AS Media Genre Research: Action/Adventure - Will Wade
+ Action/Adventure Films By Will Wade
+ Action Films Action film is a film genre where one or more heroes is thrust into a series of challenges that require physical feats, extended fights and frenetic chases. They occasionally have a resourceful character struggling against incredible odds such as, life-threatening situations, an evil villain, and/or being chased in several ways of transportation (car, bus, truck, etc.), with victory achieved at the end after difficult physical efforts and violence. Story and character development are generally secondary to explosions, fist fights, gunplay and car chases.
+ Adventure FilmsAdventure films are a genre of film. Unlike pure, low-budget actionfilms they often use their action scenes preferably to display andexplore exotic locations in an energetic way.The subgenres of adventure films include, swashbuckler film,disaster films, and historical dramas - which is similar to the epicfilm genre. Adventure films are mostly set in a period backgroundand may include adapted stories of historical or fictional adventureheroes within the historical context. Kings, battles, rebellion orpiracy are commonly seen in adventure films.Adventure films may also be combined with other movie genressuch as Action.
+ Combining The Two Because Action and Adventure genres are so similar and work extremely well with each other, many action movies incorporate adventure and vise versa. Films Such As; Saving Private Ryan, Lord Of The Rings Trilogy and The Terminator incorporate both action and adventure into the main plots of the film.
+ Early Action Films In the West, during the 1920s and 1930s, adventure films were popularized by actors such as Douglas Fairbanks and Errol Flynn, but the settings were often period ones. The phenomenal success of the James Bond series in the 1960s and 1970s, helped to popularize the concept of the modern day action film in more recent years. The early Bond films were characterized by quick cutting, car chases, fist fights and ever more elaborate action sequences. The series also established the concept of the resourceful hero, who is able to dispatch the villains with a ready one-liner.
Early American action films usually+ focused on maverick police officers, as in Bullitt (1968), The French Connection (1971) and Dirty Harry (1971). These were among the earliest films to present a car chase as an action set-piece. However, the action film did not become a dominant form in Hollywood until the 1980s and 1990s, when it was popularized by actors such as Arnold Schwarzenegger, Bruce Willis and Sylvester Stallone. The 1988 film Die Hard was particularly influential on the development of the genre in the following decade. In the film, Bruce Willis plays a New York police detective who inadvertently becomes embroiled in a terrorist take-over of a Los Angeles office block. The film set a pattern for a host of imitators, like Under Siege (1992) or Air Force One (1997), which used the same formula in a different setting.
+ Early Adventure Films The adventure film reached its peak of popularity in 1930s and 1940s Hollywood, when films such as Captain Blood, The Adventures of Robin Hood and The Mark of Zorro were regularly made with major stars, notably Errol Flynn and Tyrone Power, who were closely associated with the genre. At the same time, Saturday morning serials were often using many of the same thematic elements as high-budget adventure films. In the early days of adventure films, the protagonists were mainly male. These heroes were courageous, often fighting suppression and facing tyrants. Recently these male heroic protagonists have occasionally been replaced by heroines, Lara Croft being an example.
+ Popular Concepts Used In Adventure moviesAn outlaw fighting for justice or battling a tyrant (e.g., Robin Hood,Zorro or Star Wars)Suspense and dangerous situations the characters must escapefrom.Pirates (e.g., Captain Blood or Pirates of the Caribbean)A journey or quest of some kind, such as searching for a lost city orfor hidden treasure (e.g., King Solomons Mines or Indiana Jones)The Campbellian hero-myth cycle, coming of age, discovery ofones destiny (e.g., Star Wars, Dune, Lord of the Rings).Allegorical themes as social commentary (e.g., Planet of the Apesor Star Trek)Adventure films can contain stock characters and stereotypes. Insome cases this has been accused of going as far as implicitracism; claimed examples of this are Indiana Jones and the Templeof Doom, First Blood and James Bond "kicking third-world peoplearound" in Dr. No.
+ Dolph Lundgren Dolph Lundgren (born Hans Lundgren; 3 November 1957) is a Swedish actor, director, and martial artist. He belongs to a generation of film actors who epitomise the movie action hero stereotype including Sylvester Stallone, Arnold Schwarzenegger, Bruce Willis, Chuck Norris, Steven Seagal and Jean-Claude Van Damme. A graduate in chemical engineering from the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm and the University of Sydney in Sydney, Australia in 1982, Lundgren holds a rank of 3rd dan black belt in Kyokushin Karate and was European champion in 1980 and 1981. While in Sydney, he became a bodyguard for Grace Jones and began a relationship with her. They moved together to New York City, where after a short stint as a model and bouncer at the Manhattan nightclub The Limelight, he got a small debut role in the James Bond film A View to a Kill as a KGB henchman.
+ Angelina JolieAngelina Jolie (born Angelina Jolie Voight; June 4, 1975) is anAmerican actress and director. She has received an Academy Award,two Screen Actors Guild Awards, and three Golden Globe Awards,and was named Hollywoods highest-paid actress by Forbes in 2009and 2011. Jolie is noted for promoting humanitarian causes as aGoodwill Ambassador for the United Nations High Commissioner forRefugees (UNHCR). She has been cited as the worlds "mostbeautiful" woman, a title for which she has received substantial mediaattention.Jolie made her screen debut as a child alongside her father JonVoight in Lookin to Get Out (1982), but her film career began inearnest a decade later with the low-budget production Cyborg 2(1993). Her first leading role in a major film was in the cyber-thrillerHackers (1995). She starred in the critically acclaimed biographicaltelevision films George Wallace (1997) and Gia (1998), and won anAcademy Award for Best Supporting Actress for her performance inthe drama Girl, Interrupted (1999).
+ Bruce WillisWalter Bruce Willis (born March 19, 1955), better known as BruceWillis, is an American actor, producer, and musician. His career beganin television in the 1980s and has continued both in television and filmsince, including comedic, dramatic, and action roles. He is well knownfor the role of John McClane in the Die Hard series, which weremostly critical and uniformly financial successes. He has alsoappeared in over sixty films, including box office successes like PulpFiction (1994), 12 Monkeys (1995), The Fifth Element (1997),Armageddon (1998), The Sixth Sense (1999), Sin City (2005), andRed (2010).Motion pictures featuring Willis have grossed US$2.64 billion to 3.05billion at North American box offices, making him the ninth highest-grossing actor in a leading role and twelfth highest includingsupporting roles. He is a two-time Emmy Award-winning, GoldenGlobe Award-winning and four-time Saturn Award-nominated actor.Willis was married to actress Demi Moore and they had threedaughters before their divorce in 2000, following thirteen years ofmarriage.
+ Best Action Movie Of All Time? The Internet Movie Data Base states that the best action movie of all time based on user and critics reviews is Kill Bill Volume 1. The Quentin Tarantino film is extremely popular to action movie fans. My personal opinion is that the best action film ever made is sin city. A film that explores the dark and miserable town, Basin City, and tells the story of three different people, all caught up in violent corruption.
+ Notable DirectorsNotable action film directors from the 1960s and 1970sinclude Sam Peckinpah, whose 1969 Western The WildBunch was controversial for its bloody violence andnihilist tone. Some of the influential and populardirectors from the 1980s to 2000s include JamesCameron (the first two Terminator films, Aliens, TrueLies); John Woo (Hong Kong action films such as HardBoiled and US-made English-language films such asHard Target and Mission: Impossible II); John McTiernan(Die Hard, Predator); Ridley Scott (Black Hawk Down);The Wachowski Brothers (the science fiction The Matrixtrilogy) and Michael Bay (Bad Boys 2, Transformers).For a longer list, see the List of action film directorsarticle.
+ Michael BayMichael Benjamin Bay (born February 17, 1965)is an American film director and producer. He isknown for directing high-budget action filmscharacterized by their fast edits, stylistic visualsand substantial practical special effects. His films,which include The Rock, Armageddon, PearlHarbor and the Bad Boys and Transformersseries, have grossed over three billion dollarsworld-wide. He is co-founder of commercialproduction house The Institute, a.k.a. TheInstitute for the Development of EnhancedPerceptual Awareness. He is co-chair and part-owner of the digital effects house Digital Domain.He co-owns Platinum Dunes, a production housewhich has remade horror movies including Fridaythe 13th, The Texas Chainsaw Massacre, and ANightmare on Elm Street.