Modul 1 Wireless Introduction

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Tells about radio frequency technology. The milestone of sellular network.

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Modul 1 Wireless Introduction

  1. 1. GSM-GPRS Operation Wireless Technology Overview Modul 1 kris.sujatmoko@gmail.com 1
  2. 2. Outline  Market Trends  Network Evolutions kris.sujatmoko@gmail.com 2
  3. 3. kris.sujatmoko@gmail.com Wireless Market Trends 3
  4. 4. kris.sujatmoko@gmail.com Technology (dataspeed) Prices HW/SW PABX 1999 2000 2005 2007 60% ? ? 5 x volume 1/3 price ”New frames" LAN/WAN Internet PABX LAN/WAN Internet 19991999 1998 Speech becomes mobile All in hand The Vision 4
  5. 5. kris.sujatmoko@gmail.com Trends Access Network 5
  6. 6. kris.sujatmoko@gmail.com Nascent Growth Developed Mature Source: A.T. Kearney analysis Market Environment Key Challenges  Supply constrained  High growth  New entrants  Increasing competition  Slowing growth  Stronger competition  Mature / no growth  Intense competition  Meeting demand  Investment constraint  Speed to market  Brand establishment  Customer acquisition  Customer retention  Product innovation  Customer intimacy  Margin improvement  Customer retention  Revenue protection  New growth Selected Key Trends  Access provision  Voice penetration  Coverage increase  Voice growth  Broadband and data services take-up  Fixed to mobile substitution  Cost orientation  Convergence  Triple Play  Consolidation  NGN / IP technology Japan Indonesia Thailand India Vietnam Philippines IncreasingPenetration African nations UK/ France / Germany Australia / New Zealand USA Central European Countries Singapore Bangladesh China Jabotabek Indonesian Market in the Global Context 6
  7. 7. kris.sujatmoko@gmail.com Population No Country Population % of World Population Expected Pop. ( 2007 Est. ) Population Growth Rate for year 2050 1 China 1,317,431,495 20.00% 1.10% 1,470,468,924 2 India 1,129,667,528 17.20% 1.70% 1,619,582,271 3 United States 301,967,681 4.60% 0.80% 403,943,147 4 Indonesia 224,481,720 3.40% 1.80% 337,807,011 5 Brazil 186,771,161 2.80% 1.40% 206,751,477 6 Pakistan 167,806,831 2.60% 2.60% 267,813,495 7 Nigeria 162,082,868 2.50% 2.60% 303,586,770 8 Russia 143,406,042 2.20% 0.50% 118,233,243 9 Bangladesh 137,493,990 2.10% 1.10% 205,093,861 10 Japan 128,646,345 2.00% 0.10% 101,228,471 Top 10 Country 3,899,755,661 59.30% - 5,034,508,670 Remain Country 2,674,910,756 40.70% - 4,049,986,735 World Population 6,574,666,417 100.00% 1.10% 9,084,495,405 Sumber: www.internetworldstats.com 7
  8. 8. kris.sujatmoko@gmail.com Asia Internet Usage & Population ASIA Population Internet Users, Penetration (%) Users Use Growth ( 2007 Est.) Latest Data (% Population) in Asia ( 2000-2007 ) Korea, North 23,510,379 -- -- -- n/a % Hong Kong * 7,150,254 4,878,713 68.20% 1.10% 113.70% Japan 128,646,345 86,300,000 67.10% 19.80% 83.30% Korea, South 51,300,989 34,120,000 66.50% 7.80% 79.20% Singapore 3,654,103 2,421,800 66.30% 0.60% 101.80% Taiwan 23,001,442 14,500,000 63.00% 3.30% 131.60% Malaysia 28,294,120 13,528,200 47.80% 3.10% 265.60% Macao* 500,631 201,000 40.10% 0.00% 235.00% Brunei Darussalem 403,500 135,000 33.50% 0.00% 350.00% Vietnam 85,031,436 16,511,849 19.40% 3.80% 8155.90% Philippines 87,236,532 14,000,000 16.00% 3.20% 600.00% Thailand 67,249,456 8,420,000 12.50% 1.90% 266.10% China 1,317,431,495 162,000,000 12.30% 37.10% 620.00% Mongolia 2,601,641 268,300 10.30% 0.10% 794.30% Indonesia 224,481,720 20,000,000 8.90% 4.60% 900.00% Azerbaijan 8,448,260 678,800 8.00% 0.20% 5556.70% Pakistan 167,806,831 12,000,000 7.20% 2.70% 8861.90% Maldives 303,732 20,100 6.60% 0.00% 235.00% Uzbekistan 26,607,252 1,745,000 6.60% 0.40% 23166.70% Georgia 4,389,004 271,400 6.20% 0.10% 1257.00% Armenia 2,950,060 161,000 5.50% 0.00% 436.70% Kyrgystan 5,436,608 280,000 5.20% 0.10% 442.60% Kazakhstan 14,653,998 609,200 4.20% 0.10% 770.30% India 1,129,667,528 42,000,000 3.70% 9.60% 740.00% Bhutan 812,184 25,000 3.10% 0.00% 4900.00% ASIA INTERNET USAGE AND POPULATION Sumber: www.internetworldstats.com 8
  9. 9. GSM-GPRS Operation Wireless Network Evolution kris.sujatmoko@gmail.com 9
  10. 10. 10 of 14 Wireless Technology Evolution
  11. 11. 11 of 14 200620052004200320022001200019991995 200620052004200320022001200019991995 In -Band Migration and Designed for In-Band Migration and New Spectrum 3G CDMA 2G CDMA 1.25 MHz Voice & Data 2.5G CDMA Rel. 4 HSDPA Additional voice capacity doubling - Terminal antenna diversity Rel. 5 CDMA2000 1X 14.4 kbps data Soft Handoff Synchronous Timing 64 kbps packet data − Channel Concatenation Double voice capacity − Fast Fwd Power Control − Coherent Uplink 153.6 kbps packet data − Turbo Codes 307 kbps packet data Simultaneous voice and data Dedicated & Optimized For Packet Data 2.4 Mbps Peak Rates All IP Architecture Improvements to data services. More flexible data packet scheduling. 64/384 kbps cs/packet data Soft handoff Asynchronous timing Improvements to data services More flexible data packet scheduling cdmaOne QoS, Broadcast, Personal Media, IMM ,2x 1xEV-DV Forward Link: Peak Rate: 3.1 mbps Reverse Link: Peak Rate: 1.8 mbps Fwd & Rev. Capacity Gains Forward Link: Peak Rate 3.1 mbps Reverse Link: Peak Rate 1.8 mbps HSUPA Rel. 6 Enhanced Up-Link IS - 95A IS-95B 1.25 MHz Optimized for Data IS-2000 Rel. 0 Rel. A Rel. B Rel. C Rel. D Designed for New Spectrum 5 MHz Voice & Data 3GPP Rel. 99 CDMA2000 1xEV-DO UMTS (WCDMA) IS-856, Rel. 0 Enhancements Rel. A 3G CDMA Evolution
  12. 12. 12 of 14 WCDMA Network Evolution
  13. 13. 13 of 14 CDMA2000 Network Evolution
  14. 14. GSM-GPRS Operation End of Section 1 Wireless Technology Overview

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