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Health 4.0

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Christoph Thuemmler outlines the drive toward dynamic health care

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Health 4.0

  1. 1. Professor Dr. Christoph Thuemmler Edinburgh Napier University, School of Computing MITI Institute, Technical University Munich HEALTH 4.0 Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
  2. 2. OUTNUMBERED Demographic and socio-economic aspects Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
  3. 3. Population tree United Kingdom Democratic Republic of Congo Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
  4. 4. 330 360 550 2006 2011 2020 HEALTH SPENDING: GERMANY (IN BILLION USD) Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
  5. 5. 156 357 1000 2006 2011 2020 HEALTH SPENDING: CHINA (IN BILLION USD) Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
  6. 6. Time Series Chart of UK Public Spending Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
  7. 7. Hospital beds Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
  8. 8. OUTDATED Why we need to change the way we deliver healthcare Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
  9. 9. Changing the Way Healthcare is Delivered Virtualization of Care Money Technology People Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
  10. 10. Shifting the point of care to the periphery Hospital Tele- Health M-Health Community- nurse Hospices Day- Surgery Day-clinics Physio- therapist Social Care Psycho- therapists Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
  11. 11. OUTGROWN Why we need new technologies and to update our digital infrastructures Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
  12. 12. • Mobile data up year on year 2013 – 2014 by 70% • Globally mobile data will grow 10 fold from 2014 – 2019 • Globally, mobile data traffic will reach 24.3 Exabytes per month by 2019 (the equivalent of 6,079 million DVDs each month), up from 2.5 Exabytes per month in 2014. • 97% will be smart traffic by 2019 (50% video content) • Data traffic grows much faster than network capacity • http://www.cisco.com/assets/sol/sp/vni/for ecast_highlights_mobile/index.html Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
  13. 13. Global Mobile Traffic Forecast Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015 Source: Cisco VNI Mobile, 2015, CAGR = Computed Annual Growth Rate
  14. 14. What kind of wireless devices will drive traffic Increase? Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015 Source: Cisco VNI Mobile, 2015, CAGR = Computed Annual Growth Rate
  15. 15. What will be driving the network traffic until 2019? • 4G (Voice) • M2M (Car-to-car, smart health, etc.) • Mobile Cloud Traffic (Video, Audio, Gaming, Social Networking) • WiFi - Offloading Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
  16. 16. mHealth Market Potential http://ec.europa.eu/digital-agenda/en/news/mhealth-what-it-infographic 28% 5% 30% 30% 7% Forecast: estimated global market value in 2017 17.6 billion EUR Divided as follows EU-China IoT Workshop London 2014 Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
  17. 17. Distributed Patient Centered Care Requirements • Virtualization • Real time = Low Latency • Far more devices to be connected • Interoperability • Safety, Security • Privacy (Role based Security, Geofencing, Federated Identity) • Reliability ( 5/9 99.999 % in some cases even 100%) Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
  18. 18. Software to Data Paradigm Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
  19. 19. IoT SDOs and alliances landscape Service & App B2C (e.g., Consumer Market) B2B (e.g., Industrial Internet Market) connectivity AIO TI P2413 Source: Huawei 802 Open Automotive Alliance Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
  20. 20. OUTSTANDING New ideas and technologies to tackle the challenges Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
  21. 21. Nomenclation • Industry 1.0 – automation (Steam) • Industry 2.0 – Electrification • Industry 3.0 – Computerization • Industry 4.0 – CPS +++ Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
  22. 22. Industry 4.0 Design Principles • Interoperabilität • Virtualization • Dezentralisierung • Real-time capability • Service Orientation • Modularity Herrmann M, Pentak T, Otto B (2015), Design Principles for Industrie 4.0 Scenarios: A Literature Review, Technische Universität Dortmund, Audi Foundation Professorship Supply Net Order Management Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
  23. 23. Industry 4.0 • Industry 4.0 is a major joint Strategy framework by the German Government and the German industry • It is considered beneficial for all major industries such as Manufacturing, Energy, Logistics, etc. • It will add value to processes through the creation of services on top of legacy systems Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
  24. 24. Acatech Study 2013 • http://www.acatech.de /fileadmin/user_upload /Baumstruktur_nach_W ebsite/Acatech/root/de /Material_fuer_Sonders eiten/Industrie_4.0/Fin al_report__Industrie_4. 0_accessible.pdf Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
  25. 25. Industry 4.0 • Horizontal integration through value networks • End-to-end integration through engineering across the entire value chain • Vertical integration and networked manufacturing systems • Individual customer and product features and specifications Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
  26. 26. Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
  27. 27. Virtual WorldVirtual World Real Worldl World Services Processor Terminal Sensor Storage John Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
  28. 28. Virtual WorldVirtual World Real WorldVirtual World Sensors Services Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
  29. 29. Virtual Worldual World Real WorldVirtual World Sensors Services DomainsCyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
  30. 30. Virtual Worldual World Real WorldVirtual World Sensors Services Domains CPS Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
  31. 31. OUTLOOK Where will all of this take us? Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
  32. 32. Hybrid Cloud Architecture for Virtualization of Care Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
  33. 33. Flowchart m-Health Application to support patients with Reflux disease Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
  34. 34. Monitoring pandemics utilizing the social web Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
  35. 35. SDN and MEC for Synchronization of telecom and service net Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
  36. 36. Software Defined Networks • To enhance the Quality of Experience for End-users • Aggregation of different verticals and services • Synchronization of telecommunication- and service network • Adjust Quality of Service (Big Data Analysis) • Solve local problems locally: direct local connection instead of directing every call to the back-end and back, thereby reducing bandwidth requirements. Carbon footprint? • SDN to enhance privacy Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
  37. 37. 5G Networks • More than just more of the same • Not only faster • New frequencies (spectrum negotiations with global standardization bodies in progress) • New functionalities • End-to-end latency down to 5 ms • 1000 times more devices Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
  38. 38. Conclusion • Health 4.0 will virtualize care and generate service layer on top of health legacy systems • More bandwidth and better connectivity needed • SDN to integrate telecom and service network • SDNs for aggregation of services and domains (verticals) • Mobile Edge Cloud to solve local problems locally Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015

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