Ferpa Ppt


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Dr. William Kritsonis
Public School Law

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Ferpa Ppt

  1. 1. FERPA William Allan Kritsonis, PhD
  2. 2. Purpose of FERPA <ul><li>The Family Education Rights and Privacy Act of 1974 (FERPA) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensures that parents have access to their </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>children’s educational records </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protects the privacy rights of </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>parents and children by limiting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>access to these records without </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>parental consent. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. What is FERPA <ul><li>A federal law that protects the privacy of student education records. </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as the Buckley Amendment </li></ul><ul><li>FERPA deals with: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Access to educational records </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parental right to inspect and review </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>records </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Amendment of records </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Destruction of records </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. The Buckley Amendment <ul><li>This act is enforced to guarantee the </li></ul><ul><li>rights of citizens, but especially to protect </li></ul><ul><li>students in whom the federal government </li></ul><ul><li>has made a significant investment. </li></ul><ul><li>Toward these ends, the FERPA </li></ul><ul><li>act mandates that schools must </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;annually&quot; and &quot;effectively&quot; notify </li></ul><ul><li>current students of their federally </li></ul><ul><li>affirmed rights. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Who does FERPA apply to <ul><li>FERPA applies to all agencies and </li></ul><ul><li>institutions that receive federal funds, </li></ul><ul><li>including elementary and secondary </li></ul><ul><li>schools, colleges and universities. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Educational Records <ul><li>There are two types of educational records defined under FERPA. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Directory Information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Can be disclosed without the written </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>consent of the student </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Release can be restricted with formal </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>request. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-directory information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cannot be released to anyone without </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>prior written consent of the student. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Faculty and staff can access with </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>legitimate academic need. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. What’s Included <ul><li>Directory Information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Name </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Address </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Phone number and email address </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dates of attendance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Degree(s) awarded </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enrollment status </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Major field of study </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Non-Directory Information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social security numbers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Student identification number </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transcripts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gender </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Race </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Landmark Case <ul><li>Gonzaga University v. Doe (2002): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Court noted that individuals cannot </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>sue for damages for FERPA violations. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The punishment for violations, noted </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the Court, should be the denial of </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>federal funds to schools that </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>demonstrate noncompliance with </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>privacy laws. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Landmark Case <ul><li>Owasso Independent School District v. Falvo (2002): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Decision upheld the constitutionality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>of peer grading. Actions did not violate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FERPA because student records </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>were not being maintained by the </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>peer graders. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Landmark Case <ul><li>McGilvray v. Moses (1999): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This case involves a teacher who gave </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>personally identifiable information to someone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>not employed by the district. The Texas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commissioner of Education noted </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>that the list contained personally </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>identifiable information and violated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the students FERPA rights </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. References <ul><li>Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) (2007, April 24). Retrieved March 24, 2008, from http:// www.ed.gov/print/policy/gen/guid/fpco/ferpa/index.html </li></ul><ul><li>Privacy, Confidentiality, Education Records (2002, January 1). Retrieved March 24, 2008, from http:// www.wrightslaw.com/info/ferpa.index.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Van Dusen, William D., Jr. (2004). FERPA: Basic guidelines for faculty and staff a simple step-by-step approach for compliance. Retrieved March 24, 2008, from the NACADA Clearinghouse of Academic Advising Resources Web site: http://www.nacada.ksu.edu/Resources/FERPA-Overview.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Walsh, J., Kemerer, F., & Maniotis, L. (2005). The Educator's guide to Texas School Law (6th ed.). Austin: University of Texas Press. Retrieved March 30, 2008 </li></ul>