Partial Index for SCHOOLING - Dr. William Allan Kritsonis

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Partial Index for SCHOOLING - Dr. William Allan Kritsonis

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Partial Index for SCHOOLING - Dr. William Allan Kritsonis

  1. 1. SCHOOLING–PARTIAL INDEXPAGE 100This book is protected under the Copyright Act of 1976. Uncited Sources,Violators will be prosecuted. Courtesy, National FORUM JournalsSCHOOLINGPARTIAL INDEXCHAPTER1 INTRODUCTION TO AMERICAN SCHOOLING...........................1Total Number of School Districts in America..........................4Snapshot Forecast of Education Statistics.................................5Characteristics of Effective Schools.......................................11Estimations for Schooling in 2002/2003.................................14Review Items...........................................................................152 HISTORY OF AMERICAN SCHOOLING....................................17Schooling in Colonial America...............................................21Western European Educational Thought................................22Beliefs of Quintilian................................................................28Solomon Says..........................................................................30Leadership Secrets of Attila the Hun......................................31The New England Primer........................................................36The Hornbook.........................................................................38McGuffey Readers..................................................................39History of African American Education.................................40Jane Addams...........................................................................42The Greeks..............................................................................44The Romans............................................................................46The Monastics.........................................................................47The Humanists........................................................................49The Reformers.........................................................................50The New Educators.................................................................53The Americans........................................................................57The Friends of Education........................................................58The Progressives.....................................................................60The Outsiders..........................................................................63The Critics...............................................................................67The Paradigm Shifters.............................................................70Background Information About Testing.................................73Copyright © 2002William KritsonisAll Rights Reserved / Forever
  2. 2. SCHOOLING (2002)PAGE 101Review Items...........................................................................793 PHILOSOPHIES OF SCHOOLING..............................................81Philosophies of Education.......................................................81Theories of Education.............................................................82What is Your Philosophy?......................................................83Answer Sheet.....................................................................87Scoring...............................................................................88What is Your Philosophy of Life?..........................................93Benjamin Franklin’s Thirteen Virtues....................................94Review Items...........................................................................96Philosophies of Education–A Penetrating Analysis byWilliam Kritsonis and Donald DeMoulin.............................96Activity 1.........................................................................100Activity 2.........................................................................100Activities 3, 4, & 5...........................................................130Activities 6, 7, & 8...........................................................146Activities 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, & 14.....................................157Activity 15.......................................................................1584 CONTROLLING SCHOOLING IN AMERICA............................160Role of Local Boards of Education.......................................164Expenditures for a Typical School District...........................165Components of McGregor’s Theory X and Theory Y..........166Universal Declaration of Human Rights...............................167Ten Commandments of Business, Education, andPolitical Leaders..................................................................174Review Items.........................................................................1755 LEGAL ISSUES IN AMERICAN SCHOOLING..........................177Governance Structure of State Departments of Education...181Tinker Case...........................................................................182Court Cases Dealing with Desegregation of Public Schools...183Can Tenured Teachers be Dismissed?..................................184Due Process Rules for Dismissing a Teacher.......................184Review Items.........................................................................1856 EARLY CHILDHOOD SCHOOLING IN AMERICA...................186Leading Thinkers Who Influenced Programs for YoungChildren: Plato, Aristotle, Martin Luther, Rousseau,Pestalozzi, Oberlin, Owen, Froebel, Dewey,Montessori, and Piaget........................................................189Review Items.........................................................................193
  3. 3. SCHOOLING–PARTIAL INDEXPAGE 1027 ELEMENTARY SCHOOLING IN AMERICA.............................194Purposes of Elementary Schools...........................................196Advantages and Disadvantages of Graded andNongraded Schools.............................................................197Gifted Education Services.....................................................199Efficient Classroom Management Practices.........................200Behavioral Indicators of Possible Abuse or Neglect.............201The Problem Method.............................................................202The Idealized Curriculum (Holistic).....................................203Behavioral Indicators of Physical Abuse, Neglect, SexualAbuse, and Emotional Abuse..............................................204Effective Ways for Teaching Students Who are Immigrants. .206Some National Goals for Educating Native Americansand Alaska Natives.............................................................207Guidelines for Conferencing with Students..........................207Review Items.........................................................................2078 SECONDARY SCHOOLING IN AMERICA................................209Structure of Secondary Education in America......................212Problems Existing in Secondary Schools..............................213Where Students Obtain Work Experience in the Community.215How Students Can Respond to Sexual Harassment..............215Cardinal Principles of Secondary Education (1918).............217Ten Imperative Needs of Youth (1944)................................217Early Warning Signs of Potential Violent Youth..................218Youth and Major Problem Substances..................................218Indicators of Childhood or Adolescent Suicide....................219The Adolescents’ Perception of Failure................................219Bill Gates Rules for Life.......................................................224Review Items.........................................................................2279 SPECIAL SCHOOLING IN AMERICA......................................230Important Laws Relating to Special Education.....................234Court Cases Considered Landmarks in Special Education...236Categories Used to Classify Children with Special Needs...238The IEP Team.......................................................................240Components of an IEP..........................................................240Shared Responsibility Between Regular and SpecialEducation Teachers.............................................................241Review Items.........................................................................242
  4. 4. SCHOOLING (2002)PAGE 10310 EDUCATIONAL ADMINISTRATION IN AMERICANSCHOOLING.....................................................................246Key Terms–Definitions.........................................................247Specific Responsibilities of Local Boards of Education.......249Local Governance Structure..................................................249Superintendent and the Board of Education..........................250Primary Roles of School Principals......................................251Expectations Various Groups Have for Principals................252Group Roles that Should be Supported by theSchool Administrator..........................................................252Group Roles that Should Not be Supported by theSchool Administrator..........................................................253Effective Traits and Skills of the Effective SchoolAdministrator......................................................................254According to the Literature, Characteristics forSchool Leadership...............................................................255According to the Literature, Leadership CharacteristicsSpecific to Women..............................................................255According to Experts, Important Leadership Characteristics,Skills, Attitudes, Behaviors, and Experiences....................256Female and Male Patterns of Leadership..............................258Gender as a Variable in Team Building................................258Gender as a Variable in Evaluation/Feedback......................258Frederick Taylor’s Organizational Theory............................260Characteristics of Social Systems.........................................260“The Worst Things To Do” Rules for SupervisoryConferences.........................................................................261Irritating Habits of Supervisors.............................................261Elements of Having a Good Committee, Facts AboutDelegations, Why Committees Fail, Being a GoodCommittee Member, What Makes a Good Chairperson,Logistics of a Meeting........................................................262What is Leadership?..............................................................264Essential Ten Attributes for Success as a SchoolAdministrator......................................................................264Descriptors of Autocratic and Democratic Leadership Styles.265Frederick Herzberg’s Motivation-Hygiene Theory..............265Douglas McGregor’s Theory X and Theory Y.....................267Maslow’s Needs Hierarchy...................................................268Relationship Between Maslow’s Needs Hierarchy andHerzberg’s Motivation-Hygiene Theory.............................269Porter’s Hierarchy of Work Motivation................................270David McClelland’s Needs Theory.......................................271William Ouchi’s Theory Z....................................................272Job Enrichment Model..........................................................272
  5. 5. SCHOOLING–PARTIAL INDEXPAGE 104Getzels-Guba Model: Components of the Model of theOrganization as a Social System.........................................274Kritsonisms...........................................................................275Kritsonis Balanced Teeter Totter Model...............................276Review Items.........................................................................27611 CAREER OPPORTUNITIES AND SCHOOLING........................279Nature of Teaching in Colonial America..............................281Number of Teachers Currently Employed in Public Schools..281Characteristics of Good Teachers.........................................281Reasons for Entering the Teaching Profession.....................282Characteristics of Teachers...................................................283Effective Classroom Practices...............................................283Effective Teaching Steps.......................................................284Important Aspects of the Effective School Movementfor Improving Schools........................................................284Review Items.........................................................................28512 TEACHER PREPARATION IN AMERICA AND SCHOOLING...288Status of Teacher Education..................................................290Criticism of Teacher Education............................................291Alternative Certification........................................................292Kritsonis Advanced Knowledge Level of Thinking Model..293National Code of Ethics........................................................294Contemporary Professional Terminologies...........................296Guidelines for Conducting Educational ResearchRelative to Field Studies and/or Projects............................306School Discipline: The Art of Survival.................................311Review Items.........................................................................31513 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY AND SCHOOLINGIN AMERICA ....................................................................316Instructional Television: Advantages and Disadvantages.....319Using Closed-Circuit Television...........................................319Using Multimedia Kits in School: Advantages andDisadvantages.....................................................................320Computer-Assisted Instruction..............................................321Distance Learning: Advantages and Disadvantages.............321Virtual Reality: Advantages and Disadvantages...................321Computer Multimedia and Hypermedia: Advantages andDisadvantages.....................................................................322Evaluating Software..............................................................323New Directions for Educational Technology........................323Creative Uses of Technology in Classrooms........................324Review Items.........................................................................325
  6. 6. SCHOOLING (2002)PAGE 10514 THE FUTURE OF AMERICAN SCHOOLING...........................326Futurism................................................................................328Projections for the Depletion of Some Natural Resources....328Geopolitics............................................................................328Education and Meeting the Needs of the Future...................328Evaluating Educational Reforms...........................................329Curriculum of the Future.......................................................329Role of Technology in the Future.........................................329Predictions.............................................................................329General Concerns of Futurists...............................................330Turbulent Controversies in Regard to Intelligent Machines....330What is Meant in Reference to the “Biomass of the Earth?”...331Addiction to Traveling with Great Speed and Its Resultin Causing Stress.................................................................332Review Items.........................................................................33215 IMPORTANT LEGALITIES AFFECTING SCHOOLINGIN AMERICA.....................................................................334Thirteen Federal Judicial Circuits.........................................334Federal Legislation Affecting Education..............................335Important Court Cases Affecting Education.........................338Important U.S. Supreme Court Desegregation CasesRelated to Public Schools...................................................342Summary of Important Major Civil Rights StatuesAffecting Education............................................................343Important U.S. Supreme Court Cases AffectingTeachers’ Rights.................................................................345Important U.S. Supreme Court Cases AffectingStudents’ Rights..................................................................347Important Parts of the United Sates Constitution..................349Review Items.........................................................................35016 VOCABULARY DEVELOPMENT AND IMPROVEMENT...........351Vocabulary Development and Improvement........................351List 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, & 6.............................................................351List 7, 8, 9, & 10...................................................................352List 11, 12, 13, 14, & 15.......................................................353List 16, 17, 18, 19, & 20.......................................................354List 21, 22, 23, & 24.............................................................355
  7. 7. SCHOOLING (2002)PAGE 10514 THE FUTURE OF AMERICAN SCHOOLING...........................326Futurism................................................................................328Projections for the Depletion of Some Natural Resources....328Geopolitics............................................................................328Education and Meeting the Needs of the Future...................328Evaluating Educational Reforms...........................................329Curriculum of the Future.......................................................329Role of Technology in the Future.........................................329Predictions.............................................................................329General Concerns of Futurists...............................................330Turbulent Controversies in Regard to Intelligent Machines....330What is Meant in Reference to the “Biomass of the Earth?”...331Addiction to Traveling with Great Speed and Its Resultin Causing Stress.................................................................332Review Items.........................................................................33215 IMPORTANT LEGALITIES AFFECTING SCHOOLINGIN AMERICA.....................................................................334Thirteen Federal Judicial Circuits.........................................334Federal Legislation Affecting Education..............................335Important Court Cases Affecting Education.........................338Important U.S. Supreme Court Desegregation CasesRelated to Public Schools...................................................342Summary of Important Major Civil Rights StatuesAffecting Education............................................................343Important U.S. Supreme Court Cases AffectingTeachers’ Rights.................................................................345Important U.S. Supreme Court Cases AffectingStudents’ Rights..................................................................347Important Parts of the United Sates Constitution..................349Review Items.........................................................................35016 VOCABULARY DEVELOPMENT AND IMPROVEMENT...........351Vocabulary Development and Improvement........................351List 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, & 6.............................................................351List 7, 8, 9, & 10...................................................................352List 11, 12, 13, 14, & 15.......................................................353List 16, 17, 18, 19, & 20.......................................................354List 21, 22, 23, & 24.............................................................355

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