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Pestle Sri lanka

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Pestle Sri lanka

  1. 1. PESTLE analysis Project Cycle Management -----A short training course in project cycle management for subdivisions of MFAR in Sri Lanka MFAR, ICEIDA and UNU-FTP Ministry of Fisheries and Icelandic International United Nations University Fisheries Aquatic Resources (DFAR) Development Agency (ICEIDA) Training Programme (UNU-FTP) Sri Lanka Iceland Iceland
  2. 2. Content• What is PESTLE analysis?• What does PESTLE analysis include?• Case study on post harvest losses.
  3. 3. Learning objectives• After this lecture participants will be able to identify and undertake PESTLE analysis
  4. 4. PESTLE analysis• PESTLE is an analytical tool which considers external factors and helps you to think about their impacts
  5. 5. PESTLE analysis• Is a useful tool for understanding the “big picture” of the environment in which you are operating• By understanding your environment, you can take advantage of the opportunities and minimize the threats.• This provides the context within which more detailed planning can take place to take full advantage of the opportunities that present themselves.
  6. 6. The factors in PESTLE analysis• P – Political – The current and potential influences from political pressures• E - Economic – The local, national and world economic impact• S - Sociological – The ways in which changes in society affect the project• T - Technological – How new and emerging technology affects our project / organization• L - Legal – How local, national and global legislation affects the project• E - Environmental – Local, national and global environmental issues
  7. 7. PESTLE vs. SWOT• In contrast to a SWOT, PESTLE encourages you to think about the wider environment and what might be happening now and in the future which will either benefit or be of disadvantage to the organization, individual etc – a kind of radar which picks up trends and developments in the external environment which can be used to inform longer term planning and strategy making
  8. 8. PESTLE• Political: – Government type and stability – Freedom of the press, rule of law and levels of bureaucracy and corruption – Regulation and de-regulation trends – Social and employment legislation – Tax policy, and trade and tariff controls – Environmental and consumer-protection legislation – Likely changes in the political environment• Economic: – Stage of a business cycle – Current and projected economic growth, inflation and interest rates – Unemployment and supply of labor – Labor costs – Levels of disposable income and income distribution – Impact of globalization – Likely impact of technological or other changes on the economy – Likely changes in the economic environment
  9. 9. PESTLE• Sociological: – Cultural aspects, health consciousness, population growth rate, age distribution, – Organizational culture, attitudes to work, management style, staff attitudes – Education, occupations, earning capacity, living standards – Ethical issues, diversity, immigration/emigration, ethnic/religious factors – Media views, law changes affecting social factors, trends, advertisements, publicity – Demographics: age, gender, race, family size• Technological: – Maturity of technology, competing technological developments, research funding, technology legislation, new discoveries – Information technology, internet, global and local communications – Technology access, licensing, patents, potential innovation, replacement technology/solutions, inventions, research, intellectual property issues, advances in manufacturing – Transportation, energy uses/sources/fuels, associated/dependent technologies, rates of obsolescence, waste removal/recycling
  10. 10. PESTLE• Legal: – current home market legislation, future legislation – European/international legislation – regulatory bodies and processes – environmental regulations, employment law, consumer protection – industry-specific regulations, competitive regulations• Environmental: – Ecological – environmental issues, environmental regulations – customer values, market values, stakeholder/ investor values – management style, staff attitudes, organizational culture, staff engagement
  11. 11. PESTLE analysis and projects• It is possible to use the PESTLE analysis on projects as well for organizations• It is not always needed, especially if the projects are small• If PESTLE analysis is used for a project, then the focus should be on solving the “focal problem” and analyze how the external environment is affecting the process of solving the “focal problem” – e.g. the guidelines from the European Commission do not include PESTLE in their logical framework approach
  12. 12. Issues of concern• The main problem with these external PESTLE factors is that they are continuously changing• Therefore PESTLE analysis should include a thorough analysis of what is affecting the organization or a project Now, and what is likely to affect it in the Future• The result of a PESTLE analysis is usually a list of positive and negative factors that are likely to affect a project – However, by themselves, theses factors they mean very little – It is important to bear in mind, that PESTLE analysis requires careful Application of results
  13. 13. Similar analysis• Other forms of PEST - PESTLE, PESTLIED, STEEPLE and SLEPT: Some people prefer to use different flavors of PEST analysis, using other factors for different situations. The variants are:• PESTLE/PESTEL: Political, Economic, Sociological, Technological, Legal, Environmental;• PESTLIED: Political, Economic, Social, Technological, Legal, International, Environmental, Demographic;• STEEPLE: Social/Demographic, Technological, Economic, Environmental, Political, Legal, Ethical; and• SLEPT: Social, Legal, Economic, Political, Technological
  14. 14. PESTLE analysis post harvest losses• Following is a case study of PESTLE analysis on post harvest losses (PHL)
  15. 15. Importance Political factors - PHL Increasing > Unchanged = Decreasing <• Low political interest among the general public and therefore >little or no pressure on government• Low political pressure from fishermen and boat owners >• Low interest among politicians =• High interest among government to improve the situation on >post harvest losses• Frequent changes in policy due to rapid changes in politicallyelected authorities within the government affecting stability of =practical resolutions• Possibilities for fishermen- and vessel owner associations toinfluence future policy making and contributing to political >decisions• International agreements e.g. IOTC > PESTLE
  16. 16. Importance Economical factors - PHL Increasing > Unchanged = Decreasing <•Low average catches affect fishermen’s incomes and availability >of capital to invest in improvements• Low purchasing power among a large group of customers in the =domestic market• Limited knowledge in financial accounting affects operation of >small and medium sized fishermen’s businesses• The ongoing conflict in Sri Lanka affects governmental >expenditures and decreases the possible funding of developmentin the fisheries sector• The tsunami disaster had severe effect on the Sri Lankan <fisheries sector e.g. on development and capacity PESTLE
  17. 17. Importance Sociological factors - PHL Increasing > Unchanged = Decreasing < .• Acceptance of low quality fish >• Lack of awareness >• Food safety and health problems due to low fish quality =• The attitude of fishermen >• Lack of specialized education among fishermen >• Religious sentiments affecting industrial practices < PESTLE
  18. 18. Importance Technological factors - PHL Increasing > Unchanged = Decreasing <• Lack of infrastructure (e.g. facility, machinery, tools, practices) >• Inferior boat design >• Inferior harbor design >• Insufficient availability of freezing facilities >• Inadequate processing facilities >• Selectivity of fishing gear (i.e. gillnets) =• Lack of technological improvements (e.g. freezers, insulatingboxes etc.) >• Lack of proper hygienic practices >• Inadequate transport facilities = PESTLE
  19. 19. Importance Legal factors - PHL Increasing > Unchanged = Decreasing <• Lack of regulations, monitoring and enforcement on: > – Quality standards > – Food safety > – Hygiene standards > – Fish handling > – Illegal inland fishing >• Regulations in foreign export markets (e.g. EU, USA and Japan) >• General trade agreements and tariffs = PESTLE
  20. 20. Importance Environmental factors - PHL Increasing > Unchanged = Decreasing <• Insufficient availability of clean water >• Tropical weather conditions =• Pollution in harbor basin water >• Lack of adequate sewage management >• Oil spills in harbors =• Hygienic conditions onboard boats and in harbors >• Sustainability of fish stocks =• Stock size. When stocks are large and catches good, PHL tends =to increase PESTLE
  21. 21. References• Renewal Associates (2003). PESTEL Analysis. Downloaded 18. mars 2007 from: www.renwal.eu.com• Rapidbi (2007). The PESTLE Analysis Tool and Template. Downloaded the 2nd of June 2007 from: http://www.rapidbi.com/created/the-PESTLE- analysis-tool.html

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