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Population Issues: Sub-Saharan Africa


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Population Issues: Sub-Saharan Africa

  1. 1. Population issuesSub-Saharan, Africa
  2. 2. Labor force Population density 34.7 317.4 millions (2008) people/km² Unemployment Urban population rate 36.9% (2009) 22.5% (2008) GNI (US$ billions, 2009)Age dependency ratio 84.9 (2009) 879.6
  3. 3. • Africa is staying in stage 1• High br high dr
  4. 4. Low level of education and affluenceLow level of Importance education of children as and lack of part of status and Factors labour forceemployment affecting the High Fertility rates The low cost of raising and Low educating urbanization children
  5. 5. Why do you Think Africa is the way it is Today?
  6. 6. • Tribes that are disharmony• Different practices• Lack of food nutrition• Low educated• lack of high tech
  7. 7. Others opinion on ‘Why do you Think Africa is the way it is Today?’• ‘Another reason is that • ‘Another one is that the people and foundations government doesn’t care send and send and send and about its people; all they send money to them,but care is about money and where does it go??????? money!!! And this is no fair They are a gigantic when people are sacrificing population, what will they their life for the government do with the what they get is suffering money, probably burn it as and starvation.’ coal to heat up their " food" , and the government swallows it. Oh, sorry there is no government, I mean the WEALTHY PEOPLE SWALLOW IT. ‘
  8. 8. • ‘White men saw them and used them as animals just because of their color. Sold them for thousands of years as slaves around the world. Being mistreated, abused , hit, killed, and used for labor without payment, for most of slavery it was like this. Like people saw them as worthless animals, only good for working, nobody cared about educating them.’
  9. 9. • Rwanda is Africas most • In a country where 90 densely populated non- percent of people depend island nation on small-scale farming and• population density of more with a GDP per capita of just than 1,000 people per $500 square mile • Rwandas people are in competition for scarce land.
  10. 10. • Although there is recent Thomas Malthus, had a improvement in farming miserable hypothesis: that global population would eventually outpace food production capacity and• Rwanda is expected to population size would remain stuck in poverty thereafter be limited by unless population war, disease and famine. growth is decreased.
  11. 11. • fertility rate of 5.4 births per woman, and a population growth rate of 2.9 percent, Rwanda’s population of 10.4 million is on path to double in size in just 24 years, according to data from the Population Reference Bureau.• assumed most would not live to adulthood.
  12. 12. • So…Rwanda’s government has made family planningAnd awareness that high fertility is drivingpoverty and hunger.
  13. 13. • “It was very difficult to talk about family planning after the genocide,” he said. “People wanted to replace those who had died.”• Also due to religion
  14. 14. Why has it been so difficult to discuss these issues in Africa?African elites have long had theperception that rapid population growth was not an issue o The vastness of Africa o Abundance of resources o Relatively low population densities o The threat of HIV/AIDS
  15. 15. Examples of population programs and how1 they work. Increase level of female education 2 Legal reform & access to family planning services 3 Economic and social development 4 Level of commitment of the leadership Example : Tunisia
  16. 16. A few naysayers still claim that Africa is under-populated or not enough to trigger economic development. Claim is invalid When fertility is high and population growth rapid, weface different kind of vicious circle. •Governments need to provide so many people with education and health services but the resources provide those investments are just not there. •Ideologies come into play •As well as social conservative thinking. Solution is to let people, especially women, decide for themselves and to provide them with the means to extract their choices.
  17. 17. How does gender play a role in the population growth debate? Women have little choice in the decision of child bearing. They need to bear children as means of social recognition & economic survival.Some are poorly educated.Family planning services are often inadequate.Early marriage. Young girls become pregnant too early, extending child-bearing year
  18. 18. Projects and programs in place to address the issue of population growth Data collection and statistical strengtheningCountry Assistance Strategies and Country Economic memorandumsPrepared a Multi-sector demographic project in NigerCreated a new Ministry of populationNew population policyLaunching of sensitization campaigns throughout the countryConvening of a successful national forum on population, development and genderissues.