Mid Shot Contains a figure from theknees/waist up and is normally used fordialogue scenes, or to show some detail ofaction. Variations on this include the TWOSHOT (containing two figures from the waistup) and the THREE SHOT (contains 3 figures)
This shot shows very little background, andconcentrates on either a face, or a specificdetail of mise en scène. Everything else is justa blur in the background. This shot magnifiesthe object
an extreme version of the close up, generally magnifying beyond whatthe human eye would experience in reality. An extreme close-up of aface, for instance, would show only the mouth or eyes, with nobackground detail whatsoever. This is a very artificial shot, and can beused for dramatic effect. The tight focus required means that extra caremust be taken when setting up and lighting the shot - the slightestcamera shake or error in focal length is very noticeable.
The long shot, includes the FULL SHOT showing theentire human body, with the head near the top ofthe frame and the feet near the bottom. While thefocus is on characters, plenty of background detailstill emerges: we can tell the coffins on the right arein a Western-style setting, for instance.
In the wide shot, the subject takes up the full frame. Aswith many shot types, the wide shot means differentthings to different people. However the wide shotseems to suffer more from varying interpretations thanother types. Many people take the WS to meansomething much wider than our example, i.e. what wewould call a very wide shot.
A point of view shot (also known as POV shot or a subjectivecamera) is a short film scene that shows what a character (thesubject) is looking at (represented through the camera). It is usuallyestablished by being positioned between a shot of a characterlooking at something, and a shot showing the characters reaction(see shot reverse shot). The technique of POV is one of thefoundations of film editing.
Over the Shoulder shot is a variation of a midshot which positions the camera behind onefigure, revealing the other figure, and part ofthe first figures back, head and shoulder.
Aerial shots are usually done with a crane or with a cameraattached to a special helicopter to view large landscapes. Thissort of shot would be restricted to exterior locations. A goodarea to do this shot would be a scene that takes place on abuilding. If the aerial shot is of a character it can make themseem insignificant. Circular shots are also possible.
An establishing shot in filmmaking and television productionsets up, or establishes the context for a scene by showingthe relationship between its important figures and objects.It is generally a long- or extreme-long shot at the beginningof a scene indicating where, and sometimes when, theremainder of the scene takes place
A master shot is a film recording of an entire dramatized scene, fromstart to finish, from an angle that keeps all the players in view. It isoften a long shot and can sometimes perform a double function asan establishing shot. Usually, the master shot is the first shotchecked off during the shooting of a scene—it is the foundation ofwhat is called camera coverage, other shots that reveal differentaspects of the action, groupings of two or three of the actors atcrucial moments, close-ups of individuals, insert shots of variousprops, and so on.
A Two shot is a type of shot employed in the film industryin which the frame encompasses a view of two people(the subjects). The subjects do not have to be next toeach other, and there are many common two-shotswhich have one subject in the foreground and the othersubject in the background.
This can be taken from as much as a quarter of a mile away, and isgenerally used as a scene-setting, establishing shot. It normallyshows an EXTERIOR, e.g. the outside of a building, or alandscape, and is often used to show scenes of thrilling action e.g. ina war film or disaster movie. There will be very little detail visible inthe shot, its meant to give a general impression rather than specificinformation.