PMR Science Seminar


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PMR Science Seminar

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PMR Science Seminar

  1. 1. PMR Science Seminar PusatTuisyen Universal, by Wong Sook Yen Chapter 1 - Introduction to Science Chapter 5 - The Air around Us1.1 Whatis Science? 5.1 The Composition of AirIdentify Natural Phenomena Composition of air1.2 The Science Laboratory Composition of inhaled and exhaled airSafety and Precaution rules Experiment showing the percentage of oxygen in airIdentify apparatus 5.2 Properties of Oxygen and Carbon DioxideFunctions of apparatus Comparison betweenBunsen burner Solubility in waterHazard warning symbols Reaction with Sodium Hydroxide1.3The Steps in a Scientific Investigation Solubility in alkaline pyrogallol solutionSteps of Scientific Investigation Test for the presence of gases3 Variables Effect on litmus paperBe able to state hypothesis and inference Effect on hydrogen carbonate indicator1.4 PhysicalQuantities and TheirUnits 5.3 Oxygen is Needed for Respiration5 Basic PhysicalQuantity and SI Units Understanding of RespirationSymbols and Measuringtools for Basic Quantity Properties of Inhaled air and Exhaled air1.5 Weight and Mass Experiment showing thatDifferencesbetweenweight and mass Oxygen is required for respirationConversion of unit (1kg = 10N) and Calculations Carbon dioxide is produced during respiration1.6 Measuring Tools 5.4 Oxygen is Needed for CombustionMeasuring length Conditions of CombustionMeasuring diameter Combustion of carbonMeasuring area Combustion of hydrocarbonMeasuring volume Experiment showing that oxygen supports combustionMeasuring temperature 5.5 Air Pollution Chapter 2 - Cell as a Unit of Life Examples of air pollutants 2.1 What is a Cell? Sources and effects of air pollutants Parts of a Microscope (12) Prevention and Control of air pollution Using a Microscope Chapter 6 - Sources of Energy Structure and functions of 6.1 The Various Forms and Sources of Energy Animal cells (3) 8 Forms of energy Plant cells (6) Conversion of energyComparison between animal cells and plant cells (6) 8 Sources of energy2.2 Unicellular and Multicellular Organisms 6.2 Renewable and non-renewable energy sourcesIdentify and classify Classification of various energy sources Unicellular organisms Chapter 7 – Heat Multicellular organisms 7.1 Heat as a Form of Energy 2.3 Cell Organisation in the Human Body Differences between heat and temperature Types and functions of Experiment showing the differences between heat and Cells (5) temperature Tissues (4) 7.2 The Effects of Heat Flow on Matter Organs Expansion and Contraction of Matter System Experiment of contraction and expansion of Chapter 3 – Matter Solid3.1 What is Matter? LiquidDefinition GasExperimentShowingthatmatter has mass and occupiesspace Methods of heat transfer3.2 The Three States of Matter Conduction (experiment)Three states of matter ConvectionComparison between solid, liquid and gas Radiation3.3 The Concept of Density Application of heat transferCalculation of density Heat conductors and heat insulatorsRelationship between buoyancy and density 7.3 Effect of Heat on Matter3.4 Properties of Matter in Everyday Life Changes of states of matterApplication of compressed gas Comparison between boiling and evaporationApplication of concept of density 7.4 Application of Expansion and Contraction of Matter Chapter 4 - The Variety of Resources on Earth Thermometers Electric irons Bimetallic thermometers Railway tracks4.1 The Various Resources of the Earth Rivets Electrical cablesImportance of natural resources (6) Wheel axles Metal bridges4.2 Elements, Compounds and Mixtures Fire alarms Concrete road surfacesIdentify and Recognize Elements, Compounds and Mixtures 7.5 Absorption and Radiation of HeatComparison of Metal and Non-metals Comparison between good and bad heat reflectorComparison between Compounds and Mixtures Comparison between good and bad heat radiatorMethods of Separation of Mixtures Comparison between good and bad heat absorber4.3 Importance of the Earth’s Resources Dark and Dull Surfaces VS Bright and Shiny SurfacesPreservation and Conservation of Natural ResourcesPrepared by Miss Wong Sook Yen
  2. 2. PMR Science Seminar PusatTuisyen Universal, by Wong Sook Yen Chapter 1 - The World through Our Senses Chemical Digestion of1.1 SensoryOrgans and theirFunctions Carbohydrates – StarchThe 5 Senses ProteinStimulus – ResponsePathway Fats1.2 The Sense of Touch End Products of DigestionLocation and functions of receptors GlucoseFactors affecting sensitivity of skin Amino acidsBraille Reading system for the Blinds Fatty acids and glycerols1.3 The Sense of Smell 2.4 Absorption ofDigested FoodStructures and Functions of the Nose Location for food absorptionSensory pathways for smell Structural adaptations of villi for maximum rate of absorptionExplain why a person who has a runny nose is unable to detect 2.5 Reabsorption of Water and Defecationsmells clearly. Location of food reabsorption1.4 The Sense of Taste Types of food being reabsorbedStructures and Functions of the Tongue Types of remaining foodSensory Pathways for Taste Defecation Constipation – Causes and Solutions1.5 The Sense of HearingStructures and Functions of the Ear 2.6 Healthy Eating HabitsThe Hearing mechanism Location of food reabsorption1.6 The Sense of Sight Types of food being reabsorbed Types of remaining foodStructure and Functions of the Eye DefecationFormation of Image on the retina Constipation – Causes and Solutions1.7 Light and SightReflection of Light and its Applications Chapter 3 – BiodiversityRefraction of Light 3.1 Biodiversity of Living Organisms Light Rays diagram for refraction of light Habitat of Living Organisms Phenomena of the refraction of light 3.2 Classifications of Living OrganismsVision defects and its corrections Classification of Animals Short-sightedness Vertebrates Long-sightedness InvertebratesLimitations of sight Classification of Plants Blind spot Flowering Optical illusion Non-floweringTypes of vision Chapter 4 - Interdependenceamong Living Organisms Stereoscopic and the Environment Monocular 4.1 Interdependence among Living OrganismsSound and Hearing Know the relationships betweenExperiment showing that sound require medium for transfer Species CommunityMaterials used as sound reflectors and sound absorbers Population EcosystemHearing defects and hearing aids Identify living and non-living components of an environmentLimitations on hearing – old people Importance of maintaining a balanced ecosystemCharacteristics of stereophonic hearing 4.2 Interaction between living organisms1.9 Stimuli and Responses in Plants Define and recognize different types of interactions betweenPhototropism living thingsHydrotropism CompetitionGeotropism Inter-speciesThigmotropism Intra-speciesNastic movement Symbiosis Chapter 2 - Nutrition Commensalism2.1 Classes of Food Mutualism7 Classes of Food Parasitism Examples Prey-predator Roles and Functions 4.3 Food WebsFood tests for the presence of Based on a food web, be able to identify Starch - __________ Producer Glucose - _________ Primary consumers Proteins - _________ Secondary consumers Fats - ____________ Decomposers2.2 The Importance of Balanced Diet Converting food web into pyramid of numbersFactors that determines a balanced diet Predict the changes in the numbers of organismsCalorific value of food - Calculations 4.4 PhotosynthesisPlanning a balanced diet meal plan Writing word equation2.3 Human Digestive System Requirements of photosynthesisStructures and Functions of Digestive Organs Experiment – Test for the presence of starch in leavesPathway of food movement along the alimentary canal Importance of photosynthesisPrepared by Miss Wong Sook Yen
  3. 3. PMR Science Seminar PusatTuisyen Universal, by Wong Sook Yen4.5 Conservation and Preservation of Organisms 6.2 Application of the Principle of Air PressureThree R’s – Recycle, Reuse, Reduce Identify location of high pressure and low pressure inEducation SyringeEnforcement of Laws Rubber hook4.6 Role of Human Beings in Maintaining the Balance of the Bicycle pumpNature PlungerReforestation Pipette/rubber dropperSustainable management of natural resources Drinking straw – with/without holesThree R’s Siphon Chapter 5 –Water and Solution Spray pump/aerosol can Storing Gas under high Pressure5.1 Physical Characteristics of WaterFreezing and Melting of water Chapter 7 – DynamicsBoiling of water 7.1 ForceEffects of impurities on Definition of force Melting and Boling points Types of forces (4) Density Effects of forces Conduction of electricity Shape5.2 Composition of Water MotionWater as a compound of Direction Hydrogen 7.2 Measurement of Force Oxygen SI unit of force – Newton (N)Electrolysis of water Conversion of Mass to Newton Aim Measuring device – Spring balance Experimental set up Experiment measuring the magnitude of force Products of electrolysis at anode and cathode 7.3 Application of Frictional Force Ratio of products of electrolysis of water Existence of Frictional force in daily activities5.3 Evaporation of water Characteristics of Frictional forceProcess of evaporation Advantages/Disadvantages of frictionFactors affecting the rate of evaporation of water (4) Ways to increase/decrease frictionApplications of evaporation (2) 7.4 Application of Work5.4 Solution and Solubility Definition of work doneIdentify Solute, Solvent and Solution SI unit of work doneComparing dilute, concentrated and saturated solutions Calculation of work doneWays to Dissolve undissolved solutes in a saturated solution 7.5 Application of PowerExperiment - Comparing solution and suspension Definition of powerFactors affecting the solubility of a solute SI unit of powerFunctions of various organic solvents Calculation of power5.5 Acid and Alkali 7.6 Importance of Force in LifeIdentify acids and alkalis Chapter 8 – Support &MovementCharacteristics of acids and alkalis 8.1 Support Systems in AnimalsApplication of acids and alkalis Characteristics of 3 types of support systemsNeutralisation Classification of animals with Mixing solutions of different pH to get neutral solution Endoskeleton Changes in colour of acid-base indicator Exoskeleton Write chemical equation Hydrostatic skeleton Determine the end-point of neutralisation Recognize parts of the Human Skeletal System (Pectoral, Pelvic)5.6 Water Purification Compare and contrast support system of terrestrial and aquaticNatural sources of water animalsCompare and contrast Methods of water purification Compare and contrast exoskeleton and hydrostatic skeleton of Filtration Chlorination invertebrates Boiling Distillation 8.2 Support Systems in Plants5.7 Water Supply System Characteristics of support system of land plantWater purification/treatment process (7) Classification of support system of land plants5.8 Preservation of Water Quality WoodySources and effects of water pollutants Herbaceous Chapter 6 –Air Pressure Compare and contrast support system of woody and herbaceous plants6.1 Air Pressure Xylem of woody plants increase supportFormation of air pressure Cell turgidity keeps herbaceous plants remain upright positionExperiment showing that air exerts pressure Characteristics of support system of aquatic plantsFactors affecting air pressure Compare and contrast support system of terrestrial and aquatic Volume plants Temperature Sea level Special support features in land plantsExperiment showing the increase/decrease in air pressure when Clasping roots Twining stemsvolume/ temperature change Tendrils Buttress rootsKnow the reason for why our ears feel painful at high altitude Thorns Prop rootsPrepared by Miss Wong Sook Yen
  4. 4. PMR Science Seminar PusatTuisyen Universal, by Wong Sook Yen Chapter 9 - Stability FORM 39.1 Stability Chapter 1 – RespirationDetermine the point of equilibrium of an object 1.1 HumanBreathingMechanismFactors affecting the stability of an object 1.2 Transport of Oxygen in the Human Body Base area 1.3 Importance of Healthy Respiratory System Level of centre of gravity Chapter 2 – Blood Circulation and Transport Mass 2.1 Transport System in the Human Body9.2 Importance of Stability 2.2 Human BloodWays to improve stability of certain objects/design 2.3 Transport System in Plants Increasing base area Chapter 3 – Excretion Lowering centre of gravity 3.1 HumanExcretory System Chapter 10 – Simple Machines 3.2 HumanUrinary System10.1 Levers 3.3 Excretion in PlantsIdentify Fulcrum, Load and Effort Chapter 4 – ReproductionIdentify 3 classes of levers 4.1 Sexual and Asexual ReproductionCompare and contrast 3 classes of levers 4.2 Male Reproductive SystemWays to overcome larger loads using the principle of levers 4.3 Female Reproductive SystemCalculations using the principles of moments 4.4 Menstrual Cycle 4.5 Fertilisation and Pregnancy 4.6 Importance of Prenatal Care 4.7 Importance of Research in Human Reproduction 4.8 Sexual Reproductive System of Flowering Plants 4.9 Pollination 4.10 Development of Fruits and Seeds in Plants 4.11 Germination of Seeds 4.12 Vegetative Reproduction in Flowering Plants Chapter 5 – Growth 5.1 Pattern of HumanGrowth Chapter 6 – Land and ItsResources 6.1 VariousMineralsFound in the Earth’sCrust 6.2 ReactionsbetweenMetals and Non-metals 6.3 Silicon Compounds 6.4 Calcium Compounds 6.5 Natural Fuel Resources and Their Importance Chapter 7 – Electricity 7.1 Electrostatics 7.2 Electricity 7.3 MeasuringElectricity 7.4 Relationship BetweenCurrent, Voltage and Resistance 7.5 Parellel and Series Circuits 7.6 Current, Voltage and Resistance in a Series Circuit 7.7 Current, Voltage and Resistance in a Parallel Circuit 7.8 Magnetism 7.9 Electromagnetism Chapter 8 – Generation of Electricity 8.1 Generation of ElectricalEnergy 8.2 Transformers 8.3 Electrical Transmission and Distribution System 8.4 ElectricalSupply and Wiring System at Home 8.5 Cost of ElectricalEnergy Usage 8.6 Functions of the Fuse and EarthWire 8.7 SafetyPrecautionswhenUsingElectricity 8.8 Importance of ConservingElectricity Chapter 9 – Stars and Galaxies 9.1 The Sun 9.2 Stars and Galaxies in the Universe 9.3 Existence of the Universe as a Gift fromGod Chapter 10 – Space Exploration 10.1 Development in the Field of Astronomy and Space ExplorationPrepared by Miss Wong Sook Yen