Within Our ReachWillamette Pacific Lamprey          Carl B. SchreckOregon Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research UnitOrego...
Japanese Arctic Lamprey                                     Harvest from Ishikari RiverData from 2007 Ishikari River Arcti...
/ocean         ~1 yr
Life Cycle Timeline                                = FreshwaterCoho Salmon                     = Transition               ...
Pacific LampreyGabe Sheoships – CRITFC/OSULawrence Schwabe - Grande RondeCyndi Baker - Warm SpringsBrian McIlraith - CRITF...
Indigenous Management & Traditional   Ecological Knowledge of PacificLamprey (Entosphenus tridentatus) in     the Willamet...
IntroductionThe last century has not been kindto this species.
Pacific LampreyKsuyus’ (Sahaptin)Heesu’ (Nez Perce)Eel (Tribal people acquired this association from European settlers ...
Origin story: Winner takes allAs the legend goes, the lamprey and sucker fish placed a wager over a swimming race. The la...
Seven Drum Washat’ Longhouse  ReligionThe creator designated the Ksuyus’ as a       food source for the people, by the    ...
Traditional usage of lamprey
Traditional Usage of Ksuyus’First food honored each year in ceremony.Biotherapy.Omega 3 oils beneficial for hair, skin ...
Willamette Falls FisheryManagement Pre-Euro immigration, tribes valued Pacific  Lamprey for 10,000 years~. Traditional f...
Willamette Falls TEK Tribes practiced selective seasonal harvest  management of Willamette Run. Juvenile freshwater inha...
Willamette Falls circa 1913
Willamette Falls*Last abundant collectionpoint for lamprey used inreligious ceremonies bythe tribes.
Past traditional harvest sites:Celilo Falls (Inundation)Fifteenmile Creek (Poor returns)Kettle Falls/Columbia River(Inunda...
Future Concerns
Acknowledgements Crow, E. Nez Perce tribe. Monroe, J. Freshwaters Illustrated. 2012 www.critfc.org
Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation                                       Cyndi Baker
IssueDeclining abundance of lamprey in Columbia RiverAbundance of Pacific lamprey in the Willamette Basin was first esti...
HarvestLack of opportunity in Columbia River brings tribes from Idaho to coastTypically occurs late June and July
Mark Recapture - AbundanceCapture lamprey in fish ladder April –SeptemberMark with PIT tags and visible dart tagLamprey...
Year       Ladder         Horseshoe2010   22,000 to 34,000    37,0002011   40,000 to 62,000    58,000
Ca. 1910 -1915
Presented by: Lawrence Schwabe
   Subsistence     Spiritual     Medicinal     Trade & Gift Giving     Way of Life“Skakwal” is Chinook Jargon (also k...
Project Objectives:1. Determine timing and movement patterns during upstream   migrations2. Identify over-wintering locati...
Tagging Summary2008 (CTGR)   111 tagged lamprey were above the Falls.              Tracked by boat & by 11 fixed telemetry...
Fixed Site LocationsRiver Mile     Mainstem       Tributary Organization    24                        Clackamas     CFS   ...
   Determine if lamprey    spawn in the mainstem    Willamette River.   Quantify the amount    and quality of juvenile  ...
Tribal Pacific LampreyRestoration PlanFor the Columbia River Basin                               40
41
Collaborative Lamprey      Conservation and         Restoration• Columbia River Basin Lamprey  Technical Workgroup• Lampre...
CRITFC Tribal Pacific Lamprey Restoration Plan• Mainstem Passage and Habitat• Tributary Passage and Habitat• Supplementati...
CRITFC Tribal Pacific Lamprey Restoration Plan• Mainstem Passage and Habitat• Tributary Passage and Habitat• Supplementati...
Collaborative Lamprey      Conservation and         Restoration• Other guiding documents • USACE Pacific Lamprey Passage  ...
Monitoring Pacific Lamprey Relative     Abundance and Distribution in the          Willamette River Basin   Lance Wyss, Be...
REARING
3 streamsMultiple visitsEarly May – Mid-June   SPAWNING
Larval Sampling Basins    2011, 2012, 2013    2012    2013 Spawning Surveys     Marys River    Thomas Creek     Clear Creek
Contaminated SedimentsSiletz Sediment (reference)   Portland Harbor Super Fund Site    Credits: Julia Unrein, Rob Chitwood...
Pacific lamprey biology:critical uncertainties & context                       Benjamin J. Clemens               Oregon De...
Willamette Falls    1913                   Source: Clackamas County Historical Society
Die-offTemp. > 20o
Tribal Harvest at                                       Willamette FallsK. Kostow, 2002 ODFW white paper; D. Ward 2001 ODFW
Willamette   Last stronghold?Example for other basins?
= “Immature” Males    674 mm             525 mm1 Collection Date                      Clemens 2011 Ph.D. dissertation
STREAM MATURING TYPEOCEAN MATURING TYPE               Clemens 2011 Ph.D. dissertatio
Clemens, Wyss, McCoun, Schwabe, Courter, Duery, Vaughn & Schreck 2012 Report to CRITFC
Lamprey Critical Uncertainties•   Moser et al. 2007 Rev. Fish Biol. Fish.•   Mesa et al. 2009•   Luzier et al. 2009•   Cle...
Photo credit: Jeremy Monroe , Freshwater Illustrated
Lamprey Critical Uncertainties•   Biology (basic; stress, disease; pop’n dynamics)•   Population structure (genetics)•   H...
Lamprey Critical Uncertainties•   Climate change•   Human pop’n & economic growth•   Ocean conditions•   Pop’n structure• ...
Context• Science  – Explore, Describe, Test, Monitor, Model,    Predict  – Synthesize, Integrate, Refine     • Status and ...
Context: Scale
NASA
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
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Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.

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Presented at Within Our Reach 2012 by:
CARL SHRECK - Professor and Leader, Oregon Cooperative Fishery Research Unit, Oregon Dept. of Fish & Wildlife
GABE SCHEOSHIPS - Columbia River Intertribal Fish Commission
CYNDI BAKER - Fisheries Biologist, Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs
LANCE WYSS - Faculty Research Assistant, Willamette River Basin Lamprey Project, Oregon State University
BRIAN McILRAITH - Pacific Lamprey Project Lead, Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission

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  • Europe, too
  • Problem with each phase of the life cycle -Juvenile feeding on all -Top of the food chain (feeds on everything out there in the ocean) -marine fish stock depletion
  • Willamette Falls circa 1913 (Crow).
  • Questions
  • The plan is a group effort of CRITFC and its member tribes: Yakama Warm Springs Umatilla Nez Perce Focused on the entire Columbia River basin and centered around the entire life history of Pacific lamprey
  • Mainstem passage and habitat: Primary initial focus—the most urgent problem-facing lamprey in the CRB Improving passage at all mainstem dams in the Columbia, Snake, and Willamette Rivers Improving migration and rearing habitat in mainstem and estuary areas Focused on adult AND juvenile lamprey---upstream and downstream movers Adult mainstem passage Juvenile mainstem passage Mainstem and estuary habitat
  • Mainstem passage and habitat: Primary initial focus—the most urgent problem-facing lamprey in the CRB Improving passage at all mainstem dams in the Columbia, Snake, and Willamette Rivers Improving migration and rearing habitat in mainstem and estuary areas Focused on adult AND juvenile lamprey---upstream and downstream movers Adult mainstem passage Juvenile mainstem passage Mainstem and estuary habitat
  • Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.

    1. 1. Within Our ReachWillamette Pacific Lamprey Carl B. SchreckOregon Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research UnitOregon Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit
    2. 2. Japanese Arctic Lamprey Harvest from Ishikari RiverData from 2007 Ishikari River Arctic LampreyCultural Conservation & Restoration Project Report
    3. 3. /ocean ~1 yr
    4. 4. Life Cycle Timeline = FreshwaterCoho Salmon = Transition = Ocean Pacific Lamprey
    5. 5. Pacific LampreyGabe Sheoships – CRITFC/OSULawrence Schwabe - Grande RondeCyndi Baker - Warm SpringsBrian McIlraith - CRITFCLance Wyss - OCFWRU/F&W, OSUBen Clemens – OSU/ODFW Siletz & FWS
    6. 6. Indigenous Management & Traditional Ecological Knowledge of PacificLamprey (Entosphenus tridentatus) in the Willamette River Basin. Gabe Sheoships Within Our Reach 2012
    7. 7. IntroductionThe last century has not been kindto this species.
    8. 8. Pacific LampreyKsuyus’ (Sahaptin)Heesu’ (Nez Perce)Eel (Tribal people acquired this association from European settlers early 1900s).Entosphenus tridentatus (Latin)
    9. 9. Origin story: Winner takes allAs the legend goes, the lamprey and sucker fish placed a wager over a swimming race. The lamprey lost, and thus lost all of it’s scales and bones to the sucker.
    10. 10. Seven Drum Washat’ Longhouse ReligionThe creator designated the Ksuyus’ as a food source for the people, by the seven gill slits on it’s body.
    11. 11. Traditional usage of lamprey
    12. 12. Traditional Usage of Ksuyus’First food honored each year in ceremony.Biotherapy.Omega 3 oils beneficial for hair, skin tone, many other things.Fertility promoting qualities.
    13. 13. Willamette Falls FisheryManagement Pre-Euro immigration, tribes valued Pacific Lamprey for 10,000 years~. Traditional fishing location for:  Nez Perce  Yakama tribes  Warm Springs, Wasco, Pauite  Umatilla, Cayuse, Walla Walla  Grande Ronde, Kalapuyan, Mollala  Chinook, Clackamas, Tualatin
    14. 14. Willamette Falls TEK Tribes practiced selective seasonal harvest management of Willamette Run. Juvenile freshwater inhabitants outmigration related to lunar activity. Adult fish were known to return to the Falls when precipitation declined. Adult returns have always been “patchy” or highly variable.
    15. 15. Willamette Falls circa 1913
    16. 16. Willamette Falls*Last abundant collectionpoint for lamprey used inreligious ceremonies bythe tribes.
    17. 17. Past traditional harvest sites:Celilo Falls (Inundation)Fifteenmile Creek (Poor returns)Kettle Falls/Columbia River(Inundation)Sherars Falls/Deschutes River (Poorreturns)Savage Rapids Dam/Rogue River(Poor returns)Winchester Dam/Umpqua River (Poorreturns)
    18. 18. Future Concerns
    19. 19. Acknowledgements Crow, E. Nez Perce tribe. Monroe, J. Freshwaters Illustrated. 2012 www.critfc.org
    20. 20. Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation Cyndi Baker
    21. 21. IssueDeclining abundance of lamprey in Columbia RiverAbundance of Pacific lamprey in the Willamette Basin was first estimated in 2010Willamette Falls provides a opportunity for capturing and tagging lamprey at fish ladders and inspecting lamprey at fish ladders and through lamprey harvestBut the area also presents a challenge…large area, high volume of water, and uncertainties of lamprey behavior through the falls/ladders
    22. 22. HarvestLack of opportunity in Columbia River brings tribes from Idaho to coastTypically occurs late June and July
    23. 23. Mark Recapture - AbundanceCapture lamprey in fish ladder April –SeptemberMark with PIT tags and visible dart tagLamprey are released about 1 mile downstreamInspecting lamprey for tags (“recaptured fish”) occurs during taggingEstimate is made using the number marked (tagged), recaptured and inspected for tags that had none
    24. 24. Year Ladder Horseshoe2010 22,000 to 34,000 37,0002011 40,000 to 62,000 58,000
    25. 25. Ca. 1910 -1915
    26. 26. Presented by: Lawrence Schwabe
    27. 27.  Subsistence  Spiritual  Medicinal  Trade & Gift Giving  Way of Life“Skakwal” is Chinook Jargon (also known as chinuk wawa)
    28. 28. Project Objectives:1. Determine timing and movement patterns during upstream migrations2. Identify over-wintering locations3. Determine relative use of primary tributaries for spawning4. Formulate management recommendations
    29. 29. Tagging Summary2008 (CTGR) 111 tagged lamprey were above the Falls. Tracked by boat & by 11 fixed telemetry sites. 2009 (CTGR, CRAMER, PGE,OSU) 209 Tagged Lamprey were above the Falls Tracked by Boat, Plane and 22 fixed telemetry sites. 2010 (CTGR, CRAMER,OSU) 219 tagged lamprey were above the Falls Tracked by boat, plane and 22 fixed telemetry sites. 2011-2012 (CTGR) 120 tagged lamprey above the Falls. Tracking by boat and 22 fixed sites.
    30. 30. Fixed Site LocationsRiver Mile Mainstem Tributary Organization 24 Clackamas CFS Willamette Falls West Linn 26 CTGR 28 Tualatin CTGR 30 Rock Island CFS 37 Molalla CTGR 37 Pudding CFS 46 Champoeg Park CFS 54 Evergreen CTGR 55 Yamhill CTGR 87 Eola CFS 106 Buena Vista CFS 108 Santiam CTGR 108 NF Santiam CFS 108 Luckiamute CTGR 119 Calapooia CTGR 131 Corvallis CFS 133 Marys CTGR 148 Long Tom CFS 161 Harrisburg CFS 175 Mckenzie CTGR 180 Eugene CTGR 187 Coast Fork CFS
    31. 31.  Determine if lamprey spawn in the mainstem Willamette River. Quantify the amount and quality of juvenile rearing habitat. Monitor and quantify lamprey response to floodplain restoration work. Identify and incorporate habitat needs for pacific lamprey into floodplain restoration design.
    32. 32. Tribal Pacific LampreyRestoration PlanFor the Columbia River Basin 40
    33. 33. 41
    34. 34. Collaborative Lamprey Conservation and Restoration• Columbia River Basin Lamprey Technical Workgroup• Lamprey Summit III • June 2012• Lamprey Conservation Agreement • Willamette River Management 42 Unit
    35. 35. CRITFC Tribal Pacific Lamprey Restoration Plan• Mainstem Passage and Habitat• Tributary Passage and Habitat• Supplementation/Augmentation• Contaminants and Water Quality• Public Outreach and Education• Research, Monitoring, and 43 Evaluation
    36. 36. CRITFC Tribal Pacific Lamprey Restoration Plan• Mainstem Passage and Habitat• Tributary Passage and Habitat• Supplementation/Augmentation• Contaminants and Water Quality• Public Outreach and Education• Research, Monitoring, and 44 Evaluation
    37. 37. Collaborative Lamprey Conservation and Restoration• Other guiding documents • USACE Pacific Lamprey Passage Improvements Implementation Plan • CRITFC Tribal Pacific Lamprey Restoration Plan for the Columbia River Basin • USFWS Pacific Lamprey Assessment and Template for Conservation Measures 45
    38. 38. Monitoring Pacific Lamprey Relative Abundance and Distribution in the Willamette River Basin Lance Wyss, Ben Clemens, Luke Schultz, Gabe Sheoships, Carl SchreckProvide information to fill critical knowledge gaps identified through the recovery and restoration planning processes I VE FI AT SH R E E P R O Y CO R ESEAR ON ES ES us G Cat S em p e r os t om RE C O H H H UN I T
    39. 39. REARING
    40. 40. 3 streamsMultiple visitsEarly May – Mid-June SPAWNING
    41. 41. Larval Sampling Basins 2011, 2012, 2013 2012 2013 Spawning Surveys Marys River Thomas Creek Clear Creek
    42. 42. Contaminated SedimentsSiletz Sediment (reference) Portland Harbor Super Fund Site Credits: Julia Unrein, Rob Chitwood, Carl Schreck
    43. 43. Pacific lamprey biology:critical uncertainties & context Benjamin J. Clemens Oregon Department of Fish & Wildlife
    44. 44. Willamette Falls 1913 Source: Clackamas County Historical Society
    45. 45. Die-offTemp. > 20o
    46. 46. Tribal Harvest at Willamette FallsK. Kostow, 2002 ODFW white paper; D. Ward 2001 ODFW
    47. 47. Willamette Last stronghold?Example for other basins?
    48. 48. = “Immature” Males 674 mm 525 mm1 Collection Date Clemens 2011 Ph.D. dissertation
    49. 49. STREAM MATURING TYPEOCEAN MATURING TYPE Clemens 2011 Ph.D. dissertatio
    50. 50. Clemens, Wyss, McCoun, Schwabe, Courter, Duery, Vaughn & Schreck 2012 Report to CRITFC
    51. 51. Lamprey Critical Uncertainties• Moser et al. 2007 Rev. Fish Biol. Fish.• Mesa et al. 2009• Luzier et al. 2009• Clemens et al. 2010 Fisheries• Lamprey Tech. Workgroup 2005-2011• U.S. F& WS 2011• CRITFC 2011*We are certain that we are uncertain!
    52. 52. Photo credit: Jeremy Monroe , Freshwater Illustrated
    53. 53. Lamprey Critical Uncertainties• Biology (basic; stress, disease; pop’n dynamics)• Population structure (genetics)• Habitat (use vs. avail; toxics; thresholds; climate change)• Ecology (abundance, dist., prey, predators; keystone sp?)• Monitoring (survey, collection, marking)• Conservation (limiting factors; aquaculture)• Management (passage, transloc., dredging, dewatering) Tangible products needed….
    54. 54. Lamprey Critical Uncertainties• Climate change• Human pop’n & economic growth• Ocean conditions• Pop’n structure• Monitoring• Habitat rehab• Predictive modeling• Adaptive management We are not there…yet.
    55. 55. Context• Science – Explore, Describe, Test, Monitor, Model, Predict – Synthesize, Integrate, Refine • Status and trend monitoring (patterns) • What does it mean? • Identify biological mechanisms • Connect mechanisms with patterns Ultimate mechanisms?
    56. 56. Context: Scale
    57. 57. NASA

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