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Essay on Organizational Theory
This is a study to examine the background of various organization theories and their development from the perspective of legitimacy and efficacy; to
evaluate selected discussions regarding theory development and various theories; to encourage the use of evidence based theory development and to
provide a look into the model and related theories that are created after looking at the existing theories. While not rejecting the need for thorough testing
of theories, I am simply looking into the suggestion of theories and models for their worth. Only is that when we begin to thoroughly looking into the
application of the theories, that they can then be tested in conditions of their authenticity and the level that they are useful....show more content...
There are several new theories, models and extensions of existing theories out there that in the future should be available to be presented for discussion
and to be tested for the soundness in their application ability (Miles, McKenny, Short, Davis, Wu). With this thought, we must start the movement of
progress for the organizational theory development so we can be prepared for the beginning and use in the current changing environment of business. In
using an evidence based approach, we will begin to discover new approaches and expand the existing theories and current models.
Research has shown that there have been several management and organization theories that have been tested through the years and a lot of those were
introduced as very sound and logical prior to testing and were accepted by the majority of theorist. The finding of these theories and models simply do
not mean that there is a necessity in depth testing and validation for them to be measured justifiable theories. There are theorists that have said that the
incorporation of this theory creation and testing is vital. With that said, all of the building and formation of new theories needs to be evaluated so that
an evaluation is feasible through sound and dependable testing. But with all of this testing, several problems have emerged as theorist and researchers
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In today's society it is not always what you know, but who you know. It is never a bad idea to join a professional organization and or association. The
key is to find the right one for you and your needs. According to ask.com, "A professional organization is formed to disseminate information and unite
people who share the same occupation or common interests." Professional Organizations can also be classified as any social arrangement that has the
same aims, aspirations, and goals. A professional organization on the other hand, is usually a non–profit group that helps further awareness and goals of
a specific profession according to dpi.state.nc.us. Yet not all organizations are non–profit, so be careful when you choose. Professional...show more
content...
The following list below gives just a few of these reasons: Joining an organization may offer you an opportunity to be a student leader and make
invaluable networking connections for future employment. Showing commitment to your chosen industry, showing your dedication to growing and
changing your knowledge and skill sets, and leadership roles can show how you can manage or lead others. Many organizations have publications
devoted to new developments and research in your area of study to keep you informed of advancements and changes. Membership also offers
information on upcoming conferences and conventions which affords you an opportunity to attend lectures by the leading edge experts in your field
and to communicate with others with the same interests. Membership dues can be used to allow the organization to continue to conduct research,
policy making, and to hold education conferences to further your education. The cons to joining a professional organization or association include but
not limited to whether or not there are yearly fees to be a part of these organizations, distance to travel, accommodation expenses to attend any meetings
or conventions. According to our text, it states that you must be up to the challenge of being committed to your career and that you are willing to grow
and change with it. There are professional organizations and or associations for every field, whether
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Organizational Behavior Essay
Organisational Behaviour (OB) is the study of human behaviour in an organisation. It is a multidisciplinary field devoted to the understanding
individual and group behaviour, interpersonal processes and organisational dynamics. OB is important to all management functions, roles and skills.
Since organisations are built up levels – individual, group and an organizational system as a whole, it is important for managers to understand human
behaviour in order to meet the organizations overall goals. I found several key learning areas that are meaningful, interesting and relevant to my work
over the course of studying this unit. These key learning areas have not only expanded and improved my view of organisational behaviour but they
also have...show more content...
As a manager working in a diverse organisation, this learning area will help me to recognise the differences between team members and to effectively
manage these differences by encouraging participation in diverse training, establishing benefit programs such bonuses, flexi–time to accommodate the
different needs of different employees. It's important to communicate to staff about goals and objectives, corporate culture and common practice. This
can be done by developing employee handbooks with detailed guidelines that can be handed out at orientation days. Individual Level Factors Edwin
Locke's Goal–Setting Theory Locke (1960) proposes that intentions to work towards a goal are a major source of work motivation. Goals help us to
determine the level of effort that we need to apply to a task. To motivate employees, goals must take into consideration the degree to which each of
the following exists: clarity, challenge, commitment, feedback and task complexity. If all five of these elements are present, goal theory says that we
will be motivated to produce to a maximum. The specificity of the goal acts as an internal stimulus, the more difficult the goal, the higher the level of
performance. Difficult goals energise us because we have to work harder and persist to attain them. I now consider the
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Essay on Management and Organization
Introduction The management and organizational approaches that are used by various firms play a critical role in their performance. The adopted
management approach is important due to the fact that it determines the efficiency with which activities are performed. The organizational structure of
the firm on the other hand determines the delegation and application of authority. The organizational structure is developed by themanagement. The
structure facilitates effective interaction among employees and helps in directing resources towards achieving the goals of the organization. The
behavior of employees is also influenced by the management and organizational approach (Mullins 3). Thus a firm will only be successful if it adopts
the best...show more content...
First, it is based on the assumption that firms operate in a capitalist economy that is associated with "a free market system" (Perterson 47) in which
transactions are facilitated by money. Thus the most important objective of the firms is profit maximization and improving efficiency levels. Second,
the workers are expected to be rational. This means that they are supposed to work–hard in order to maximize their earnings. Besides, they are
expected to prioritize the goals and objectives of the organization. Finally, organizations are supposed to increase their production capacities in order
to enjoy the benefits of "division of labor and specialization of tasks" (Daft 56).
The principles of the theory The scientific management theory is based on four principles. The principles form the basis for designing processes,
managing workers and improving productivity. Thus an organization that uses the scientific management approach will improve its efficiency and
productivity if it follows the principles correctly. The principles are as follows.
Developing a Science for Every Element of Work According to this principle, the old rule–of–thump should be replaced by clear–cut procedures. Such
procedures can be developed through a careful study of the various processes within the organization in order to "develop the one best way to do
everything" (Cook and Hunsacker 45). In order to identify
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Organizational Values Essay
An aligned organization is one which their performance influences are mutually supportive and focuses on effective and efficient delivery of system.
Values play an important role in an organization and leads to success. To attain a successful alignment between individual and corporate values, there
needs to be a connection between the employee and the organization in which he or she works for. The benefits contain significant value to both the
organization as well as the employee. The decision individual makes reflect their personal beliefs about what is important for them and the decision
organization make reflect their personal belief about what they think is important. The personal and organizational value develops based on the...show
more content...
Taking time to listen to and understand patients experiences convey a message that patients feeling cared for and respected. Through communication a
patient can be reassured and understand their sickness fully.
Once, when I worked as a charge nurse, a patient wanted to inform me about something. She told me that her assigned nurse was not giving pain
medication on correct time, and demanded for a different nurse. When I talked to the assigned nurse she told me that she gave all pain medication
on time and that patient was ready to be discharged but the problem as that the patient didn't want to leave. I checked the medication administration
record and it indicated that the nurse gave all the medication on time. I didn't change the assigned nurse instead I decided to take care of the patient.
I talked with the patient asked her why she doesn't want to go home. She replied saying that the pharmacy she gets her medication from is closed on
Saturday and Sunday and she cannot get her discharge medication until Monday. She also complained about not having any ride back home after
being discharged. I called the social worker and she arranged to get her medication for the patient from hospital's charity for few days and also
provided the patient with a cab voucher. I called the cab and discharged the patient home without any problem. The way I handled this situation was by
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Essay on What Makes an Organization Successful
I believe that in large measure what makes an organization successful in meeting the needs of its various constituencies is its distinctiveness.
Organizations that have strong and unique cultures generally experience excellent performance which implies why many of the most successful
organizations today are thriving and growing because, in large part, of their unique and strong styles and values towards corporate culture.
Yet these same conditions pose a critical set of challenges but yet retain the essential cultural elements that have made it attractive and resilient. More
than ever, successful organizations will need to develop learning and communication systems that will sustain the kind of strong cultures that make
them distinctive...show more content...
Leadership is also about creating vision and inspiring people to change and getting others actively involved in building and supporting the process.
I believe one of the similarities between FMC Aberdeen and FMC Green River is how they build and inspire the people in their teams. While many
organizations see development as an individual responsibility, FMC Aberdeen & FMC Green River has learned building people is an
organizational responsibility. This is why they have to continue to provide the tools, time and other resources that allow their people and teams to do
great work. Their leaders must be involved with and support programs that build people and teams and that have attitudes that are positive, can lend
themselves to their causes and are interested in performing as a team and whose joy is in team results instead of individual accomplishments.
Organizational culture, then, is an important asset of their organization and one that needs to be nurtured. Since an organization's culture is a set of
learned patterns of behavior and belief, it's important to see how their training and performance improvements can manage their organizations' learning
and communication systems so that their culture continues to thrive, remain strong, but not stagnate. Certain kinds of organizational cultures promote
learning and information–sharing. In these environments, much less investment in formal training is necessary,
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Essay about Organizational Structure
Organizational Structure
MGT/230
Chipotle's Organizational Structure
The reporting structure is a very important tool in an organization. This structure is a chart that serves as a roadmap of management levels and
positions. Every business has a chain of command and it is structured uniquely, depending on the organization. The structure of an organization, if not
built correctly can destroy the organization just like a building with poor architecture. The blueprints clarify and build a strong foundation in which to
grow or build an organization. Chipotle is a Mexican Grill Restaurant in the fast food industry that started out with one location in Colorado back in
1993. Today it has just more than 1,400 locations in the United...show more content...
Dividing the organization into divisions based on the geographic region makes it possible for each region to purchase their ingredients locally and
organically. This divisional structure also allows the company to evaluate and compare the regions.
This divisional structure is very different from that of others. A functional structure is organized into departments according to the business functions.
In this structure each department has its own expectations and responsibilities, they are not like that of any other department, so the tasks in each
department are different from one another. In this type of structure each department is built with individuals that have the skills and expertise in
relation to that department. All 1,400 plus Chipotle restaurants are owned by the same corporation. If this was not the case and some stores were
franchised out, then a network structure would need to be created. A network organization looks for ways for tasks to be completed outside of the
organization by outsourcing. A store that agrees to license contracts and franchises with the company would be responsible for delivering and
completing the goals at the specific location; these business functions include management, employment, product ordering, etc. Chipotle would be
cutting a lot of cost and making money by contributing little in return. This is the main reason an organization would choose a network type of
structure. The responsible party for the
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Essay on Organizational Conflict
Conflict 1
Organizational Conflict: The three views
Organizational Conflict: The three views
Conflict 2
Organizational conflict is a state of discord caused by the actual or perceived opposition of needs, values and interests between people working together.
Conflict takes many forms in organizations. There is the inevitable clash between formal authority and power and those individuals and groups
affected. There are disputes over how revenues should be divided, how the work should be done, and how long and hard people should work. There are
jurisdictional disagreements among individuals, departments, and between unions and management. There are subtler forms of conflict involving
rivalries, jealousies, personality clashes,...show more content...
From this perspective, conflict occurs as a result of malfunctioning individuals or organizations. Therefore, in order to resolve conflict, problems must
be identified, causes must be analyzed, and those people or situations contributing to the conflict must be "fixed" (Kilmann & Thomas, 1978). This
mechanistic view approaches conflict resolution as a logical, linear process. Robbins comments: "Although research studies now provide strong
evidence to dispute that this approach to conflict reduction results in high group performance, many still evaluate conflict situations utilizing this
outmoded standard" (2001, p. 384).
In the 1950s the emerging human relations view of conflict began to replace the earlier traditional view. The human relations position suggests that
conflict is a natural phenomenon in groups and organizations. Therefore, since it is inevitable, it must be accepted and managed. During this era, the
management literature introduced the term conflict management (Nurmi & Darling, 1997); and, by the 1970s, the field of organization development,
with its tool–kit of team–building interventions, began to go mainstream, thus providing organizations with new resources for dealing with conflict.
Conflict 4
More recently, a third conflict school of thought has emerged, referred to as the interactionist view. This perspective
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Reflective Essay On Organizational Behavior
After starting this organizational behavior (OB) class, I've been able to more deeply evaluate the importance of the way people interact in the
workplace. More so, I have been learning to take the time to reflect on myself as a person, a student, and a soon to be working professional. The fact
of the matter is – there is always room for improvement. I'm looking to improve on every possible aspect of my life I can. Not to sound like a
clichГ© or anything, but it seems as though life sometimes gets in the way of being able to take a step back and assess yourself. This personal
development plan is important for me in that it will allow me to see how I fit in an organization, and actually be able to reflect on my
characteristics. My ultimate goal in life is to become an entrepreneur. I'm not sure what industry I want to be in quite yet, but I know my end goal.
My dad, since I was little, has drilled it into my mind that I should be in a business where I'm still making money when I'm not physically at work.
That notion has stuck with me and I'm trying to take an emergent strategy to get there. To become this independent entrepreneur, there are skills that
I want to be able to master effectively and efficiently in the coming years. I'm currently on track to become a certified public accountant (CPA) and
seeking consulting positions at either public or boutique firms. I've thought out that the skills I need to be successful one day are as follows:
research skills, communication skills, data analytic skills, ability to read and understand financial statements, interpersonal skills, people management
skills, and teamwork abilities. Throughout this plan, I'm looking forward to exploring what my skill level in each of these categories is currently at,
and how to improve upon those that need improvement. There were quite a few assessments I took to see where my personality, stress, productivity,
and creativity levels are. Although I'm not a believer of these types of online and paper 'diagnosis' being accurate whatsoever, it does interest me to
see what kind of results emerge from my answers. The first test I took was the Myers Brigg MBTI Personality Test– both the paper version and the
online version. Both results
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Essay on Organizational Management
Normally Organizational change is about the important major changes in an organization such as adding or inclusion of a major new product or
services in production as well into the market. It contradicts minor changes within an organization like adoption of new computer software. To make
these changes clear, the approach should be made in view from different dimensions.
The first type of these changes is the organization–wide verses subsystem change. Organization–wide focuses on major changes in terms organizational
structure, collaboration and adjusting to the right size. It is usual for organizations to undertake this change as they go through different stages. For
instance, cultural changes are some of the major changes realized in any...show more content...
Motivation is the readiness to put forth elevated efforts in a bid achieve organizational goals and aims accustomed by the capability to assure some
individual needs. In itself, it is an internal psychological process of starting, energizing, directing and having to maintain both the directed behavior.
This internal process may be initiated or just influenced by what other people in your surrounding do. Motivation still is a cognitive decision making
process through which the individuals choose desired outcomes, and sets in motion action appropriate for the achievement.
Maslow's hierarchy of needs theory is one of the content theories of motivation that assumes people's motivation that is influenced by a series of five
universal needs. These needs are ranked according to the order in which they influence human behavior. Lowest in satisfaction are the physiological
needs such a food, shelter, clothing and education. We then have society needs–protection, social needs comprising of religious, association,
relationships needs. Next in hierarchy are the esteem needs which are internal esteemed and external esteem, then top most is the self actualization.
According to Maslow, one can only motivate employees after having a clear understanding of where that person falls in the hierarchy and thus the
focus should be on satisfying the needs at or above him. According to
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Essay on Keys to a Successful Organization
In today's rapidly growing market, there are two key components to any successful organization. These two components are strong leadership and
effective management. When it comes right down to the more important of the two, leadership leads the way in being the key to a successful
business. There are many skills and characteristic traits needed to be a strong leader in the workplace, and many people get confused about the two.
Also, one must know why a leader is so crucial by evaluating their role in making the organization successful.
Leadership is the process of influencing others to achieve group or organizational goals. Other the flipside, management is getting work done through
others. The main difference between the two is...show more content...
Leaders have skills that can be incorporated into any management style to help mangers become leaders of the future. The first skill I believe is
important is the ability to inspire action. Leaders help their workforce see how they as individuals can single handedly help create the future of the
business. They have the ability to inspire their followers to be creative and go beyond the boundaries of the normal business structure. Leaders are
effective in doing this because they aren't afraid to be hands on. In turn, leaders that are good at being hands on know exactly what is required to help
clear the path for their employees to be successful. Communication/Listening, I believe, is the next important skill leaders must possess. Successful
leaders make a commitment to communicate with their staff and keep them informed on the success of the business as it moves into the future.
Employees want their voices to be heard so they can have that feeling that they are an important part of the company's future. Leaders must listen to
their employees' ideas and use what ones can help the business be successful in its strategic vision. The last skill I feel is important is the ability to
support and facilitate. An effective leader creates work environments where employees can feel safe to speak up and tell the truth about the company
they work for. A leader should support their employees' suggestions and ideas. The creation of an
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Essay about Organizational Theory
1) ORGANISATIONAL THEORY
Organisational theory is designed to understand the nature of the organisations. By which organizations can evaluate its overall business by putting the
right structure and operate in different ways. Organisational theory also helps us understand how processes such as change and decision making can be
managed. It deals with different structures and cultures such as large organizations have different structures and cultures than small ones, and the
manufacturing organisations operate in a different way than those in the service sector.
(Burton & Obel, pp. 11 to 12)
2) ORGANISATIONAL DESIGN
Organization Design is a formal, guided process for integrating the people, information and technology of an...show more content...
Members of an organisation soon come to sense the particular culture of an organisation. Culture is one of those terms that's difficult to express
distinctly, but everyone knows it when they sense it. For example, the culture of a large, for–profit corporation is quite different than that of a hospital
which is quite different that that of a university. You can tell the culture of an organisation by looking at the arrangement of furniture, what they brag
about, what members wear, etc. –– similar to what you can use to get a feeling about someone's personality.
(Burton & Obel, p. 104)
5) ORGANISATIONAL CHANGE
Typically, the concept of organisational change is in regard to organisation change, as opposed to smaller changes such as adding a new person,
modifying a program, etc. Examples of organisation–wide change might include a change in mission, restructuring operations (e.g., restructuring to
self–managed teams, layoffs, etc.), new technologies, mergers, major collaborations, "rightsising", new programs such as Total Quality Management,
re–engineering, etc. Some experts refer to organisational transformation. Often this term designates a fundamental and radical reorientation in the way
the organisation operates.
(Burton & Obel, p. 13)
6) RELATIONSHIPS AMONG THEM
In today's business environment, without having proper design, structure and culture a business cannot survive and also it should have the capability in
changing its business environment affected
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Organizational Development Essay
Organizational Development (OD) has become more and more important for today's organizations because the world is moving so fast that
organizations have to find ways to be more effective, more innovation, more customer–driven, and more agile. Cumming and Worley (1997) define
organizational development as "a process that applies a broad range of behavior science knowledge and practices to help organizations build their
capacity to change and to achieve greater effectiveness" (p. 1). Therefore, OD will help organizations understand how people act to change and which
change methods can work with the resistance to change that usually occurs in organizations undergoing change. As my concentration of SPS program
is organizational development, it...show more content...
Whitney and Trosten–Bloom (2003) support that organizations such as British Airway, The American Red Cross, Green Mountain Coffee Roasters
(GMCR), and the Visiting Nurse Service of NY could turn their problems into positive changes by using Appreciative Inquiry. I also liked Scenario
Thinking because I thought it was practical for everybody and it would help employees to hone their solving problem skills by thinking what they
intended to do if in the future they faced the situation that brought them difficulties. Moreover, using of Scenario Thinking could open up to incredible
possibilities and challenge long–term internal belief of an organization (Mietzner & Reger, 2005).
Team Intervention Model Presentation and Facilitation (TIMPF) In addition, I experienced how to work in team by pretending that all members of the
team were consultants that had to think which interventions should be provided to solve a problem of a case study. This was very difficult because I
never had any experiences in this field before. However, it was very interesting and could help me understand how we could effectively work as a
consultant team. My group included Emily, Martha, and Muneera and our case was about the problems of Singapore Airline. We met in the library to
talk about the case, find the case's problems, and think what change method could be appropriate for the case. We also had a conference call and
emailed to
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Essay on Organization Ethics
Ethical Issues Are Major Concern Every organization has a set of ethical standards that they abide by. The organization ethical standards purposes: it
build the organization confidence in the community , keep the employees uniformed in what the organization strive to have as organizational behaviors
and help the employees have guidelines to make ethical decisions that protects the organization. Every organization also has a profession responsibility
to conduct business honestly and ethically. Our readings reported, "Experts estimated that U.S. companies lose about $600 billion a year from
unethical and criminal behavior" Kinicki and Kreitner (2009). The organization could avoid having ethical issues by meeting the...show more content...
Wal–Mart now has to rebuild their images, procedures on how they conduct business nationwide and how the use ethical business practices. The New
York time article reported, "Wal–Mart announces new ethical and environmental principles complete by 2012". (Robinson, 2008) Individuals
Influence Ethical Behavior in Employees When it comes to individuals is the organization displaying ethical behavior the majority of the impact of
influences most likely comes from the individual personal and moral values. I agree with our assigned readings that reported, "He or she has a
unique combination of personality characteristics, values, and moral principles, leaning toward or away from ethical behavior Kinicki and Kreitner
(2009). A good example would be if the employees charge mileage each month for expenses not related to the job. Stealing and lying to the company
is unethical behavior and tells a lot about a person charter because a person of strong values including spiritual upbringing would have a hard time
fighting their morals and convincing their self that it is ok to be commit unethical act like stealing from the company. I strongly believe that
Organization try to screen potential employees by avoiding hiring applicants who they feel may have ethical issues; they attempt to do this by
completing criminal background checks on the applicants. However, several researches
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Objectives And Goals Of The Organization Essay
1.Strategy: A detailed plan designed to achieve specific or overall goals of the organization. It is a specific, high level plant that includes visions,
objectives and goals of the organization. Organizational strategies are the ways through which companies achieve their missions and goals. It is very
important for the manufacturing company because it helps them in carrying their production processes in better way by executing their own strategy.
Similarly, it is very important for the service company as it helps in defining a plan for the organization about providing the service to the customers.
Strategic objectives are long–term organizational goals that help to convert a mission statement from a broad vision into more specific plans and
projects. 2.Managing the strategic process: It is a process of defining organization strategy. It helps the manager in choosing the set of strategies that
should become a part of organization strategic plan, and that will enable the organization in achieving better performance. It is very important for
manufacturing company because if the strategic process is not managed in a proper way, then the company will end up using the wrong strategy. The
wrong strategy can affect the number of products being produce, quality of the products, available products, products under work–in–process, and the
time by which the products will be delivered to the customer. Similarly, managing the strategic process is very important for the Service Company
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Essay on Organizational Management
Managing Changes В– Renewing Organizational Structure and Culture
In their 2005 book, Understanding and Managing: Organizational Behavior, Jennifer George and Gareth Jones define organizational structure as "the
formal system of task and reporting relationships that controls, coordinates, and motivates employees so that they cooperate and work together to
achieve an organization's goals." A logical consequence to an organization's structure is the resulting culture, which George and Jones further define as
"the set of shared values, beliefs, and norms that influences the way employees think, feel, and behave toward each other and toward people outside the
organization." Finding the right structure for one's organization is vital to its...show more content...
FMC Aberdeen and FMC Green River, both in the northern mid–west of the United States, share a common В‘parent company', corporate guidelines
and image, and similar operating values and systems. Their management teams, however, have several obvious differences. Organizational strategy,
structure, and culture are among the more striking distinctions between the two sister plants. Green River is a multi–facility entity where management
is very structured and hierarchical, and produces multiple products for multiple customers. Green River's transactional management model lacks an
ability to share information, share decision–making responsibilities, and does not encourage teamwork. Conversely, Aberdeen's participatory
management model, single product, and single customer design sets itself apart not only from Green River, but from any other FMC facility. Bob
Lancaster, Aberdeen's pioneering transformational leader held the belief that an organization cannot exist in an environment of fear, and that universal
trust and respect are the foundation of a successful company, and the key to organizational commitment. Aberdeen and Green River face unique
challenges, which necessitate distinct approaches tailored specifically to each organization.
Organizational Structure
Ken Dailey, the Green River Plant Manager has observed and researched the structure, strategy and culture at the Aberdeen facility. He
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Essay about Organizational Culture
Organizational culture influences many aspects of workplace life. A workplace with strong beliefs, values, behaviors, ideas and expectations define an
organization. Well–communicated beliefs, values, ideas and expectations influence employee's behavior and determine how employees communicate
with others throughout the organization, thus defining the organization's culture. Over the years, the topic of organizational culture has been studied in
many disciplines from anthropology to sociology. A prominent theorist of organizational culture,Edgar Schein (2004), provided the following general
definition of organizational culture:
A pattern of shared basic assumptions that was learned by a group as it solved its problems of external...show more content...
Opposite of economical approach is the organizational development approach. This approach focuses on the culture of the organization while
developing the employee's competencies. Organizational development approach is intended to development the employee's commitment to the
organization (Hellriegel, 2004). In our efforts to find more effective ways to reward employees, we developed a committee to review our performance
evaluation and merit increase procedures. The purpose of this committee was to evaluate the procedures and make recommendations for improvement.
By taking this approach, the employees have developed a sense of commitment to the organization and a sense of value as an employee.
Once an approach has been identified, there are several elements that can be modified or changed that will impact the organization's culture. These
elements include changing 1) what managers and teams pay attention to, 2) how crisis are handled, 3) criteria for recruiting new members, 4) criteria
for promotion, 5) criteria for allocating awards, and 6) organizational rites and ceremonies (Hellriegel, 2004). To implement a change to culture,
organizations can change the criteria for recruiting new employees. For instance, typically our recruitment procedures included advertising externally
and internally for a period of two weeks for open positions. We have been unsuccessful at
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Organizational Effectiveness Essay
Organizational Effectiveness
Benjamin Dunton
CJA/474
February 04, 2013
Kenneth Rosa
Organizational Effectiveness Every company has a set of goals designed to lead the organization in a specific direction. To achieve these goals,
managers should train employees to follow a specific path or set of rules that will lead to organizational effectiveness. The measurement of
effectiveness is achieved through completion of the organization's goals. To understand organizational effectiveness in any setting, one must define it
according to the goals of the organization. In a criminal justice environment, managers must apply various organizational effectiveness theories
appropriately to measure the effectiveness of the department....show more content...
For example, if the managers of two wholesale stores compare the effectiveness of their organization, the results may be completely different because
of the difference in goals. One store may have a goal to increase profits, whereas the other store may have a goal of increasing customer membership.
Managers measure the effectiveness by different standards because of the differing goals, even though the stores are similar. Application of
Organizational Effectiveness Theories Managers and leaders can apply many theories of organizational effectiveness to their company. Many of the
various theories deal with motivation and how to use motivation to get employees to do their job and meet the goals of the organization. Managers
commonly use content theories and process theories to figure out what motivates employees. According to Geering (1980), "Content theories, like
those developed by Maslow, deal with basic concepts of needs that begin, stimulate, or cause behavior. Process theories are concerned with
understanding the reasoning behind the choice of a particular behavior pattern to accomplish work goals" (para. 1). Some researchers think one theory
is more important to understand than the other. The key to applying the theories of organizational effectiveness is understanding both theories and
knowing how to use each to
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Essay about Training and Development
Training and development has become increasingly essential to the success of modern organisations, yet some still look at training as a problem or as
something that is not taken seriously. Training and development is one key approach used by organisations to improve and maintain the capabilities of
its workforce. However, many experts distinguish between training and development, being that training tends to be more closely focused and adapted
towards short–term performance concerns, while development tends to be adapted more towards expanding an individual's skills for future
responsibilities (Snell and Bohlander 2007). The main reason that organisations train their employees is to bring their knowledge, skills and abilities up
to the...show more content...
Furthermore, spoiled work, damages, and accidents to equipment and machinery can be kept to a minimum by well trained employees, continued
training helps employees develop their ability to learn by adapting themselves to new work methods, learning to use new kinds of equipment, and
adjusting to major changes in work relationships and job content, also, through training, new employees learn to measure up to standards for
performance, thereby satisfying their human need for personal growth and increasing their value to the organisation (Pigors and Myers 1977).
Similarly, Longenecker and Fink (2005) assert that the benefits derived from training are manifold, and these include; exposure to new and better
practices and ideas for application, leads to reflection, self–appraisal and retrospection, motivates employees to improve performance, encourages
career development planning, helps identify specific performance problems and challenges an employee to think differently, to name a few. Other
benefits are a more flexible workforce, improved performance of existing employees, decreased supervision, higher skill levels and reduced learning
time, thus reducing learning costs, improved organisation morale, and to ensure for succession (Molander 1989).
Get more content on HelpWriting.net

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Essay On Organizational Theory

  • 1. Essay on Organizational Theory This is a study to examine the background of various organization theories and their development from the perspective of legitimacy and efficacy; to evaluate selected discussions regarding theory development and various theories; to encourage the use of evidence based theory development and to provide a look into the model and related theories that are created after looking at the existing theories. While not rejecting the need for thorough testing of theories, I am simply looking into the suggestion of theories and models for their worth. Only is that when we begin to thoroughly looking into the application of the theories, that they can then be tested in conditions of their authenticity and the level that they are useful....show more content... There are several new theories, models and extensions of existing theories out there that in the future should be available to be presented for discussion and to be tested for the soundness in their application ability (Miles, McKenny, Short, Davis, Wu). With this thought, we must start the movement of progress for the organizational theory development so we can be prepared for the beginning and use in the current changing environment of business. In using an evidence based approach, we will begin to discover new approaches and expand the existing theories and current models. Research has shown that there have been several management and organization theories that have been tested through the years and a lot of those were introduced as very sound and logical prior to testing and were accepted by the majority of theorist. The finding of these theories and models simply do not mean that there is a necessity in depth testing and validation for them to be measured justifiable theories. There are theorists that have said that the incorporation of this theory creation and testing is vital. With that said, all of the building and formation of new theories needs to be evaluated so that an evaluation is feasible through sound and dependable testing. But with all of this testing, several problems have emerged as theorist and researchers Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 2. In today's society it is not always what you know, but who you know. It is never a bad idea to join a professional organization and or association. The key is to find the right one for you and your needs. According to ask.com, "A professional organization is formed to disseminate information and unite people who share the same occupation or common interests." Professional Organizations can also be classified as any social arrangement that has the same aims, aspirations, and goals. A professional organization on the other hand, is usually a non–profit group that helps further awareness and goals of a specific profession according to dpi.state.nc.us. Yet not all organizations are non–profit, so be careful when you choose. Professional...show more content... The following list below gives just a few of these reasons: Joining an organization may offer you an opportunity to be a student leader and make invaluable networking connections for future employment. Showing commitment to your chosen industry, showing your dedication to growing and changing your knowledge and skill sets, and leadership roles can show how you can manage or lead others. Many organizations have publications devoted to new developments and research in your area of study to keep you informed of advancements and changes. Membership also offers information on upcoming conferences and conventions which affords you an opportunity to attend lectures by the leading edge experts in your field and to communicate with others with the same interests. Membership dues can be used to allow the organization to continue to conduct research, policy making, and to hold education conferences to further your education. The cons to joining a professional organization or association include but not limited to whether or not there are yearly fees to be a part of these organizations, distance to travel, accommodation expenses to attend any meetings or conventions. According to our text, it states that you must be up to the challenge of being committed to your career and that you are willing to grow and change with it. There are professional organizations and or associations for every field, whether Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 3. Organizational Behavior Essay Organisational Behaviour (OB) is the study of human behaviour in an organisation. It is a multidisciplinary field devoted to the understanding individual and group behaviour, interpersonal processes and organisational dynamics. OB is important to all management functions, roles and skills. Since organisations are built up levels – individual, group and an organizational system as a whole, it is important for managers to understand human behaviour in order to meet the organizations overall goals. I found several key learning areas that are meaningful, interesting and relevant to my work over the course of studying this unit. These key learning areas have not only expanded and improved my view of organisational behaviour but they also have...show more content... As a manager working in a diverse organisation, this learning area will help me to recognise the differences between team members and to effectively manage these differences by encouraging participation in diverse training, establishing benefit programs such bonuses, flexi–time to accommodate the different needs of different employees. It's important to communicate to staff about goals and objectives, corporate culture and common practice. This can be done by developing employee handbooks with detailed guidelines that can be handed out at orientation days. Individual Level Factors Edwin Locke's Goal–Setting Theory Locke (1960) proposes that intentions to work towards a goal are a major source of work motivation. Goals help us to determine the level of effort that we need to apply to a task. To motivate employees, goals must take into consideration the degree to which each of the following exists: clarity, challenge, commitment, feedback and task complexity. If all five of these elements are present, goal theory says that we will be motivated to produce to a maximum. The specificity of the goal acts as an internal stimulus, the more difficult the goal, the higher the level of performance. Difficult goals energise us because we have to work harder and persist to attain them. I now consider the Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 4. Essay on Management and Organization Introduction The management and organizational approaches that are used by various firms play a critical role in their performance. The adopted management approach is important due to the fact that it determines the efficiency with which activities are performed. The organizational structure of the firm on the other hand determines the delegation and application of authority. The organizational structure is developed by themanagement. The structure facilitates effective interaction among employees and helps in directing resources towards achieving the goals of the organization. The behavior of employees is also influenced by the management and organizational approach (Mullins 3). Thus a firm will only be successful if it adopts the best...show more content... First, it is based on the assumption that firms operate in a capitalist economy that is associated with "a free market system" (Perterson 47) in which transactions are facilitated by money. Thus the most important objective of the firms is profit maximization and improving efficiency levels. Second, the workers are expected to be rational. This means that they are supposed to work–hard in order to maximize their earnings. Besides, they are expected to prioritize the goals and objectives of the organization. Finally, organizations are supposed to increase their production capacities in order to enjoy the benefits of "division of labor and specialization of tasks" (Daft 56). The principles of the theory The scientific management theory is based on four principles. The principles form the basis for designing processes, managing workers and improving productivity. Thus an organization that uses the scientific management approach will improve its efficiency and productivity if it follows the principles correctly. The principles are as follows. Developing a Science for Every Element of Work According to this principle, the old rule–of–thump should be replaced by clear–cut procedures. Such procedures can be developed through a careful study of the various processes within the organization in order to "develop the one best way to do everything" (Cook and Hunsacker 45). In order to identify Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 5. Organizational Values Essay An aligned organization is one which their performance influences are mutually supportive and focuses on effective and efficient delivery of system. Values play an important role in an organization and leads to success. To attain a successful alignment between individual and corporate values, there needs to be a connection between the employee and the organization in which he or she works for. The benefits contain significant value to both the organization as well as the employee. The decision individual makes reflect their personal beliefs about what is important for them and the decision organization make reflect their personal belief about what they think is important. The personal and organizational value develops based on the...show more content... Taking time to listen to and understand patients experiences convey a message that patients feeling cared for and respected. Through communication a patient can be reassured and understand their sickness fully. Once, when I worked as a charge nurse, a patient wanted to inform me about something. She told me that her assigned nurse was not giving pain medication on correct time, and demanded for a different nurse. When I talked to the assigned nurse she told me that she gave all pain medication on time and that patient was ready to be discharged but the problem as that the patient didn't want to leave. I checked the medication administration record and it indicated that the nurse gave all the medication on time. I didn't change the assigned nurse instead I decided to take care of the patient. I talked with the patient asked her why she doesn't want to go home. She replied saying that the pharmacy she gets her medication from is closed on Saturday and Sunday and she cannot get her discharge medication until Monday. She also complained about not having any ride back home after being discharged. I called the social worker and she arranged to get her medication for the patient from hospital's charity for few days and also provided the patient with a cab voucher. I called the cab and discharged the patient home without any problem. The way I handled this situation was by Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 6. Essay on What Makes an Organization Successful I believe that in large measure what makes an organization successful in meeting the needs of its various constituencies is its distinctiveness. Organizations that have strong and unique cultures generally experience excellent performance which implies why many of the most successful organizations today are thriving and growing because, in large part, of their unique and strong styles and values towards corporate culture. Yet these same conditions pose a critical set of challenges but yet retain the essential cultural elements that have made it attractive and resilient. More than ever, successful organizations will need to develop learning and communication systems that will sustain the kind of strong cultures that make them distinctive...show more content... Leadership is also about creating vision and inspiring people to change and getting others actively involved in building and supporting the process. I believe one of the similarities between FMC Aberdeen and FMC Green River is how they build and inspire the people in their teams. While many organizations see development as an individual responsibility, FMC Aberdeen & FMC Green River has learned building people is an organizational responsibility. This is why they have to continue to provide the tools, time and other resources that allow their people and teams to do great work. Their leaders must be involved with and support programs that build people and teams and that have attitudes that are positive, can lend themselves to their causes and are interested in performing as a team and whose joy is in team results instead of individual accomplishments. Organizational culture, then, is an important asset of their organization and one that needs to be nurtured. Since an organization's culture is a set of learned patterns of behavior and belief, it's important to see how their training and performance improvements can manage their organizations' learning and communication systems so that their culture continues to thrive, remain strong, but not stagnate. Certain kinds of organizational cultures promote learning and information–sharing. In these environments, much less investment in formal training is necessary, Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 7. Essay about Organizational Structure Organizational Structure MGT/230 Chipotle's Organizational Structure The reporting structure is a very important tool in an organization. This structure is a chart that serves as a roadmap of management levels and positions. Every business has a chain of command and it is structured uniquely, depending on the organization. The structure of an organization, if not built correctly can destroy the organization just like a building with poor architecture. The blueprints clarify and build a strong foundation in which to grow or build an organization. Chipotle is a Mexican Grill Restaurant in the fast food industry that started out with one location in Colorado back in 1993. Today it has just more than 1,400 locations in the United...show more content... Dividing the organization into divisions based on the geographic region makes it possible for each region to purchase their ingredients locally and organically. This divisional structure also allows the company to evaluate and compare the regions. This divisional structure is very different from that of others. A functional structure is organized into departments according to the business functions. In this structure each department has its own expectations and responsibilities, they are not like that of any other department, so the tasks in each department are different from one another. In this type of structure each department is built with individuals that have the skills and expertise in relation to that department. All 1,400 plus Chipotle restaurants are owned by the same corporation. If this was not the case and some stores were franchised out, then a network structure would need to be created. A network organization looks for ways for tasks to be completed outside of the organization by outsourcing. A store that agrees to license contracts and franchises with the company would be responsible for delivering and completing the goals at the specific location; these business functions include management, employment, product ordering, etc. Chipotle would be cutting a lot of cost and making money by contributing little in return. This is the main reason an organization would choose a network type of structure. The responsible party for the Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 8. Essay on Organizational Conflict Conflict 1 Organizational Conflict: The three views Organizational Conflict: The three views Conflict 2 Organizational conflict is a state of discord caused by the actual or perceived opposition of needs, values and interests between people working together. Conflict takes many forms in organizations. There is the inevitable clash between formal authority and power and those individuals and groups affected. There are disputes over how revenues should be divided, how the work should be done, and how long and hard people should work. There are jurisdictional disagreements among individuals, departments, and between unions and management. There are subtler forms of conflict involving rivalries, jealousies, personality clashes,...show more content... From this perspective, conflict occurs as a result of malfunctioning individuals or organizations. Therefore, in order to resolve conflict, problems must be identified, causes must be analyzed, and those people or situations contributing to the conflict must be "fixed" (Kilmann & Thomas, 1978). This mechanistic view approaches conflict resolution as a logical, linear process. Robbins comments: "Although research studies now provide strong evidence to dispute that this approach to conflict reduction results in high group performance, many still evaluate conflict situations utilizing this outmoded standard" (2001, p. 384). In the 1950s the emerging human relations view of conflict began to replace the earlier traditional view. The human relations position suggests that conflict is a natural phenomenon in groups and organizations. Therefore, since it is inevitable, it must be accepted and managed. During this era, the management literature introduced the term conflict management (Nurmi & Darling, 1997); and, by the 1970s, the field of organization development, with its tool–kit of team–building interventions, began to go mainstream, thus providing organizations with new resources for dealing with conflict. Conflict 4 More recently, a third conflict school of thought has emerged, referred to as the interactionist view. This perspective
  • 9. Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 10. Reflective Essay On Organizational Behavior After starting this organizational behavior (OB) class, I've been able to more deeply evaluate the importance of the way people interact in the workplace. More so, I have been learning to take the time to reflect on myself as a person, a student, and a soon to be working professional. The fact of the matter is – there is always room for improvement. I'm looking to improve on every possible aspect of my life I can. Not to sound like a clichГ© or anything, but it seems as though life sometimes gets in the way of being able to take a step back and assess yourself. This personal development plan is important for me in that it will allow me to see how I fit in an organization, and actually be able to reflect on my characteristics. My ultimate goal in life is to become an entrepreneur. I'm not sure what industry I want to be in quite yet, but I know my end goal. My dad, since I was little, has drilled it into my mind that I should be in a business where I'm still making money when I'm not physically at work. That notion has stuck with me and I'm trying to take an emergent strategy to get there. To become this independent entrepreneur, there are skills that I want to be able to master effectively and efficiently in the coming years. I'm currently on track to become a certified public accountant (CPA) and seeking consulting positions at either public or boutique firms. I've thought out that the skills I need to be successful one day are as follows: research skills, communication skills, data analytic skills, ability to read and understand financial statements, interpersonal skills, people management skills, and teamwork abilities. Throughout this plan, I'm looking forward to exploring what my skill level in each of these categories is currently at, and how to improve upon those that need improvement. There were quite a few assessments I took to see where my personality, stress, productivity, and creativity levels are. Although I'm not a believer of these types of online and paper 'diagnosis' being accurate whatsoever, it does interest me to see what kind of results emerge from my answers. The first test I took was the Myers Brigg MBTI Personality Test– both the paper version and the online version. Both results Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 11. Essay on Organizational Management Normally Organizational change is about the important major changes in an organization such as adding or inclusion of a major new product or services in production as well into the market. It contradicts minor changes within an organization like adoption of new computer software. To make these changes clear, the approach should be made in view from different dimensions. The first type of these changes is the organization–wide verses subsystem change. Organization–wide focuses on major changes in terms organizational structure, collaboration and adjusting to the right size. It is usual for organizations to undertake this change as they go through different stages. For instance, cultural changes are some of the major changes realized in any...show more content... Motivation is the readiness to put forth elevated efforts in a bid achieve organizational goals and aims accustomed by the capability to assure some individual needs. In itself, it is an internal psychological process of starting, energizing, directing and having to maintain both the directed behavior. This internal process may be initiated or just influenced by what other people in your surrounding do. Motivation still is a cognitive decision making process through which the individuals choose desired outcomes, and sets in motion action appropriate for the achievement. Maslow's hierarchy of needs theory is one of the content theories of motivation that assumes people's motivation that is influenced by a series of five universal needs. These needs are ranked according to the order in which they influence human behavior. Lowest in satisfaction are the physiological needs such a food, shelter, clothing and education. We then have society needs–protection, social needs comprising of religious, association, relationships needs. Next in hierarchy are the esteem needs which are internal esteemed and external esteem, then top most is the self actualization. According to Maslow, one can only motivate employees after having a clear understanding of where that person falls in the hierarchy and thus the focus should be on satisfying the needs at or above him. According to Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 12. Essay on Keys to a Successful Organization In today's rapidly growing market, there are two key components to any successful organization. These two components are strong leadership and effective management. When it comes right down to the more important of the two, leadership leads the way in being the key to a successful business. There are many skills and characteristic traits needed to be a strong leader in the workplace, and many people get confused about the two. Also, one must know why a leader is so crucial by evaluating their role in making the organization successful. Leadership is the process of influencing others to achieve group or organizational goals. Other the flipside, management is getting work done through others. The main difference between the two is...show more content... Leaders have skills that can be incorporated into any management style to help mangers become leaders of the future. The first skill I believe is important is the ability to inspire action. Leaders help their workforce see how they as individuals can single handedly help create the future of the business. They have the ability to inspire their followers to be creative and go beyond the boundaries of the normal business structure. Leaders are effective in doing this because they aren't afraid to be hands on. In turn, leaders that are good at being hands on know exactly what is required to help clear the path for their employees to be successful. Communication/Listening, I believe, is the next important skill leaders must possess. Successful leaders make a commitment to communicate with their staff and keep them informed on the success of the business as it moves into the future. Employees want their voices to be heard so they can have that feeling that they are an important part of the company's future. Leaders must listen to their employees' ideas and use what ones can help the business be successful in its strategic vision. The last skill I feel is important is the ability to support and facilitate. An effective leader creates work environments where employees can feel safe to speak up and tell the truth about the company they work for. A leader should support their employees' suggestions and ideas. The creation of an Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 13. Essay about Organizational Theory 1) ORGANISATIONAL THEORY Organisational theory is designed to understand the nature of the organisations. By which organizations can evaluate its overall business by putting the right structure and operate in different ways. Organisational theory also helps us understand how processes such as change and decision making can be managed. It deals with different structures and cultures such as large organizations have different structures and cultures than small ones, and the manufacturing organisations operate in a different way than those in the service sector. (Burton & Obel, pp. 11 to 12) 2) ORGANISATIONAL DESIGN Organization Design is a formal, guided process for integrating the people, information and technology of an...show more content... Members of an organisation soon come to sense the particular culture of an organisation. Culture is one of those terms that's difficult to express distinctly, but everyone knows it when they sense it. For example, the culture of a large, for–profit corporation is quite different than that of a hospital which is quite different that that of a university. You can tell the culture of an organisation by looking at the arrangement of furniture, what they brag about, what members wear, etc. –– similar to what you can use to get a feeling about someone's personality. (Burton & Obel, p. 104) 5) ORGANISATIONAL CHANGE Typically, the concept of organisational change is in regard to organisation change, as opposed to smaller changes such as adding a new person, modifying a program, etc. Examples of organisation–wide change might include a change in mission, restructuring operations (e.g., restructuring to self–managed teams, layoffs, etc.), new technologies, mergers, major collaborations, "rightsising", new programs such as Total Quality Management, re–engineering, etc. Some experts refer to organisational transformation. Often this term designates a fundamental and radical reorientation in the way the organisation operates. (Burton & Obel, p. 13)
  • 14. 6) RELATIONSHIPS AMONG THEM In today's business environment, without having proper design, structure and culture a business cannot survive and also it should have the capability in changing its business environment affected Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 15. Organizational Development Essay Organizational Development (OD) has become more and more important for today's organizations because the world is moving so fast that organizations have to find ways to be more effective, more innovation, more customer–driven, and more agile. Cumming and Worley (1997) define organizational development as "a process that applies a broad range of behavior science knowledge and practices to help organizations build their capacity to change and to achieve greater effectiveness" (p. 1). Therefore, OD will help organizations understand how people act to change and which change methods can work with the resistance to change that usually occurs in organizations undergoing change. As my concentration of SPS program is organizational development, it...show more content... Whitney and Trosten–Bloom (2003) support that organizations such as British Airway, The American Red Cross, Green Mountain Coffee Roasters (GMCR), and the Visiting Nurse Service of NY could turn their problems into positive changes by using Appreciative Inquiry. I also liked Scenario Thinking because I thought it was practical for everybody and it would help employees to hone their solving problem skills by thinking what they intended to do if in the future they faced the situation that brought them difficulties. Moreover, using of Scenario Thinking could open up to incredible possibilities and challenge long–term internal belief of an organization (Mietzner & Reger, 2005). Team Intervention Model Presentation and Facilitation (TIMPF) In addition, I experienced how to work in team by pretending that all members of the team were consultants that had to think which interventions should be provided to solve a problem of a case study. This was very difficult because I never had any experiences in this field before. However, it was very interesting and could help me understand how we could effectively work as a consultant team. My group included Emily, Martha, and Muneera and our case was about the problems of Singapore Airline. We met in the library to talk about the case, find the case's problems, and think what change method could be appropriate for the case. We also had a conference call and emailed to Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 16. Essay on Organization Ethics Ethical Issues Are Major Concern Every organization has a set of ethical standards that they abide by. The organization ethical standards purposes: it build the organization confidence in the community , keep the employees uniformed in what the organization strive to have as organizational behaviors and help the employees have guidelines to make ethical decisions that protects the organization. Every organization also has a profession responsibility to conduct business honestly and ethically. Our readings reported, "Experts estimated that U.S. companies lose about $600 billion a year from unethical and criminal behavior" Kinicki and Kreitner (2009). The organization could avoid having ethical issues by meeting the...show more content... Wal–Mart now has to rebuild their images, procedures on how they conduct business nationwide and how the use ethical business practices. The New York time article reported, "Wal–Mart announces new ethical and environmental principles complete by 2012". (Robinson, 2008) Individuals Influence Ethical Behavior in Employees When it comes to individuals is the organization displaying ethical behavior the majority of the impact of influences most likely comes from the individual personal and moral values. I agree with our assigned readings that reported, "He or she has a unique combination of personality characteristics, values, and moral principles, leaning toward or away from ethical behavior Kinicki and Kreitner (2009). A good example would be if the employees charge mileage each month for expenses not related to the job. Stealing and lying to the company is unethical behavior and tells a lot about a person charter because a person of strong values including spiritual upbringing would have a hard time fighting their morals and convincing their self that it is ok to be commit unethical act like stealing from the company. I strongly believe that Organization try to screen potential employees by avoiding hiring applicants who they feel may have ethical issues; they attempt to do this by completing criminal background checks on the applicants. However, several researches Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 17. Objectives And Goals Of The Organization Essay 1.Strategy: A detailed plan designed to achieve specific or overall goals of the organization. It is a specific, high level plant that includes visions, objectives and goals of the organization. Organizational strategies are the ways through which companies achieve their missions and goals. It is very important for the manufacturing company because it helps them in carrying their production processes in better way by executing their own strategy. Similarly, it is very important for the service company as it helps in defining a plan for the organization about providing the service to the customers. Strategic objectives are long–term organizational goals that help to convert a mission statement from a broad vision into more specific plans and projects. 2.Managing the strategic process: It is a process of defining organization strategy. It helps the manager in choosing the set of strategies that should become a part of organization strategic plan, and that will enable the organization in achieving better performance. It is very important for manufacturing company because if the strategic process is not managed in a proper way, then the company will end up using the wrong strategy. The wrong strategy can affect the number of products being produce, quality of the products, available products, products under work–in–process, and the time by which the products will be delivered to the customer. Similarly, managing the strategic process is very important for the Service Company Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 18. Essay on Organizational Management Managing Changes В– Renewing Organizational Structure and Culture In their 2005 book, Understanding and Managing: Organizational Behavior, Jennifer George and Gareth Jones define organizational structure as "the formal system of task and reporting relationships that controls, coordinates, and motivates employees so that they cooperate and work together to achieve an organization's goals." A logical consequence to an organization's structure is the resulting culture, which George and Jones further define as "the set of shared values, beliefs, and norms that influences the way employees think, feel, and behave toward each other and toward people outside the organization." Finding the right structure for one's organization is vital to its...show more content... FMC Aberdeen and FMC Green River, both in the northern mid–west of the United States, share a common В‘parent company', corporate guidelines and image, and similar operating values and systems. Their management teams, however, have several obvious differences. Organizational strategy, structure, and culture are among the more striking distinctions between the two sister plants. Green River is a multi–facility entity where management is very structured and hierarchical, and produces multiple products for multiple customers. Green River's transactional management model lacks an ability to share information, share decision–making responsibilities, and does not encourage teamwork. Conversely, Aberdeen's participatory management model, single product, and single customer design sets itself apart not only from Green River, but from any other FMC facility. Bob Lancaster, Aberdeen's pioneering transformational leader held the belief that an organization cannot exist in an environment of fear, and that universal trust and respect are the foundation of a successful company, and the key to organizational commitment. Aberdeen and Green River face unique challenges, which necessitate distinct approaches tailored specifically to each organization. Organizational Structure Ken Dailey, the Green River Plant Manager has observed and researched the structure, strategy and culture at the Aberdeen facility. He Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 19. Essay about Organizational Culture Organizational culture influences many aspects of workplace life. A workplace with strong beliefs, values, behaviors, ideas and expectations define an organization. Well–communicated beliefs, values, ideas and expectations influence employee's behavior and determine how employees communicate with others throughout the organization, thus defining the organization's culture. Over the years, the topic of organizational culture has been studied in many disciplines from anthropology to sociology. A prominent theorist of organizational culture,Edgar Schein (2004), provided the following general definition of organizational culture: A pattern of shared basic assumptions that was learned by a group as it solved its problems of external...show more content... Opposite of economical approach is the organizational development approach. This approach focuses on the culture of the organization while developing the employee's competencies. Organizational development approach is intended to development the employee's commitment to the organization (Hellriegel, 2004). In our efforts to find more effective ways to reward employees, we developed a committee to review our performance evaluation and merit increase procedures. The purpose of this committee was to evaluate the procedures and make recommendations for improvement. By taking this approach, the employees have developed a sense of commitment to the organization and a sense of value as an employee. Once an approach has been identified, there are several elements that can be modified or changed that will impact the organization's culture. These elements include changing 1) what managers and teams pay attention to, 2) how crisis are handled, 3) criteria for recruiting new members, 4) criteria for promotion, 5) criteria for allocating awards, and 6) organizational rites and ceremonies (Hellriegel, 2004). To implement a change to culture, organizations can change the criteria for recruiting new employees. For instance, typically our recruitment procedures included advertising externally and internally for a period of two weeks for open positions. We have been unsuccessful at Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 20. Organizational Effectiveness Essay Organizational Effectiveness Benjamin Dunton CJA/474 February 04, 2013 Kenneth Rosa Organizational Effectiveness Every company has a set of goals designed to lead the organization in a specific direction. To achieve these goals, managers should train employees to follow a specific path or set of rules that will lead to organizational effectiveness. The measurement of effectiveness is achieved through completion of the organization's goals. To understand organizational effectiveness in any setting, one must define it according to the goals of the organization. In a criminal justice environment, managers must apply various organizational effectiveness theories appropriately to measure the effectiveness of the department....show more content... For example, if the managers of two wholesale stores compare the effectiveness of their organization, the results may be completely different because of the difference in goals. One store may have a goal to increase profits, whereas the other store may have a goal of increasing customer membership. Managers measure the effectiveness by different standards because of the differing goals, even though the stores are similar. Application of Organizational Effectiveness Theories Managers and leaders can apply many theories of organizational effectiveness to their company. Many of the various theories deal with motivation and how to use motivation to get employees to do their job and meet the goals of the organization. Managers commonly use content theories and process theories to figure out what motivates employees. According to Geering (1980), "Content theories, like those developed by Maslow, deal with basic concepts of needs that begin, stimulate, or cause behavior. Process theories are concerned with understanding the reasoning behind the choice of a particular behavior pattern to accomplish work goals" (para. 1). Some researchers think one theory is more important to understand than the other. The key to applying the theories of organizational effectiveness is understanding both theories and knowing how to use each to Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 21. Essay about Training and Development Training and development has become increasingly essential to the success of modern organisations, yet some still look at training as a problem or as something that is not taken seriously. Training and development is one key approach used by organisations to improve and maintain the capabilities of its workforce. However, many experts distinguish between training and development, being that training tends to be more closely focused and adapted towards short–term performance concerns, while development tends to be adapted more towards expanding an individual's skills for future responsibilities (Snell and Bohlander 2007). The main reason that organisations train their employees is to bring their knowledge, skills and abilities up to the...show more content... Furthermore, spoiled work, damages, and accidents to equipment and machinery can be kept to a minimum by well trained employees, continued training helps employees develop their ability to learn by adapting themselves to new work methods, learning to use new kinds of equipment, and adjusting to major changes in work relationships and job content, also, through training, new employees learn to measure up to standards for performance, thereby satisfying their human need for personal growth and increasing their value to the organisation (Pigors and Myers 1977). Similarly, Longenecker and Fink (2005) assert that the benefits derived from training are manifold, and these include; exposure to new and better practices and ideas for application, leads to reflection, self–appraisal and retrospection, motivates employees to improve performance, encourages career development planning, helps identify specific performance problems and challenges an employee to think differently, to name a few. Other benefits are a more flexible workforce, improved performance of existing employees, decreased supervision, higher skill levels and reduced learning time, thus reducing learning costs, improved organisation morale, and to ensure for succession (Molander 1989). Get more content on HelpWriting.net