Regular Student Disipline Explusion And Suspension


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Dr. William Allan Kritsonis
Regular Student Discipline and Expulsion

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Regular Student Disipline Explusion And Suspension

  1. 1. Regular Student Discipline, Expulsion and Suspension William Allan Kritsonis, PhD
  2. 2. Guidelines for Rule Making <ul><li>School Administrators Should Follow the Guidelines Below in Helping to Maintain Order In Their School </li></ul><ul><li>Rules Must Have a Rational Purpose </li></ul><ul><li>The Meaning of Rules Must Be Clear </li></ul><ul><li>Rules That Relate to Protected Behavior Must Be Carefully Developed </li></ul><ul><li>Rules That Apply Off Campus Must Be Carefully Worded and Applied </li></ul><ul><li>Rules Must Be Consistently Enforced </li></ul>
  3. 3. Board of Education v. Rogers, Arkansas v. McCluskey <ul><li>Case involved expelling student for drinking </li></ul><ul><li>School rule did not speak of alcohol, but rule was referred to as “drug use” </li></ul><ul><li>Supreme Court ruled in favor of the school district </li></ul><ul><li>Districts have the right to interpret their own rules </li></ul>
  4. 4. Due Process <ul><li>Term comes from the 5 th and 14 th Amendments of the U.S. Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>3 Due Process Clauses in the Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Action by the state </li></ul><ul><li>State must have been deprived the individual of “life, liberty, or property” </li></ul><ul><li>Depends on the severity of the deprivation </li></ul>
  5. 5. Dixon v. Alabama State Board of Education <ul><li>1961 Fifth Court Circuit Ruling </li></ul><ul><li>Students have right to have fair notice of charges against them before being expelled </li></ul>
  6. 6. Goss v. Lopez <ul><li>Landmark Case </li></ul><ul><li>Supreme Court concluded that due process is required before a student can be suspended from school </li></ul><ul><li>A deprivation of educational services MUST involve due process </li></ul>
  7. 7. Tinker v. Des Moines School District <ul><li>Landmark case </li></ul><ul><li>Students wore armbands to protest the Vietnam War </li></ul><ul><li>Students were suspended for the protest </li></ul><ul><li>Supreme Court ruled in favor of the students </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot suspend students due to their beliefs, unless it causes significant disturbance in school </li></ul>
  8. 8. DAEP <ul><li>“ DAEPs”, which stands for Disciplinary Alternative Education Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Students assigned to a DAEP, due to misconduct, must be separate from other students </li></ul>
  9. 9. Removal to a DAEP <ul><li>Student must be assigned to a DAEP if any of these offenses occur: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Any conduct punishable as a felony </li></ul><ul><li>An assault resulting in bodily injury </li></ul><ul><li>A terroristic threat or false alarm </li></ul><ul><li>Certain drug offenses </li></ul><ul><li>Certain alcohol offenses </li></ul><ul><li>Inhalant offenses </li></ul><ul><li>Public lewdness </li></ul><ul><li>Indecent exposure </li></ul>
  10. 10. Chapter 37 <ul><li>Student Code of Conduct </li></ul><ul><li>Follow school district handbook </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher Initiated Removal of student from classroom </li></ul><ul><li>Repeatedly interferes with teacher’s ability to communicate with others </li></ul><ul><li>Behavior is determined unruly, disruptive, or abusive to the learning environment </li></ul>
  11. 11. Suspension <ul><li>Local school districts have authority to suspend student </li></ul><ul><li>Under TEC 37.005, suspension is limited to 3 days per offense </li></ul><ul><li>No limit to number of suspensions </li></ul><ul><li>School districts also have authority over in-school suspension thru its code of conduct </li></ul>
  12. 12. Expulsion <ul><li>Only the most serious offenses by a student 10 years of age or older can lead to expulsion </li></ul><ul><li>Possession of weapons </li></ul><ul><li>Assaultive behaviors </li></ul><ul><li>Arson </li></ul><ul><li>Murder </li></ul><ul><li>Indecency with a child </li></ul><ul><li>Aggravated kidnapping </li></ul><ul><li>Drug/Alcohol abuse </li></ul><ul><li>Retaliation against a school employee </li></ul>
  13. 13. Corporal Punishment <ul><li>Two Things to Remember as an Administrator </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t do it (not worth the risk) </li></ul><ul><li>Any kind of physical stress is also corporal punishment </li></ul><ul><li>Landmark Case- Ingraham v. Wright </li></ul><ul><li>Corporal punishment left up to state and local officials </li></ul>
  14. 14. Summary <ul><li>New administrators need to be familiar with the restrictions of discipline and the law </li></ul><ul><li>Due process is required for student discipline </li></ul><ul><li>Know your district policy in regards to corporal punishment and student discipline </li></ul>
  15. 15. References <ul><li>Walsh, J. & Kemmerer, F. & Maniotis, L. (2005). The </li></ul><ul><li>Educator’s Guide to Public School Law . Sixth Edition. </li></ul><ul><li>Austin, TX: University of Texas Press. </li></ul>