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Descriptive Research
I. OBJECTIVES The learners are expected to: a. Explain the purpose and characteristics of descriptive research. b. Differentiate survey and case study.
c. Identify the different types of Descriptive research d. Discuss the advantage and disadvantages of Descriptive research e. Answer the drills correctly
II. OUTLINE OF CONTENTS
A. DEFINITION OF DESCRIPTIVE RESEARCH
B. CHARACTERISTICS OF DESCRIPTIVE RESEARCH
C. ADVANTAGES OF DESCRIPTIVE RESEARCH
D. DISADVANTAGES OF DESCRIPTIVE RESEARCH
E. TYPES OF DESCRIPTIVE RESEARCH
F. TECHNIQUES UNDER THE DESCRIPTIVE METHOD OF RESEARCH
III. REFERENCES 1. Research Methods and Thesis Writing Second Edition Authors: Lawrentina Paler–Calmorin/...show more content...
2. It requires more skills. 3. The primary disadvantage is that you cannot identify the cause about the phenomenon. You can just describe and report the
observations. 4. It is also carried with it an observer's paradox, if a participant knows that someone is observing the, they may change the way that they
act. 5. The results can change over the period of time.
TYPES OF DESCRIPTIVE RESEARCH 1. Descriptive–survey – "This approach is appropriate wherever the object of any class varies among
themselves and one is interested in knowing the extent to which different conditions obtain among these objects." (Good and Scates, 1972)
Example: The Job–Related Problems and Performance of Staff Nurses in Private and Government Hospitals in Iloilo.
2. Descriptive–normative – "The term normative is sometimes used because surveys are frequently made to a certain the normal or typical condition
or practice, or compare local test results with a state or national norm" (Good and Scates, 1972)
Example: A Study on the English Achievement of Fourth Year Secondary Students at the State Colleges and Universities in Region 7.
3. Descriptive–status – This approach to problem solving seeks to answer questions to real facts relating to existing conditions. This is a technique of a
quantitative description which determines the prevailing conditions in a group of cases chosen for study.
Example: A Study on the
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The Importance Of Descriptive Writing
The use of descriptive writing is often found in works of fiction, giving the reader the opportunity to visualize the world that the author wants them to
see. Descriptive writing becomes much more valuable, however, when it is used in non–fiction works that may be used to survive. The ability to
precisely describe plants, animals, and the environment can be the difference between life and death. This was indeed the case with the journals of the
early explorers Meriwether Lewis, William Clark, and other party members as they explored North America in the early 1800s. The accounts produced
by members of the expedition party, both written and drawn, would eventually lead to the expansion of the United States by providing accurate and
...show more content...
The men on this journey were all healthy young men excited about a paid adventure. One must consider the exertion the expedition party faced and be
able to compare the party's progress against one's own ability. If the men grew tired over a stretch of land, then the later traveler must be aware of their
own capability and accept their limitations when considering the explorer's timeframe and the amount of ground covered.
After an accident with a canoe, which occurred on the 6th of August 1805, had left Whitehouse and Clark injured Lewis wrote, "Whitehouse is in
much pain this evening with the injury one of his legs sustained from the canoe today at the time it upset and swing over him. Capt Clarks ankle is
also very painfull [sic] to him. We should have given the party a days [sic] rest some where [sic] near this place". Since the injuries occurred, the
party continued to walk for at least 10 miles before setting up camp. This was an impressive venture, considering Whitehouse could have died had the
water been any shallower. The men's ability to continue their journey despite injuries was remarkable and not easily replicated. A later traveler should
recognize this feat and should not compare himself to the accomplishment of the expedition party. Lewis had even wanted to stop the party to give the
injured men at least a day's rest, but they persevered. Also, the fact that members of the party were injured, was not necessary to include. It would
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9/11 Descriptive Writing
The applause of lightning shakes me to the very core, the anticipation of what's to come and more. The pelting liquids, washing our sins away.
Blocks of destruction tower over the flat rock where the toxic monsters prowl and roar. My black bag feels heavy against my pale, numb fingers.
My damp hair sticks to my itchy neck, red with my groping long nails. Red bricks, wet and blurry, dark pavements, moist and slippery. Everything
was doused in this unforgiving cold attack. Middle class shops were placed everywhere, conveniently providing shelter. Dark leaves shuddered
violently against the harsh winds, birds no longer poised and positioned on long branches, where they used to sing. Click, clack. Click, clack. My
shoes let out a silent echo...show more content...
A knife had grazed it, given the thinness and deepness of it. A sharp one I suppose. If the victim was killed, then the killer might have at least
disposed of the body. Another possibility is that he was in a rush, or someone caught him in the act. I picked up a brush, careful not to disturb the
precious DNA contained in the delicate dark hairs. Bringing a knife to the fight, that's unfair, looks like the murderer took flight after blood was
spilled. I grab the bottle that I refilled, took a big swig, and set it down on a dark wood coffee
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An Example of Descriptive Essay
Descriptive Essay
1) Definition:
Descriptive essay is one of the many types of writing styles that provides a detailed description for a particular person, place, memory, experience or
object. Descriptive essay is purposely created so readers can readily imagine its particular subject matter. It focuses on the five senses which are sight,
smell, touch, sound and taste.
2) Example:
Spring
Everyone has a comfortable place to escape to for relaxation. They go there when they need to be alone, away from people's disturbane. My best
place is nature in spring, the king of seasons as people call it. The spring time relaxes me like no exact place could do. I really enjoy the charming
beauty of nature in this beautiful season....show more content...
In fact, nature appears in its best form. It provides us with all kinds of pleasure.
Other things that I also love about spring are those smells that are widespread in nature. The air is fresh and full of pleasant aromas of different
flowers. When I am walking in the fields or any other place during spring time, my noses catch a mixture of smells that really increases my strong love
for nature.
I will now say I am absolutely calm when I am listening, feeling, smelling, and looking at the spring around me. Spring is my favourite season, and
nature when it is spring is relaxing and comfortable. The earth wears a green dress. Again it comes to life.
Descriptive Essay
1) Definition:
Descriptive essay is one of the many types of writing styles that provides a detailed description for a particular person, place, memory, experience or
object. Descriptive essay is purposely created so readers can readily imagine its particular subject matter. It focuses on the five senses which are sight,
smell, touch, sound and taste.
2) Example:
Spring
Everyone has a comfortable place to escape to for relaxation. They go there when they need to be alone, away from people's disturbane. My best
place is nature in spring, the king of seasons as people call it. The spring time relaxes me like no exact place could do. I really enjoy the charming
beauty of nature in this beautiful season.
When spring comes I prefer to spend
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3
Exploratory, Descriptive, and Causal Research Designs
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© ISTOCKPHOTO.COM/BART COENDERS
POLL QUESTION:
Focus groups are sufficient research tools for most decision problems.
ST RONG LY DI SAGR E E
1
2
3
4
5
STR ONGLY AGR E E
Learning Objectives 1. Describe the major emphasis of each of the three basic types of research design. 2. Describe the key characteristics and basic
uses of exploratory research. 3. Discuss the various types of exploratory research and describe each. 4. Discuss the difference between cross–sectional
and longitudinal descriptive research designs.
5. 6. 7.
Explain the difference between a continuous panel and a discontinuous panel....show more content...
It isn't designed to come up with final answers or decisions. Through exploratory research, researchers hope to produce hypotheses about what is
going on in a situation. hypothesis A hypothesis is a A statement that statement that dedescribes how two or more variables are scribes how two or
more variables are related. related. For example, if sales for a particular line of vehicles dropped during the latest quarter, as a researcher you might
use exploratory research to provide insights about what caused the decrease in revenue. Suppose that you conducted interviews with potential car
buyers and noticed that they seemed to be more excited about the new styles of other car brands than they were about the brand in question. This might
lead to the hypothesis that style preferences had changed, resulting in lower sales. You can't really confirm or reject the hypothesis with exploratory
research, though. That job is left for descriptive
EXHIBIT 3.1
Relationships among Research Designs
FAST FACT:
A RECENT GALLUP POLL REGARDING U.S. BUSINESS SECTORS SHOWED THAT THE COMPUTER INDUSTRY RATED MOST
POSITIVELY AT 60%, FOLLOWED BY THE RESTAURANT INDUSTRY AT 57%.
© 2012 Cengage Learning
28
MR
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6/16/11 8:24 PM
and/or causal research (these are often called quantitative research). This is an important point, so we'll stress it again: Exploratory
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Descriptive Essay On Imagine A Cloud
Ever since I was young, I have had a passion for reading and writing. It is just something that has always come easily to me. So when eleven–year–old
me walked through the dimly lit hallways of Johnsonville Elementary School, into a strange classroom, and sat in my boxed–in–desk and was told that
I was writing a descriptive essay, I was extremely excited. It would be the first time that I had ever written a descriptive–based paper. Nevertheless, it
was a newly–introduced challenge, and I was ready to take it on. "Okay class", said the plump teacher standing in the front of the room, "I have been
informed that each of you needs to write an essay for the state." "I hope it is about monsters and astronauts!", the student beside me said....show more
content...
"I then sat down in my seat and felt the cotton–lined cushions. They were the softest things that I had ever felt and I truly would never forget them", I
added. I then continued, "However, my experience was interrupted by a loud tra–". Again, I didn't like that. "There must be a better word than loud.", I
thought, "What is it though?"
I went through every possible word before I finally found the word that I liked. "However, my experience was interrupted by a screaming whistle.
The train was getting ready to move and I needed to prepare myself for it" "That sounds a lot better!", I said to myself. I kept writing. "I then felt
the train shift forwards and we started going. I looked out of the window and saw the fluffy, Grey clouds of smoke rise above us." "Just like she
told us." I wrote and smiled. "Not long after, I heard three bold knocks on the door of the train car that I was in.", I wrote, "It was a man wearing a
nicely tailored suit asking if I wanted some sweets. Of course, I couldn't resist and took them up in a heartbeat." I paused for a few moments, and
continued "He ended up giving me some chocolate cupcakes with the most delicious frosting that I have ever had." I started to lick my lips from just
thinking about it. "When I finished the last one, I looked out the window and saw the train station. Just as quick as I had gotten on, the train arrived at
its destination.", I concluded my paper and read it over a thousand times. When I
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Descriptive Essay : Words, Words
Words? What is the meaning of words? Through someone's aspect, it could be considered as the most efficient communicating tool of human being.
On the other hand, some people may treat it as an irreplaceable expression of their emotion. Objectively speaking, "words" could definitely be
concluded in both ways above, but in my opinion, using words is a privilege and honor. I use words to gain knowledge and words give me all kinds
of possibilities of understanding new stuff when I intend to enhance my personal abilities.
–When do you like words; when not? Mostly, words represents simple language communication and stand for a carrier of people's emotion. For
example, I felt very upset and frustrated when I got a few deny letters from some universities I applied in the last year of my high school. During that
time, every single word from these letters turned to be sharp and dreadful. However, when I have a chat with my old friends, I usually enjoy every
moment of texting and also enjoy every word I type during those chats. In general, whether I like or dislike some certain words, it is not only depends
on words itself, but also depends on the words–using in its different situations.
–What's easy; what's not? Personally, I think poems and some traditional literatures are very hard for me. In contrast, I feel easy when I read novels
and scientific papers.
–Who are you as a reader, writer, thinker, speaker, listener?
– If you're lucky enough to think, read, hear, write in
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Descriptive Personal Experience Essay
I was in my room listening to music. My room would normally have a very serene feeling to it. My room had a beautiful dream catcher hanging on
the wall and there was also a very big window that made it possible for me to see the moon every night. I always felt very relaxed in my room, but
that day I could hear the screaming and arguing between my mom and my dad in the background. It was horrible. I could feel my eyes starting to
water because I hated hearing my parents fight. The fighting and arguing continued for days. On one evening I could hear the voices of my parents
arguing with my brothers. I was in my room as always and I started to feel room getting really hot. The noises and everything else around me made me
feel very...show more content...
"I haven 't been feeling so great lately",I said in a soft tone. My mom glanced at me with a very puzzled expression on her face.
"What do you mean? Are you sick?", she asked with confusion in her voice.
"No, I mean I don't know I just haven 't been feeling too great emotionally i guess.", I responded in a very little voice because I thought that maybe
she would think that I was crazy. Once I said that my mom stopped folding all of the laundry.
"Since when?", my mom asked with a very surprised tone.
"Maybe like 3 months.", I responded. "What! Three months why didn't you tell me".
" I didn't tell you because I thought you wouldn't understand.", I said in a tone that almost sounded annoyed, which I think I might have been.
" I think you should go to the doctor.", she told me. I didn't want to go to the doctor, but I knew that it would most likely help me. A couple days later
I went to the doctor and he just asked me a bunch of questions. One of the questions was, what did it feel like to have an anxiety attack. That was
probably one of the hardest questions i had ever had to answer. I couldn 't find the right words to describe how it felt. As he kept asking me questions
he would write things down. I couldn't help but wonder what he was writing down. I would keep having the thought that maybe he was writing down
all of the bad things. After the doctor stopped talking to me he started to talk to my mom about ways to help
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Unit 3: Descriptive Writing
GCSE ENGLISH LANGUAGE UNIT 3: DESCRIPTIVE WRITING
The Descriptive Writing task in Unit 3 is worth 7.5% of the subject award and is marked out of 20. The mark given for each of the examples
provided is supported by comments related to the criteria given in the specification for (i) Content & Organisation; (ii) Sentence Structure, Punctuation
& Spelling. A notional grade is indicated in each case, based on the way that the same mark scale forWriting has been used in the past, and consistent
with the uniform mark scale which will be used in the future to report results. However, it is important to note that in practice grade boundaries are
determined when units are awarded, and that prior to this individual students' marks are subject to...show more content...
"I can't believe you," she cries, hurls her last insult, and storms away, quickly followed by a small group of girls. They spend the rest of the
evening throwing dirty looks at the boys, none of whom seem to care. Spinning faster and faster, the waltzer's occupants scream hysterically. "The
louder you scream, the faster we go," an impersonal voice claims on the intercom. As the ride explodes with noise, the operator yawns and throws
a lever. Outside his soundproof hut the ride accelerates, then, climax over, it slows and stops. The controller stumbles out of the box and lets the
flushed people off of the ride. Some go straight to the back of the queue, others teeter off, stumbling over their own feet. Gritting his teeth, a man
in the car park presses the accelerator to the floor, but to no avail. The grass is unrecognisable under all of the mud that has been churned up by the
cars that have been coming and going all day. His face reddens as the wheels spin, spraying mud on to a shiny red Ferrari that someone was
unsuspecting enough to bring. People are pointing and laughing and the owner of the Ferrari is shouting. Finally, someone is helpful enough to push
him on his way and he leaves at top speed, without even bothering to say thank you. On the rollercoaster, a young girl screams, while her older
brother looks almost ready to fall asleep. Her best friend in the seat behind is looking slightly green and is very much ready to go home. The little girl
whoops even louder
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Descriptive Essay
I'm going to describe a girl for you, try to keep up. Long light brown hair, vintage classy glasses, one lonely dimple on the lower part of her mouth,
soft pale skin, stone cold stare, and a dry sense of humor. Can you picture her? Well if you can, then you've basically just met me. I usually try to force
a smile, wait no scratch that– I used to try to force a smile. Now I'm not saying this so that you can view me as unhappy or negative, but in all fairness
who has a smile as their natural way of expression. By all means, my personality, interests, and hobbies are the fundamental building blocks to the life I
choose to live.
Is it too cliche to say that I am a teenage girl with big insecurities, an addiction with comparing myself to others, and deepening trust issues? Well if it
is, then add being cliche to the list. I guess you can say my insecurities originate from the fact that my biggest critic is my own mother. From the
earliest years of elementary up till this present day, it was either my wardrobe, my posture, or my way of speaking that gained the attention of my
mother's judgmental eye. Eventually, the criticism started to slip out of my own mouth, and that's when I began to compare myself to others. I'm not
oblivious to how unhealthy this makes me, but when I am told that I need to be better (basically my entire life), it's easy to fall into unhealthy habits.
Speaking of unhealthy habits, having trust issues seems to be my main one. As I grew older and entered the
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Descriptive Essay Example
Descriptive Essay Final The downtown metropolis can be a complex place, and some may need to become accustomed to it. It is Five O' Clock in
the afternoon. The sun is starting to drag itself lower, dimming the landscape, leaving a majestic orange on the horizon. The towering structures
above leave enormous shadows on the people below. Car horns ring and sirens pulse, as the people make haste towards there destinations, rushing
aggressively as if though it is a race. The end of the work day has just began. The craze is unique from anywhere else. An endless flow of people
and vehicles seem to liter the area. A man can be seen making his way towards a small parking lot. The parking lot has not been taken care of for
some time. Potholes...show more content...
Lush, green trees are everywhere. Every house and small business seems to have one or two of them. The car makes it's way down a small street,
with old fashioned houses. The car comes to a halt in front of a beautiful tan house. The house feels cozy. The tan painted planks of wood stack up
until they reach the charcoal shingles of the rooftop. Two enormous windows are on the front of the house, with fine, white curtains that can be
seen hanging from them on the other side. On the left side of a house there is a large chimney, which gives the house a traditional look with it's
brown and red bricks. In the front yard of the house there is a smooth, clean concrete walkway to the front door, surrounded by many bushes, and
flowers; trimmed perfectly. This house is well kept, and it stands out as a beauty in the neighborhood. The man walks up his paved walkway, and
into the house through a large white door, with four small windows on it, and a cross like pattern beneath them. The doors gives of the look as if it is
an entryway to heaven. The house is peaceful. Only the birds chirping in the trees can be heard. And as the man enters his house excited children raise
there voices, "Daddy Daddy!". This family man is
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Three Descriptive Research Methods Essay
One of of three methods used for descriptive research is the case study. The case study method is the oldest form of research used in psychology
today. To help you better understand what case studies are I would recommend you think of an individual person case. Case study is when someone
studies one person to explain things that happen for all of us. Basically applying the outcome to all people ; one representing all. Case studies will
describe your behavior. In present day we have noticed that although the individual cases may be accurate, it only applies to that one person. There
will always be a conflict of interest because what may happen to one person does not necessarily happen to the next. For example you may say that after
...show more content...
This type of research gathers information from a large group of people. It will be not go into depth as much as the case study might and involves
many cases. As an example think of making you own survey and distributing it out to various amounts of people, gathering the information and
conducting you hypothesis. We are constantly asked to participate in surveys whether its an internet advertisement or a class handout from the
college you attend. When asking you question you have to be careful as to how you word the question. The words you choose may influence a
participant to lean toward a certain side. You may sound biased toward one issue which will effect you survey and hypothesis. Using random
sampling allows researcher to have a fair representation of the subjects under study. Every person has an equal chance of participating. I would use this
method with very larger groups of people. Ex. school. The last from of research would be naturalistic observation. Basically watching and recording the
behavior of different subjects in the natural environment.Much of the reality shows today could be considered a form of naturalistic observation.
Pending on how much the program actually interferes with the subject , they allow for an interesting hypothesis. This research will describe the
behavior of an subject. Now that we have the information from the research we can evaluate the differences and similarities. When the research reveals
that one
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Descriptive Essay Party
A couple of days before Thanksgiving break, my cousin, whose name is Jae, suggested to me that there was a party a close friend of hers was
throwing. I reluctantly agreed since I had to write about my experience of a party for my essay. Fast forward to the day of the party, around 7 in
the afternoon, my cousin drove us to her friend's house. What I saw really made me nervous because I am socially awkward person. If it's a new
place with new people, I tend to have sweaty hands, my heart beats fast, and sometimes I stutter badly. I digress back to the subject, in front of us
was a huge gathering of people and cars parked on both sides of the street leading up to a somewhat big light blue house. Seeing this I told Jae that
I didn't know these many people would be here, otherwise, I most likely wouldn't have gone. She assured me that it would be fine and calmed me
a bit before we got out of her car and walked through the thick crowd of young adults.Then as my cousin and I entered the unusually small doorway
of the house. We observed our surroundings, me trying to find a more secluded spot, and I'd assumed Jae was looking the host of this larger than a
necessary house party. I stayed close to my cousin as we weaved in and out of groups of people. She was speaking to the people that she knew at the
party and tried to introduce me to them, but since I'm not much of a big conversationalist, the discussions mostly just ended in a few awkward words.
It left me a little embarrassed
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Descriptive Essay
Descriptive Essay
It was a seemingly beautiful day as I drove on a joy ride in my bright blue sports car, with the wind in my hair. This is an everyday activity for me.
My friends would mock me saying, "You spend more money on gas than you make working." I laughed to myself at the thought of jokes amongst my
friends. That happiness was soon halted. As I continued driving, I saw a car coming rapidly around the curve. The car did not show any signs of
slowing down as it headed towards the intersection. The light turned yellow and then quickly red. Another object caught my eye that made me fear
what was going to happen next. A young couple started crossing the street wearing fancy attire. The first thought that came to mind was, 'they are
...show more content...
One of the police officers came up to me introduced himself, asked me my name and started, "Have you ever seen this driver before? On the road or
around town?" I quickly responded, "No, I have not officer." He continued, "I learned from the call back to the station that the driver, David Chrisenger,
is considered the town drunk and does not currently have a valid license due to drinking and driving". He asked me some questions and asked me to
fill out an incident report. Still shaken up by the whole incident I gladly accepted. The officer ended our conversation. "Thank you so much for your
time, Kevin. We really appreciate it."
The only thought running through my head on my way home was how much I had not appreciated my wife and children. To witness something of
that nature makes one conscientious about what you have and how quickly it could vanish. I vowed after that day to speak out against drinking
and driving and the terrible outcomes that can transpire from something that some do not view as a "big deal". It is apparent that better ways have to
be found for getting drunk drivers off the road. I encourage anyone to be responsible for their lives and others by agreeing to never drink and drive
again, and to also aid your family and friends in doing so. Have a designated driver each night or call a cab. Everyone is capable of saving a
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Descriptive Essay
How to Write a Descriptive Essay
More than many other types of essays, descriptive essays strive to create a deeply involved and vivid experience for the reader. Great descriptive
essays achieve this affect not through facts and statistics but by using detailed observations and descriptions.
What do you want to describe?
As you get started on your descriptive essay, it's important for you to identify exactly what you want to describe. Often, a descriptive essay will focus
on portraying one of the following: a person a place a memory an experience an object
Ultimately, whatever you can perceive or experience can be the focus of your descriptive writing.
Why are you writing your descriptive essay?
It's a great creative exercise to sit down...show more content...
Conventions of Descriptive Essays Illustrated by Sample Paragraphs
Appealing–to–the–Senses Description: Let the reader see, smell, hear, taste, and feel what you write in your essay.
The thick, burnt scent of roasted coffee tickled the tip of my nose just seconds before the old, faithful alarm blared a distorted top–forty through
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Descriptive Writing Essay
The Class Everyone Dreads "Is EN100 a useful class to take?," this was a question I got asked by a junior at my school. They were looking for
classes to take next year; I told them that it was an abundant amount of writing, but it was a great class to take. I went on to explain to them, that
taking it in high school would be easier and cheaper than in college. Beginning to explain to them that it helped me grow as a writer and helped
improve my English vocabulary, I realized it helped a whole lot. Throughout the first semester of school, we had to write essays over four different
topics. These included informative, observation, reflection, and descriptive essays. I told them about my experiences while writing with these certain
types of essays. This is what I said: The first essay we wrote was the descriptive writing style. I wrote an essay called, "Burger King's Crusty
Castle". In this essay, I wrote about the filth inside of the restaurant. Throughout this essay I got better with describing every little detail in the
story. I started off by saying, "The tea urns (used to keep all of the freshly made tea in) smell like something had crawled in them and died"
("Burger King's Crusty Castle"1). I eventually changed it to say, "The tea urns (used to keep all of the freshly made tea in) smell like a skunk that
has just been ran over" ("Burger King's Crusty Castle"11). I added detail to the sentence to make it sound more fluent and to make you feel as if you
could smell it. It
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Examples Of Prescriptive Grammar
Grammar is a set of language rules and system. There are various types of grammar. Descriptive grammar is the rules that English speakers follow.
Whereas, prescriptive grammar is the textbook rules in order to write and speak correctly. For example, the sentence I didn't go nowhere. is correct in
descriptive grammar but incorrect in prescriptive grammar. "The part of the grammar that concerns the structure of phrases and sentences is called
syntax. Rules of grammar determine how morphemes and words can combine to express a specific meaning" (Fromkin, & Rodman, 1998).
Grammaticality is based on specific patterns determined by the syntactic rules. The rules are acquired or constructed unconsciously as children
(Fromkin, & Rodman, 1998)....show more content...
In other word, Do support doesn't occur in negative statements and questions if the affirmative statement already has an auxiliary verb such as be/do
/have or can/could/may/might/must/shall/should/will/would. Examples are as follows.
+ You are living here. (pronoun/ auxiliary/ verb/ adverb)
Q Are you living here?
_ Aren't you living here? / Are you not living here?
Are in the first affirmative statement is an auxiliary verb. Therefore, do support doesn't occur in questions and negative statements. Although be/do
/have usually function as auxiliaries, they can also work as main verbs in sentences (Teschner, & Evans, 1993). When be functions as a main verb it
never allows Do support. However, both do and have require Do support when working as a main verb. A wh–word can function either as the subject in
its wh/co question or the object in it (Teschner, & Evans, 1993). If wh–words are objects, the words move to the front of the sentence, which is called
wh–fronting. Whereas, wh–words are subjects, the wh–movement doesn't occur because someone as a subject already appears at the front.
Compare:
Who did he call? (who functions as an object)
Who called him? (who functions as a
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Fall Descriptive Writing
Every year my family goes up to our own 300 acre campsite by Cotopaxi. It's about a three hour drive, with two–thirds of it right by the Arkansas River.
We go to the top of the tallest mountain in our vicinity, and the view is amazing. The first thing you see are the brilliant fall colors (of course, red,
orange, yellow, and brown, but also some purple mixed in), then you see the snow–topped San Christo mountains in the background with the blue sky
above them. It's about the most beautiful scenery I've ever seen, and every single time it takes your breath away. The picture below isn't in the fall, but
It is the view we get up on the top of that mountain... Just use your imagination and insert changing leaves... and you get the
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Three Types Of Reflective Practice
Reflective practice: Reflective practice is a method in which a person critically analyzes and evaluates his actions and reactions and tries to improve
his performance.
Types of reflective practice: There are three types of reflective practices.
1.Descriptive reflective practice
2.Dialogical reflection
3.Critical reflection
Descriptive reflection: Description is the starting point of some thing that has happened. It provides an account of events. It also describes reasons and
justification of an event.
Dialogical reflection: Dialogical reflection is a type of reflection which explores the reasons...show more content...
Reflect: The second point is reflection which is thinking about what we have experienced. Abstract conceptualization: Conceptualization means
generating a hypothesis and concluding the learning from that experience.
Active experimentation: At this stage we test the hypothesis. It also involves in summing up the conclusions, think of improvement plans and
implementation of learned knowledge to check the results.
1.Concrete Experience – (CE)
2.Reflective Observation – (RO)
3.Abstract Conceptualization – (AC)
4.Active Experimentation – (AE)
Basis on the Kolb's cycle of reflection 4 learning styles can be explained.
1.Diverging (CE/RO)
2.Assimilating (AC/RO
3.Converging (AC/AE)
4.Accommodating (CE/AE)
Diverging (CE/RO): People with theses learning styles can watch the things from various perspectives, gather information and use imaginations to
solve problems.
Assimilating (AC/RO): Theses people have cognitive approach and focus on the abstract and logically sound ideas.
Converging
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Descriptive Research

  • 1. Descriptive Research I. OBJECTIVES The learners are expected to: a. Explain the purpose and characteristics of descriptive research. b. Differentiate survey and case study. c. Identify the different types of Descriptive research d. Discuss the advantage and disadvantages of Descriptive research e. Answer the drills correctly II. OUTLINE OF CONTENTS A. DEFINITION OF DESCRIPTIVE RESEARCH B. CHARACTERISTICS OF DESCRIPTIVE RESEARCH C. ADVANTAGES OF DESCRIPTIVE RESEARCH D. DISADVANTAGES OF DESCRIPTIVE RESEARCH E. TYPES OF DESCRIPTIVE RESEARCH F. TECHNIQUES UNDER THE DESCRIPTIVE METHOD OF RESEARCH III. REFERENCES 1. Research Methods and Thesis Writing Second Edition Authors: Lawrentina Paler–Calmorin/...show more content... 2. It requires more skills. 3. The primary disadvantage is that you cannot identify the cause about the phenomenon. You can just describe and report the observations. 4. It is also carried with it an observer's paradox, if a participant knows that someone is observing the, they may change the way that they act. 5. The results can change over the period of time. TYPES OF DESCRIPTIVE RESEARCH 1. Descriptive–survey – "This approach is appropriate wherever the object of any class varies among themselves and one is interested in knowing the extent to which different conditions obtain among these objects." (Good and Scates, 1972) Example: The Job–Related Problems and Performance of Staff Nurses in Private and Government Hospitals in Iloilo.
  • 2. 2. Descriptive–normative – "The term normative is sometimes used because surveys are frequently made to a certain the normal or typical condition or practice, or compare local test results with a state or national norm" (Good and Scates, 1972) Example: A Study on the English Achievement of Fourth Year Secondary Students at the State Colleges and Universities in Region 7. 3. Descriptive–status – This approach to problem solving seeks to answer questions to real facts relating to existing conditions. This is a technique of a quantitative description which determines the prevailing conditions in a group of cases chosen for study. Example: A Study on the Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 3. The Importance Of Descriptive Writing The use of descriptive writing is often found in works of fiction, giving the reader the opportunity to visualize the world that the author wants them to see. Descriptive writing becomes much more valuable, however, when it is used in non–fiction works that may be used to survive. The ability to precisely describe plants, animals, and the environment can be the difference between life and death. This was indeed the case with the journals of the early explorers Meriwether Lewis, William Clark, and other party members as they explored North America in the early 1800s. The accounts produced by members of the expedition party, both written and drawn, would eventually lead to the expansion of the United States by providing accurate and ...show more content... The men on this journey were all healthy young men excited about a paid adventure. One must consider the exertion the expedition party faced and be able to compare the party's progress against one's own ability. If the men grew tired over a stretch of land, then the later traveler must be aware of their own capability and accept their limitations when considering the explorer's timeframe and the amount of ground covered. After an accident with a canoe, which occurred on the 6th of August 1805, had left Whitehouse and Clark injured Lewis wrote, "Whitehouse is in much pain this evening with the injury one of his legs sustained from the canoe today at the time it upset and swing over him. Capt Clarks ankle is also very painfull [sic] to him. We should have given the party a days [sic] rest some where [sic] near this place". Since the injuries occurred, the party continued to walk for at least 10 miles before setting up camp. This was an impressive venture, considering Whitehouse could have died had the water been any shallower. The men's ability to continue their journey despite injuries was remarkable and not easily replicated. A later traveler should recognize this feat and should not compare himself to the accomplishment of the expedition party. Lewis had even wanted to stop the party to give the injured men at least a day's rest, but they persevered. Also, the fact that members of the party were injured, was not necessary to include. It would Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 4. 9/11 Descriptive Writing The applause of lightning shakes me to the very core, the anticipation of what's to come and more. The pelting liquids, washing our sins away. Blocks of destruction tower over the flat rock where the toxic monsters prowl and roar. My black bag feels heavy against my pale, numb fingers. My damp hair sticks to my itchy neck, red with my groping long nails. Red bricks, wet and blurry, dark pavements, moist and slippery. Everything was doused in this unforgiving cold attack. Middle class shops were placed everywhere, conveniently providing shelter. Dark leaves shuddered violently against the harsh winds, birds no longer poised and positioned on long branches, where they used to sing. Click, clack. Click, clack. My shoes let out a silent echo...show more content... A knife had grazed it, given the thinness and deepness of it. A sharp one I suppose. If the victim was killed, then the killer might have at least disposed of the body. Another possibility is that he was in a rush, or someone caught him in the act. I picked up a brush, careful not to disturb the precious DNA contained in the delicate dark hairs. Bringing a knife to the fight, that's unfair, looks like the murderer took flight after blood was spilled. I grab the bottle that I refilled, took a big swig, and set it down on a dark wood coffee Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 5. An Example of Descriptive Essay Descriptive Essay 1) Definition: Descriptive essay is one of the many types of writing styles that provides a detailed description for a particular person, place, memory, experience or object. Descriptive essay is purposely created so readers can readily imagine its particular subject matter. It focuses on the five senses which are sight, smell, touch, sound and taste. 2) Example: Spring Everyone has a comfortable place to escape to for relaxation. They go there when they need to be alone, away from people's disturbane. My best place is nature in spring, the king of seasons as people call it. The spring time relaxes me like no exact place could do. I really enjoy the charming beauty of nature in this beautiful season....show more content... In fact, nature appears in its best form. It provides us with all kinds of pleasure. Other things that I also love about spring are those smells that are widespread in nature. The air is fresh and full of pleasant aromas of different flowers. When I am walking in the fields or any other place during spring time, my noses catch a mixture of smells that really increases my strong love for nature. I will now say I am absolutely calm when I am listening, feeling, smelling, and looking at the spring around me. Spring is my favourite season, and nature when it is spring is relaxing and comfortable. The earth wears a green dress. Again it comes to life. Descriptive Essay 1) Definition:
  • 6. Descriptive essay is one of the many types of writing styles that provides a detailed description for a particular person, place, memory, experience or object. Descriptive essay is purposely created so readers can readily imagine its particular subject matter. It focuses on the five senses which are sight, smell, touch, sound and taste. 2) Example: Spring Everyone has a comfortable place to escape to for relaxation. They go there when they need to be alone, away from people's disturbane. My best place is nature in spring, the king of seasons as people call it. The spring time relaxes me like no exact place could do. I really enjoy the charming beauty of nature in this beautiful season. When spring comes I prefer to spend Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 7. 3 Exploratory, Descriptive, and Causal Research Designs 26 32400_ch03.indd 26 6/16/11 8:23 PM © ISTOCKPHOTO.COM/BART COENDERS POLL QUESTION: Focus groups are sufficient research tools for most decision problems. ST RONG LY DI SAGR E E 1 2 3 4 5 STR ONGLY AGR E E Learning Objectives 1. Describe the major emphasis of each of the three basic types of research design. 2. Describe the key characteristics and basic
  • 8. uses of exploratory research. 3. Discuss the various types of exploratory research and describe each. 4. Discuss the difference between cross–sectional and longitudinal descriptive research designs. 5. 6. 7. Explain the difference between a continuous panel and a discontinuous panel....show more content... It isn't designed to come up with final answers or decisions. Through exploratory research, researchers hope to produce hypotheses about what is going on in a situation. hypothesis A hypothesis is a A statement that statement that dedescribes how two or more variables are scribes how two or more variables are related. related. For example, if sales for a particular line of vehicles dropped during the latest quarter, as a researcher you might use exploratory research to provide insights about what caused the decrease in revenue. Suppose that you conducted interviews with potential car buyers and noticed that they seemed to be more excited about the new styles of other car brands than they were about the brand in question. This might lead to the hypothesis that style preferences had changed, resulting in lower sales. You can't really confirm or reject the hypothesis with exploratory research, though. That job is left for descriptive EXHIBIT 3.1 Relationships among Research Designs FAST FACT: A RECENT GALLUP POLL REGARDING U.S. BUSINESS SECTORS SHOWED THAT THE COMPUTER INDUSTRY RATED MOST POSITIVELY AT 60%, FOLLOWED BY THE RESTAURANT INDUSTRY AT 57%. © 2012 Cengage Learning 28 MR 32400_ch03.indd 28 6/16/11 8:24 PM and/or causal research (these are often called quantitative research). This is an important point, so we'll stress it again: Exploratory
  • 9. Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 10. Descriptive Essay On Imagine A Cloud Ever since I was young, I have had a passion for reading and writing. It is just something that has always come easily to me. So when eleven–year–old me walked through the dimly lit hallways of Johnsonville Elementary School, into a strange classroom, and sat in my boxed–in–desk and was told that I was writing a descriptive essay, I was extremely excited. It would be the first time that I had ever written a descriptive–based paper. Nevertheless, it was a newly–introduced challenge, and I was ready to take it on. "Okay class", said the plump teacher standing in the front of the room, "I have been informed that each of you needs to write an essay for the state." "I hope it is about monsters and astronauts!", the student beside me said....show more content... "I then sat down in my seat and felt the cotton–lined cushions. They were the softest things that I had ever felt and I truly would never forget them", I added. I then continued, "However, my experience was interrupted by a loud tra–". Again, I didn't like that. "There must be a better word than loud.", I thought, "What is it though?" I went through every possible word before I finally found the word that I liked. "However, my experience was interrupted by a screaming whistle. The train was getting ready to move and I needed to prepare myself for it" "That sounds a lot better!", I said to myself. I kept writing. "I then felt the train shift forwards and we started going. I looked out of the window and saw the fluffy, Grey clouds of smoke rise above us." "Just like she told us." I wrote and smiled. "Not long after, I heard three bold knocks on the door of the train car that I was in.", I wrote, "It was a man wearing a nicely tailored suit asking if I wanted some sweets. Of course, I couldn't resist and took them up in a heartbeat." I paused for a few moments, and continued "He ended up giving me some chocolate cupcakes with the most delicious frosting that I have ever had." I started to lick my lips from just thinking about it. "When I finished the last one, I looked out the window and saw the train station. Just as quick as I had gotten on, the train arrived at its destination.", I concluded my paper and read it over a thousand times. When I Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 11. Descriptive Essay : Words, Words Words? What is the meaning of words? Through someone's aspect, it could be considered as the most efficient communicating tool of human being. On the other hand, some people may treat it as an irreplaceable expression of their emotion. Objectively speaking, "words" could definitely be concluded in both ways above, but in my opinion, using words is a privilege and honor. I use words to gain knowledge and words give me all kinds of possibilities of understanding new stuff when I intend to enhance my personal abilities. –When do you like words; when not? Mostly, words represents simple language communication and stand for a carrier of people's emotion. For example, I felt very upset and frustrated when I got a few deny letters from some universities I applied in the last year of my high school. During that time, every single word from these letters turned to be sharp and dreadful. However, when I have a chat with my old friends, I usually enjoy every moment of texting and also enjoy every word I type during those chats. In general, whether I like or dislike some certain words, it is not only depends on words itself, but also depends on the words–using in its different situations. –What's easy; what's not? Personally, I think poems and some traditional literatures are very hard for me. In contrast, I feel easy when I read novels and scientific papers. –Who are you as a reader, writer, thinker, speaker, listener? – If you're lucky enough to think, read, hear, write in Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 12. Descriptive Personal Experience Essay I was in my room listening to music. My room would normally have a very serene feeling to it. My room had a beautiful dream catcher hanging on the wall and there was also a very big window that made it possible for me to see the moon every night. I always felt very relaxed in my room, but that day I could hear the screaming and arguing between my mom and my dad in the background. It was horrible. I could feel my eyes starting to water because I hated hearing my parents fight. The fighting and arguing continued for days. On one evening I could hear the voices of my parents arguing with my brothers. I was in my room as always and I started to feel room getting really hot. The noises and everything else around me made me feel very...show more content... "I haven 't been feeling so great lately",I said in a soft tone. My mom glanced at me with a very puzzled expression on her face. "What do you mean? Are you sick?", she asked with confusion in her voice. "No, I mean I don't know I just haven 't been feeling too great emotionally i guess.", I responded in a very little voice because I thought that maybe she would think that I was crazy. Once I said that my mom stopped folding all of the laundry. "Since when?", my mom asked with a very surprised tone. "Maybe like 3 months.", I responded. "What! Three months why didn't you tell me". " I didn't tell you because I thought you wouldn't understand.", I said in a tone that almost sounded annoyed, which I think I might have been. " I think you should go to the doctor.", she told me. I didn't want to go to the doctor, but I knew that it would most likely help me. A couple days later I went to the doctor and he just asked me a bunch of questions. One of the questions was, what did it feel like to have an anxiety attack. That was probably one of the hardest questions i had ever had to answer. I couldn 't find the right words to describe how it felt. As he kept asking me questions he would write things down. I couldn't help but wonder what he was writing down. I would keep having the thought that maybe he was writing down all of the bad things. After the doctor stopped talking to me he started to talk to my mom about ways to help Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 13. Unit 3: Descriptive Writing GCSE ENGLISH LANGUAGE UNIT 3: DESCRIPTIVE WRITING The Descriptive Writing task in Unit 3 is worth 7.5% of the subject award and is marked out of 20. The mark given for each of the examples provided is supported by comments related to the criteria given in the specification for (i) Content & Organisation; (ii) Sentence Structure, Punctuation & Spelling. A notional grade is indicated in each case, based on the way that the same mark scale forWriting has been used in the past, and consistent with the uniform mark scale which will be used in the future to report results. However, it is important to note that in practice grade boundaries are determined when units are awarded, and that prior to this individual students' marks are subject to...show more content... "I can't believe you," she cries, hurls her last insult, and storms away, quickly followed by a small group of girls. They spend the rest of the evening throwing dirty looks at the boys, none of whom seem to care. Spinning faster and faster, the waltzer's occupants scream hysterically. "The louder you scream, the faster we go," an impersonal voice claims on the intercom. As the ride explodes with noise, the operator yawns and throws a lever. Outside his soundproof hut the ride accelerates, then, climax over, it slows and stops. The controller stumbles out of the box and lets the flushed people off of the ride. Some go straight to the back of the queue, others teeter off, stumbling over their own feet. Gritting his teeth, a man in the car park presses the accelerator to the floor, but to no avail. The grass is unrecognisable under all of the mud that has been churned up by the cars that have been coming and going all day. His face reddens as the wheels spin, spraying mud on to a shiny red Ferrari that someone was unsuspecting enough to bring. People are pointing and laughing and the owner of the Ferrari is shouting. Finally, someone is helpful enough to push him on his way and he leaves at top speed, without even bothering to say thank you. On the rollercoaster, a young girl screams, while her older brother looks almost ready to fall asleep. Her best friend in the seat behind is looking slightly green and is very much ready to go home. The little girl whoops even louder Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 14. Descriptive Essay I'm going to describe a girl for you, try to keep up. Long light brown hair, vintage classy glasses, one lonely dimple on the lower part of her mouth, soft pale skin, stone cold stare, and a dry sense of humor. Can you picture her? Well if you can, then you've basically just met me. I usually try to force a smile, wait no scratch that– I used to try to force a smile. Now I'm not saying this so that you can view me as unhappy or negative, but in all fairness who has a smile as their natural way of expression. By all means, my personality, interests, and hobbies are the fundamental building blocks to the life I choose to live. Is it too cliche to say that I am a teenage girl with big insecurities, an addiction with comparing myself to others, and deepening trust issues? Well if it is, then add being cliche to the list. I guess you can say my insecurities originate from the fact that my biggest critic is my own mother. From the earliest years of elementary up till this present day, it was either my wardrobe, my posture, or my way of speaking that gained the attention of my mother's judgmental eye. Eventually, the criticism started to slip out of my own mouth, and that's when I began to compare myself to others. I'm not oblivious to how unhealthy this makes me, but when I am told that I need to be better (basically my entire life), it's easy to fall into unhealthy habits. Speaking of unhealthy habits, having trust issues seems to be my main one. As I grew older and entered the Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 15. Descriptive Essay Example Descriptive Essay Final The downtown metropolis can be a complex place, and some may need to become accustomed to it. It is Five O' Clock in the afternoon. The sun is starting to drag itself lower, dimming the landscape, leaving a majestic orange on the horizon. The towering structures above leave enormous shadows on the people below. Car horns ring and sirens pulse, as the people make haste towards there destinations, rushing aggressively as if though it is a race. The end of the work day has just began. The craze is unique from anywhere else. An endless flow of people and vehicles seem to liter the area. A man can be seen making his way towards a small parking lot. The parking lot has not been taken care of for some time. Potholes...show more content... Lush, green trees are everywhere. Every house and small business seems to have one or two of them. The car makes it's way down a small street, with old fashioned houses. The car comes to a halt in front of a beautiful tan house. The house feels cozy. The tan painted planks of wood stack up until they reach the charcoal shingles of the rooftop. Two enormous windows are on the front of the house, with fine, white curtains that can be seen hanging from them on the other side. On the left side of a house there is a large chimney, which gives the house a traditional look with it's brown and red bricks. In the front yard of the house there is a smooth, clean concrete walkway to the front door, surrounded by many bushes, and flowers; trimmed perfectly. This house is well kept, and it stands out as a beauty in the neighborhood. The man walks up his paved walkway, and into the house through a large white door, with four small windows on it, and a cross like pattern beneath them. The doors gives of the look as if it is an entryway to heaven. The house is peaceful. Only the birds chirping in the trees can be heard. And as the man enters his house excited children raise there voices, "Daddy Daddy!". This family man is Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 16. Three Descriptive Research Methods Essay One of of three methods used for descriptive research is the case study. The case study method is the oldest form of research used in psychology today. To help you better understand what case studies are I would recommend you think of an individual person case. Case study is when someone studies one person to explain things that happen for all of us. Basically applying the outcome to all people ; one representing all. Case studies will describe your behavior. In present day we have noticed that although the individual cases may be accurate, it only applies to that one person. There will always be a conflict of interest because what may happen to one person does not necessarily happen to the next. For example you may say that after ...show more content... This type of research gathers information from a large group of people. It will be not go into depth as much as the case study might and involves many cases. As an example think of making you own survey and distributing it out to various amounts of people, gathering the information and conducting you hypothesis. We are constantly asked to participate in surveys whether its an internet advertisement or a class handout from the college you attend. When asking you question you have to be careful as to how you word the question. The words you choose may influence a participant to lean toward a certain side. You may sound biased toward one issue which will effect you survey and hypothesis. Using random sampling allows researcher to have a fair representation of the subjects under study. Every person has an equal chance of participating. I would use this method with very larger groups of people. Ex. school. The last from of research would be naturalistic observation. Basically watching and recording the behavior of different subjects in the natural environment.Much of the reality shows today could be considered a form of naturalistic observation. Pending on how much the program actually interferes with the subject , they allow for an interesting hypothesis. This research will describe the behavior of an subject. Now that we have the information from the research we can evaluate the differences and similarities. When the research reveals that one Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 17. Descriptive Essay Party A couple of days before Thanksgiving break, my cousin, whose name is Jae, suggested to me that there was a party a close friend of hers was throwing. I reluctantly agreed since I had to write about my experience of a party for my essay. Fast forward to the day of the party, around 7 in the afternoon, my cousin drove us to her friend's house. What I saw really made me nervous because I am socially awkward person. If it's a new place with new people, I tend to have sweaty hands, my heart beats fast, and sometimes I stutter badly. I digress back to the subject, in front of us was a huge gathering of people and cars parked on both sides of the street leading up to a somewhat big light blue house. Seeing this I told Jae that I didn't know these many people would be here, otherwise, I most likely wouldn't have gone. She assured me that it would be fine and calmed me a bit before we got out of her car and walked through the thick crowd of young adults.Then as my cousin and I entered the unusually small doorway of the house. We observed our surroundings, me trying to find a more secluded spot, and I'd assumed Jae was looking the host of this larger than a necessary house party. I stayed close to my cousin as we weaved in and out of groups of people. She was speaking to the people that she knew at the party and tried to introduce me to them, but since I'm not much of a big conversationalist, the discussions mostly just ended in a few awkward words. It left me a little embarrassed Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 18. Descriptive Essay Descriptive Essay It was a seemingly beautiful day as I drove on a joy ride in my bright blue sports car, with the wind in my hair. This is an everyday activity for me. My friends would mock me saying, "You spend more money on gas than you make working." I laughed to myself at the thought of jokes amongst my friends. That happiness was soon halted. As I continued driving, I saw a car coming rapidly around the curve. The car did not show any signs of slowing down as it headed towards the intersection. The light turned yellow and then quickly red. Another object caught my eye that made me fear what was going to happen next. A young couple started crossing the street wearing fancy attire. The first thought that came to mind was, 'they are ...show more content... One of the police officers came up to me introduced himself, asked me my name and started, "Have you ever seen this driver before? On the road or around town?" I quickly responded, "No, I have not officer." He continued, "I learned from the call back to the station that the driver, David Chrisenger, is considered the town drunk and does not currently have a valid license due to drinking and driving". He asked me some questions and asked me to fill out an incident report. Still shaken up by the whole incident I gladly accepted. The officer ended our conversation. "Thank you so much for your time, Kevin. We really appreciate it." The only thought running through my head on my way home was how much I had not appreciated my wife and children. To witness something of that nature makes one conscientious about what you have and how quickly it could vanish. I vowed after that day to speak out against drinking and driving and the terrible outcomes that can transpire from something that some do not view as a "big deal". It is apparent that better ways have to be found for getting drunk drivers off the road. I encourage anyone to be responsible for their lives and others by agreeing to never drink and drive again, and to also aid your family and friends in doing so. Have a designated driver each night or call a cab. Everyone is capable of saving a Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 19. Descriptive Essay How to Write a Descriptive Essay More than many other types of essays, descriptive essays strive to create a deeply involved and vivid experience for the reader. Great descriptive essays achieve this affect not through facts and statistics but by using detailed observations and descriptions. What do you want to describe? As you get started on your descriptive essay, it's important for you to identify exactly what you want to describe. Often, a descriptive essay will focus on portraying one of the following: a person a place a memory an experience an object Ultimately, whatever you can perceive or experience can be the focus of your descriptive writing. Why are you writing your descriptive essay? It's a great creative exercise to sit down...show more content... Conventions of Descriptive Essays Illustrated by Sample Paragraphs Appealing–to–the–Senses Description: Let the reader see, smell, hear, taste, and feel what you write in your essay. The thick, burnt scent of roasted coffee tickled the tip of my nose just seconds before the old, faithful alarm blared a distorted top–forty through Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 20. Descriptive Writing Essay The Class Everyone Dreads "Is EN100 a useful class to take?," this was a question I got asked by a junior at my school. They were looking for classes to take next year; I told them that it was an abundant amount of writing, but it was a great class to take. I went on to explain to them, that taking it in high school would be easier and cheaper than in college. Beginning to explain to them that it helped me grow as a writer and helped improve my English vocabulary, I realized it helped a whole lot. Throughout the first semester of school, we had to write essays over four different topics. These included informative, observation, reflection, and descriptive essays. I told them about my experiences while writing with these certain types of essays. This is what I said: The first essay we wrote was the descriptive writing style. I wrote an essay called, "Burger King's Crusty Castle". In this essay, I wrote about the filth inside of the restaurant. Throughout this essay I got better with describing every little detail in the story. I started off by saying, "The tea urns (used to keep all of the freshly made tea in) smell like something had crawled in them and died" ("Burger King's Crusty Castle"1). I eventually changed it to say, "The tea urns (used to keep all of the freshly made tea in) smell like a skunk that has just been ran over" ("Burger King's Crusty Castle"11). I added detail to the sentence to make it sound more fluent and to make you feel as if you could smell it. It Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 21. Examples Of Prescriptive Grammar Grammar is a set of language rules and system. There are various types of grammar. Descriptive grammar is the rules that English speakers follow. Whereas, prescriptive grammar is the textbook rules in order to write and speak correctly. For example, the sentence I didn't go nowhere. is correct in descriptive grammar but incorrect in prescriptive grammar. "The part of the grammar that concerns the structure of phrases and sentences is called syntax. Rules of grammar determine how morphemes and words can combine to express a specific meaning" (Fromkin, & Rodman, 1998). Grammaticality is based on specific patterns determined by the syntactic rules. The rules are acquired or constructed unconsciously as children (Fromkin, & Rodman, 1998)....show more content... In other word, Do support doesn't occur in negative statements and questions if the affirmative statement already has an auxiliary verb such as be/do /have or can/could/may/might/must/shall/should/will/would. Examples are as follows. + You are living here. (pronoun/ auxiliary/ verb/ adverb) Q Are you living here? _ Aren't you living here? / Are you not living here? Are in the first affirmative statement is an auxiliary verb. Therefore, do support doesn't occur in questions and negative statements. Although be/do /have usually function as auxiliaries, they can also work as main verbs in sentences (Teschner, & Evans, 1993). When be functions as a main verb it never allows Do support. However, both do and have require Do support when working as a main verb. A wh–word can function either as the subject in its wh/co question or the object in it (Teschner, & Evans, 1993). If wh–words are objects, the words move to the front of the sentence, which is called wh–fronting. Whereas, wh–words are subjects, the wh–movement doesn't occur because someone as a subject already appears at the front. Compare: Who did he call? (who functions as an object) Who called him? (who functions as a Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 22. Fall Descriptive Writing Every year my family goes up to our own 300 acre campsite by Cotopaxi. It's about a three hour drive, with two–thirds of it right by the Arkansas River. We go to the top of the tallest mountain in our vicinity, and the view is amazing. The first thing you see are the brilliant fall colors (of course, red, orange, yellow, and brown, but also some purple mixed in), then you see the snow–topped San Christo mountains in the background with the blue sky above them. It's about the most beautiful scenery I've ever seen, and every single time it takes your breath away. The picture below isn't in the fall, but It is the view we get up on the top of that mountain... Just use your imagination and insert changing leaves... and you get the Get more content on HelpWriting.net
  • 23. Three Types Of Reflective Practice Reflective practice: Reflective practice is a method in which a person critically analyzes and evaluates his actions and reactions and tries to improve his performance. Types of reflective practice: There are three types of reflective practices. 1.Descriptive reflective practice 2.Dialogical reflection 3.Critical reflection Descriptive reflection: Description is the starting point of some thing that has happened. It provides an account of events. It also describes reasons and justification of an event. Dialogical reflection: Dialogical reflection is a type of reflection which explores the reasons...show more content... Reflect: The second point is reflection which is thinking about what we have experienced. Abstract conceptualization: Conceptualization means generating a hypothesis and concluding the learning from that experience. Active experimentation: At this stage we test the hypothesis. It also involves in summing up the conclusions, think of improvement plans and implementation of learned knowledge to check the results. 1.Concrete Experience – (CE) 2.Reflective Observation – (RO) 3.Abstract Conceptualization – (AC) 4.Active Experimentation – (AE) Basis on the Kolb's cycle of reflection 4 learning styles can be explained. 1.Diverging (CE/RO) 2.Assimilating (AC/RO 3.Converging (AC/AE) 4.Accommodating (CE/AE) Diverging (CE/RO): People with theses learning styles can watch the things from various perspectives, gather information and use imaginations to solve problems. Assimilating (AC/RO): Theses people have cognitive approach and focus on the abstract and logically sound ideas.
  • 24. Converging Get more content on HelpWriting.net