A Basic Knowledge Guide and Tutorial of Modern Day Machine Shop
Machine shops continue to grow in number with the
increasing volume of things that render the machine
shops' service. It could be a room, office building or open
space where machining is done. Machining is the
conversion of certain material with the aid of tools and
equipment into a more useful product. Machine shops
commonly contain tools and materials that are uniquely
used by the machinists.
The machinists are the ones performing the
transformation materials. Being a machinist is actually not
an easy task. It requires not only knowledge of the tools
but the skills needed to properly perform the job.
The machinists should have relevant
knowledge on how to operate and set up the
said tools for safety precaution. There are
various materials working on lathe which
include collets, chucks, mandrels, faceplates
Lathe is often applied in woodturning, glass
works, metalworking, and metal spinning,
Several objects can be made from lathe, for
example: baseball bats, candlestick holders,
table lags and cue sticks.
On the other hand, mills or milling machines
serve for the purpose of shaping metal and
other solid materials. Horizontal and vertical
milling machines are used for orientation of
the cutting tool spindle. Milling machines
could be manually-operated, mechanical,
automated or digitally automated such as the
computer numerical control (CNC).
The basic parts of the drill are base, column,
table, spindle and drill head.
Some of the types of drills are geared head
drill press, radial arm drill press and mill drill.
The geared head type of grill is operated through
electricity wherein transfer of power from motor to
spindle occurs by spur gearing which is found inside the
head of the machine.
The head of the radial arm drill could be moved from the
machine's column. Mill drill is a lighter alternative to a
Machine shop covers a spectrum of discipline depending
on what the shop is specializing on. However they all have
primary machining processes which are turning, drilling
and milling. The secondary activities are shaping,
planning, boring, broaching and sawing.
The rotating work part provides the turning
and the feed motion occurs by slowly moving
in a direction that is parallel to the axis of
rotation. Drilling is just the creation of a
The drill is placed in a parallel direction to the
axis of its rotation.
Lastly, the boring enlarges the created hole.
The people that will greatly benefit in the
machine shop owning are the machinists,
industrial prototypes, car restorers, R&D lab
technicians, instrument makers, product
designers, gunsmiths, engineers, inventors
and people making one-of a kind repair parts.
A beginner should always be cautious of his
action to avoid injury.