Support Institutions Limited. Disabling labour market pooling Significant. Positive intermediate input effects Important. Potential for significant technology spill over No local but some central institutions; Improved market access Major Constraint Social Capital Policy Conflicts Enabling Technology Integrated Policy
  5. 5. Leading Actors of EIC –Circular Initiative in Asia 20 31 33 24 38 24 24 12 8 17 14 8 10 1012 0 2 4 54 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% India V ietnam Thailand N ationalgovt Localgovt C om pany B usiness A ssociation A cadem ia/research N P O /N G O Intern'lorganization 29% Local Govt. 28% National Govt. 25% Business