Calligraphy introduction

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Presentation on Chinese calligraphy, given on 16 December 2010 for a high school by Jenny Lee, Chinese/ Taiwanese painting artist and gallery owner in The Hague (Netherlands).

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Calligraphy introduction

  1. 1. 1<br />An introduction into Chinese calligraphy<br />By Jenny Lee<br />Chinese/ Taiwanese painting artist and<br />gallery owner Boyuan Art House, The Hague<br />www.boyuan.nl<br />
  2. 2. 2<br />Contents<br />1. Introduction of myself and Boyuan Art House<br />2. Why study calligraphy?<br />3. Different styles of calligraphy<br />4. Examples of calligraphy<br />5. Introduction into materials used<br />6. How to hold a brush?<br />7. Drawing lines and strokes<br />8. Exercise: drawing lines<br />9. Exercise: writing the character 永<br />10. End<br />
  3. 3. 3<br />1. Introduction of myself<br />
  4. 4. 4<br />Jenny Lee 李金曼<br />1963 Geboren in Taipei, Taiwan <br />1985–1992 Werkzaamalsgrafischontwerpster en binnenhuisarchitect in Taipei <br />1994 – 1996 StudieaanprestigieuzeCentraleKunstacademie in Peking<br />1996 – 1997 Post-doctoraleopleidingaanCentraleKunstacademie in Peking, afgestudeerd in 1997. <br />1997 Eindexamen-tentoonstelling in Peking<br />2000 Tentoonstelling in Zorgvlietkerk in Den Haag<br />2004 Tentoonstelling in Almaty (Kazachstan)<br />2008- Woonachtig in Den Haag<br />2010 Opening Boyuan Art House, galerie en atelier voorhedendaagse Chinese schilderkunst <br />
  5. 5. 5<br />Boyuan Art House 博緣堂<br /><ul><li>Gallery and studio in the centre of The Hague, specializing in contemporay Chinese painting
  6. 6. Exhibition with works by JiaYoufu, JiaYundi, Liu Rong, Li Xingjian, and Jenny Lee
  7. 7. Address:
  8. 8. HillebrantJacobsplein 3
  9. 9. 2515 XS Den Haag
  10. 10. Tel. 06 12988189, 070 8877677
  11. 11. E-mail jenny@boyuan.nl or
  12. 12. boyuanarthouse@gmail.com</li></li></ul><li>Boyuan Art House 博緣堂<br />6<br />
  13. 13. 7<br />Boyuan Art House 博緣堂<br />
  14. 14. 8<br />2. Why study Chinese calligraphy?<br />related to the essence of the Chinese writing system<br />Chinese writing central to Chinese culture<br />Important Chinese art form in its own right<br />Forms basis for Chinese painting techniques<br />Forms integral part of Chinese painting<br />For peace of mind and concentration<br />Considered reflection of character<br />
  15. 15. 9<br />Essence of the Chinese writing system<br />The structure of Chinese characters is a special sort of Chinese or oriental fine art inherited from Chinese culture.<br />Originated from pictograms<br />Chinese writing is a pictorial script<br />each character has its own visual form<br />Over the centuries, characters have become stylized, according to esthetic principles<br />
  16. 16. 10<br />Originated from pictograms<br />
  17. 17. 11<br />Calligraphy as an art form<br />In essence, calligraphy is an abstract art. While viewing a Western abstract painting, one does not ask, "What is it?" When viewing Chinese calligraphy, one need not ask, "What is the Chinese word?" <br />
  18. 18. 12<br />Calligraphy and painting: a painting by Zhao Mengfu (趙孟頫, 1254–1322)<br />
  19. 19. 13<br />Calligraphy and painting: a painting by JiaYoufu賈又福(1942 - )<br />
  20. 20. Calligraphy and painting:The barking dog, by JiaYoufu<br />犬子焉知神仙到,笑它聲聲吠不休<br />“Hoe weet de hond nu dat hij tegen een onsterfelijke blaft?<br />Zie toch lachwekkend, hoe hij luidkeels en zonder ophouden blaft.”<br />Dit werk drijft de spot met mensen die anderen alleen op grond van hun kleren beoordelen, net als de hond die geen verschil ziet tussen een gewoon mens en een onsterfelijke.<br />14<br />
  21. 21. 15<br />A painting by JiaYoufu<br />
  22. 22. Calligraphy and painting: The hunchback watching a cock’s fight, by JiaYoufu<br />堪笑世人常如雞,用心爭斗無休息,足食飽復何求,舍命最要名和利<br />“Het is toch om te lachen: mensen zijn net als hanen.<br />Met heel hun hart rivaliseren ze met elkaar, zonder ophouden.<br />Wat jagen ze nog na, als ze genoeg te eten en te drinken hebben?<br />In hun zucht naar roem en rijkdom zetten ze zelfs hun leven op het spel.”<br />16<br />
  23. 23. Calligraphy and painting: Plum blossom, by Jenny Lee<br />17<br />
  24. 24. Calligraphy and painting: The farmhouse, by Jenny Lee<br />18<br />
  25. 25. 19<br /> Calligraphy by Zhang Ruitu 張瑞圖(1570 – 1641)<br />
  26. 26. 20<br />Calligraphy by Zhang Zhengyu (1903-1976)<br />A virile work in which strength is paramount. The character is 山 "mountain".<br />
  27. 27. 21<br />3. Different styles of calligraphy<br />Four main styles of calligraphy:<br />篆書 zhuanshu seal script<br />隸書 lishu chancery script<br />草書 caoshu draft script<br />楷書 kaishu regular script<br />
  28. 28. 22<br />篆書zhuanshuseal script<br />
  29. 29. 23<br />篆書zhuanshuseal script<br />All strokes are of equal and uniform thickness, and end in blunt tips<br />Corners are rounded<br />The height of the character exceeds its width<br />
  30. 30. 24<br />隸書lishuchancery script<br />
  31. 31. 25<br />隸書 lishu chancery script<br />Modulated strokes of varying thickness<br />Ending sometimes in pointed or jagged ends<br />Square corners<br />Stress width rather than height<br />
  32. 32. 26<br />草書caoshudraft script<br />
  33. 33. 27<br />草書caoshudraft script<br />A highly cursive style of writing where even the most complicated characters are reduced to a few dots and scrawls.<br />A “free” style of painting<br />
  34. 34. 28<br />楷書kaishuregular script<br />
  35. 35. 29<br />楷書kaishuregular script<br />Standard style of writing and printing<br />Strokes of varying thickness<br />Width and height are approximately the same<br />
  36. 36. 30<br /> An imitation of Wang Xianzhi王獻之 (344–386)<br />
  37. 37. 31<br />A letter by Mi Fu (米芾, 1051–1107)<br />
  38. 38. 32<br />Calligraphy by Emperor Huizong(宋徽宗 趙佶, 1082–1135)<br />
  39. 39. Calligraphy of Boyuan Art House,by Jia Youfu<br />33<br />
  40. 40. 34<br />5. Materials used<br />The Four Treasures of the Study:<br />文房四寶<br />Brush 筆<br />Ink 墨<br />Paper 紙<br />Inkstone 硯<br />
  41. 41. 35<br />6. How to hold a brush?<br />
  42. 42. 36<br />How to hold a brush?<br />
  43. 43. 37<br />7. The eight basic strokes<br />
  44. 44. 38<br />8. Exercise: drawing lines<br />
  45. 45. 39<br />9. Exercise: writing the character 永(Yong: “for ever”)<br />
  46. 46. 10. The end<br />Boyuan Art House<br />Galerie en atelier voor hedendaagse Chinese kunst, Den Haag<br />www.boyuan.nl<br />jenny@boyuan.nl of boyuanarthouse@gmail.com<br />Tel. 070 8877677, 06 12988189<br />

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