Testicular cancer


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Testicular cancer, or cancer of the testes, occurs in the testicles (testes), inside the scrotum. The scrotum is a loose bag of skin under the penis. Male sex hormones, testosterone, and sperm for reproduction are produced in the testicles. The testicles are a pair of male sex glands, also known as gonads.

Testosterone controls the development of the reproductive organs, and other male physical characteristics.

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Testicular cancer

  1. 1. What is Testicular Cancer • Testicular cancer affects the testicles of human males. • The testicles are contained in the scrotum – which is a loose bag of skin under the penis. • When testicular cancer is discovered, it is essential to diagnose the type of cancer cells. • Like most other cancers, it can be treated if diagnosed at an early stage.
  2. 2. Symptoms of the ailment • A swelling and/or lump in one or both of the testes. • Discomfort in a testicle or the scrotum. • Pain in the lower abdominal area, groin, or lower back. • Shortness of breath, coughing, or chest pain – in addition to any of the above symptoms.
  3. 3. Types of testicular cancer • The most common type of testicular cancer is known as germ cell testicular cancer. • There are two main subtypes of germ cell testicular cancer. They are: • Seminomas, which account for around 40% of all germ cell testicular cancers. • Non-seminomas, which account for around 60% of all germ cell testicular cancers.
  4. 4. Stages involved in Testicular Cancer The process of determining the spread of the cancer into the other parts of the body is called staging. Staging can be divided into three different levels depending on the spread of the disease: • Stage I cancer has not spread beyond the testicle. • Stage II cancer has spread to lymph nodes in the abdomen. • Stage III the cancer has spread further - to other parts of the body. This could include the lungs, liver, brain and bones.
  5. 5. Types of Treatment Treatment depends on the stage of the cancer, overall health conditions and the preferences. The treatment options used can be of three different types: Surgical Treatment: • Involves removal of the testicle and some lymph nodes. • Can be used to treat both - seminoma and the nonseminoma.
  6. 6. Types of Treatment contd.. Radiation therapy: • Uses high energy radiation to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors. • Is used to treat Stage 2 seminoma (tumor of the testes). • Never used as primary therapy for nonseminoma. Chemotherapy: • Involves using anti-cancer drugs to kill cancer cells. • Is usually prescribed to patients with advanced testicular cancer. • Two commonly used drugs are cisplatin and bleomycin.
  7. 7. Advanced Cancer Treatment • Testicular cancer CAN BE CURED. • It is a long term treatment, which requires the patient to go through regular check-ups and follow-ups. • Remember, an optimistic outlook goes a long way! Wockhardt Hospitals is accredited by the National Accreditation Board for Hospitals and Healthcare Providers (NABH)
  8. 8. About us Wockhardt hospitals provide specialized treatment for testicular cancer performed by experienced surgeons with best in-class treatment offering quality, credibility and trust. To know more, click here Wockhardt Hospitals is a chain of tertiary care super-specialty hospitals in India. The chain of hospitals is owned by Wockhardt Ltd, a global pharmaceutical and biotechnology company headquartered in Mumbai, India.
  9. 9. Bibliography • http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/166993.php • http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Cancer-of-the-testicle/Pages/Introduction.aspx • http://www.webmd.com/cancer/tc/testicular-cancer-symptoms • http://www.medicinenet.com/testicular_cancer/page3.htm#how_is_testicular_cance r_treated_what_are_the_side_effects_of_treatment • http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/166993.php • http://www.medicinenet.com/testicular_cancer/page4.htm#is_followup_treatment_fornecessary_what_does_it_involve • http://www.wockhardthospitals.com/testicular-cancer-symptoms-treatment.html Disclaimer: The information provided in this presentation is for education purpose only. It shouldn’t be considered as expert or medical advice from Wockhardt Hospitals
  10. 10. Visit us at facebook.com/WockhardtHospitals twitter.com/WockhardtHosp linkedin.com/company/Wockhardt-Hospitals slideshare.com/WockhardtHospitals youtube.com/TheWockhardtHospital BeatOfHealth.com WockhardtHospitals.com WockhrdtHospitals.com/contact-us/contactdetails.html Thank You