Greening Your School Bus for Administrators Webinar

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First, someone will give an overview of air quality concerns and current statistics. Next, there will be a presentation of propane buses and how they fit with improving air
quality and cutting costs. Next, administrators will talk about how their districts have incorporated language into their RFP and contracts to encourage more environmentally friendly buses for their students.

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Greening Your School Bus for Administrators Webinar

  1. 1. Asthma, pollution, and anti-idling! Mitchell Grayson, MD Director Fight Asthma Milwaukee (FAM) Allies
  2. 2. Asthma is a problem  Every day in America:  40,000 people miss school or work due to asthma  30,000 people have an asthma attack  5,000 people visit the emergency room due to asthma  1,000 people are admitted to the hospital due to asthma  11 people die from asthma
  3. 3. What is Asthma? • An immune response in the small airways of the lungs, characterized by – Inflammation and edema (swelling) – Mucus production (snot) – Bronchospasm (muscle tightness) Drawings from M. Tsutsumi
  4. 4. Asthma triggers • Asthma can be triggered by many airborne factors: – Pollen (trees, grasses, ragweed) – Mold spores – Air pollution • Exhaust from vehicles – School buses, trucks – Small engines (eg, lawn mowers) – Boats and cars • Factory smoke / exhaust
  5. 5. Air Pollution • Ozone (O3) – An invisible gas formed through chemical reactions of nitrous oxides and volatile organic compounds – Able to chemically react with lung tissue leading to tissue damage
  6. 6. M-1c
  7. 7. FEV1, % change Ozone Reduces Lung Function 0 insensitive -20 sensitive -40 0 2 4 Time of O3 exposure (h) M-10
  8. 8. Air Pollution • Particle Pollution – A mix of airborne solids and liquids – Comes from burning fossil fuels in factories, power plants, steel mills, smelters, diesel/gasoline, wood (even from residential fireplaces). – May trigger asthma possibly leading to hospitalization and death
  9. 9. Particle pollution is a complex mixture derived from many sources
  10. 10. Particle Size • Size matters – > 10 µm impact in the nose and mouth – < 5 µm can impact in the lungs nose and mouth trachea (large airways) bronchioles (small airways) bronchioles and alveoli 3 From: Heyder J. Proc Am Thorac Soc. 2004;1:315.
  11. 11. Particle Deposition • Larger particles (> PM10) deposit in the upper respiratory tract • Inhalable particles (< PM10) penetrate into lungs • Some particles (e.g., less than 0.1 um) may enter bloodstream • Particles may react, accumulate, be cleared or absorbed
  12. 12. Why worry about emissions?
  13. 13. Traffic exposure reduces lung function Individuals living within 300 m of a roadway. Brunekreef et al., 1997
  14. 14. Health Impact of Diesel Emissions Data from 2010 Clean Air Task Force
  15. 15. Does exhaust really matter to people with asthma? A study examined the 1996 summer Olympic games in Atlanta To reduce traffic for the games: • Around-the-clock public transportation was provided • 1,000 buses added to the existing fleet • Downtown city streets were closed to private cars • Downtown delivery schedules altered to ease morning rush hour • Allowed flexible work schedules and telecommuting These changes resulted in marked declines in ozone and other air pollutants known to trigger asthma exacerbations. Friedman MS, et al. JAMA. 2001;285:897-905
  16. 16. Results for people with asthma • When compared to pre-Olympics data, the frequency of asthma events (emergency room and/or hospitalizations) decreased by – – – – 42% (Georgia Medicaid claims) 44% (Health Maintenance Organization data) 11% (data from two Pediatric Emergency Depts) 19% (data from the Georgia Hospital Discharge Database) • So, reducing pollutants and ozone reduced the burden of asthma! Friedman MS, et al. JAMA. 2001;285:897-905
  17. 17. Health Recommendations • Check Air Quality Daily: – 1-866-DAILY AIR – (1-866-324-5924) – www.epa.gov/airnow – Orange level means air quality is bad for sensitive groups including older adults, all children, and people with respiratory illness. • On bad air quality days: – Stay indoors – Do not exercise outside
  18. 18. So what has been done in Milwaukee?
  19. 19. Asthma Grant Anti Idling Initiative
  20. 20.  Permanent Signage up at all 35 asthma grant schools and Central Office
  21. 21. Portable Signage
  22. 22. Education is the key! • Drivers given DNR and EPA literature showing effects of idling. • Drivers given window clings to remind them to shut off vehicles. • Bus drivers given magnets to remind them to shut off vehicles. • Drivers complying receive a magic school bus key ring as a thank you.
  23. 23. Peer Educators Spread The Word ….. Message: Save Money Message: Save Our Lungs Message: Save the Environment
  24. 24. Congress Extended Year Round School Anti Idling Event View press conference at: www.wellnessandpreventionoffice.org
  25. 25. Educational materials provided by the WDNR
  26. 26.  All Asthma Grant schools received copies of the “Magic School Bus Gets Cleaned Up”
  27. 27. EPA Anti-Idling Poster
  28. 28. Diesel Oxidation Catalyst Required On 2011 And Newer Buses * 1. Beginning with the 2011-12 school year, all 2011 model school buses shall have EPA verified crankcase filter systems and diesel oxidation catalyst systems. 2. Beginning with the 2010-2011 school year contractors will be required to install the MPS Automatic Vehicle Locator (“AVL”) system on buses designated by MPS.
  29. 29. MPS Bus Contract Anti-Idling Language The purpose of this policy is to implement current US EPA standards by eliminating all unnecessary idling of contracted school buses. This policy applies to the operation of all contracted school buses. 1. When school bus drivers arrive at loading or unloading areas to drop off or pick up passengers, they should turn off their buses as soon as possible to eliminate idling time and reduce harmful emissions. The school bus should not be restarted until it is ready to depart and there is a clear path to exit the pick-up area. Exceptions include conditions that would compromise passenger safety, such as: a. Extreme weather conditions b. Idling in traffic 2. Limit the idling time during early morning warm-up to what is recommended by the manufacturer (generally 3-5 minutes) in all but the coldest weather. 3. In colder weather, schools will be directed to provide a space inside the school where bus drivers who arrive early can wait. 4. In colder weather, if the warmth of the bus is an issue, idling is to be at a very minimum and occur outside the school zone. The “Warmed” school bus is to enter the school zone as close to pick-up time as possible to maintain warmth and then shut down. 5. Bidders must have a detailed strategy to train drivers on this policy, including anti-idling procedures in driver training materials. Anti-idling signage will be posted at all bus company locations. 6. Bidders shall conduct regular on-site inspections of school sites to ensure procedures are followed. Bidders shall take immediate action to rectify the occurrence.
  30. 30. Distributing anti-idling posters to all schools this fall
  31. 31. Medical Residents Talk to Legislators
  32. 32. Thank You!
  33. 33. Robert C. Little Central Region Manager 734.679.7526 Robert.Little@roush.com PROPANE AUTOGAS: A CLEAR CHOICE Powered by:
  34. 34. Choosing the Right Partner Technology / Manufacturer Fuel Propane Molecule (C3H8) Infrastructure
  35. 35. ROUSH Enterprises Brand Portfolio Roush Fenway Racing • Dominant NASCAR Sprint Cup racing team. ROUSH Performance • Industry leading high performance vehicles. ROUSH Life Sciences • Setting a new standard in medical equipment design, manufacturing, and engineering. ROUSH Industries • OEM quality manufacturing, engineering, prototyping, and design capabilities.
  36. 36. Corporate Overview Corporate Wheel of Capability
  37. 37. Single Source Engineering and Support
  38. 38. Building 2 – Emissions Testing
  39. 39. Building 3 – NVH
  40. 40. Building 6 – Machining/Engine Build
  41. 41. Building 15 – Engine Development
  42. 42. Building 79 – Vehicle Assembly
  43. 43. Building 87 - RCT Headquarters •Manufacturing •Complex Assembly •Sales & Marketing •Engineering •Warranty & Field Service
  44. 44. Engine Background  Ford 6.8L-3V engine.  Produced in Windsor Ontario: – 2.1 million square feet – 1850 employees  Introduced in 1997. – Upgraded in 2005 with 3 valves per cylinder.  Currently used in Ford Super Duty trucks (F-450 / F-550 / F-650), strip chassis, motor homes and commercial step vans.  Over 1 million 6.8L engines have been produced.  The engine was upgraded with premium valves, valve seats and a larger oil pump to meet Blue Bird’s needs.
  45. 45. Fuel System  67.5 gallon capacity.  Carbon steel.  Twice the required thickness for ASME Certification  312 PSI working pressure.
  46. 46. Fuel System 16 Mounting Points Located Inside Frame Rails
  47. 47. Safety Testing  4,000 lbs @ 40 MPH.  Angled side and rear impact.  220 PSI tank pressure.  CMVSS 301.1 protocol.  No leakage or pressure drop in 30 minute test.
  48. 48. Blue Bird Vision Fuel Rail ROUSH CleanTech’s signature blue anodized aluminum fuel rail is designed to operate under varying temperatures of liquid propane Fuel Tank The liquid propane autogas fuel tank meets all ASME certification standards, is made of steel, and is built and assembled in the USA. FRPCM The Fuel Rail Pressure Control Module ensures consistent vehicle performance and power on-demand. Fuel Fill Industry-standard valve designed to allow for safe passage of liquid propane into the vehicle. Includes a check valve to prevent fuel leaks. Fuel Lines Fuel Injectors Special fuel injectors are used to inject liquid propane into the cylinders for ignition. Made of high-durability stainless steel to handle varying temperatures and pressures. They are designed to route through the factory line locations.
  49. 49. Product Overview Model Years 2012- 2013 Engine Size 6.8L V10 (3V) Applications All cab configurations. All wheelbase configurations. 6-speed automatic transmission. Fuel Tank Capacity Mid-Ship: 67 gallons (usable) Extended Range: 93 gallons (usable) Technical Specifications EPA and CARB approved. GVWR: 33,000 lbs. Up to 77 passengers Order Availability Blue Bird dealers Blue Bird Vision (Type C)
  50. 50. Product Overview Model Years 2012- 2013 Engine Size 6.8L V10 (2V) Applications All cab configurations. 158” / 176” wheelbase configurations. 5-speed automatic transmission. Fuel Tank Capacity Mid-Ship: 41 gallons (usable) Technical Specifications EPA and CARB approved. GVWR: 14,500 lbs. Up to 30 passengers Order Availability Blue Bird dealers Micro Bird G5 (Type A)
  51. 51. ROUSH Passenger and Cargo Vehicles  Full Line of E-Series: – 2009+ Ford E-150 / 250 / 350 - 5.4L V8 – 2007+ Ford E-350 Cutaway - 5.4L V8 – 2009+ Ford E-450 Cutaway - 6.8L V10
  52. 52. ROUSH Trucks  Full Line of F-Series: – 2007.5-2008 Ford F-150 - 5.4L V8 – 2009-2010 Ford F-250 / 350 - 5.4L V8 – 2012+ Ford F-250/350 – 6.2L V8 – 2011+ Ford F-450 / 550 - 6.8L V10 – 2012+ Ford F-650 - 6.8L V10
  53. 53. Alt. Fuel Experience Propane Autogas – Over 4,000 vehicles sold. – Service, warranty, sales infrastructure in place. Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) • Design of fuel system. • Calibration. Electric – Over 16,000 recharging stations built. – Blink ECOtality contract with U.S. DOE. Hydrogen • 207.297 MPH (world land-speed record.)
  54. 54. Factors for Alt Fuel Analysis Economics Environmental Responsibility Energy Independence
  55. 55. Choosing the Right Partner Technology / Manufacturer Fuel Propane Molecule (C3H8) Infrastructure
  56. 56. What Is Propane Autogas? Economical – 40% - 50% less expensive than gasoline. Clean – 24% reduction in Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions. – 20% reduction in Nitrogen Oxide (NOx) emissions. – 60% reduction in Carbon Monoxide (CO) emissions. Domestic – Export Billions of Gallons per Year Abundant – Most refueling infrastructure of any alternative fuel. – Powers over 21 million vehicles worldwide. Safe – Low pressure (~ 200 psig). – Fuel tanks are 20 times more puncture resistant than gasoline. Propane Molecule (C3H8)
  57. 57. US Propane Supply Growing U.S. and Canada Shale Gas Production (Bcfd) 40.0 Increase in Natural Gas Liquids Production From U.S. and Canada Shale Gas (Million Gallons per year) 16,000 35.0 Western Canada 30.0 All Other US 14,000 12,000 Eagle Ford 25.0 Bakken 20.0 Utica 15.0 10,000 Pentanes Butane Marcellus Haynesville /1 10.0 Fayetteville 8,000 6,000 4,000 Barnett 5.0 Woodford 2020 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 - Ethane 2,000 Propane 0 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 1/ Haynesville production includes production from other shales in the vicinity, e.g., the Bossier Shale Natural gas liquids production from shale gas is expected to increase by more than 6.9 Billion Gallons per year between 2010 and 2015. • 1.8 billion gallons of new propane supply by 2015 • 3.6 billion gallons of new propane supply by 2020 Source: ICF Consulting
  58. 58. Wholesale Price Comparison  The price gap between propane and diesel continues to widen over time. June, 2008: ~$2.00 / gal. difference (propane & diesel) February, 2013: ~$2.50 / gal. difference (propane & diesel) January, 2009: $1.50 / gal. difference (propane & diesel) Source: Ferrellgas
  59. 59. Choosing the Right Partner Technology / Manufacturer Fuel Propane Molecule (C3H8) Infrastructure
  60. 60. Fueling Stations On-Site Refueling: Ford Michigan Assembly Plant (MI) La Pine School District (OR) Alliance Autogas Propane Tank ROUSH CleanTech (MI) Shell (AZ) Heritage Propane Tank
  61. 61. Taking our Partners to Victory Lane
  62. 62. Blue Bird Savings 2013 BB Vision Save Up to $41,000 in Operating Costs
  63. 63. Healthy Transportation  Studies show that more than 70% of ambient air pollution comes from diesel emissions alone. – Diesel particulates are dangerous because they are so tiny, and can lodge into the deepest areas of human lungs. – Children, in particular, are susceptible because they breathe 50 percent more air per pound of body weight than adults.  Propane powered buses emit virtually zero particulate matter. – In essence, this is a 100% decrease in unhealthy particulate emissions when compared to diesel school buses.     Solomon, Gina M., et al. “No Breathing in the Aisles: Diesel Exhaust Inside School Buses.” National Resources Defense Council and the Coalition for Clean Air. January 2001 27 April 2004 <http://www.nrdc.org/air/transportation/schoolbus/sbusinx.asp>. Nazemi, Mike A. “Multiple Toxics Exposure Study (MATES-II) in the South Coast Air Basin.” U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Science Policy (OSP), South Coast Air Quality Management District. Sampling Period: April 1998 to March 1999. 29 April 2004 <http://www.epa.gov/osp/presentations/airtox/nazemi.pdf>. “Health and Environmental Effects of Particulate Matter.” U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Air & Radiation (OAR), Office of Air Quality Planning & Standards. 17 July 1997. Last updated on Thursday, July 11th, 2002. 29 April 2004 <http://www.epa.gov/ttn/oarpg/naaqsfin/pmhealth.html>. “Clean Cities Propane Overview,” U.S. Department of Energe (DOE), 11 December 2012. www1.eere.energy.gov/cleancities/toolbox/.../propane_overview.ppt..
  64. 64. Cold Weather Performance  Ford F-250 in Alaska – Operated in temperatures < 0 F. – Drove > 1,000 miles / week. – 9+ months in Alaska.  Demo Vehicle – – – – State of Alaska Fleet Services. CH2M Hill. CONAM Construction. Ted Stevens Anchorage Int’l Airport. – City of Anchorage.
  65. 65. 2013 Arctic Front in Minnesota February 1, 2013  -13 air temperature, -25 wind chill in Minneapolis  Chaska, MN: buses started at 5:00am to begin 6:00am driver check-in  Two diesels were no starts and were plugged in over night  All Propane Units started right up and did not need to be plugged in  Within ten minutes all propane units were starting to heat and take the extreme cold out of the air; nearly all of the diesel still were below zero due to the cold.  By 7:30am some diesels were warmed up; plenty other diesels you could still see the breath in the air.  “Propane unit drivers were so warm they were able to shed jackets and wear a sweater, or even a short sleeve shirt with “house temperatures”  “Many old school bus drivers that were around in the 60’s and 70’s that used propane units then experienced buses freezing up in the winter time or hard starts. With today’s propane converted equipment we have experienced none of that. Everything has been easy starting, fast heating, and few issues if any.”
  66. 66. ROUSH Technical Support 185 Service Centers and Expanding  Mario Genovese - School Bus Technical Expert – Mario.Genovese@roush.com – 734.466.6738 (Office) – 734.679.9935 (Mobile)
  67. 67. Customer Adoption
  68. 68. Testimonials  “With today’s tight school budgets, using a transportation fuel that saves taxpayers money, keeps the environment clean, and keeps jobs within our national borders is a win-win for everyone. Plus, our drivers love how quiet the propane buses perform.” –  “Before tax credits, we pay nearly half the price of diesel for propane, cutting our fuel expenditures by more than 50%. So far we’ve saved $10,000 on the five Blue Bird buses alone.” –  Kevin Neafie (Director of Transportation, Tippecanoe School Corp IN) “In their first year of operation, these propane autogas school buses (81) are expected to save $500,000 to $700,000 in fuel and maintenance costs over their diesel counterparts.” –  William Schofield (Superintendent, Hall County Schools GA) Mark Elias (Area General Manager, First Student OR) We are saving $0.37 per mile in operating costs; any-one who works with school fleets can appreciate that substantial number.” – Ron Latko (Director of Transportation, Mesa Unified School District AZ)
  69. 69. Together We Practice Environmental Responsibility Together We Are Innovative Together We Succeed Robert C. Little Central Region – Fleet Sales Manager 734.679.7526 Robert.Little@roush.com
  70. 70. Propane November 19, 2013 70
  71. 71. Propane Offers a Compelling Value Proposition  Safe  Exceptionally strong fuel tanks  Built-in safeguards  Quieter ride  Cost     Less expensive fuel Lower maintenance costs $.50 per gallon U.S. tax credit Affordable infrastructure  Fuel  Domestically produced  Abundant supply  Readily available  Green  Reduces greenhouse gas emissions  Performance  Exceptional power and cold-weather performance Propane is a Safe, Cost Effective, Domestically-Sourced Fuel that Reduces Emissions and Delivers Exceptional Performance 71
  72. 72. Propane is Safe  Fuel tank is 20 time more puncture resistant than the typical gasoline or diesel fuel tank  Fuel tank is mounted between the chassis frame rails for additional protection in the event of an accident  Multiple safeguards are installed in the ROUSH CleanTech system to block the release of propane in the event of a leak 72
  73. 73. Propane Testing  4,000 lbs @ 40 MPH  Angled Side and Rear Impact  220 PSI Tank Pressure  CMVSS 301.1 Protocol  No Leakage or No Pressure Drop in 30 Minute Test 73
  74. 74. Propane Fueling Infrastructure is Inexpensive  The infrastructure costs for propane on-site fueling stations start at approximately $45,000 compared to $400,000 for CNG stations, and many propane suppliers will bake the cost of the station into the fuel cost so no out-of-pocket expense is required at time of installation Transportation Directors Like the Ease of On-Site Fueling 74
  75. 75. Propane Delivers Performance  With 362 hp, the Ford/ROUSH CleanTech engine delivers outstanding power  Cold weather performance is exceptional and does not require fuel additives or preheating like diesel applications  Propane buses heat up quicker than diesel-powered units Started at -18 Degrees Fahrenheit with No Problem Buyers Love the Power & Cold Weather Performance 75
  76. 76. Propane Offers Significant Savings  Propane can save the typical school district approximately $50,000 in fuel cost over the life of the bus  Additional savings can be achieved through lower maintenance costs  Only 7 quarts of oil required for oil changes vs. 21+ quarts for diesel engines  No DEF fluid required for emissions system Propane Buses Reduce the Total Cost of Ownership 76
  77. 77. Component Availability  Common Body Lengths, Passenger Capacities & Options Available:  Micro Bird Propane – 158” Wheelbase, Up to 30 Passengers  Vision Propane  6 Wheelbases 189” – 280”  Up to 77 Passengers  Air Conditioning  Skirt Mounted Luggage Compartments  Spring or Air Ride Suspensions (Type C)  Wheelchair Lifts  Flat Floor (Type A & Type C)  68 and 93 gallon fuel containers available Propane is available in most popular configurations 77
  78. 78. Propane Engine & Fuel System Coverage  Engine and Propane Fuel System Coverage  5 year / 100,000 miles 78
  79. 79. Alternative Fuel Markets Alberta DC Maine Nevada Texas Alaska Florida Michigan New York Utah Alabama Georgia Minnesota Ohio Virginia Arkansas Iowa Missouri Oklahoma Vermont Arizona Idaho Montana Ontario Washington British Columbia Illinois North Carolina Oregon Wisconsin California Kansas New Hampshire Pennsylvania West Virginia Colorado Mass. New Jersey S. Carolina Connecticut Maryland New Mexico Tennessee Nebraska 3 Provinces, 40 States and D.C. 79
  80. 80. Fleets are Very Happy with Propane Ron Latko We Have Many Testimonials from Satisfied Customers 80
  81. 81. Summary  The value proposition associated with reducing the total cost of ownership through a safe bus that reduces a district’s carbon footprint while delivering exceptional performance is compelling  There are vast reserves of natural gas in the USA that ensure a solid and predictable supply of propane into the future  Fully integrated, all conventional bus lengths, passenger capacities and  Customers that buy propane re-buy propane, because it works Propane is a Competitive Differentiator for Blue Bird 81
  82. 82. Thank you! 82

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