The Tweed catchment

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Presentation by Nicola Bissett of the Tweed Forum to the World Water Day workshop, organised by University of Dundee, held on 22 March 2010.

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The Tweed catchment

  1. 1. THE TWEED CATCHMENT<br />Nicola Bissett<br />Catchment Management Planning Officer<br />
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  5. 5. WEATHER<br />
  6. 6. DEMOGRAPHY<br />Dispersed population<br />Main urban centres around central Tweed<br />
  7. 7. EMPLOYMENT<br />Please note – these figures for Scottish Borders only<br />
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  9. 9. COURTESY OF SEPA (2009)<br />
  10. 10. WFD ECOLOGICAL STATUS<br />Overall 2008 RBMP classification status<br />
  11. 11. RBMP PRESSURES<br />Main pressures causing failures are <br />Morphological alterations due to public water interests and rural land uses (around 50 water bodies affected)<br />Diffuse pollution from rural sources (around 50 water bodies affected)<br />Abstraction and flow regulation (around 40 water bodies affected; both public water interests and rural land uses)<br />Point source pollution (14 water bodies on Scottish side)<br />Alien species (2 water bodies in Scottish side)<br />
  12. 12. TWEED FORUM<br /> “to promote the wise and sustainable use of the whole Tweed catchment through holistic and integrated management and planning”<br />
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  14. 14. WATER QUALITY<br />Pressures<br />Diffuse pollution <br />Point pollution<br />Regulation by SEPA and EA<br />BUT still<br />Cross border issues<br />“diffuse” nature of diffuse pollution<br />
  15. 15. WATER RESOURCES<br />Several reservoirs in catchment<br />Pressures<br />abstraction<br />Agriculture<br />Public water supply<br />Reservoir release regimes<br />now regulated by SEPA and EA<br />BUT still crossborder issues <br />
  16. 16. HABITATS AND SPECIES<br />Conservation designations<br />SAC<br />SSSI<br />Other local designations<br />Wetlands<br />SPA<br />RAMSAR<br />Generally “favourable condition”<br />
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  18. 18. HABITATS AND SPECIES<br />Pressures<br />Invasive species<br />Loss of key habitats<br />wetlands, blanket bog, raised bogs, wet woodlands, riparian woodlands and ponds<br />Insufficient baseline data<br />
  19. 19. RIVERWORKS <br />Bank erosion measures, gravel management, flood alleviation, bridge protection and instream habitat improvements<br />Now regulated by SEPA and EA<br />BUT still <br />cross border issues <br />educating public and practitioners<br />
  20. 20. FLOOD MANAGEMENT<br />9% of catchment at risk from flooding<br />Pressures<br />Development on floodplain<br />Lack of catchment wide approach to FM issues<br />Impact of landuse change<br />Floods Directive<br />Need to explore Sustainable FM<br />
  21. 21. TOURISM & RECREATION<br />salmon fishery <br />£18 million to local economy<br />outdoor pursuits<br />cycling, mountain biking, canoeing, walking, horse riding <br />heritage sites <br />botanic gardens, castles and abbeys<br />Balancing T&R with conservation needs<br />
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  24. 24. MAIN ROLES OF TWEED FORUM<br />Facilitating and Enabling<br />Seizing Opportunities<br />Filling Gaps<br />Communicating<br />

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