U.S. Ocean Wave Energy Project Resource Guide 04 21 12
U.S. Ocean Wave Energy Project Resource Guide Updated Quarterly – Version 04-21-12 Produced by William F. Lyte Bill.Lyte@ProteanEnergy.com Copyright 2012 – All Rights ReservedThe intent of this resource guide is to “fast track” the growth of the U.S. wave energy industry.It identifies all the entities customarily to be involved in a U.S. wave energy project, with linksto the appropriate portions of their websites.The general steps to beginning a U.S. wave energy project are:(1) Research U.S. wave energy conditions through EPRI’s wave resources report, Mapping andAssessment of United States Ocean Energy Wave Resource.(2) Contact the Ocean Renewable Energy Coalition for project assistance and referral toappropriate individuals within organizations.(3) Contact federal agencies:A. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission,B. EERE Water Power ProgramC. Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM).D. U.S. Navy’s NAVFAC Engineering Service Center for projects at U.S. Navy or Marine Corps facilitiesE. NOAA as the project moves into technical planning.(4) Contact necessary State and university testing locations, regional wave energy planningorganizations, project equipment supply, engineering, legal, insurance and financial supportfirms.All are identified in this document, which will be updated quarterly to add new firms, technicalcapabilities and test facilities as they become available.Please email me any (1) links to be added into this document, or (2) suggestions forimprovement, at BillLyte@ProteanEnergy.com. There is no charge to be included in this WaveEnergy Project Resource Guide.
OCEAN RENEWABLE ENERGY COALITION (OREC)Ocean Renewable Energy Council. The primary wave energy organization for the United Statesis the Ocean Renewable Energy Coalition, based in Washington, D.C. OREC hosts the annualGlobal Marine Renewable Conference which is held in late April of each year. Sean O’Neill isOREC’s President (tel. 301-869-3790; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org ); Carolyn Elefant isGeneral Counsel, Legislative/Regulatory Affairs (tel. 202-297-6100; e-mail:email@example.com INTERNATIONAL AND U.S. WAVE ENERGY PLANNING AND STANDARDS ORGANIZATIONSInternational Energy Agency’s (IAE) Implementing Agreement on Ocean Energy Systems(OES-IA). This is composed of representatives of nearly 20 countries involved in oceanenergy. Their Annual Report 2010-Implementing Agreement on Ocean Energy Systems ispublished by their Executive Committee, and is a valuable resource for all ocean energyinterested parties.International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) Standards Development Committee. TheIEC’s TC 114 Marine Energy - Wave, Tidal, and Other Water Current Converters working group isdeveloping international standards for marine energy conversion systems. The primary focuswill be on conversion of wave, tidal and other water current energy into electrical energy,although other conversion methods, systems and products are included. Tidal barrage and daminstallations, as covered by TC 4, are excluded.The standards produced by TC 114 will address system definition, performance measurementof wave, tidal and water, current energy converters, resource assessment requirements, designand survivability, safety requirements, power quality, manufacturing and factory testing,evaluation and mitigation of environmental impacts.Det Norske Veritas - DNV (Det Norske Veritas) is an independent foundation with the purposeof safeguarding life, property, and the environment. Their Guidelines on Design and Operationof Wave Energy Converters was commissioned by the Carbon Trust, a UK initiative set up tostimulate and support the advancement low carbon economy.GL Renewables Certification. GL Renewables Certification (GL RC). This internationalcertification body is active in the USA. GL RC is also working to develop GL Guidelines forcertification specific to wave and tidal technologies.
Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI). EPRI is an independent. Non-profit companyperforming research, development and demonstration in the electricity sector for the benefit ofthe public. In the ocean energy sector, they have recently completed their Mapping andAssessment of United States Ocean Energy Wave Resource. U.S. FEDERAL AGENCIESU.S. Federal Departments and their Agencies are extremely involved in United States oceanenergy projects. These involvements can include policy development, regulatory activities,research and development and funding. Among these are: U.S. Department of Commerce U.S. Department of Defense U.S. Department of Energy U.S. Department of InteriorThese are discussed below:I. U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCENational Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). NOAA plays an important role in thesiting and environmentally-sound operation of renewable ocean energy projects. Throughconsultation activities, NOAA provides science-based information, conservationrecommendations, and project alternative recommendations to ensure the long-termsustainability of living marine resources and associated habitats.NOAA Centers, Laboratories and ProgramsNOAA Earth System Research LaboratoryMultipurpose Marine Cadastre (Partnership between NOAA National Ocean Service and Bureauof Ocean Energy Management (U.S.Department of Interior)2. U.S. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSEU.S. NavyThe U.S. Navy’s goal is to obtain 50% of the energy consumed by 2025 from renewableresources. A discussion of this program is included in the Department of the Navy’s EnergyProgram for Security and Independence.U.S. Navy Centers, Laboratories and Programs
Naval Facilities Engineering Command (NAVFAC). NAVFAC is the Systems Command thatdelivers and maintains quality, sustainable facilities, acquires and manages capabilities for theNavy’s expeditionary combat forces, provides contingency engineering response, and enablesenergy security and environmental stewardship. Naval Ocean Facilities Program. The NOFP (aka the OFP) was established in the late 1960s asthe Navy’s center for Ocean and Waterfront Facilities Engineering. The NOFP Mission is to serveas the U. S. Navys facilities expert for engineering, maintaining and installing ocean, littoral andunderwater systems and for design and certification of shore based hyperbaric facilities. NAVFAC Engineering Service Center (ESC). ESC is the Department of Defense (DoD) Providerfor seafloor engineering, moorings, shore-based hyperbaric facilities and underwater cablefacilities. The Ocean Facilities Department also provides specialized engineering in pier andwharf condition assessment, marine and offshore structures, and ocean construction. TheDepartment maintains NAVFAC’s Ocean Engineering Subject Matter Experts in Fleet Moorings,Underwater Construction, Magnetic Silencing, Underwater Inspection, and Underwater CableFacilities. Naval Sea Floor Cable Protection Office. NSFPO protects the Navy’s interests with respect tosea floor cables by providing internal coordination and external representation of the Navy’sinterests and concerns to DOD, other government agencies, and the industry (both foreign anddomestic).Department of the Navy Wave Energy Test FacilitiesWave Energy Test Site - Marine Corp Base Hawaii (MCBH) - Kaneohe Bay3. U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (USDOE)Wind and Water Power Program. The USDOE supports ocean wave energy through its EnergyEfficiency and Renewable Energy EERE Water Power Program. Their publications include:Deployment Effects of Marine Renewable Energy Technologies, and Siting Handbook forHydrokinetics - Navigating the Regulatory Framework. They also produce the Marine andHydrokinetic Technology Database.USDOE Centers, Laboratories and ProgramsNational Renewable Energy Center is the only federal laboratory dedicated to the research,development, commercialization and deployment of renewable energy and energy efficiencytechnologies.Pacific Northwest Laboratory Marine Sciences Lab. is the USDOE’s only marine researchlaboratory.
Sandia National Laboratories leads work to examine the cost-effectiveness and reliability oftechnology for the Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Marine and Hydrokinetic (MHK) program,which include wave, current/tide, and thermal-energy conversionUSDOE Ocean Energy Testing LocationsHawaii National Marine Renewable Energy Center (HNMREC)’s Mission is to facilitatedevelopment and commercialization of wave energy conversion (WEC) devices and oceanthermal energy conversion (OTEC) systems.Northwest National Marine Renewable Energy Center. Oregon State University (OSU) andUniversity of Washington (UW) are partnering to develop the Northwest National MarineRenewable Energy Center (NNMREC) with a full range of capabilities to support wave and tidalenergy development for the United States.Southeast National Marine Renewable Energy Center (SNMREC) was established at FloridaAtlantic to assess making renewable energy from ocean currents and ocean thermal energyusing DOE funds.USDOE Regulatory AgenciesFederal Energy Regulatory Commission is involved from a regulatory standpoint in projects thatgenerate electricity from waves or directly from the flow of water in ocean currents, tides, orinland waterways. (See Federal Energy Regulatory Commission - Licensing of HydrokineticProjects4. U.S. DEPARTMENT OF INTERIORBureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) manages the exploration and development ofthe nations offshore resources. BOEM is responsible for offshore Renewable Energy Programs.The Renewable Energy Program grants leases, easements, and rights-of-way for orderly, safe,and environmentally responsible renewable energy development activities.BOEM reference documents include Bureau of Ocean Energy Management - Renewable Energyon the Outer Continental Shelf and Wave and Current Energy Generating Devices Criteria andStandards
U.S. STATE TEST FACILITIES AND CONSORTIUMAlong the U.S. coast, most states, their universities, regional planning organizations and privatesector firms, supported by the U.S. Government, have wave energy programs underway. This isa partial list, with wave energy test facilities identified as a vital industry resource.I. Northeast Coast University of New Hampshire CORE Facility Maine Tidal Power Initiative Northwest Regional Ocean Council (NROC). Cape and Islands Energy Information ClearinghouseII. Southeast U.S. Southeast National Marine Renewable Energy Center University of North Carolina Coastal Studies Institute.III. West Coast U.S.Alaska Alaska Renewable Energy Project University of Alaska at AnchorageWashington University of Washington USDOE NNMREC Tidal Program Snohomish Public Utility DistrictOregon Oregon State University USDOE NNMREC Wave Program Oregon Wave Energy Trust (OWET) OWET Licensing and Permitting RequirementsCalifornia California Ocean Protection Council Offshore Wave Energy Project Guide California Energy Commission Coastal Data Information Program (U.C. San Diego Scripps Institute of OceanographyHawaii Hawaii National Marine Renewable Energy Center Wave Energy Test Site (WETS) - Marine Corps Base Hawaii, Kaneohe Bay
WAVE ENERGY SYSTEM DEVELOPERSThis is a partial list of worldwide firms with wave energy systems, including some involved inU.S. wave energy projects. Aquamarine Power - Edinburgh, Scotland Atlantis Resources –UK (Tidal Power) Atargis Energy – Colorado Springs, CO Atmocean, Inc. - Santa Fe, NM Biopower Systems - Mascot, NSW, Australia Carnegie Wave Energy – West Freemantle, Australia Columbia Power Technologies- Corvallis, OR Ecomerit Technologies -Santa Barbara, CA Fred Olson, Ltd. - UK INRI-Sea Dog - Eden Prairie, MN Marine Current Turbines (Siemens) – Bristol, UK (Tidal Power) M3 Wave Energy Systems – Corvallis, OR Natural Power Corporation– Honolulu, HI Neptune Power Corporation - Dallas, TX Nautricity - Glasgow, Scotland (Tidal Power) Ocean Energy, Ltd. – Cork, Ireland Ocean Power Technologies, Inc. - Pennington, NJ Ocean Renewable Power Company - Portland, ME Oceanlinx - Macquarie Park, NSW, Australia Pelamis Wave Power - Edinburgh, Scotland, UK Protean Energy, Ltd.- Subiaco, Western Australia Resolute Marine Energy - Boston, MA Turner Hunt Ocean Renewable- Cincinnati, OH - Ocean Current Power Voith Hydro – Inverness, Scotland (and WaveGen) Vortex Hydro Energy – Michigan (Tidal Power) www.wavebob.com – Annapolis, MD Wave Dragon – South Wales, UK Wave Star Energy- Denmark WaveBerg – New York, NY
OCEAN ENERGY TECHNICAL SUPPORT FIRMSInsurance and Risk Management ABS Consulting - Houston, TX G-Cube Insurance Services – Newport Beach, CAEngineering and Consulting AECOM - Los Angeles, CA Basile, Baumann, Prost & Cole - Annapolis, MD Cardinal Engineering - Annapolis, MD Cardno-Tec – Charlottesville, VA DZSP21 – Guam Ecology & Environment – Lancaster, NY Fugro – UK GL-Garrad Hassan – San Diego, CA Global Marine Systems – Boston, MA HDR – Omaha, NB Healy-Tibbits Builders - Honolulu, HI Kleinschmidt, Inc. – U.S. Lyon Associates, Inc.- Honolulu, HI Makai Ocean Engineering, Inc.- Waimanalo, HI Science Applications International (SAIC) – Maclean, VA Moffatt & Nichol, Inc.- Long Beach, CA Pacific Energy Ventures, - Portland, Oregon PCCI, Inc. – Alexandria, VA Re-Vision Consulting, LLC – Sacramento, CA Sea Engineering, Inc. – Waimanalo, HI Sound and Sea Technology, Inc, - Lynnwood, WA Tetra Tech, Inc.- Pasadena, CAGovernmental Relations Strategic Marketing Innovations – Washington, D.C.
Investment Banking and Financial Consulting Bentley Associates – New York, NY Bostonia – Boston, MA Electricore - (DOD/DOE Grants) – Santa Clarita, CA Hannon-Armstrong – Annapolis. MDLaw Allen Matkins – Los Angeles Chadbourne & Parke – New York, NY Manatt, Phelps & Phillips – Los Angeles Pierce Atwood – Portland, ME Stoel Rives - Portland, OR Sheldon, Mak & Anderson – Pasadena, CA Van Ness Feldman – Washington, D.C.Technical Systems and Equipment Aerojet Corporation – Sacramento, CA Biosonics - Seattle, WA Dresser Rand - Houston, TX Johnson Controls, Inc. - Milwaukee, WI Lockheed Martin - Bethesda, MD RDI Teledyne Instruments, Inc.- Poway, CA Phoenix International, Inc. - Largo, MD Princeton Power Systems - Princeton, NJ Science Applications International (SAIC) – Maclean, VA SBM Offshore, Inc.- Houston, TX
ABOUT THE AUTHORSince 2008, William Lyte has been involved in the wave energy industry as U.S. advisor toAustralian wave energy firm Protean Energy, Ltd., His work has included building relationshipsin California, Hawaii and Washington, D.C. with U.S. federal agencies, state utilities andstrategic partners. Mr. Lyte has twenty years of prior business development and technicalpositions with major U.S. consulting engineering firms such as Tetra Tech. Representingindustrial associations, he has helped to lead the approval of more than $7 billion of port,transportation and energy capital projects in Southern California. He has managed federalresearch projects leading to commercialization, and serves on the executive committees of twomajor state/federal port and intermodal organizations.Please contact William Lyte at Bill.Lyte@ProteanEnergy.com or (424) 477-7853.