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  1. 1. Introducing Bonobos knowledge/teacher-resources/
  2. 2. Have you heard of bonobos?
  3. 3. Bonobo Pan paniscus
  4. 4. Do the bonobos remind you of anything or anyone? Why?
  5. 5. The Great Apes • And according to some scientists, humans are great apes, too. •Bonobos •Orangutans •Gorillas •Chimpanzees
  6. 6. Which is which?
  7. 7. Which is which? Gorilla Bonobo Orangutan Chimpanzee
  8. 8. Meeting the bonobos • Bonobosarefound in only onecountry: theDemocratic Republic of Congo. • They inhabit theheart of the Congo Basin, thesecond largest rain forest on earth. • Thisregion isalso hometo a vast array of other wildlife speciesincluding leopard, forest elephant, sitatunga, bongo, okapi, forest buffalo, congo peacock, and avariety of primates.
  9. 9. Describe the physical characteristics of the bonobo.
  10. 10. Adult Females Adult Males • Average weight is 31 kg/68.3 lbs • Average height is 2.3 to 2.49 ft • Average weight is 39 kg/86 lbs • Average height is 2.40 to 2.72 ft
  11. 11. Bonobo Social Groups • Bonobos live in groups of up to 100 individuals. Most groups have between 25-75 bonobos. They form smaller groups during the day to forage. • What is foraging?
  12. 12. 57% of their diet is fruit • Bonobos forage for fruit, nuts, seeds, sprouts, vegetation, and mushrooms. • They eat various parts of plants, including the leaves, flowers, bark, stems, pith, and roots.
  13. 13. • They also eat insect larvae, earthworms, honey, eggs, and soil. Only sometimes do they eat small mammals and they very rarely hunt. • You could say they are primarily vegetarians or herbivores.
  14. 14. • At night, bonobos re-group and build night nests in the trees • These are made of branches, leaves, and other vegetation. • As they prepare to sleep, bonobos fill the twilight with a symphony of soprano squeals. Their high-pitched vocalizations sound like a flock of exotic birds.
  15. 15. • Bonobos and people share more than 98% of the same genetic make-up (DNA). • In our next lesson we will examine what other similarities – and differences – there are between bonobos and humans.