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Human trafficking 101 | Women of the ELCA

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Presentation by Inez Torres Davis
Director for Justice, Women of the ELCA
Conference of Presidents, February 2014

Published in: Education
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Human trafficking 101 | Women of the ELCA

  1. 1. Created for 2014 Conference of Presidents INEZ TORRES DAVIS, AIM Director for Justice *
  2. 2. * * What is human trafficking?
  3. 3. * *Human trafficking is the trade in humans, most commonly for the purpose of sexual slavery, forced labor, or commercial sexual exploitation.
  4. 4. * *Human Trafficking can occur within a country or trans-nationally. Human trafficking is a crime against the person because of the violation of the victim's rights of movement through coercion and because of their commercial exploitation.
  5. 5. * * How much do we know about the trafficking in persons?
  6. 6. * *1. Globally, the average cost of a human slave is: *A. $110 *B. $90 *C. $70
  7. 7. * *2. According to some estimates, approximately what percentage of trafficking involves sexual exploitation? *A. 90% *B. 80% *C. 70%
  8. 8. * *3. How many slaves are in the world today? *A. Between 10M to 20M *B. Between 20M to 30M *C. Between 30M to 40M
  9. 9. * *4. According to the U.S. State Department, how many people are trafficked across international borders every year? *A. 400,000 to 600,000 *B. 500,000 to 700,000 *C. 600,000 to 800,000
  10. 10. * *5. Of the number trafficked across international borders each year, what percentage are children? *A. Approximately one-quarter *B. Approximately one-third *C. Approximately one-half
  11. 11. * *6. Of the number trafficked across international borders each year, what percentage are women or girls (female)? *A. Close to 87% *B. Close to 79% *C. Close to 67%
  12. 12. * *7. The average age of a teen entering the sex trade in the United States is: *A. 12 to 14 years *B. 11 to 13 years *C. 13 to 15 years
  13. 13. * *8. Which state harbors 3 of the FBI’s 13 highest child sex trafficking areas in the United States? *A. California *B. Florida *C. New York
  14. 14. * *9. The National Human Trafficking Hotline receives more calls from what state than any other state in the United States? *A. California *B. Michigan *C. Texas
  15. 15. * *10. How many people are trafficked into the United States each year? *A. Between 12,500 and 15,500 *B. Between 14,500 and 17,500 *C. Between 16,500 and 19,500
  16. 16. * *11. Human trafficking is the third largest international crime industry (behind illegal drugs and arms trafficking). It reportedly generates what profit each year? *A. $25B *B. $32B *C. $41B
  17. 17. * *12. The International Labour Organization (ILO) estimates that women and girls represent the largest share of forced labor victims. According to the ILO, women and girls are what percentage of people trafficked globally? *A. 75% *B. 65% *C. 55%
  18. 18. * *13. The number of children exploited by the global commercial sex trade every year is: *A. 500K *B. 1M *C. 1.5M
  19. 19. * *Swap your paper with a neighbor so we can check your answers! *
  20. 20. * *1. Globally, the average cost of a human slave is: A. $110 B. $90 C. $70
  21. 21. * *2. According to some estimates, approximately what percentage of trafficking involves sexual exploitation? *A. 90% *B. 80% *C. 70%
  22. 22. * *3. How many slaves are in the world today? *A. Between 10M to 20M *B. Between 20M to 30M *C. Between 30M to 40M
  23. 23. * *4. According to the U.S. State Department, how many people are trafficked across international borders every year? *A. 400,000 to 600,000 *B. 500,000 to 700,000 *C. 600,000 to 800,000
  24. 24. * *5. Of the number trafficked across international borders each year, what percentage are children? *A. Approximately one-quarter *B. Approximately one-third *C. Approximately one-half
  25. 25. * *However, in some parts of Africa and the Mekong region, children are the majority (up to 100% in parts of West Africa) of persons trafficked. * Global Report on Trafficking in Persons, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)
  26. 26. * *6. Of the number trafficked across international borders each year, what percentage are women or girls (female)? *A. Close to 87% *B. Close to 79% *C. Close to 67%
  27. 27. * *7. The average age of a teen entering the sex trade in the United States is: *A. 12 to 14 years *B. 11 to 13 years *C. 13 to 15 years Many victims are runaway girls who were sexually abused as children.
  28. 28. * *8. Which state harbors 3 of the FBI’s 13 highest child sex trafficking areas in the United States? *A. California *B. Florida *C. New York
  29. 29. * *9. The National Human Trafficking Hotline receives more calls from what state than any other state in the US? *A. California *B. Michigan *C. Texas *15 percent of those calls are from the Dallas- Fort Worth area.
  30. 30. * *10. How many people are trafficked into the United States each year? *A. Between 12,500 and 15,500 *B. Between 14,500 and 17,500 *C. Between 16,500 and 19,500
  31. 31. * *11. Human trafficking is the third largest international crime industry (behind illegal drugs and arms trafficking). It reportedly generates what profit each year? *A. $25B *B. $32B *C. $41B * $15.5B of this is made in industrialized countries.
  32. 32. * *12. The International Labour Organization estimates that women and girls represent the largest share of forced labor victims. Women and girls are what percentage of people trafficked? *A. 75% *B. 65% *C. 55% * 11.4M women and girls compared to 9.5M men.
  33. 33. * *13. The number of children exploited by the global commercial sex trade every year is: *A. 500K *B. 1M *C. 1.5M
  34. 34. * *Sexism, Racism, Poverty and Homelessness contribute to human trafficking. Predators actively recruit and target alienated or troubled young persons, who often are barely surviving after being thrown out of or having left their homes. Street children is one population that often turns to prostitution for survival.
  35. 35. * *Human trafficking disproportionately affects communities of color. The U.S. Department of Labor estimates that over 77% of trafficking victims in the United States are people of color. According to a report by the FBI confirmed sex trafficking victims were more likely to be white (26%) or black (40%), compared to labor trafficking victims, who were more likely to be Hispanic (63%) or Asian (17%).
  36. 36. * *The U.S. Department of State publishes the Trafficking in Persons Report annually. Currently, the Report shows that in the past few years the number of Member States seriously implementing the Protocol has more than doubled (from 54 to 125 out of the 155 States covered). However, there are still many countries that lack the necessary legal instruments or political will.
  37. 37. * Jot these numbers down to load them into your cell phones later: *National Human Trafficking Hotline 1-888-3737-888. *National Domestic Violence Hotline 1-800-799-SAFE (7233)
  38. 38. * *Victims of human trafficking often live on or near their work premises, often with a large number of occupants in a small space. *Bouncers, guards, guard dogs or barbed wire may be present. *Victims lack of private space, personal possessions and financial records and are kept under surveillance or are escorted by an employer when they are out in the community. *The trafficker may act as a translator.
  39. 39. * *Many victims live in isolated areas. *The victim may be branded or have other scarring indicating ownership. *Victims are often malnourished and may show signs of rape, sexual and physical abuse, post- traumatic stress and poor psychological health, and have sexually transmitted diseases or other untreated medical problems.
  40. 40. * *Brothels often contain barred windows, locked doors and electronic surveillance. *Women do not leave the house unescorted, and men come and go frequently. *Large amounts of cash and condoms are usually present, as is a customer receipt book. * Today’s section on “How to spot human trafficking” comes from the “Human Trafficking: Preventing, Protecting, Prosecuting” by Susie Johnson, Government Relations, United Methodist Women
  41. 41. * *Things to do now: *Contact your local law enforcement agency about human trafficking in your community. *Find out how your local agency prevents and prosecutes trafficking. Are there safe houses? Do they provide legal or translation services? Are there medical or counseling services offered to assist victims of trafficking in your community?
  42. 42. * *For more information on how to spot trafficking, visit the Los Angeles Metro Task Force on Human Trafficking at lapd.phantomdesign.com/resources/report.cfm *and HumanTrafficking.org: www.humantrafficking.org/combat_trafficking. *Also, the Anaheim Police Department has been doing exemplary work in targeting the criminal while securing the victim!
  43. 43. * Global Center for Women and Justice Ending Human Trafficking Podcasts Also has 2014 Toolkits to end Human Trafficking http://gcwj.vanguard.edu/resources/trafficking/

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