Homer was a Greek traveling singer It is believed that he is the father ofancient epic poetry He is the author of the Iliad and theOdyssey It is considered that Homer was blind Homer was unique among the poets of histime He used special style called Homeric,characterized by a large number of epithetssource: http://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/HomerIdealized portrayal of Homerdating to the Hellenistic period.British Museum.
Homer and His Guide, byWilliam-AdolpheBouguereau (1825–1905),portraying Homer onMount Ida, beset by dogsand guided by thegoathered Glaucussource:www.wikipedia.pl
The poem mainly centers on theGreek hero Odysseus (known asUlysses in Roman myths) and hisjourney home after the fall of Troy. Ittakes Odysseus ten years to reachIthaca after the ten-year Trojan War.In his absence, it is assumed he hasdied, and his wife Penelope and sonTelemachus must deal with a groupof unruly suitors, the Mnesteres orProci, who compete for Penelopeshand in marriage.Greek text of the Odysseys opening passageSource: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Odyssey and Katarzyna Droga - GimbusOdysseus and Penelopeby Francesco Primaticcio (1563)
Trojan War Poseidon’s curse Visit at Eola and Lajstrygons Kirke Land of Kiremejczyks From Kirke to Calypso Help from Feak The situation in IthacaSource: Tomasz Woźniczka
On the way home from Troy, after a raid on Ismarosin the land of the Cicones, Odysseus and histwelve ships were driven off course by storms. Theyvisited the lethargic Lotus-Eaters and werecaptured by the Cyclops Polyphemus, whilevisiting his island. Polyphemus was eating hismen, and Odysseus took a barrel of wine and theCyclops drank it, falling asleep. Odysseus and hismen took a wooden stake, igniting it with theremaining wine, and burned his eye, blinding him.While they were escaping, however, Odysseusfoolishly told Polyphemus his identity, andPolyphemus told his father, Poseidon, who hadblinded him.source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Polyphemus.gif and Katarzyna Droga - GimbusPolyphemus, byJohann HeinrichWilhelm Tischbein,1802
Odysseus and his men blindingthe cyclops Polyphemus (detail ofa protoattic amphora, c. 650 BC,museum of Eleusis)Odysseus in the cave ofPolyphemus by JacobJordaens, first half of 17thcentury.Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polyphemus
Source: http://www.sienkiewicz.blox.plBeing caught between the Scylla and Charybdas means to be caughtin a situation that is extremely challenging. There is no good way to getthrough the situation, and any choice one makes will engender losses.The metaphor is comparable to the phrase being caught between a rockand a hard place.
„Music! Sing the husband, as the holy city of TroyDemolished, the long and wandering, wandering itsThe strength seen different cities, met so many peopleCustoms, and what adventures and hardships experienced!And what vexation at sea when it came backOr for his comrades stand in need,To ensure their return! On the force he was doing,But the comrades not saved: each of them struckHimself, his own foolishness. Why devoted flockHelios ate unruly crowd?As punishment, God did not give back to enjoy.”Source: http://odyseja.klp.pl/a-9936.html
Odysseus is a very important and really positivecharacter. He taught us that we should not be put offby anything. We have to to fight for our goals anddreams. Do not worry if something goes wrong.Polish proverb says:"After the storm, the sun always comes.”Source: http://www.sciaga.pl/tekst/104475-105-charakterystyka-odyseusza
Odysseus and Penelopes relationship is amodel example of a mature feeling thatdespite the distance, and uncertainty remainsas strong and compelling. Couple Historyteaches us patience, and faith in the power oftrue love. The feast has become famous and tothis day we remember about him (?).Source: www.wikipedia.eu
Odyssey was the inspiration for many artists, eg: Polish poet Leopold Staff wrote a poem „ODYS” on on the basisof Odyssey Russian film director, film producer and screenwriter AndriejKonczałowski directed the film „The Odyssey„Inspiration forothersSource: oknotest.pl; http://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andriej_Koncza%C5%82owski; http://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leopold_Staff
Do not be concerned aboutThy sufferings and errorsEverywhere is a simple wayBut everywhere and astrayThats it onlyTo continue to go forward boldly,Because there is always aWhere else than he wantedA stone with the inscription:Here lies so-and-soEach of us is Odysseus,What goes back to his IthacaScourse: www.wiersze.annet.pl/w,,11589
Thank you for attentionPresentations prepared byRoksana Dłużniak