Dr. William Allan Kritsonis, Editor-in-Chief, NATIONAL FORUM JOURNALS, www.nationalforum.com (Founded 1982)


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Dr. William Allan Kritsonis, Editor-in-Chief, NATIONAL FORUM JOURNALS, www.nationalforum.com (Founded 1982)

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Dr. William Allan Kritsonis, Editor-in-Chief, NATIONAL FORUM JOURNALS, www.nationalforum.com (Founded 1982)

  1. 1. NATIONAL FORUM OF EDUCATIONAL ADMINISTRATION & SUPERVISION JOURNAL VOLUME 31, NUMBER 1, 2013 FOREWORD NATIONAL FORUM OF EDUCATIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND SUPERVISION JOURNAL w ith this issue, we complete our 31 st year of publishing the NATIONAL FORUM JOURNALS. All journals are national refereed, blind-reviewed, peer-evaluated, juried professional periodicals. Other articles are published on our national and world-wide website: www.nationalforum.com. Since 1982, the NFEAS JOURNAL has published the scholarly contributions of exactly 1,365 colleagues with exactly 988 titles – far surpassing any other modern day journal in administration, both nationally and internationally. With each issue, the NFEAS JOURNAL reaches professionals world-wide. I want to thank all our colleagues who have served with distinction as national referees. Thank you for providing input coupled with financial support in helping to continue to build and strengthen the NFEAS JOURNAL. You have my deepest appreciation for your honesty, wisdom, advice, and monetary support. NFEAS JOURNAL – THE NATION’S BEST INCREASING NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL DISTRIBUTION The printed copies of the family of NATIONAL FORUM JOURNALS are distributed throughout the United States and abroad. All of our journals are distributed to our colleagues in Africa, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Caribbean, China, Denmark, Germany, Finland, France, Greece, India, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Philippines, Poland, Puerto Rico, Russia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, and the United Kingdom. We believe the copies published and distributed nationally and internationally will afford others the opportunity to read and implement the scholarly contributions of colleagues in order to help improve administration and supervision in schools for the ultimate benefit of students. The NFEAS 1
  2. 2. 2 NATIONAL FORUM OF EDUCATIONAL ADMINISTRATION & SUPERVISION JOURNAL JOURNALS will persist in an effort to provide the venue for dissemination of research that has the potential to provide the momentum for positive change that leads to improvement in student learning and achievement. William Allan Kritsonis, PhD Editor-in-Chief NATIONAL FORUM JOURNALS www.nationalforum.com THE NEW NORMAL IN PUBLIC EDUCATION: CHANGE AND IMPROVEMENT James D. Laub Invited Guest Editor This edition of the National FORUM of Educational Administration and Supervision Journal examines the importance on improvement, both in the classroom and in school leadership. Public education in America is a multi-billion dollar enterprise that is funded almost exclusively by tax dollars. As such, accountability issues have emerged as the guiding principle in public education. With accountability comes improvement, the two issues cannot be separated. The status quo in public education must always be examined and questioned; after all, we are responsible for the greatest asset in this country, our children. In order to implement changes leading to school improvement, a climate of trust and cooperation must be established between faculty and administration. The adage “people support what they help to create” is an excellent precept to introducing change on a campus and in a school district. Without a doubt, the Principal is the person primarily responsible for setting the climate on their campus. Principals must be thoroughly trained in both best practices, as well as the theoretical foundations of educational administration, in order to understand the importance of climate and change. In the first article of this edition, the need for greater emphasis on principal preparation is addressed by Eddins, Kirk, Hooten, and Russell. They examine a comprehensive 360 degree model for data assessment into principal improvement.
  3. 3. ____NATIONAL FORUM OF EDUCATIONAL ADMINISTRATION & SUPERVISION JOURNAL 3 In addition to the overall climate on a campus, the climate of a classroom has a direct impact on student performance and success. The classroom is where the majority of interactions between teacher and student take place – where the “rubber meets the road”. In the second article, Kearney and Peters compare student and teacher perceptions of classroom climate, attempting to identify factors that enhance or detract from student performance and success. The Superintendent is responsible for the overall climate of the district. A well-qualified, well-compensated Superintendent may have more incentive in creating a positive climate in the district and implementing change; more so than less-qualified, less-compensated Superintendents. In the third article, Burkman and Lester examine the equality of pay between Superintendents in Texas, and possible solutions to the issue. In the concluding article, Fred C. Lunenburg discusses school reform and the why reform efforts have failed. Lunenburg expertly argues that in order for school reform efforts to be successful, a set of core principles must be followed. In summary, the contributors to this journal have considered the new normalcies in education and are proposing new solutions worthy of consideration. I wish to thank all the writers who have contributed to this issue of the NATIONAL FORUM OF EDUCATIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND SUPERVISION JOURNAL. Finally, I would like to personally thank William Allan Kritsonis for providing this publishing and editorial opportunity as we further advance in our quest for excellence in education. James D. Laub Invited Guest Editor NFEAS Journal Dedication
  4. 4. 4 NATIONAL FORUM OF EDUCATIONAL ADMINISTRATION & SUPERVISION JOURNAL It is with a heavy heart that I humbly dedicate this issue of the NATIONAL FORUM OF EDUCATIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND SUPERVISION JOURNAL to Ben C. DeSpain, EdD, a dear friend, mentor, educator, and colleague. Sadly, Ben passed away in February 2013, after a lifetime of dedication to students, stakeholders, and the field of education. He served as a College President, Dean, Department Chair and Professor for various colleges and universities. Prior to entering higher education, Ben served public schools as a Superintendent, Principal, Teacher, and Coach. James D. Laub