Tips for Creating Beef Cattle Handling Facilities

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Dr. Dave Kammel, UW Extension Specialist, tips for creating useful handling facilities for today's beef operations. This presentation was given at the 2011 Wisconsin Cattlemen's Winter Conference.

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  • The horse management plan is relatively simple. In its simplest form it is simply a set of lists. One list describes the needs of the horse for a clean, dry comfortable environment. Another list describes the needa and wants of the owner. This may include the labor and management activities the owner wants to put in place for the care of the horse. The barn design should fit the owners management plan. The specifications of the building are a list of features that will meet both the horses needs, and the owners needs and wants. These features can be incorporated into the building design. Prioritizing and deciding on the the list of building features will usually become part of the budgeting process to determine where money will be spent. Needs are usually higher priority than wants, but if the budget is large enough they may be part of the project. Wants of the owners may or may not be necessary to the comfort of the animal and may be of lower priority in the budget if choices must be made on how and where the budget will be spent.
  • Tips for Creating Beef Cattle Handling Facilities

    1. 1. Creating Useful Handling Facilities for Today’s Beef Operations David W. Kammel BSE- UW-Madison
    2. 4. Reasons for Handling Facility <ul><li>Safety </li></ul><ul><ul><li>People </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Injuries cost money </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stress costs money </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>How many here have been injured while handling cattle? </li></ul>
    3. 5. Reasons for Handling Facility <ul><li>Safety </li></ul><ul><ul><li>People </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Injuries cost money </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stress costs money </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cattle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Injuries costs money </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stress costs money </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How many here have been docked for injuries to cattle? </li></ul></ul>
    4. 6. Reasons for Handling Facility <ul><li>Safety </li></ul><ul><ul><li>People </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Injuries cost money </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stress costs money </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cattle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Injuries costs money </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stress costs money </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Time </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Your time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Vet’s time </li></ul></ul>
    5. 7. The Design Process <ul><li>Develop the cattle handling </li></ul><ul><li> management plan </li></ul><ul><li>Investigate and develop alternative designs on paper </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate alternatives and options </li></ul><ul><li>Choose the “best” system design </li></ul><ul><li>Troubleshoot and implement the design </li></ul>Iterate Design Change Design
    6. 8. Develop a Cattle Handling Management Plan (on paper) <ul><ul><li>Define activities that need to be performed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Restraint for Treatments </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Vaccinations </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pregnancy check </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dehorning </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Castration </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ear tagging </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Implants </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Worming </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Parasite Control </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sorting </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Loading/ Unloading </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Weighing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Define number and type of cattle to be treated </li></ul><ul><li>List Needs (and wants) of the Owner </li></ul><ul><li>Determine features that meet these needs and (wants) </li></ul><ul><li>Prioritize the list of features </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a sketch of what you have now </li></ul>
    7. 9. <ul><li>to implement your management plan and protocols </li></ul><ul><li>to protect you </li></ul><ul><li>to protect your animals </li></ul><ul><li>save you time </li></ul>Cattle Handling System is a tool:
    8. 10. Cattle handling design principles <ul><li>Cattle are herd animals and prefer to move in a group </li></ul><ul><li>Cattle want to follow herd mates </li></ul><ul><li>Cattle are stressed when separated and alone </li></ul><ul><li>Cattle prefer to see where they are going </li></ul><ul><li>Handler moving opposite the flow of cattle in an alley encourages forward movement of cattle </li></ul><ul><li>When blocked cattle want to return from where they came </li></ul><ul><li>Cattle prefer to go around something they feel pressure from </li></ul>
    9. 11. <ul><li>Holding pen </li></ul><ul><li>Crowding Tub </li></ul><ul><li>Head Gate </li></ul><ul><li>Working </li></ul><ul><li>Chute </li></ul>Basic sections in a cattle handling facility
    10. 12. Holding Pens
    11. 13. Crowding Tub Entrance
    12. 14. Working Chute
    13. 15. Scale
    14. 16. Squeeze Chute
    15. 17. Palpation Door Open
    16. 18. Palpation Door Closed
    17. 19. Injection site Access closed
    18. 20. Injection site Access open
    19. 21. Portable Squueze Chute
    20. 22. Sorting Pens
    21. 23. Shelter
    22. 25. Cattle Flow Crowding Tub Squeeze Headgate
    23. 26. Crowding Tub Cattle Flow
    24. 27. Stephen Boyles OSU Extension [email_address]
    25. 28. Stephen Boyles OSU Extension [email_address]
    26. 29. Stephen Boyles OSU Extension [email_address]
    27. 30. Stephen Boyles OSU Extension [email_address]
    28. 31. Stephen Boyles OSU Extension [email_address]
    29. 32. Stephen Boyles OSU Extension [email_address]
    30. 33. Stephen Boyles OSU Extension [email_address]
    31. 34. Stephen Boyles OSU Extension [email_address]
    32. 35. Stephen Boyles OSU Extension [email_address]
    33. 36. Stephen Boyles OSU Extension [email_address]
    34. 37. Stephen Boyles OSU Extension [email_address]
    35. 38. Bud Box working principles <ul><li>Place exit opening as close to the entry gate as possible </li></ul><ul><li>Cattle must go past the exit opening </li></ul><ul><li>Concerns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stockmanship is a priority </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Working cattle from inside the pen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preferable to work from outside the pen with flag or on a catwalk </li></ul></ul>
    36. 39. Bud Box Design <ul><li>14’ x 20’ to load a chute </li></ul><ul><li>14’ x 30’ to load a truck </li></ul><ul><li>Number of animals worked through bud box should match the capacity of the working alley </li></ul><ul><li>Bud box capacity should be no more than half full </li></ul><ul><li>Exit opening wide enough for one animal (or double alley) </li></ul><ul><li>Person working properly is important </li></ul>
    37. 40. Bud Box Plan
    38. 41. Bud Box Cattle Flow Open sides Solid gate 14’ 20’ Loading chute 30’ Loading truck Exit Entry Pass
    39. 42. Bud Box Cattle Flow
    40. 43. Bud Box Cattle Flow
    41. 44. Bud Box Cattle Flow Stephen Boyles OSU Extension [email_address]
    42. 45. Bud Box Cattle Flow Stephen Boyles OSU Extension [email_address]
    43. 46. Bud Box Cattle Flow Stephen Boyles OSU Extension [email_address]
    44. 47. Bud Box Cattle Flow Stephen Boyles OSU Extension [email_address]
    45. 48. Bud Box Cattle Flow Stephen Boyles OSU Extension [email_address]
    46. 49. Bud Box Cattle Flow Stephen Boyles OSU Extension [email_address]
    47. 50. Bud Box Cattle Flow Stephen Boyles OSU Extension [email_address]
    48. 51. Simple Working Chute
    49. 57. Small Cattle Handling Facility
    50. 58. Small Cattle Handling Facility
    51. 59. Small Cattle Handling Facility
    52. 60. Stephen Boyles OSU Extension [email_address]
    53. 61. Stephen Boyles OSU Extension [email_address]
    54. 62. Stephen Boyles OSU Extension [email_address]
    55. 63. Stephen Boyles OSU Extension [email_address]
    56. 64. Stephen Boyles OSU Extension [email_address]
    57. 65. Stephen Boyles OSU Extension [email_address]
    58. 66. Stephen Boyles OSU Extension [email_address]
    59. 67. Stephen Boyles OSU Extension [email_address]
    60. 68. Stephen Boyles OSU Extension [email_address]
    61. 69. Stephen Boyles OSU Extension [email_address]
    62. 70. Stephen Boyles OSU Extension [email_address]
    63. 71. Stephen Boyles OSU Extension [email_address]
    64. 72. Stephen Boyles OSU Extension [email_address]
    65. 73. Stephen Boyles OSU Extension [email_address]
    66. 74. Remodeled Cattle Handling Facility
    67. 80. Remodeled Stall Barn Bud Box
    68. 81. Recycled materials <ul><ul><li>Harvestore Panels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grain bin panels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rough sawn lumber </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Highway guard rails </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Railroad ties </li></ul></ul>
    69. 82. Recycled materials
    70. 83. Recycled materials
    71. 84. Recycled materials
    72. 85. Cattle Handling System Design Details <ul><li>Working Chute </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Solid Sides </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minimum 20’ length </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Curved </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blocking gate at entry and exit </li></ul></ul><ul><li>One way gates two body lengths behind chute </li></ul><ul><li>Squeeze chute for varied animal sizes </li></ul><ul><li>Head gate </li></ul><ul><li>Scale option </li></ul><ul><li>Number of holding/sorting Pens </li></ul><ul><li>Crowding Area </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Circular tub </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Funnel shaped with angle on one side </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Gates in corners of pens </li></ul><ul><li>Gates in direction of cattle flow 180 degree or more </li></ul><ul><li>Safety Passes/Gates 14” clear </li></ul><ul><li>Loading chute near crowding area </li></ul>
    73. 86. <ul><ul><li>Nonslip Walking surface </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Loading Chute </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Alleys </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Exit at head gate </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nonslip surface </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Deep concrete grooves </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Slats </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Diamond pattern </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>V shaped chutes for varied animals size </li></ul></ul>Cattle Handling System Design Details <ul><ul><li>Minimize square corners and sharp turns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Obstacles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protrusions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bolts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nails </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Edges </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Latches and gates swings (squeaks) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inspect before use </li></ul></ul>
    74. 87. Site Selection Features <ul><li>Easy Access for vehicles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Loading and unloading </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>130-150’ Diameter for truck access w/o backing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All weather road </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Central to pastures and farm site </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fences of increasing strength the closer to the handling facility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vehicle type </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Truck trailer </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Flat bed </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Straight truck </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Semi trailer…. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Utilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cattle </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cleanup </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Electricity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lights </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>equipment </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drainage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cattle move uphill to handling </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Security </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Unauthorized access </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Biosecurity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expansion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Natural and uniform lighting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Traffic pattern one way and circular </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No backtracking </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All weather use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Roof over restraint </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Shade </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rain </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wind </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    75. 88. <ul><li>to implement your management plan and protocols </li></ul><ul><li>to protect you </li></ul><ul><li>to protect your animals </li></ul><ul><li>save you time </li></ul>Cattle Handling System is a tool:
    76. 89. Questions?

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